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Mar. xiv.43. and with him a great multitude, with swords and staves, Jerusalem.

from the Chief Priests, and the Scribes and the elders. Mt. xxvi.47. of the people.

48. Now he that betrayed him Mar. xiv.44. had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss,

that same is he; take him, Mt. xxvi. 48. hold him fast. Mar. xiv.44. and lead him away safely.

45. And as soon as he was come, La.xxii. 47. [he] went before them, and drew near unto Jesus, to kiss

Mt. xxvi.49. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, mas-

ter; and kissed him.
50. And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou

Lo.xxii. 48. Judas, betrayest thou the Son of Man with a kiss ?
Johnxviii.4. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come

upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? 5.

They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed

him, stood with them.

As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they
went backward, and fell to the ground 34.

Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And
they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: If
therefore ye seek me, let these go their way.
9. That the saying might be fulfilled which he spake, Of

them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
Mt. xxvi.50. Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.

When they which were about him saw what would follow,

they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?
Mt. xxvi.51. And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus,
Joh.xviii.10. Simon Peter, having a sword,
Mt. xxvi.51. stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a

servant of the high priest, and smote off his ear, Joh.xvij.10. and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Mal

chus. Lu. xxii.51.

And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And

he touched his ear, and healed him. Job.xviii.11. Then said Jesus unto Peter,

34 The whole of this transaction shews that our Lord had perfect power over his enemies, if he had chosen to exert it. (Matt. xxvi. 54.) By a look the guards who attempted to seize him drew back, and fell to the ground. When Peter afterwards struck the servant of the High Priest, and smote off his ear, the Roman soldiers, who were never resisted with impunity, would doubtless have revenged themselves on the disciples, if they had not been supernaturally protected-He had power to Jay down his life, and to take it again : but He completed the mysterious sacrifice, and man was saved, and the Scripture fulfilled.


Mt.xxvi.52. Put up again thy sword into his place; for all they that Jerusalem.

take the sword, shall perish with the sword.

Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father,
and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions

of angels?
54 But how then shall the Scriptures be fulfilled that thus

it must be ?
Joh.xvii.ll. the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not

drink it?
Mt.xxvi.55. In that same bour
Mar. xiv.48. Jesus answered and said
Lu. xxii.52. unto the Chief Priests and captains of the temple,
Mt. xxvi.55. and to the multitudes,
Lu.xxii. 52. and the elders, which were come to him,
Mt. xxvi.55. Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves,

for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the

temple, and ye laid no hold on me.
La. xxii.53. ye stretched forth no hands against me :
Mar.xiv.49. but the Scriptures must be fulfilled.
Lu. xxii. 53. but this is your hour, and the


of darkness.
Mt.xxvi.56. But all this was done, that the Scriptures of the pro-

phets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook
him, and fled.

MATT. xxvi. part of ver. 47, 48.
47 And-came, and with him a great multitude with swords
and staves, from the chief priests and elders—

48-gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that
same is he:-
MARK. xiv. part of ver. 43, 44, 45. ver. 46, 47. part of ver. 48, 49.

ver. 50.
43 —while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and
with him a great multitude-
44 - And

he that betrayed him
45 -he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master;
and kissed him.

46 And they laid their hands on him, and took him.

47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.

48 - And Jesus-unto them, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and with staves, to take me?

49 - I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took
me not-

50 And they all forsook bim, and fled.

LUKE xxii. part of ver. 47, 48. ver. 50. part of ver. 52, 53.
47 -And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that
was called Judas, one of the twelve-

48 But Jesus said unto him

50 And one of them smote a servant of the high priest, and
cut off his right ear.

52 Then Jesus said–Be ye come out as against a thief, with
swords and staves ?
53 When I was daily with you in the temple-

JOHN xviii. part of ver. 3. 10, 11.0
3 - Judas-
11 -Tben-drew it, and smote the high pricst's servant-
Il -Put up thy sword into tby sheath-




From the Apprehension of Christ to the Crucifixion.

Christ is taken to Annas, and to the Palace of Caiaphas.
MATT. xxvi. 57. MARK xiv. 51–53. LUKE xxii. 54.

JOHN xviii. 12–14.
Joh.xviii.12. Then the band, and the captain, and officers of the

Jews, took Jesus, and bound him,
13. And led him away to Annas' first; for he was father

in law to Caiaphas, which was the High Priest that same

14. Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews,

that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. Mar. xiv.51. And there followed him a certain young man, having a

linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men

laid hold on him :

52. And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.
Mt.xxvi.57. And they that had laid hold on Jesus,
Lu. xxii.54. Then took they him, and led him,
Mt. xxvi.57. led him away to Caiaphas the High Priest,
Lu. xxii. 54. and brought him into the High Priest's house.
Mar. xiv.53. and with him were assembled all the Chief Priests, and

the elders, and the Scribes. Lu. Xxii. 54. And Peter followed afar off.

MATT. xxvi. part of ver. 57,
57 - where the scribes and elders were assembled.

MARK XIV. part of ver. 53.
53 And they led Jesus away to the High Priest-

LUKE xxii. part of ver. 54.
54 Then-they-and led him-

'The Annas here mentioned, is called by Josephus, Ananus. He had been deposed from the Pontifical office by the Roman power ; but his influence on that account had been rather increased, than lessened, among his countrymen. Under these circumstances, however, he could not with prudence openly interfere; but from the passage before us, we may infer the great authority he still possessed ; and it is more than probable that he privately suggested every measure that had been already devised against our Lord; and that on the present occasion he still continued to direct by his counsel and advice.-See John xviii. 24. Although Annas was deprived of the office of high priest, the Jews still acknowledged him as such, as we find from Acts iv. 6. where he is so called. His influence was so great, that he saw five of his own sons successively in possession of the high priesthood; and several also of his sons in law, among whom was Caiaphas.


Peter and John follow their Master.
MATT. xxvi. 58. MARK xiv. 54. LUKE xxü. 55.

JOHN xviii. 15, 16.
Job.xviii. 15. And Simon Peter followed Jesus,
Mt. xxvi.58. afar off, unto the High Priest's palace,
Joh.xviii.15. and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto

the High Priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace

of the High Priest.
16. But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out.

that other disciple, which was known unto the High Priest,
and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in

Lu. xxii.55. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the

hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among

them. Mar. xiv.54. the servants, and warmed himself at the fire. Mt. xxvi.58. and sat with the servants, to see the end.

MATT. Xxvi. part of ver. 58.
58 But Peter followed-

MARK xiv. part of ver. 54.
54 And Peter followed him afar off, even unto the palace of
the High Priest, and he sat-


Christ is first examined, and condemned in the House of the

High Priest.
MATT. xxvi.59-66. MARK xiv. 55–64. JOHN xviii. 19-24.

The High Priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and
of his doctrine.
20. Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world ; I

ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither

the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. 21. Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me : behold, they know what I said.

And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers
which stood by, struck Jesus with the palm of his hand,

saying, Answerest thou the High Priest so?
23. Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness

of the evil ; but if well why smitest thou me ?
24. Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas, the
High Priest.

Now the Chief Priests and elders, and all the council,
sought faise witness against Jesus, to put him to death ;

But found none : yea, though many false witnesses

came, yet they found none : Mar.xiv.56. for many bare false witness against him, but their witness

agreed not together.

Mt. xxvi.59.


Mt. xxvi.60. At the last came two false witnesses,

Mar. xiv.57. and bare false witness against him, saying,
Mt.xxvi.61. this fellow said,

We heard him say,
Mt.xxvi.61. I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it

in three days:
Mar.xiv.58. I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and

within three days I will build another made without hands.

59. But neither so did their witness agree together.
Mt.xxvi.62. And the High Priest arose,
Mar. xiv.60. and stood up in the midst, and asked Jesus,
Mt.xxvi.62. and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it

which these witness against thee?

63. But Jesus held his peace, Mar. xiv.61. and answered nothing. Again the High Priest asked

him, and said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the Son of

the Blessed ? Mt. xxvi.63. I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us, whether

thou be the Christ, the Son of God.

64. Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said : Mar. xiv.62. I am: Mt. xxvi.64. nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the

Son of Man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming

in the clouds of heaven.
65. Then the High Priest rent his clothes”, saying, He

hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of
witnesses ? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.

? This passage of Daniel, to which our Lord refers, was always considered by the Jews as a description of the Messiah, Our Saviour, therefore, now in his lowest state of humiliation and depression, asserted bis claims as the Messiah, who should appear again in the clonds of heaven, as the judge of the world.Sohar Genes. fol. 85. col. 338, &c. Dan. vii. 13. Xn'vn xahn 87, This is the king Messiah. Schoetgen. Hor. Heb. vol. i. p. 233 3 This was only done by the High Priest in cases of blasphemy.

4 Christ was first arraigned before the High Priest, then before the whole Sanhedrim, (Mark xv. l.) before both of whom he was accused of blasphemy, and on this charge was, by both, condemned, Matt. xxvi. 65, 66. He was next taken before the Roman Go. vernor, as guilty of sedition, and acquitted, John xviii. 38. xix. 4, &c. When the Jews therefore saw this, they were compelled to acknowledge the real grounds of their prosecution : We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, hecause he made himself the Son of God. But, finding that this charge also was disregarded by Pilate, who was still inclined to acquit him, (for blasphemy against the God of the Jews was not considered by the Romans to be a crime,) they, in despair, make a personal attack upon Pilate himself; and threaten, if he does not comply with their demands that he be crucified, to accuse him to Tibeberius, (whose suspicious and jealous nature was generally knowo,) of remissness in duty, and negligence in the suppression of sedition and rebellion, Intimidated and overcome by this menace, he yields to their importunate solicitations, and condemns a man, whom he publicly acknowledges to bo inno

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