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Johnxvii.24. Father, I will that they also whom thou hast given me, Jerusalem.

be with me where I am ; that they may behold my glory,
which thou hast given mę: for thou lovedst me before

the foundation of the world.

O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee,
but I have known thee, and these have known that thou

hast sent me:
26. And I have declared unto them thy name, and will de-

clare it ; that the love wherewith thou hast loved me,
may be in them, and I in them.


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Christ again predicts Peter's denial of Him.

MATT. xxvi. 81-35. MARK xiv. 27–31.
Mt.xxvi.31. Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended

because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite
the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered

But after I am risen again, I will go before you into
33, Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men

shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be

offended. Mar. xiv.30. And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, that

this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice,

thou shalt deny me thrice. Mt. xxvi.34. Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, that this

night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

35. Peter Mar. xiv.31. spake the more vehemently, [and] Mt. xxvi.35. said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I

not deny thee.
Mar. xiv. 31. in anywise.
Mt. xxvi.35. Likewise also said all the disciples.

MARK xiv. ver. 27, 28, 29. and part of ver. 31.
27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended be-
cause of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the Shep-
herd, and the sheep shall be scattered.

28 But after that I am risen, I will go before you into Galilee.

29 But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.

31 But he-If I should die with, thee, I will not deny thenLikewise also said they all.




into the Garden of Gethsemane-His Agony

MATT. xxvi. 36-46. MARK xiv. 32—42.

LUKE xxii.
40-46. JOHN xviii. 1, 2.
Johnxvii.l. When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with

his disciples
Mt. xxvi.36. unto a place called Gethsemane
Johnxviii.l. over the brook Kedron, where was a garden, , into the

which he entered, and his disciples.
2. And Judas also-knew the place, for Jesus oft-times

resorted thither with his disciples.
Mt. xxvi.36. and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go

and pray yonder. Mar. xiv.33. And he taketh with him Peter, and James and John, Mt. xxvi.37. the two sons of Zebedee, Lu. xxii. 40. And when he was at the place, Mt.xxvi.37. he began to be sorrowful, Mar.xiv.33. and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy "s;

32 The scene of the first temptation was in the garden of Eden-there Adam fell, and brought sin into the world. To complete the parallel, the second Adam, in the garden of Gethsemane, submitted to bis last and fearful temptations against all the powers of darkness, (Luke xxii. 53.) which assailed him in every form, and, by a perfect obedience, revoked our sentence of condemnation. In the temptation of the wilderness we read the Devil departed from him only for a season. In this hour of agony he renews his assault with better hopes of success ; and our Saviour, as soon as he enters the garden, ap. pears conscious of his power, although not visible to mortal eye; He said to the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder; pray ye also pot to enter into temptation. After the temptation in the wilderness, we read, an angel ministered to him; and now, in this hour of despondency and suffering, there appeared an angel, strengthening him.

33 If we consider (says an eminent divine,) the circumstances of Christ's agony in the garden, it is evident it was the effect of some more powerful cause than merely a natural fear of his en. suing death, and bodily torments, for he bore his death far better than his agony. He had no sooner entered on the scene of his trial, but he began to be sorrowful,” to “be sore amazed," to " be very heavy,” which words, according to their original signification, declare him to have been suddenly oppressed with a mighty dejection of spirits, which arising from some fearful spectacle, or imagination, overwhelmed his soul with an upknown and inexpressible anguish. They intimate that, at this dark hour, be was assaulted by devils, who exercised all their power and malice, to tempt him to renounce his merciful design. If we consider the warning our Saviour gave bis disciples, when they entered the garden with him, (Luke xxii. 40.) of the extraordi danger they were in, of falling into temptation, it seems very probable that he expected, and found there an extraordinary concourse of tempters, or evil spirits ; for he repeats the same admonition when he finds his

Mt.xxvi.38. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sor- Jerusalem.

rowful, even unto death ; tarry ye here, and watch with me.

disciples asleep, saying, “Watch and pray, that yo enter not
into temptation." (Matt. xxvi. 41.) And since his sufferings in
his agony are described with more painful circumstances, than
his sufferings on the cross, we have just reasons to conclude they
were inflicted on him by more malignant, and more powerful
executioners; and, consequently, that he endured the torments
of men only on the cross, but of devils in the garden. His body
was crucified on the cross-his mind in the garden. As Adam
had offended in both-so Cbrist suffered in both.

The unaccountable drowsiness that seized the disciples at this
period, may also have been produced by the agency of infernal
spirits, for the purpose of having our Saviour alono during
their conflict with him, thereby hoping to gain a greater advan-
tage over him. St. Luke imputes Ibis drowsiness to sorrow;
but it is not probable that mere sorrow alone should necessitate
three men to fall asleep together, under the most awakening
circumstances. Why did it not as well force them to fall asleep
afterwards, when their Lord was apprehended, condemned, and
crucified?' At which time they were doubtless more sorrowful
than they were at Gethsemane. May it not then be possible
that some secret influence was added to the causes assigned by
the Evangelist, and that our Saviour, experiencing in himself
the power and malice of Satan, and his emissaries, admonished
his disciples, who were much less capable of resisting, to be
upon their guard, lest they in their turn should be tempted
also (a). Christ, as we have already shewn, (note, p. 96.) began
his incarnate life as the second Adam, in the very spot to which
the disobedience of the first Adam had driven him. a
typical point of view, we may now consider the second
Adam as having redeemed by his perfect innocence and obe-
dience, the possession of that garden from which the first
Adam had been expelled; and here again the devil (for be
had only departed from him for a season,) assailed him with
all his powers of darkness, torturing his suffering and afflicted
spirit with the most dreadful phantoms and apprehensions ;
and endeavouring by every art of malice and invention, to
divert him from his glorious purpose of laying down his life
for the world. The expression “ My soul is exceeding sorrow-
sul, even unto death," tepiauroc ési i yuxń na, may infer,“ his
soul had been struggling under some mortal pang, and the pains
of bell had got hold upon it.” God permitted him to be assailed
with the utmost force of temptation to which his assumed nature
could be exposed. “ For in that he himself hath suffered being
tempted, be is able to succour them that are tempted.” Some
consider that the infernal spirit suggested the most agonizing
and wicked delusions, such as it is not lawful for man to ulter
nor possible, without Satanic agency, for man to conceive. Cal.
vin believes tbat the wrath of God was so poured out upon him,
that the atonement could only be completed, by his undergoing
that agony; which in the future world is prepared for the impe-

In any own opinion, the parallel between the first and second Adam, which we fiod from the Holy Scriptures, has been so minutely and remarkably observed, here closes. The second Adam, from the wilderness into which the first Adam fell, traced back step by step, by a most divine life, the condemnation of the first Adam, till he arrived again at the scene of his disobedience


Lu. xxii. 40. and pray that ye enter not into temptation.

Jerusalem. Mar. xiv.35. And he went forward a little, Lu.xxii. 41. and he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and

kneeled down, Mt. xxvi.39. and fell on his face, and prayed, Mar. xiv.35. and fell on the ground, and prayed that if it were possible

the hour might pass from him.

And he said, Abba, Father,
Mt. xxvi.39. O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me:
Mar. xiv.36. all things are possible unto thee :
Lu. xxii. 42. if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: neverthe-

less, not my will but thine be done.

And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven,
strengthening him.

And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly; and
his sweat was as it were great drops of blood, falling down

to the ground.
45. And when he rose up


Mt.xxvi.40. he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them
Lu. xxii, 45. sleeping for sorrow; and said unto them, Why sleep ye?
Mar.xiv.37. and he saith unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou ?
Mi.xxvi.40. What, could ye not watch with me one hour ?
Mar. xiv.38. Watch ye,
La. xxii. 46. rise and

Mt.xxviAl. that ye enter not into temptation : the spirit indeed is

willing, but the flesh is weak.

And he went away again the second time, and prayed,
Mar. xiv.39. and spake the same words,
Mt.xxviA2. saying, O my Father, if this

cup may


except I drink it, thy will be done.
Mar. xivA0. And when he returned, the found them asleep again;

for their eyes were heavy: neither wist they what to
answer him.

from me,

whore, as the substituted victim, He submitted to that spiritual
death, and suffering, which had been pronounced against the
first man.

He submitted the offending nature to the tree of the
eross, reconciled justice with mercy, and restored to the human
race, through the influence of his spirit, the capability of regain-
ing that spiritual state of blessedness and glory in which the
first Adam bad been originally created.

By Christ's death, ře bath destroyed him that hath the power of death, that is, the devil (Heb. ii. 14.) And hence the Apostle tells us, that unsubdued by ivfernal attacks and temptations, He swallowed up death in victory. He spoiled principalities and powers, and made an open shew of them, triumphing over them. Satan, as lightning, fell from heaven--His kingdom is taken away from him; and man, believing man, is ransomed from his malignant power, and by the intercession of the Mediator, and the influence of the Holy Spirit, is restored again to the favour of his God.

(a) Scott's Christian Life, pp.449, 450.

Rise up,


Mt. xxv.44. And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the Jerusalem.,

third time, saying the same words.

45. Then cometh he to his disciples,
Mar.xiv.41. And he cometh the third time, and saith unto them,

Sleep on now, and take your rest : it is enough, the hour
is come; behold, the Son of Man is betrayed into the

hands of sinners.

us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand.
MATT. xxvi. part of ver. 36, 37. 39, 40, 41. ver. 43. part of ver. 45.

and ver. 46.
36 Then cometh Jesus with them
37 And he took with him Peter and-and--and very heavy.

39 And he went a little farther-saying---nevertheless, not as
I will, but as thou wilt.

40 And-asleep, and saith unto Peter-
41 Watch and pray-

43 And he came, and found them asleep again : for their eyes
were heavy.

45 -and sajth unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest : behold, the bour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

46 Rise, let us be going : behold, he is at hand that doth be-
tray me.

MARK xiv. ver. 32. 34. part of ver. 36, 37, 38, 39.
32 And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane :
and be saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall pray.

34 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto
death : tarry ye here, and watch.

36 -take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

31 –And be cometh, and findeth them sleeping-couldest
not thou watch one hour?

38 —and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit
truly is ready, but the flesh is weak.
39 And again he went away, and prayed-

LUKE xxii. ver. 39. part of ver. 40, 41, 42. 45, 46.
39 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the Mount
of Olives: and his disciples also followed him.

40 he said unto them
41 —and prayed,
42 Saying, Father-
45 -and was come to his disciples, he found them-
46 - lest ye enter into temptation.

LUKE xxij.

Christ is betrayed and apprehended-The resistance of

MATT. xxvi. 47-56. MARK xiv. 43-50.

47–53. JOHN xvii. 3-11.
Mar. xiv.43. And immediately, while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of
Johnxviii.3. then, having received a band of men and officers, from

the Chief Priests and Pharisees, cometh thither, with lan-
terns, and torches, and weapons.

the twelve,

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