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11 for she hath wrought a good work upon me. For ye have the poor always with you, but me ye have

12 not always. For in that she hath poured this oint12 ment on my body, she did it for my burial (e). Verily

I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there (hall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial' of her.

14 Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot,

15 went unto the chief priests, And said unto them. What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? and they covenanted with him for thirty

16 pieces of silver. And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

17 Now the first day of thefea/l ^unleavened bread, the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the

18 passover (/)? And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him (g), The master saith, My time is at hand, I will keep the passover at thy

ig house with my disciples. And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them, and they made ready the 20 passover. Now when the even was come, he sat ?i down with the twelve. And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall

22 betray me. And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him,

23 Lord, is it I? And he answered and said (A), He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same

(f) Why do you blame the woman? surely, this expence is as .well bestowed on me whilst I am alive, as in preparing my dead bodv for burial; on which occasion you know it is the constant custom to use costly spices and perfumes. John xix. 39, 40.

(s) It was customary for the inhabitants of Jerusalem to provide rooms for strangers to celebrate the passover in.

(jg-) The form of the message seems to intimate that this person was himklf a disciple.

(4) In private to St. John, John -xiii. 26.

24 shall

24 shall betray me. The Son of man goeth (2) as it is written of him: but wo unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed: it had been good for that

25 man, if he had not been born. Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered, and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him (A), Thou hast said.

26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake //, and gave it to the disciples,

27 and said, Take, eat (/); this is my body. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to

28 them, saying, Drink ye all of it: For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for

29 many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my

30 Father's (wz) kingdom. And when they had fung an

(1) The Son of man is about to depart out of this world in the manner the Scriptures have foretold.

(k) Yes; thou art the person whom I mean. These words were spoken to Judas apart. He then said in the hearing of all, What thou doejl do quickiy, John xiii. 27. intimating that he was prepared for the suffering, which he knew Judas was contriving to bnng upon him. Observe on one hand, the divine foreknowledge of Christ in discovering the designs of the heart; and on the other hand the deceitfulnessof sin, which drives men to their destruction, notwithstanding the plainest warning.

(/) This is my body and my blood is a figurative expression, and must be understood to mean the representation, or sign, of them, in the same sense as the lamb is called the Passover, £«M?xii. it. The bread could not be Christ's natural body, whilst he was alive; for, it was his body that performed the action of breaking and giving the bread: nor could the wine in the cup be his blood; for, that was still flowing in his veins. They who hold the doctrine of Transubstantiation must therefore consess, that no change was made in the substance of the bread or the wine when the words were pronounced by our Saviour. And how can we suppose the words to be more powerful from the mouth of a priest, than when spoken by our blessed Lord himself? See Mark xiv. 22. Note.

(m) When my Father shall have established the kingdom of the gospel by my resurrection; after which I will eat and drink with you as I used to do. He accordingly did so, forty days; until his ascension, Luke xxii. 16, 18.

hymn, hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.

31 Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be osfended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall

32 be scattered abroad. But after I am risen again,

33 I will go before you into Galilee. Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be osfended because of thee, yet will I never be ossended.

34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, that this night before the cock crow («),thou shalt deny me

35 thrice. Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny (0) thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.

36 Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye

37 ye here, while I go and pray yonder. And he took with him Peter, and the two sons of Zebedee, and

38 began to be sorrowful, and very heavy. Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with

35 me. And he went a litt'e further, and sell on his sace, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible (/i), let this cup pass from me: nevertheless,

40 Not as I will, but as thou wilt. And he cometh unto the disciples, and sindeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with

41 me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not into (q) temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but

42 the flesh is weak. He went away again the second

(n) See Mark xiv. Note.

(0) From this confidence of St. Peter, and what followed when he was put to the trial, let him that thirtieth he Jiandeth take heed lejl he fall, l Cor. x. ID.

(/)) See Oiap. xx. 22..

(q) Trust not to the goodness of your intention only; but be perpetually on your guard, and pray sor the divine alfistance, lest the hour of temptation prove too strong for your frailty and infirmity. Luke v. II.

time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it,

43 thy will be done. Aud he came and found them

44 asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the

45 third time, saying the same words. Then cometh .ie to his disciples, and saith unto them (r), Sleep on now, and take your rest; behold the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the

46 hands of sinners. Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

47 And while ye yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves from the chief priests and elders

48 of the people. Now he that betrayed him,'*gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever^ shall kiss, that

49 same is he, hold him sast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail master; and (i) kissed him.

50 And Jesiis said unto him, Friend, wherefore j.rt thou (r) come? Then came they and laid hands on

51 Jesus, and took him. And behold, one of them which were with Jesus, stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high,

52 priest's, and smote off his ear. Then said Jesus unto him, put up again thy sword into -his place: for all they that take the sword, shall perish with

53 the sword (u). Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray


(r) It Is now too late to exhort you any more to watch and pray, the time of trial and danger being actually at hand.

(i) It seems to have been the custom of the Jews for friends to kiss each other at their meeting. Our Saviour rebukes Simon a Pharisee, who was entertaining him at his house, for having neglected that civility. Luke vii. 45.

.(f) Our Saviour puts this question to Judas, not that he desired a reply; but to strike the traitor with the deeper conviction of his guilt.

(u) Resistance will but tend to your own destruction, If I were disposed to save my lise, I could have all the powers of heaven to

to my Father, and he shall presently give me more 54 than twelve (w) legions of angels? But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?

55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief, with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the

56 temple, and ye laid no hold on me. But all this was done (at), that the scriptures of the prophets might "be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him and fled.

57 And they that had laid hold on Jesus, led him away to Caiaphas the high-priest, where the scribes

58 and the elders were assembled. But Peter followed him asar off, unto the high-priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.

59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought salse witness against Jesus to put him to

60 death, But found none: yea, though many salse witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last

61 came two salse witnesses, And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the (y) temple of God,

62 and to build it in three days. And the high-priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing?

63 what is it which these witness against thee? But Jesus held his peace. And the high-priest answered and said unto him, I (z) adjure thee by the living God that thou tell us, whether thou be the Christ the

affift me; but I willingly submit to the appointment of God, and so ought you likewise. Luke xxii. 51.

(w) A legion was ajarge body of Roman soldiers, consisting of several thousand men, Mark v. 9.

(*) But all these things were foreseen by the providence os God, and have a visible tendency to prove the truth of the prophecies concerning the death of Christ. Sue Chap. i. 22.

(y) See Chap, xxvii. 40. Note (jb).

(z) To adjure, is to question upon oath; and as our Saviour, when examined in this manner, thought fit to answer, his example most certainly justifieth his followers in taking an oath, when required by lawful authority.

I 64 Son

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