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Mat. xxiv.2. there shall not be left here one stone upon another that Jerusalem.

shall not be thrown down.
Mark xüi.3. And as he sat upon the mount of Olives over against

the temple,
Mat. xxiv.3. the disciples,
Mark xiii.3. Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew,
Mat. xxiv.3. came unto him privately,
Mark xiii. 3. asked him privately,
Luke xxi, 7. And they asked him, saying, Master, but
Mat. xxiv.3. Tell us when shall these things be? and what shall be

the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?
Mark xiii.4. when all these things shall be fulfilled ?

since been in the possession of the Jews. It was first in sub-
jection to the Saracens, afterwards to the Romans, then to the
Franks, after to the Mamalukes, and now to the Turks. Thus
has the prophecy of Christ been most literally and terribly fal-
filled, on a people who are still preserved, as continued monu-
ments of the truth of our Lord's prediction, and of the truth of
the Christian religion (f).

We have hitherto considered this passage as relating to the
destruction of Jerusalem only, which was its primary applica-
tion ; but, like every other prophecy, it had its literal and typi-
cal signification. Our Saviour loses sight, as it were, of his
former subject, in the contemplation of the end of the world,
and the general judgment. “It appears," says Bishop Newton,
“ next to impossible, that any man should duly consider these
prophecies, and their exact completion, and, if he is a believer,
not be confirmed in his faith, or if he is an infidel, not be con-
verted.” As soon as the Gospel is preached to every creature
now under heaven, and the fulness of the Gentiles be accom-
plished, then shall the Son of Man come in the clouds of heaven,
to take vengeance on his enemies; and with great power and
glory bring deliverance, as in the days of the destruction of Je-
rusalem, to those who believe in Him, and trust in his pro-
mises for salvation and mercy (9).

(a) Dr. P. Smith's Scripture Testimony, vol. ii. p. 205, &c. &c. (6) Discipuli communi Judeorum occupati errore arbitrabantur, Messiam præsentem Gentinm victorem extiturum, atque triumphorum suorum celebritate universum, qua patet, orbem esse, impletarum; porro ex ejus victoriis profundissimam pacem regni ejns esse extitaram, in qua felicissima futura esset eorum, qui in partes regni ejas venirent, apostolorum et discipulorum conditio ; tam denique unam veram religionem, sublato omni dissensa, idololatria et falsà prophetia submotâ, orbem terrarum esse occupaturum. Hanc vero mapeoiav illustratura esse signa quædam luculenta, vel extraordinarios quosdam eventus, quibus adesse jam eum ad regnum ejusmodi capessendum constet, recepta tum fuit, et hodie ad hnc est Judæorum opinio, &c.--Rosenmuller Scholia, in Matt. vol. i. p. 469-70. Rosenmuller refers in this last sentence to the castom said to be observed among the Jews of opening their windows in a thunder storm, in expectation of their Messiah. (c) Jortin. (d) Demonst. Evang. lib. iii. cap. 5. sect. 112. edit. Paris, 1628. and Theodor. serm. ix, tom. iv. p. 610. edit. Paris, 1642. ap Jortin. (e) Antiq. lib. xvii. cap. 6. sect. 3. ed. Hudson. (f) Bishop Newton on the Prophecies. (9) For a further comparison of this great prophecy, and its primary fulfilment, see Archbishop Newcome's Life of Christ, who endeayours to explain away many of the prodigies related by Josephus. Jortin's Ecclesiastical History.-Mr. Gisborne's work lately published. -Bishop Horsley's Sermons, on the application of the Prophecy to the end of the world. The various Commentators; and Dr. Adam Clarke's potes to the chapters in St. Matthew.Dr. Hales on the four Hypotheses of the various Interpreters of these Prophecies.Analysis, vol. ü. part 2. p. 1270,

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Mark xüj.5. And Jesus answering them, began to say

Jerusalem. Mat. xxiv.4. unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you.

5. For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ,

and shall deceive many. Luke xxi. 8. and the time draweth nigh; go ye not therefore after

them. Mat. xxiv.6. And


shall hear of wars and rumours of wars :
Lake xxi, 9. But when ye shall hear of wars,
Mark xiii.6. and rumours of wars,
Lake xxi.9. and commotions, be not terrified :
Mat. xxiv.6. see that ye be not troubled, for all these things
Mark xiii.7. must needs
Lake xxi. 9. first come to pass,
Mark xiii.7.

but the end shall not be yet.
Lu. xxi, 10. Then said he unto them, Nation shall rise against na;

tion, and kingdom against kingdom,

11. And great earthquakes shall be in divers places ;
Mat. xxiv.7. and there shall be famines and pestilences,
Mark xiïi. 8. and troubles,
La. xxi. 11. and fearful sights, and great signs shall there be from

Mat.xxiv.8. All these are the beginning of sorrows.
Mark xiii.9. But take heed to yourselves : for
Lu. xxi. 12. before all these, they shall lay their hands on you, and

persecute you, delivering you up
Mark xiii.9. they shall deliver you up to the councils,
Lu. xxi. 12. to the synagogues,
Mark xiii.9. (and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten :)
Lu. xxi. 12. and into prisons,
Mat. xxiv.9. to be afflicted,
Mark xiii.9. and ye shall he brought before rulers and kings for my

sake, for a testimony Lu. xxi. 12. for my name's sake.

13. And it shall turn to you for a testimony Mark xiï.9. against them.

10. And the Gospel must first be published among all

But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take
no thought beforehand, what ye shall speak, neither do

ye premeditate : Lu. xxi, 14. Settle it therefore in your hearts, not to meditate be

fore what ye shall answer: Mar.xiii.11. but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak

ye: Lu. xxi, 15. For I will give you a mouth, and wisdom, which all

your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay or resist : Mar.xiii.11. for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost.

12, Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and

the father the son, and children shall rise up against their

parents, and shall cause them to be put to death. La. xxi, 16. And ye shall be betrayed both by parents, and bre


thren, and kinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall Jerasalem.

they cause to be put to death ; Mat. xxiv.9. and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.

10. And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one

another, and shall hate one another. Lu, xxi, 18. But there shall not an hair of


head perish. 19. In your patience possess ye your souls. Mt.xxiv.ll. And

many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive
12. And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many

shall wax cold.

But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall
be saved.

And this Gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in
all the world, for a witness unto all nations; and then

shall the end come. Max.xüj.14.

But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought

Mt.xxiv.15. in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand.)
Lu. xxi. 20.

And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with
armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.
21. Then let them which are in Judea flee to the moun-

tains; and let them which are in the midst of it depart
out; and let not them that are in the countries enter there,

Mar.xiii.15. into.

And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of

his house: Mt.xxiv.18. Neither let him which is in the field return back to take

bis clothes. Lu. xxi. 22. For these be the days of vengeance, that all things

which are written may be fulfilled. 23.

But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! for there shall be great distress

in the land, and wrath upon this people. 24.

And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the

Gentiles shall be fulfilled. Mt.xxiv.20.

But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither

on the sabbath day:
Mar.xiii.19. For in those days
Mt.xxiv.21. shall be great tribulation,
Mar.xiii.19. shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of

the creation
Mt.xxiv.21. of the world
Mar.xiii.19. which God created unto this time, neither shall be
Mt.xxiv.21. no, nor ever shall be.

And except that the Lord had shortened those days,
Mixxiv.22. there should no flesh be saved :

man be.


Mar. xiii.20. but for the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath Jerusalem.

shortened the days.
21. And then if any man shall say unto you, Lo here is

Christ; or, lo, he is there; believe him not :
Mt.xxiv.24. For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets,

and shall shew great signs and wonders, insomuch that,
if it were possible, they shall seduce the


elect. Mar.xiii.23. But take ye heed : behold I have foretold you all

things. Mt.xxiv.26. Wherefore, if they shall say unto you, Behold he is in

the desert, go not forth; behold, he is in the secret

chambers; believe it not.
27. For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth

even unto the west, so also shall the coming of the Son of
28. For where the carcase is, there will the eagles be ga-

thered together. Mar.xji.24.

Mt,xxiv.29. Immediately after the tribulation of those days
Lu. xxi. 25. there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in

the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with
perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring;

Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after

those things which are coming on the earth : for Mar.xiii.24. the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give

her light, Mt.xxiv.29. and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the

heavens shall be shaken: 30.

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in

heaven; and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, Mar.xiij. 26.

And then they shall see the Son of man
Mt. xxiv.30. coming in the clouds of heaven, with power and great

Mar.xiii.27. And then shall he send his angels,
Mt.xxiv.31. with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather

together his elect from the four winds, Mar.xiii.27. from the uttermost part of the earth, to the uttermost

part of heaven, Mt.xxiv.31. from the one end of heaven to the other. Lu. xxi. 28. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look

up, and lift up your heads, for your redemption draweth


29. And he spake unto them a parable, Mt.xxiv.32.

Now learn a parable of the fig tree :
Lu, xxi. 29.

Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;
Mar.xiii.29. When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves,
Lu. xxi, 30.

When they now shoot forth, ye see and know of your
own selves that summer is now nigh at hand,

So likewise ye,

when ye shall see all these things Mar.xiii.29. come to pass,

La.xxi. 31. know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand, Jernsalem. Mar.xiü.29. even at the doors.

30. Verily I sayunto you, that this generation shall not pass, Lu. qxi. 32. away, Mt.xxiv.34. till all these things be fulfilled.

35. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall

not pass away.
MATT. xxiv. part of ver 2, 3, 4. 7. 9. 15. ver. 16, 17. 19. part of

ver. 21, 22. ver. 23. 25. and part of ver. 29. 31, 32, 33, 34.
2 And Jesus said unto them-
3 And as be sat upon the Mount of Olives-saying, Tell us,
when shall these things bem

4 And Jesus answered and said-must come to pass, but the
end is not yet.

7 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom-and earthquakes in divers places.

9 Then shall they deliver you up--and shall kill you

15 When ye, therefore, shall see the abomination of desola. tion, spoken of by Daniel the prophet

16 Then let them which be in Judea flee into the mountains :

17 Let him which is on the house-top not come down to take any thing out of his house:

19 And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days!

21 For then such as was not since the beginning--to this time

22 And except those days should be shortened—but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.

23 Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there ; believe it uot.

25 Behold, I have told you before.

29-shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give
her light-
31 And he shall send his angels

32 –When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves,
ye know that summer is nigh :

33 So likewise ye-
34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass,
MARK xiii. part of ver. 2. 4. ver. 6. part of ver. 7, 8, 9. ver. 10,

Il. part of ver. 12. ver. 13. part of ver. 14. ver. 16, 17, 18. 22.
part of ver. 24. ver. 25. part of ver. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, and
ver. 31.

2 -there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall
not be thrown down.

4 Tell us, when shall these things be ? and what shall be tho sign-Take heed lest any man deceive you ;

6 For many sball come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and sball deceive many.

7 And when ye shall hear of wars-be ye not troubled : for such things-be

8 For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against
kingdom; and there shall be earthquakes in divers places, and
there shall be famines—these are the beginnings of sorrows.

9-and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them.
10 And the gospel must first be published among all nations.

11 But when they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no
thought beforehand what ye shall speak, neither do ye premedi-
tate; but whatsoever shall be given you in that hour, that speak
ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost.

12 Now the brother shall betray the brother to death, and the

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