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after all the trubble and outlay that we have been pot too by this coming to London.
Howsomever, this is the black side of the story; for Mr. Charles Argent, in a jocose way, proposed to get Andrew made a parliament member for three thousand pounds, which he said was cheap, and surely he would not have thought of such a thing, had he not known that Andrew would have the money to pay for’t; and, over and above this, Mrs. Argent has been recommending Captain Saw bre to me for Rachel, and she says he is a stated gentleman, with two thousand pounds rental, and her nephew; and surely she would not think Rachel a match for him, unless she had an inkling from her gudeman of what Rachel's to get. But I have told her that we would think of nothing of the sort till the counts war settled, which she may tell to her gudeman, and if he approves the match, it will make him hasten on the settlement, for really I am growing tired of this London, whar I am just like a fish out of the water. The Englishers are sae obstinate in their own way, that I can get them to do nothing like Christians; and, what is most provoking of all, their ways are very good when you know them, but they have no instink to teach a body how to learn them. Just this very morning, I told the lass to get a jiggot of mutton for the morn's dinner, and she said there was not such a thing to he had in London, and threeppit it till I couldna stand her; and, had it not been that Mr. Argent's French servan' man happened to come with a cart, inviting us to a ball, and who understood what a jiggot was, I might have reasoned till the day of doom without redress. As for the doctor, I declare he's like an enchantit person, for he has falling in with a party of the elect here, as he says, and they have a kilfud-yocking every Thursday at the house of Mr. Un, where the doctor has been, and was asked to pray, and did it with great effec, which has made him so up in the buckle, that he does nothing but go to bible soceeyetis, and mishonary meetings, and cherity sarmons, which cost a poor of money.
But what concarns me more than all is, that the temptations of this vanity fair have turnt the head of Andrew, and he has bought two horses, with an English man-servan, which you know is an eating moth. But how he payt for them, and whar he is to keep
them, is past the compass of my understanding. In short, if the legacy does not cast up soon, I see nothing left for us but to leave the world as a legacy to you all, for my heart will be brokenand I often wish that the Cornal hadna made us his residees, but only given us a clean soon like Miss Jenny Macbride, although it had been no more: for, my dear Miss Mally, it does not doo for a woman of my time of life to be taken out of her element, and, instead of looking after her family with a thrifty eye, to be sitting dressed all day seeing the money flying like sclate stanes. But what I have to tell is warse than all this; we have been persuaded to take a furnisht house, where we go on Monday; and we are to pay for it, for three months, no less than a hundred and fifty pounds, which is more than the half of the doctor's whole stipend is, when the meal is twenty-pence the peck; and we are to have three servan lasses, besides Andrew's man, and the coachman that we have hired altogether for ourselves, having been persuaded to trist a new carriage of our own by the Argents, which I trust the Argents will find money to pay for; and masters are to come in to teach Rachel the fashionable accomplishments, Mrs. Argent thinking she was rather old now to be sent to a boardingschool. But what I am to get to do for so many vorashous servants is dreadful to think, there being no such thing as a wheel within the four walls of London, and if there was, the Englishers no nothing about spinning. In short, Miss Mally, I am driven dimentit, and I wish I could get the doctor to come home with me to our manse, and leave all to Andrew and Rachel, with kurators; but as I said, he's as mickle bye himself as ony body, and says that his candle has been hidden under a bushel at Garnock, more than thirty years, which looks as if the poor man was fey; howsomever, he's happy in his delooshon, for if he was afflictit with that forethought and wisdom that I have, I know not what would be the upshot of all this calamity. But we maun hope for the best, and, happen what will, I am, dear Miss Mally, your sinsare friend,
JANET PRINGLE. Miss Mally sighed as she concluded, and said, riches do not always bring happiness, and poor Mrs. Pringle would have been far
better looking after her cows and her butter, and keeping her lasses at their wark, than with all this garavitching and grandeur. “Ah!” added Mrs. Glibbans, "she's now a testifyer to the truth --she's now a testifyer; happy it will be for her if she's enabled to make a sanctified use of the dispensation."
FOR THE PORT FOLIO.
Art. III.-Letters from an Englishman in the United States to
his friend in Great Britain. MY DEAR SIR-A year having now elapsed since the period of my arrival in this country, I shall, agreeably to my engagement, give you some account of a country, which, in this age of emigration, cannot be too well known. Many things on which you may wish for information, I shall probably altogether omit; and of many others, speak but very imperfectly. Should I fail in my endeavours to instruct or amuse you, I hope you will take the will for the deed.
I arrived in New York, after a passage of thirty-two days, without experiencing any thing like a storm, at which I did not feel grievously disappointed. But as you know nothing of my adventures since I bade you, and our snow-wreathed hills adieu, and as you requested every information that might be useful or interesting to yourself, or your friends who may wish to follow me to the wildernesses of America, I will suppose myself once more.on the banks of the Mersey, and preparing for a voyage across the Atlantic.
The first thing necessary for me to do in Liverpool was to find a vessel, which was easily accomplished, as scarcely a week passes without the sailing of ships for American ports. Vessels bound to New York or Philadelphia are in the greatest demand; Boston being too far East; and Baltimore, Norfolk, and Charleston, too far South. A friend of mine recommended the Hector of New York, commanded by Captain J. Gillender. Like most American vessels of the same class depending more on passengers than freight, her accommodations were excellent. Her captain is a man of amiable manners and disposition, which materially contributed towards the comfort of our voyage.
Persons emigrating to America have to pass at the Custom-house, and it is well to be provided with a certificate signed by the minister and church wardens of their parish; but this is not necessary if they have a friend who is an householder in the port from which they clear out, who can testify to their trade, profession, &c. Families emigrating, ought to dispose of every thing ponderous or bulky, previous to their embarkation. Beds and bedding, household linen, and many small, portable necessaries, ought to be brought out; but furniture, of all descriptions, can be purchased in the United States nearly as cheap as in the “Old Country," as Great Britain is emphatically denominated; and some articles even cheaper. In every ship there are two prices, or rates of passage; the cabin and the steerage price. Cabin passengers have every thing provided by the captain of the vessel, and live extremely well, having plenty of fresh pork, mutton, and poultry, during the voyage, with wines and spirits whenever they choose. The passage money is from thirty to forty guineas. Steerage passengers provide every thing for themselves, have ship room, fire and water, and that is all. The passage money in the steerage is from six to twelve pounds; children much lower. When many ships are about to sail near the same time, the captains are obliged to make the best bargains they can, and, like opposition coaches, sail at reduced fares.
The duration of the voyage is uncertain, but may generally be calculated upon at from twenty-five to forty days-sometimes a little more and sometimes a little less. However, provisions for seven or eight weeks ought al ays to be provided, for landsmen would make but a poor shift to subsist on sea weed and salt water, should the voyage out-last their stores. As the generality of persons are sea-sick for two or three days it is very well to be provided with cold meat and pastry, in order to avoid the necessity of cooking. Hams are well calculated for sea voyages; but the captain is always the most proper person to apply to for advice in the laying in of provisions. A few simple medicines should be procured, which any apothecary or druggist can supply. When a family emigrates it is customary to contract for the whole, rather than for each separate individual, whereby something considerable is saved.
Having bade farewell to my Liverpool friends, I went on board the Hector, on the morning of the 13th of April, where I was introduced to seven other cabin passengers. In the steerage there were fourteen. We fell down the river with the tide, but the wind being light, the
ssel was not able to make the channel off Black Rock, before the tide was out; so that we were obliged to let go our anchor, having scarcely made good three miles of our thirty-five hundred miles' voyage. We remained at anchor till the following day at noon, when a breeze sprung up, and we were quickly wafted from the lessening shores.
Fourteen days from our departure we made the eastern edge of Newfoundland great bank, when a northwest wind sprung up, and continued blowing for five days, at the end of which we found that we had been driven back about one degree. In passing the banks we saw many icebergs, or islands of ice, some of which we estimated at an hundred, or an hundred and fifty feet high. Others that we supposed aground in forty or fifty fathoms water, arose like silvery spires above the watery deep. Had it been foggy we should have been in considerable danger of running foul of the frozen wanderers; but the weather was serene and clear, which is not often the case on the banks of Newfoundland. On the morning of our twenty-eighth day we saw land, which proved to be the eastern shore of Long Island; and, had the wind been favourable, we should have breakfasted in New York the next day; whereas we were obliged to beat about for four days more, when we took a pilot on board, and arrived at the end of our voyage on the evening of the fourteenth of May,-having been at sea thirty two days.
LETTER II. The entrance of the narrows, and passage up to New York, is interesting and inviting to a foreigner; particularly if he delights in rural scenery. The river or bay, at that part called the narrows, where it is a little more than a mile wide, is strongly fortified. On the left stands, what is denominated the Castle, (but my ideas of a castle could draw no line of comparison) and on the opposite side the Diamond Battery. The latter is a large fort, recently built, mounting a vast number of cannon, many of which I was assured were one hundred pounders. I made an unfortunate mistake respecting this said battery, for when we first came in sight of it,