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and other during robberies in the neighbourhood, though lie had not, till caught in the tact, been even suspected. He was tried at Gloucester, condemned, and executed. It need scarcely be said that his employer visited him in gaol. During his interviews with him there, the criminal confessed the many crimes of which he had been guilty. 'How was it, William,' he inquired, ' that you never robbed me, when you have had such abundant opportunity?' 'Sir,' replied he, 'do you recollect the juniper bush on the border against the dining-room ?—I have many times hid under it at night, intending, which I could easily have done, to get into the house and

plunder it but, sir, I was afraid; something said to

nie, he is a man of God, it is a house of prayer—if I break in there 1 shall surely be found out—so I never could pluck up courage to attempt it.' In another conversation he told him, ' Sir, I well knew that old Mr Rugg was in the habit of carrying a deal of money in his pocket; many a time have I hid behind the hedge of the lane leading to his house—he has passed within a yard of me, when going home from the prayer meeting, again and again—1 could not stir—I durst not touch so holy a man. I was afraid. I always began trembling as soon as he came near me, and gave up the thought altogether, for I knew he was a holy man.' This is a fact which well assures us that God our sun is a shield too."

(To be concluded in our next.)

JERUSALEM.

filtrated from Jowetfi ■• Christian Researches in Syria and the Holy LanH."

"On reaching the rocky heights of Deer, the country began to assume a more wild appearance. Uncultivated hilly tracts in every direction, seemed to announce, that, not only Jerusalem, but its vicinity for some miles round, was destined to sadden the heart of every visitor, liven ' the stranger that shall come from a far land,' it was predicted (Dcut. xxix. 22.), should be amazed at the plagues laid upon this country: and this became, more than ever, literally fulfilled in my feelings, as 1 drew near to the metropolis of this chosen nation. Expectation was, indeed, wrought up to a high pitch, as we ascended hill after hill, and beheld others yet more distant rising after each other. Being apprehensive lest 1 should not reach the city gate before sun-set, Mr Fisk having gone on some way before me in order to prepare our rooms, 1 repeatedly desired the guides to ask the Arabs whom we met, how far, or, according to the language of this country, 'how many hours,' it was to Jerusalem. The answer which we received from all was, 'We have been at the prayers at the Mosque of Omar, and we left at noon'—to-daybeing the Mahomedan Sabbath. We were thus left to calculate our distance. The reply sounded very foreign to the ears of one, who knew that, formerly, there were scenes of purer worship on this spot. 'Thither the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord, to the testimony of Israel, to give thanks unto the name of the Lord.'

"At length, while the sun was yet two hours high, my long and intensely interesting suspense was relieved. The view of the city burst upon me as in a moment; and the truly graphic language of the Psalmist was verified, in a degree of which 1 could have formed no previous conception. Continually the expressions were bursting from my lips—' Beautiful for situation, thejoy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion 1—They, that trust in the Lord, shall be as Mount Zion; which cannot be removed, but abideth for ever!—As the mountains are round about Jerusalem, so the Lord is round about his people, from henceforth even for cverl'

"Among the vast assemblage of domes which adorn the roofs of the convents, churches, and houses, and give to this forlorn city an air even of magnificence, none seemed more splendid than that which has usurped the,

place of Solomon's Temple. Not having my companion with me, I surveyed all in silence and rapture; and the elegant proportions, the glittering gilded crescent, and the beautiful green-blue colour of the Mosque of Oinar were peculiarly attractive. A more soothing part of the scenery was the lovely slope ol the Mount of Olives on the left. As we drew nearer and nearer to ' the city of the Great King,' more and more manifest were the proofs of the displeasure of that Great King resting upon his city. "Like many other cities of the East, the distant view of Jerusalem is inexpressibly beautiiul: hut the distant view is all. On entering at the Damascus gate, meanness, and filth, and misery, not exceeded, if equalled, by any thing which I had before seen, soon told the tale of degradation. 'How is the fine gold become dim 1' Thus I went onward, pitying every thing and every body that 1 saw—till, turning off to the right, and having passed up what is called the ' Via Dolorosa,' froia its being the supposed path oi our Lord when he bore his cross on his way to his crucifixion, we at lengtu alighted at the Greek convent of Mar Michael.

"During the first lew hours after our arrival in the Holy City, there was little to stir up the heart to s lively feeling, that this is really that venerable and heloved place, renowned above all others in Scripture. Hunger, fatigue, and the cheerlessness of an eight-hours' ride over a peculiarly desolate tract of country, with nu other refreshment than a small jar of boiled rice and some bread, would have been agreeably relieved by the welcome of pleasant countenances, sufficient food, and a warm room: but our apartments, which had not been occupied for six months, were floored and vaulted with stone—lire-places are unknown in this land—our provisions were all to seek, and, at this late hour of the day, scarcely to be found—Hadjee Demetrius, the servant of the convent, in a sort of broken Turco-Grecian dialect, proffered his tedious and awkward services—tie baggage was to be looked after—the mercenary and clamorous guides were to be (not satisfied—that was an impossibility—but) settled with and dismissed—and, lastly, as if to diffuse a perfect sadness over our arrival, the storm, which had threatened and slightly touched us during the latter part of our stage, now began to fall in torrents, similar to those which had buffeted us on the preceding evening near Sangyl. Every thing combined to inspire a feeling of melancholy—congenial enough to those emotions with which the actual civil and religious condition of Jerusalem deserves now to be contemplated; but in no degree harmonizing with those subliiuer and more glorious thoughts, which the very name ol this city generally awakens in the bosom of the Chritian.

"When the evening had closed, however, and the hoar for retirement, devotion, and repose arrived, all that I had ever anticipated as likely to be felt on reaching this place, gradually came into my mind, and filled ir.e with the most lively consciousness of delight at being in Jerusalem. 'Tiiis,' 1 thought 'is no other than the city of David. Hither, the queen of the south came to hear the wisdom of Solomon. Isaiah here poured forth strains of evangelic rapture, which will glow with unspent warmth till the end of time. Here, the buildup of the Second Temple drew from the beholders uiin^W shouts and tears j and, here was that very temple, uuule more glorious than the first, by the entrance of ' thdesire of all nations, the messenger of the Covenant I' Here, after he had rebuilt the temple of his own body, he began the wondrous work of raising a spiritual temple to his Father—shedding abundantly upon his disciples the gift of the Holy Ghost, for which they waited in this very city; and then sending them forth as hi* witnesses to the 'uttermost parts of the earth.'

"Such were the principal thoughts with which Ibal for some months associated this visit; and now, all were gradually presented to my mind.

"I felt, I confess, no particular anxiety to sec what are called the ' holy places.' Many have hastened to offer (heir first devotions at the sepulchre of our Lord: so far from having this desire, I feel somewhat of repugnance at the idea: it is enough for me to know, that I am nor tar from that scene—that Gethsemane, and Calvary, end ' the place where the Lord lay,' are all so near to me, that I can truly say, I am dwelling in the aiidst of tbera. All this, too, my heart can better conctiie in the stillness of the night-season, than by the light of day. And he, who suffered here, still lives— 'Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever!' Spiritually he is as near to me, as he would have been had 1 seen him, this very day, at the ninth hour npihiig upon the cross: the blood then shed is still Irei in its efficacy, and 'cleanseth us from all sin.' II to have come hither should prove the means of raisins me one degree higher in love to this adorable Reieaoer, 1 would be thankful: but let me remember, tbat he desires us chiefly to view him with an eye of faith; and that, although ' we see him not' in the teb 'vet believing, we mav rejoice in him with joy

unspeakable and full of glory.

"There is wmething very peculiar in the aspect of the Sabbath in these parts. We have never as yet had, indefd, occasion to say, that ' the adversaries mock at oar &bbarns;' but the sensation arising from seeing, liar (o the jM&iioiuedans and Jews this is a day of work, tud tiat to the bulk of professing Christians it is, alas! a liar jf more than usual mirth, visiting, and feasting, «.'«ies much of that spirit of sacred sympathy which David so toucbingly describes—' I went up with the multitude of them that keep holy-day. I was glad when they said, Let us go into the house of the Lord!' On this very spot, did David once delight in these Sabbatic hours! But what would he think, were his spirit to descend from its eternal rest, to see his stronghold of Zion dismantled; and his brethren, for whose peace :e prayed, broken in pieces by the oppressor? Were .vl'TOon again to walk this earth, and view his unfilled Temple supplanted by the Mosque of Omar; or i'Hild Isaiah know that bis evangelic raptures are still unrevealed to multitudes on this holy hill of Zion, and that the watchmen who should have kept their stand day and night upon the walls of Jerusalem have long *j»c* held their peace, and sunk into almost Pagan stiller; or could the first apostles look round, and ask in li-is place. Who are they that have kept the faith ?-— what would be the emotions of their re-embodied spirits'. We, so greatly their inferiors—not so devout, nor fervent, nor conversant with divine mysteries as they— yef feel amazed and utterly down-cast, when we contemplate so many visible marks of departed glory. * * * "At balf-past-eleven o'clock, we passed the Damascus Ztre of the city; and, in half an hour, reached the top ot the hill, from which 1 had caught the first view of Jerusalem on my arrival, and from which I was now to see it for the last time.

"While the servants went on, I rode to a fair green spot, and turned my horse's head round, that I might enjoy a few moments' solitary meditation on the view rietore me. Surely no traveller would fail to snatch such a moment 1 With little bodily strength, and through * variety of scenes in which troubles bad been anticipated, though none had been experienced, I have thus succeeded in accomplishing the pilgrimage to the Holy City. 'What good,' I thought, 'has my visit done here? Who will be the better for it? Here—where the Saviour bled—how have 1 requited his love?' These thought! rapidly passed through my mind, raising such pensive feelings as I am no stranger to. 'I feel that I hare done almost nothing: and even if, humanly speaking, I had done much, yet I must before my Master ^knowledge that I am an unprofitable servant. The noonfay sun shines Btrong and,.bright upon the city, and

seems to mock its base condition. What a contrast between its aspect at this distance, and its actual state! Here, the smaller objects not being minutely discernible, the glowing strains of David seem as true and lively as they were when they first answered to the touch of his instrument of ten strings—' Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth is Mount Zion.' Still, there seem to be her towers, her bulwarks, and her palaces challenging our admiration. But I have now, for more than twenty days, known that these are not the towers or the temple of ancient times. At every step, coming forth out of the city, the heart is reminded of that prophecy, accomplished to the letter, 'Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles.' All the streets are wretchedness; and the houses of the Jews more especially (the people who once held a sceptre on this mountain ot holiness) are as dunghills.

"While 1 gazed, my eyes filled with tears till I could look no longer. The frequent ejaculation of the bishop of Nazareth came into my mind—' Lord, how long!' I thought, too, of those brethren, from whom 1 hadjust parted, and for whose sakes 1 had an additional motive to pray, 'Peace be within thy walls!' I then suddenly broke off from this multitude of thoughts, which was growing too painful for me; and, pursuing my journey, I felt by degrees as though my present mission was, in some sense, accomplished; and began to indulge more warmly, the hope of returning to my family in peace."

JOHN BROWN OF PRIESTHILL.*

"On one of those days, when driven from his home, he fled for refuge to a deep ravine, or moss hag, that had been formed by the current of a water-spout, carrying shrubs, soil, moss, and all before it, to the dale land beneath, leaving a frightful chasm, amidst a vast field of heath. Its deep mossy sides made it inaccessible to strangers: only the neighbouring husbandmen knew where the brakens hid the rocks, whose shelvy sides conducted to the bottom. In the sides of this natural alley were dens and caves, sufficient to hide a large company. In one of these Priesthill intended to spend the day in prayer; and had begun to pour out his soul, in the words of Lamentations iii. 40, &c. when a sweet sound reached his ear, that seemed to proceed from another part of the place. At first it was in a soft under voice, as afraid to be heard, but soon rose above all fear, joined with others; and lie heard a Psalm distinctly sung.

"' It is the hallowed sound of praising God; and by some fellow-sufferers;' said John Brown, as he arose from his knees, to search them out. And to his no small joy, he found David and William Steel, his neighbours, and Joseph Wilson from Lesmahago, in the cleft of a rock that jut'ed halfway into the ravine. The Steels had had a narrow escape the day before this. And it was to avoid such harassing that they now fled to the ravine. Nor did they flee in vain. They found, to their sweet experience, this dreary waste a Bethel j and in their harassings and hidings, as it was with Moses on the mount, they felt nearest God when farthest from creature comforts. All day they read of God's Word and prayed by turns; and during the dark and silent watches of the night, by turns they prayed and praised. "The seventy-fourth Psalm was deeply imprinted on their memories, from its being remarkably descriptive of their situation. The whole of it was sung about midnight; and while the wind carried the sound to the dale land below, faith carried the matter up to heaven. They felt a peace that made them loath to part. Every one was sensible that the presence of God had been with them. And in this spirit these poor hunted saints spent the time till morning dawned, and the lark rose above their heads, joining his note with theirs, in praise to God for the light of another day.

• From the Scota Worthicj.

"William Steel, who escaped death from the persecutors, and lived many years after the Revolution, said often, if ever there was a time in his life that he would wish to enjoy over again, it was especially that day and night he spent in the moss hag. They all thought it would be their last meeting on earth. He was the first that ascended from the ravine, to look if the enemy were in view; and it being a clear morning, and no person in sight, they all followed, and were standing to consult on the separate paths they would take home, to prevent them from being seen, when they were struck silent by a voice, sweeter than any thing they had ever heard, passing over the ravine, singing these words:—

"Oh ! let the prisoners' sighs ascend

Before thy sight on high;
Preserve those by thy mighty power,

That are ordained to die."

"And again, while they stood speechless, another voice sung, in tones of exultation:

"Though ye have lain among the pots,

Like doves ye shall appear.
Whose wings with silver, and with gold

Whose feathers covered arc."

"After standing for some time looking at one another, some of them thought they had left other worshippers in the moss hag. Others thought that the sound echoed from a greater distance. 'Whoever or wherever the words come from, wc have little concern,' said John Brown; 'one thing we may take comtbrt from, they are God's words to liis Church in affliction; and that is our situation.'

"As usual, he had arisen with the dawn, and had offered up the morning sacrifice. His wife often told how remarkably the Psalm, sung that morning, tended to gird up the loins of their minds. It was Psalm xxrii. 1—4.

"After worship, the gudeman went to the hill to prepare some peat ground; the servants were also out, and engaged at some distance in their wonted employments. Of a sudden Claverhouse surrounded the helpless man with three troops of dragoons, and brought him down to his own house. He left his implements of industry with great composure, and walked down before them, more like a leader than a captive.

"Meanwhile Janet had alarmed her mother, by telling her that a great many horsemen were coming down the hill with her father. 'The thing I feared is come upon me; O give me grace for this hour,' said her mother, hastily taking up her boy, and wrapping him in her plaid; and taking Janet by the hand, she went out to meet her foes, praying in secret as she went.

"The leisurely way of examining persons by law, in which there was some semblance of justice, was now departed from. Claverhouse simply asked John Brown, Why he did not attend the curate? and if he would pray for king James? Upon hearing his answer, Claverhouse said, ' Go to your prayers, for you shall immediately die ;' which command John immediately complied with, and that in such a manner as filled the troops with amazement. On his family it had a different effect. His wife, who was near her confinement, with a child in her arms, and Janet at her side, stood while he prayed ' that every covenanted blessing might be poured upon her and het children, born and unborn, as one refreshed by the influence of the Holy Spirit, when he comes down like rain upon the mown grass, as showers upon the earth."

"There is a light in the Christian's life that discovers the spots of the wicked, and torments them before the time. When Claverhouse could bear his prayers no longer, and had succeeded, after interrupting him twice, with the most blasphemous language, to raise him from his knees, John Brown said to his wife,—' Isabell, this is the day I told you of before we were married;' and added with his usual kindness, 'You see me summoned to appear, in a few minutes, before the court of

heaven, as a witness in our Redeemer's cause, against the ruler of Scotland. Are you willing that I should part from you?' 'Heartily willing,' said she, in a voice that spoke her regard for her husband, and her submission to the Lord, even when he called her to bow before his terrible things. 'That is all I wait for: O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where will be thy victory?' said the good man, while he tenderly laid bis arms around her, kissed her and his little boy, and lastly Janet; saying to her, ' My sweet bairn, give your hand to God as your guide; and be your mother's comfort.' He could add no more; a tide of tenderness overflowed his heart. At last he uttered these words, 'Blessed be thou, O Holy Spirit 1 that speaketh more comfort to my heart than the voice of my oppressors can speak terror to my ears!' Thus, when the Lord brought his witness to be tried, he discovered a mapssnimity which, as he fell, conquered his persecutors.

"If, in the Christian's life, there is a light that discovers the spots of the wicked; so, in the lrarm's heroic grappling with death, there is a heat that scorches them past enduring. It was doubtless under this reelin; that Claverhouse ordered six of his dragoons to shoot him, ere the last words were out of his mouth; but bis prayers and conduct had disarmed them from performing such a savage action. They stood motionless. Fearing for their mutiny, Claverhouse snatched a pistol from his own belt and shot him through the head. And while his troops slunk from the awful scene, he, like a beast of prey that tramples and howls over a fallen victim, insulted the tender-hearted wife, while she gathered up the shattered head, by taunting jeers; 'What thinkest thou of thy husband now, woman i' 'I ever thought muckle good of him,' said she, 'and now more than ever.' He seeing her courage, said,' it were but justice to lay thee beside him.' She replied, 'if ye were permitted, I doubt not your cruelty could go that length ;—how will ye answer for this morning's work':' With a countenance thatbebed his words, be answered, 'To men I can be answerable; and as for God, I will take Aim in my own hands:' Thus saying, he hastily put spurs to his horse, and left her with the corpseShe tied up his head with her napkin, composed his body, covered it with her plaid, and when she had nothing farther to do or contend with, she sat down on the ground, drew her children to her, and wept over her mangled husband."

DISCOURSE.

Bv The Rev. John Bruce, A. M.,

Minister of the New North Parish, Edinburgh.

"Therefore, whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the wind* blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doerh them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winiis blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: aril great was the fall of it."—Mat. vii. 24—27.

It is the reflection of Solomon, the wise king of Israel, that " though a man live many years, an i rejoice in them all, yet should he remember the days of darkness, for they shall be many;" and again, in various ways, but to the same purpose, we find him referring to "the evil days which are coming, and the years which are drawing nigh, of which we shall sr.v, that in them we have no

ofeasure." But though it makes it all the more interesting and instructive to know, that such were the reflections of the wisest of men,—even when, surrounded with all that could banish care, aid keep the presentiment of future trouble far away,—there are perhaps but very few, if indeed there be anv, to whom reflections of the same nature have not occurred, and on whom they are not in the way at least of making some such serious impression about the necessity of remembering God, and having their religion ready as a refuse against the arrival of some unseen but ineTitiHe evil.

Onr Lord, therefore, you perceive in this passage, likens every professing disciple to a man more or less occupied" about the building of an house, 50 as to have it all in readiness before the rain and the floods descend; and though no doubt he distinctly saw, that between the two great classes or divisions of men who are all so occupied, there are many points of distinction ;—although, for instance, he distinctly saw, that while occupied apparently skint the very same kind of work, inasmuch as they may all be said to be building an house to dwell in, yet it may also be added (if carrying out the illustration,) that the plans of their houses are not the same, nor are their materials the same, nor indeed is there any thing about the whole style or progress of the different structures the same;—though our Lord had all these thorough differences perfectly in his eye, it is important to notice, that he instances just one, when discoursing of that which the storm, on its arrival, did all in due time discover. The one of these houses, he tells us, stood, for " it was founded upon a rock," and the other of these houses fell, for "it ret founded upon the sand." He knew well, as 1 have already said, that throughout the whole form and substance of the buildings, there obtained very many, and all pervading distinctions; but he confined himself to this one, at the foundation, because, whatever the rest might be, this one, at the foundation, was decisive of every thing. And his fixing upon this one distinction, and mentioning not another, is just meant to remind us, that when the rain and the floods descend, or in other words, in the day of the great and the final judgment, every thing will be found right, or every thing will "be found wrong, just according as we are or are not on the one tried foundation.

Now that one foundation, as every person acquainted with Scripture knows, is both expressly and constantly declared to be Christ himself. To prepare mankind for receiving this declaration, the prophets, throughout successive ages, testified in the name of the Lord, before he came in the flesh: "Behold I lay in Zion a chief corner-stone, a tried stone, elect and precious, and whosoever buildeth thereon, shall never be confounded." And again, lest any should mistake, in regard to a testimony so perfectly strange to our natural feelings, and so immensely peculiar, not only did our Lord himself

holy apostles, seemed plainly to have lived and
written for no other purpose, than to enforce the
commandment to choose that foundation and build
on it indefatigably, for how oft, and in how many
ways are we reminded, that "other foundation
can no man lay than that which is already laid,
which is Jesus Christ." But observe what is as
plain, that while our Lord here ascribes the per-
fect safety of the one, and the utter ruin of the
other, to the difference in the nature of the founda-
tions on which those persons had severally built,
he also, at the same moment, and as expressly de-
clares, that the one is an image or representation of
a man who heard his sayings, "and did them,"
the other of a man, who heard the very same say-
ings of Christ, and " did not do them." The one,
building his house upon the only sure foundation,—
that rock which is Christ,—was found ultimately
safe and impregnable, just because he did so; but
he, you perceive, was the very individual man, who
heard Christ's sayings and did them. The other,
either not knowing or not heeding the only sure
foundation, built his house upon the sand, and was
ultimately ruined, just because he did so. But it
is no less obvious of him in his turn, that he was
the very individual man who heard Christ's sayings,
and did not do them. On the one hand, there-
fore, the choice of the sure foundation, and the
devoted doing of the precepts, are here represent-
ed as invariably uniting in one and the same per-
son. On the other hand, the choice of the false
foundation, and the disregard of the precepts, are
as distinctly represented as invariably uniting in
one and the same person. This, brethren, is the
fact, the plain and simple fact, however it may be
accounted for. And just because, as I shall pre-
sently shew you, there cannot, in the very nature
of things, be any reversal of that arrangement; our
Lord speaks in this, as in all other passages, of every
man who heareth these sayings of his and doetli
them, as one who shall be saved; while every
one that heareth these sayings of his, and doetb.
them not, shall as certainly perish.

To apprehend then how this must be,—so that from the very nature of things, of these four properties, which go always in pairs, the very same two are invariably found together; and no force can transpose or compel them to change places, and God himself having joined them, none can put them asunder, —to apprehend how this is, we have just, in fact, to consider what those sayings of Jesus Christ really are; and what that is which distinguishes those sayings of Jesus Christ from those of all other religious teachers, so that of him it was said truly, "never man spake like this man." There is evidently nothing in these sayings of Jesus Christ, so ornate or ingenious, so argumentative or profound, as to compel every man's reverence, and cause all comparison with what is earthly, to seem an impious profanation. And while there is nothing in them of what mankind admire in the discourses of eaeh other, what then, it may be asked,

express by various illustrations, the very same is their illustrious distinction? What constitutes truth, hut St Paid, in like manner, and all the | their peculiar, indefeasible, and unrivalled glory?

«' The law of the Lord is perfect. The statutes of the Lonl are ri^ht. The commandment of the Lord is pure. The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. More to he desired are they than gold, yea, than much tine gold." It is then the heavenly purity of his maxims; it is the stupendous heights of holiness which he stedfastlv pointed to, and besought his hearers, as for their life, to ascend along with him; it is the Certainty and determination with which he prophecies of the worldly, and all the careless, as about to be cast, both soul and body, into hell; it is the tone of solemn and inflexible earnestness, wherewith, even when most compassionate, he kept urging upon us sinners, the demands of his Father's law, as a being descended to us from a higher and far holier world: in a word, it is the whole aspect and bearing of a speaker, whose soul laboured and was in heaviness with this weighty presentiment, that none but "the pure in heart shall see God;" so that to remain contented in any sin, or to desist from striving to ascend nearer to God in purity, is just, in other words, to renounce salvation. It is this pure and elevated tone in which Christ urges the necessity, in fact, of a life and character conformable to his own; it is this, and nothing else, which constitutes the grand unrivalled and indefeasible peculiarity of Christ's maxims or moral sayings. And plainly, therefore, whenever any of us thinks, in good earnest, of beginning to keep them, we are thrown at once upon Christ, as our advocate, for immediate enlargement. We are thrown upon him at once for preternatural supplies of pardon and of strength, which is naturally none of ours. We feel then, for the first time in our lives, how true is Christ's testimony, "Without me ye can do nothing." We cry, as David cried, whenever we begin to think of climbing these awful heights, "Lord lead thou me in thy ways. Uphold thou my goings." "Hold me up by thy hands, for I cannot take one step without thee." And thus it is, that whenever you apprehend distinctly that awfully urgent holiness, which is all that makes these sayings of Jesus Christ so different from the moral maxims of men, you are driven upon maintaining closest intercourse with Christ, as the great intercessor, by the irresistible prevalency of whose name alone in heaven you can, even on this earth, work out your salvation.

I trust, therefore, you see both how true and how very plain it is, in the nature of things, that the man who heareth Christ's sayings and doeth them, is a man united to Christ by faith, or, in other words, resting confidently in his righteousness and his strength, for renewed pardons and for advancing purity. And that, therefore, inasmuch as Christ is that " foundation already laid," which can never deceive him, every such disciple is most appropriately likened to a man who built his house upon a rock, so that " when the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house, it fell not, for it was founded upon a rock."

In other words, (and dropping the figure.) when that day shall come, of which Christ, in the foregoing verses, had just spoken so terribly, calling it that day just because, without saying more, he found in every man's conscience, a certain fearful looking for it; the last day, which shall come upon all the world, as a thief in the night; the great and terrible day of the Lord, when the Son of Man shall sit on the throne of bis glory, and shall assemble all nations before him, and the books shJl be opened, and in the presence of the righteous angels, according to the things that are written therein every man shall be judged,—when it shall be demanded of us, for instance, if we fed the hungry, and clothed the naked, and bore other men's heavy burdens, and worshipped God in the spirit, having no confidence in the flesh, and csroe out from the world, striving always to ascend and keep high above it, faint indeed, yet still pursuing our heavenward journey, upheld by the everlasting arms of him " who hath called us to glory ami to virtue;"—when this, I say, shall be demanded of us, it will, doubtless, be seen how perfectly the good works of Christ's people are intrinsically different from the good works of the world; that, in other words, as I said at first, their house is different in its entire form and material, from the edifice of the others, and therefore, even for these reasons, might stand when the other is swept away; yet our Lord just refers, as I also said, to the one and the simple fact, that the foundation is all secure. And what one thing, more clearly, shall that, day discover than the everlasting strength and stability of that precious foundation? Jesus Christ, on that day, passing by all other, however weighty reasons, for rewarding such disciples with a weight of glory, which, from profoundest awe and astonishment, they would almost decline, saving " Lord when saw we thee an hungered and fed thee, or when saw we thee naked and a stranger and clothed thee and took thee in;"—Jesus Christ, I say, passing by the intrinsic excellence of their preternatural works, will simply refer again to the

one sure foundation. He will simply reply and

his reply is decisive—ye heard my most holy sayings, and knowing well that I called you to deny yourselves, and take up your cross and follow me, and ascend, as it were, to the very gate of heaven, and do innumerable things impossible to flesh and blood, ye did all in my strength, imploring' pardon and help of God continually, as became a sinner, in my name, and for my sake, and because of m« mediation. This, brethren, you well know, is substantially the only reason which Jesus Christ will assign; because by raising him from the dead, God, the everlasting Father, shewed that the righteousness of the Son is the ground or foundation of his whole gracious procedure towards the fallen and redeemed. And thus, on that day, it shall be abundantly verified, that " when the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house, it fell not, for it was founded upon a rock,"—that rock which it Christ.

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