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I feel that I cannot do justice in 'redemption draweth nigh." I this Essay to the remaining portion nevertheless think that these words of the chapter without exceeding have a special reference to the rereasonable bounds; and must there- storation of the Jews : and it is a fore postpone it. I shall only briefly remarkable circumstance, that conobserve, that these things usher temporaneously with the distress in the personal advent of the Son among the Gentiles, we may perof man; and that they are written ceive evident symptoms that the for the encouragement of his people, Jewish tribulation is beginning to who, " when these things begin to pass away.
But these things I come to pass, are then to look up, must for the present leave. and lift up their heads, for their
TYPES AND SYMBOLS.
To the Editor of the Investigator. while types have only certain corSir,
respondencies to the events preAlthough upon the whole I per- dicted, —"every object (to use your fectly agree with INQUIRER in his own words, Mr. Editor, on the remarks upon the literal and figu- visions of the Apocalypse, p. 311,) rative interpretation of Scripture,” described in these visions has a yet there is one passage in his se- precise and definite signification.” cond letter from which I am inclined This is clearly a difference, but not to dissent. The matter is indeed a distinguishing difference between one of small importance ; but when a type and a symbol.-Inquirer's it is remembered, how much easier distinction becomes then, that“ types and clearer all investigation becomes, are peculiar actions and things, when we have all our terms well symbols certain ideal objects, as defined in the outset, I feel that I trees, animals, &c.” The only deneed not apologize for troubling you. finite distinction here observable is,
The passage to which I allude is that types are real, (for this I infer the distinction Inquirer has made to be the writers opinion) symbols between symbolical and typical pro- ideal; for the other terms are eviphecies.-" Typical prophecies are dently commutable. Now if this those which foretel future events, be the distinction intended by Inby some peculiar actions or things, quirer, I must differ from him ;-if having certain correspondencies to it be not, I beg he will pardon my the events predicted.”—“Symbolical misunderstanding him. prophecies are those which repre- The distinctive difference between sent future events by certain ideal a type and a symbol appears to me objects, such as trees, animals, &c.”' to be this,--that a type is an event The objection that seems to bear or object that might have existed inagainst the above distinction is, that dependent of any antitype ; that its it is not sufficiently definite.
existence did not necessarily point examine the two definitions, and see
it out as
a type : a symbol, on what are the distinguishing marks. the contrary, has no independent
It will be readily allowed, that existence.* A type is an event in
# Some time back I began to write a short paper on this very subject, but for some season laid it aside. ---Cuninghame's Answer to Wardlaw's Sermon has been since put
what is called the natural order of the lamb was a symbol of it. The things, but so directed by the real passage of the Red Sea was a type Disposer of events, that it may have of regeneration, through belief in the certain correspondencies to the
death of Christ for our sins, and his event predicted” a symbol would rising again for our justification; the never have existed but for the event washing of the priests and Levites in or thing symbolized. A type would the brazen sea was a symbol of it. never lead us to look for an antitype (See Rom. vi, 3, 4; 1 Cor. x, 2; without revelation: a symbol would Col. ii, 12; Titus iii, 5.) Melalways suggest that something was chizedec, David, Solomon, &c. were symbolized; that we saw but the all types of our Lord; the high shadow, while the substance was priest was a symbol of him. Canaan hidden. Thus Daniel after the vi- was a type of the millennial rest sion of the four beasts, (vii, 16) of the glorified saints--the Israel
I came near unto one of them that (princes) and priests of God; the stood by, and asked him the truth holy place into which the priests of all this. So he told me and inade alone entered, and which was lightme know the interpretation of the ed by the seven lamps only (or the things.”
Spirit of God) was in my opinion a I subjoin a few types and sym- symbol of the same. On this howbols, which typifying or symbol- ever and other symbolical parts of izing the same event can be easily the Jewish worship, I intend to compared.—The sacrifice of Isaac write hereafter, if you will be kind
a type of the sacrificial death enough to spare me room. of our Lord; the daily sacrifice of
into my hands, and I was highly gratified to find that his definition between a type and symbol, though much more clearly expressed, was exactly similar to the one had been led to use. — With such good authority to support me I am induced to write upon the subject; which otherwise I ought to feel backward in doing, being but a child in the investigation of prophecy.
To the Editor of the Investigator. pectation ; it is in an especial manSir,
ner the gift of God;a the promise The more I look into the word of of God ;b the hope of the christian ;c God to trace the blessings which and our Saviour, in whom and are connected with the second through whom alone it is to be coming of the Lord, the more do I received, is himself called the find that event to be the commence- Eternal Life."d ment of the believer's perfect joy, The following passages show, that the consummation of all his hopes. it is not until the coming of the There appear to
to me few ex- Lord, that this blessedness is to be pressions in Scripture to which a obtained. It is after the judgement deeper meaning is attached, than that the righteous shall go into that of “ Eternal or Everlasting eternal life ; emit is in the world to Life.” This is held forth as the
come, that they who forsake the great object of the believer's ex- things of this world for the kinga Rom. vi, 23. bi John ii, 28. c Tit. i, 2; iii, 7. di John i, 2 ; v, 20.
e Matt. XXV, 46.
dom of God's sake, shall receive shall spiritually
« know even as we eternal life ;f it is when they who are known,” and with our bodies sleep in the dust of the earth shall see face to face.” To enjoy this awake, that some are to awake to there must be a fit state of being, everlasting life ;£ and at the day both of soul and body. And it apof wrath and revelation of his pears to me, that, in its full signifirighteous judgements God shall cance, eternal life means, a state render unto those who seek for of being—of a
of being-of a “living" soul, and glory, honor, and immortality, “spiritual” and “ immortal” or “ ineternal life.h
corruptible” body-fitted to enjoy What is this eternal life which is the most intimate spiritual and bothen to be received ? Our Lord's
Our Lord's dily knowledge of God, the Holy declaration-" And this is life eter- One, whom
men may not see and nal, that they might know thee, live;
live;" and also, the actual enjoy'the only true God, and Jesus ment of such knowledge. • Christ whom thou hast sent;”. sure that you will agree with me does not, (as it appears to me,) in its that this includes all felicity ;-an full signification, mean the spiritual exceeding and eternal weight of knowledge of God, commencing in glory. * this life, when the dead soul is And, if these words bear the born again : and for this reason ; meaning which I have attached to that I find the Apostle Paul stating them, how earnestly ought we to himself to be only “ in hope” of desire that time when eternal life eternal life in Titus i, 2; and of shall be obtained, and until which, all the sons of men who ever ex- not one of the saints from Adam isted he must have enjoyed most of until now (with some miraculous such spiritual knowledge. I would exceptions) shall be made perfect! refer the complete fulfilment of these And how little will it matter, where words of our Saviour to that time, they glorify and serve the Lord ! when the promise of infinite mean- for they shall walk to and fro in the ing is fulfilled, and the redeemed light of His countenance, and be
see face to face and know even as unto His glory for ever. also they are known.”
everlasting life" is And from this glorious promise exclusively mentioned in the New I think we may gather an assurance
Testament, with only one exception: of the most intimate spiritual and viz. Dan. xii, 2. How truly might bodily knowledge of God, “the the Apostle say, that “ Life and Fountain of Life, in whose light immortality were brought to light by alone we can see light;" for we the Gospel !"
W. G. J. f Luke xviii, 30. & Dan. xii, 2. h Rom. ii, 7. * Attaching so much importance to the words "eternal life ;' and conceiving, that in the promise of it is contained the assurance of the blessedness of the sons of God; you will not think that I lightly seek to destroy any associations which may have been attached to the connexion of the words “ blessed hope" in Titus ii, 13, with the second advent of our Lord, when I say, that (if rightly translated) I do not think it is that event which the Apostle calls a " blessed” hope; but the hope of eternal life mentioned in chap. i, 2 and iii, 7. This removes a difficulty which I have often felt, in connecting the words “ blessed hope" with the latter clause of the verse, notwithstanding the disjunctive “and." And in fact it makes little difference, if, as I believe, eternal life is only fully to be entered on at the coming of our Lord.
ON THE APOCALYPSE.
To the Editor of the Investigator. their testimony, the beast that asSir,
cendeth out of the bottomless pit Multitudes, like your Correspond- shall make war against them and ent H, are dissatisfied with the va- shall overcome them and kill them." rious interpretations of the Apoca- —After lying dead three days and a lypse. My own mind is impressed half they stand on their feet and aswith a conviction that most of it is cend to heaven in a cloud ; and yet unfulfilled, especially in regard the same hour was a great earthto the slaying of the witnesses and 'quake and the tenth part of the the pouring out of the seven vials of city fell.”—The second woe passes wrath. Perhaps by bringing the away and “the third woe cometh subject before your readers some quickly ;” (there is apparently no inmay be induced to examine the pas- terval ;) the seventh angel sounds, sages more closely, and by the and the sign appears in heaven, v. 19. mighty power of the Holy Spirit is not this the sign preceding the be led to understand this myste- coming of the Son of man?—that rious part of God's word. The time sign for which the Jews so often of the end seems rapidly approach inquired, and which probably will ing, and we may daily look for clearer precede the gathering of the twelve light on the prophetic writings. tribes. Then the mystery is finish
I believe all commentators allow, ed, and successive to this is the pourthat the seventh Trumpet contains ing out of the vials.
ing out of the vials. There seems the seven Vials; and it is generally no interval between any of them. supposed that we are now living un- Again, Antichrist is said already der the sixth Vial : but surely this to have risen ; but from chap. xi idea cannot be borne out by Scrip- it appears that he rises to slay the ture. In Rev. x. 7 we read~" But witnesses; and that neither is the in the days of the seventh angel, beast" nor
the false prophet” can ' when he shall begin to sound, the be the Antichrist, the Wicked One, mystery of God should be finished, the Apostate, so frequently referred
as he hath declared to his servants to in the Psalms. ' the prophets.” Is the mystery of I conclude with the excellent adGod finished ?-although some light vice of Mr. Maitland in his work is thrown upon the subject from Isa. on the 1260 years :
so I would xviii, 3 ; xxvii, 13, and Rom. xi, 25; beg the Reader to examine the yet do we even understand what that ' prophecies in question ; endeavourmystery is ? Can we possibly there. ‘ing for the time to forget whatever fore be living under the sixth Vial ? ' he may know of the various inter
Again, it is asserted that the Wit- 'pretations which have been offernesses were slain at the French
ed; and may He who is the Author Revolution : although no commen- and Giver of every good and perfect tator can exactly ascertain who the gift grant to him and to myself by two Witnesses are. The structure his grace and Spirit a right judgeof chapter xi, seems quite at variance ment to understand, and a true with this opinion. The Witnesses faith to believe, whatsoever he has prophesy in sackcloth 1260 days; seen fit to reveal in his most holy " and when they shall have finished word. I am yours, &c.
How much is there included in tain opened for sin and for uncleanthat one short word_PEACE! How
PEACE! How ness.” The world will ask indeed, Can important likewise is the thing it that gloomy and morose thing, called self, when we reflect that it is what religion, give a peace that is worthy every anxious countenance around of the name? We answer religion us is desiring ;-that it is what thou- can ; but we deny, that true religion sands have sought, what thousands is either gloomy or morose. For are seeking, and all will continue who are more likely to be happy and to search for, even till the day cheerful, than those who are assured of the Lord cometh! And yet in that God, who made the world and how many different ways is Peace builded up the firmament, careth for sought: more various than the them ;--that He is their loving brooks that steal along the vallies of Father ;—that He not only can but Britain ; or the flight of the birds, will turn every thing that happens which chase each other round her to them into good ;—and will finally cottages!
give to them a blessed and eternal Many examples pass quickly in inheritance ? review before us : the man of plea- This is the peace that our Imsure, the literary trifler, the states- manuel offers to all who seek refuge man, the hero, and a thousand in him ; -a calm and holy serenity others : but it is needless to con- of mind; the peace of God, which sider these particularly ; for we passeth all understanding, and which have only to look back upon our none can take away. Grant, O own experience to be convinced, Lord, that thy followers may be that the world does not give peace. more and more separate from the Nothing belonging to it can fill the world ; that the line of partition may immortal soul of man. Though what become broader and broader, till had once been conceived the highest Thou shalt come to separate them pinnacle of ambition were reach- for ever!-"For to be carnally ed, yet there will always appear minded is death ; but to be spiritanother point still higher;—though ually minded is life and peace. the riches of the Indies were in his I have touched upon this subject coffers, still should those of Peru be from considering theaspect of the precoveted ; and even if the whole sent times; persuaded that the people earth lay prostrate before the war- of God need every means to strengthrior, yet would he regret with Alex- en them to look forward to and enander, that there were
dure the troubles that are before worlds to conquer.”
us, and that they are now specially Where then are we to look for called upon to let their light shine. happiness? What say the Scrip. For though this blessed peace is the tures ? “ Peace I leave with you: privilege of all who confide wholly
My peace I give unto you: not as in the Lord Jesus; yet many even • the world giveth give I unto you.” of his own people experience it not. Here then, and here alone, it is to be I speak not of mere professors or met with ; and though you search formalists; but of true christians, through earth and hell and heaven, who love the Lord in some degree, you still shall find every cistern
cistern and yet enjoy not that peace which broken, save that which is,
" a foun- the Saviour left as an inheritance for