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LUKE ix. 7, 8, 9.
bably in Mark vi. 14. And king Herod heard of him;
Galilee. Luke ix. 7. of all that was done by him: Mark vi. 14. (for his fame was spread abroad :) Lake is. 7. and he was perplexed, because that it was said by some,
that John the Baptist was risen from the dead : 8.
And of some, that Elias had appeared ; and of others,
that one of the old prophets was risen again. Mark vi. 15. Others said, That it is Elias. And others said, This is
a prophet, or as one of the prophets.
But when Herod heard thereof, he said,
such things ?
It is John, whom I beheaded; he is risen from the dead.
For Herod himself had sent forth and laid hold upon
John, and bound him
for he had married her.
For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for
Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and
For Herod feared John, knowing that he was a just
6 The death of John the Baptist is placed about this time, by the most eminent chronologers. It cannot fail to strike the most unobservant, that at the moment in which the last prophet of the former dispensation was doomed to perish, the Messiah, the common God of the two dispensations, gave to the new description of prophets, whom he now appointed and sent forth for the first time, the authority and powers of the teachers of the Jewish Church. Christ is the golden chain that binds the one universal Church. The Baptist preaches till Christ was manifested. The Baptist was preserved in life till the kingdom of the Messiah was in some degree established. The time had now arrived, when a new dispensation, with a new priesthood, should commence; and the last instructor of the people, under the old dispensation, was now permitted to suffer, in order that undivided attention might be given to the long expected king of the house of David.
Mat, xiv. 5.
And when he would have put him to death, he feared on a prothe multitude, because they counted him as a prophet. gress, pro
bably in 6. But
Galilee. Mark vi.21. when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his
birth-day made a supper to his lords, high captains, and
chief estates of Galilee :
said unto the damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt,
and I will give it thee.
me, I will give it thee, unto the half of my kingdom.”
And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist. 25. And she came in straightway with haste unto the king,
and asked, saying, I will that thou give me Matt. xiv. 8. here, Mark vi. 25. by and by in a charger, the head of John the Baptist.
26. And the king was exceeding sorry; yet for his oath's
sake, and for their sakes which sat Matt. xiv.9. at meat, Mark vi. 26. with him, he would not reject her.
And immediately the king sent an executioner, and
headed him in the prison.
damsel: and the damsel
29. And when his disciples heard of it, they came and took
and laid it in a tomb.
ver. 8, 9. ver. 10. and part of ver. 11, 12.
3 For Herod bad laid bold on John, and bound him-in
4 For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to bave her.
6 —when Herod's birth-day was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced- and pleased Herod.
7 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatsoever she would ask.
8 And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me-John Baptist's head in a charger.
9 And the king was sorry: nevertheless, for the oath's sake, and them which sat with him-he commanded it to be given her.
10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison.
11 And his head was brought in a charger, and given to the damsel: and she-to her mother.
12 And his disciples came and took up the body, and buried On a proit
gress, proLUKE ix. part of ver. 7. 9.
Galilee. 7 Now Herod the tetrarch heard 9 -and Herod said
Desert of Bethsaida.
JOHN vi. 1, 2.
Desert of Mark vi. 30. the apostles gathered themselves together unto Jesus, Bethsaida. Luke ix. 10. when they were returned, Mark vi. 30. and told him all things, both what they had done, and
what they had taught.
And he said unto them, Come ye yourselves apart into a desert place, and rest a while : for there were many coming and going; and they had no leisure so much as
was moved with compassion towards them, because they
were as sheep not having a shepherd : Luke ix. 11. and he received them, and spake unto them of the king
dom of God,
Matt. xiv. part of ver. 13. and ver. 14.
14 And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was
LUKE ix. part of ver. 10, 11.
11 And the people, when they knew it, followed bim
SECTION IV. riod, 4741. Vulgar Æra,
Five thousand are fed miraculously? 28. About the MATT. xiv. 15–21. MARK vi. 35–44. LUKE ix. 12-17. time of the Passover.
JOHN vi. 3–14. John vi. 3. And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat on the way with his disciples.
lem. * Many of the circumstances in this miracle demonstrate the peculiar wisdom with which, as I have so often shewn, our Lord uniformly acted, and are worthy of our attention.
Christ here first shewed that his power was superior to that of Elisha, who fed a hundred men with bread of the first fruits, twenty small barley loaves, and some ears of corn in the husk thereof, 2 Kings iv. 42, 43. The Rabbis make these loaves twenty-two; the loaf of the first fruits being one, and the ears of corn being equivalent to another loaf, and they suppose that two thousand two hundred men were fed by them; each hundred having their single loaf set before them, to be superior to that of Elisha; for he fed one thousand men with one loaf: and, that there might be no appearance of deception nor collusion, he made the whole number sit down in companies, (nuv niv in ranks, or in divisions, as trees in a vineyard,) by fifties, and by hundreds, that the whole number might be accurately and universally ascertained. The accounts of this miracle were published by St. Matthew and St. Mark, while the greater portion of the persons who had been partakers of the miracle were living. None contradicted, or depied, or explained away, the account.
It is scarcely possible to imagine a more wonderful proof of the creative power of Christ, than was displayed in this mi. racle. The loaves were of the small kind, common in the country. The fishes were, in all probability, also of that sort which were called by the Jews ugogin, wbich is interpreted by the gloss small fishes (a). Nonnus (6) calls them two fishes from the adjacent lake broiled, or roasted, (or dried in the sun.)
-και άγγιπόρου διδυμάονος ιχθύας άλμης, ,
Ιχθύας οπταλεους διδυμάονας, &c.
Witsius has a curious remark on the gradation of Christ's
On the way
Send them away,
Jobp vi. 4. And the Passover, a feast of the Jews was nigh.
shall we buy bread, that these may eat?
what he would do.
Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth is not
and now the time is far passed:
go, and buy two hundred pennyworth of bread, and
give them to eat?
saith unto him,
two small fishes : but what are they among so many ?
Matt. ix. 21. another from his birth, John ix. l. The pro-
(a) T. Bab. Cetubot, fol. 60. 2. and Sanhedrim, fol. 49. 1. ap Gill in
8 Two hundred pence was the sum fixed upon for a virgin's dowry; for the portion to be paid by a husband to a woman wbo was divorced; for the fine of the lesser modes of assault, and of various offences. The expression therefore was used proyerbially, to denote a large sum of monoy. See the references in Gill on Mark vi. in loc.