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good Christian is obliged to, namely, to do all in bis power, according to his station, in appearing for God, and against sin and error, but they are also binding because of the oath of God. If Zedckiah escaped not, who had despised the oath, when he had given the hand to Nebuchadnezzar, how shall these lands escape, if we trample on our national and solemn league and covenant, when lo, we have given the hand to the Most High God? May we not tremble lest our offended God should send a sword, or some other judgment, to avenge the quarrel of his broken covenant ? * I observed, however, from the Old Testament, that some reformations came a greater length than others; that in some of them, they renewed the covenant, and in others not; in some the high places were pulled down, in others they were not. I observed, that whatever reformations they had, all who had been guilty of defections were not punished, even though the idolater deserved death by God's law. I found also, that in these reformations, which came not all the length that could have been wished, and might have been expected, Old Testament believers joined in communion with the Church. I came again to consider the Church, when Christ, our great pattern and example, came into the world, and I found a great many things wrong at that time. They taught for doctrines, the commandments of men; they were fonder of their unwritten traditions than they were of the divine law; their teachers were formal and corrupt, and the Church was, to a great extent, subject to a heathen magistrate, who had too much influence in changing the high priesthood. And yet I found that our Lord owned that very Church as a true Church, and spoke honourably of her, as when he said to the woman of Samaria, ' We know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews.' Yea, he himself joined in communion with her, as did Joseph and Mary, Zecharias and Elizabeth, Simeon and Anna, who were eminent believers. And our Lord even exhorted others to join her communion, as in Matt, xxiii. 2, 3. From all this, I concluded that it was my unquestionable duty to join in communion with the Church of Scotland, though our covenants were not renewed, seeing she had all the essentials of a true Church; her doctrine being pure and uncorrupt, her government, discipline, and worship, according to the Word of God, and the sacraments being administered according to the pattern shewn in the Mount. In addition to these, she bad also appointed a national fast, as the Jews did of old, after their captivity, to bewail the defections of all ranks. As such considerations cleared up my way for joining in communion with the Church, since the Revolution, so I have ever since 'loved the habitation of bis house, and the place where his honour dwelleth;' and I do adore his holy name, that he gave me counsel. For I must own, to his praise, that he has helped me to draw water out of these wells of salvation, with great joy; and has frequently satisfied me with the 'fatness of his house, even of his holy place.' He has made all his garments, his ordinances, smell to me of aloes, myrrh, and cassia j and to this day I am made joyful, when it is said, 'Let us go up to the house of the Lord.' And while I live I will ever pray for the peace of Jerusalem. 'For my friends and brethren's sake,' for my own sake, and for the sake of posterity, I will ever seek her good. My wish will still be, ' Peace be within her walls, and prosperity within her palaces,' and that a seed may be raised up in her, and also elsewhere, to do service to the Most High, while sun and moon endure.

"And now, my dear children, let me advise you with my dying breath,

"1. To set apart sometime every day for reading

• We have given his sentiments on this point in full, although we do not, in all re$pecti, concur; partly as a further elucidation of the sxerciscof his conscience on all matters of duty, and partly as a spetimpn of sentiments then commonly entertained by our pious and persecuted forefathers.

God's word. Bead it with observation, depending on God to make it useful to your souls. Compare Scripture with Scripture, as my custom was, and meditate therein both day and night.

*' 2. Beg of God to let you see your lost state br nature and practice, before it be too late.

"3. Fly to the city of refuge with all speed, arc close with Christ, as your prophet, priest, and kin;.

"4. Learn to live by faith, in all the various accept. ations in which faith is taken, in the Word of God; sin the being of God, bis testimony, the mysteries oi r< ligion, the promise of God.

"5. I advise you to choose affliction rather than;;: and suffering, when culled thereto, rather than toils the faith, or make shipwreck of a good consdeuc: You know not what fiery trials you may yet meet ».j for righteousness' sake. Though Jerusalem hai W, a quiet habitation, for nearly forty yeuro, God may ye: again set up bis furnace in Zion, and heat it seva times more, till be purge avvay the filth of the daughters of Zion.

"6. I beseech you be much in prayer to God, irta is the Hearer of prayer, and rely wholly on Christ fe assistance and acceptance. I have told you, bow i* Lord hath frequently prepared my heart, and bowed down bis ear to ho;ir, on purpose that I might Bio* rage you in the same exercise.

"7. When the soul of any is cast down and disquieted, through a sense of indwelling sin, or the hieing of God's face, I advise you to guard against a bn;razing of the foundation; rather trust mGodttat; shall yet praise hiin.

"8. I advise you seriously to consider your hi! end. Remember, dear children, that God has mat you rational creatures, capable of serious considtntion; and that your latter end is what God calls tu to consider in a special manner. Beware of tr a away precious time, as too many do. Study to fill «i every part of it with proper duties. Do with all jau might whatever your hands find to do; for theress work, wisdom, device, nor knowledge in the prare, whither you hasten. Remember, also, that all s;» vbe bitterness in the latter end; for tie wages a -J is death, and the sting of death is sin. This is «*' accepted time and the day of your salvation; s|*-J your time, then, as knowing that, in it, ye are to vrort out your salvation, even with fear and trembling; k: as the tree falls so it must lie. I will shut up tie advice by telling you, what will prove a good cordis! for a never-dying soul, when in the dark valley& shadow of death. It is, to be able to say will t'J sweet singer of Israel, ' Although my house be nota with God, yet be hath made with me an everlasfflV covenant, ordered in all things and sure; aid this« all my salvation and all my desire, though he mat* <"* my outward comforts to grow.' Sweet will bethe testimony of a good conscience in dying moments- r° our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our wraoence, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with oehl! wisdom, but by the grace of God. we have bad oc conversation in the world.' O study to be found» Christ. Give all diligence to make your calling an election sure. If once you know in whom you »" believed, then may you cheerfully shake hands with «•death, and cry out with the apostle, ' We kno* C'J when the earthly house of this tabernacle shall be ~ solved, we have a building of God, a house f^'. with hands, which is eternal in the heavens, f" children, my last advice to you is, see that ye af"? perfect holiness in the fear of the Lord. Be !e "'■'. as He who hath called you is holy, in all roaaaer« conversation; for without holiness no man slw ^i the Lord; and every one who hatha well-groi»c'hope of seeing God as he is, must purify niinseU'"as he is pure. Pray much for the soirit of h**8' and for your encouragement remember, that sanctificaoon is promised to the Lord's people; and, therefore, they may, as their privilege, and should, as their duty, go daily to God by prayer and seek it. May, then, the very God of peace sanctify you wholly. And I pray God, with my dying breath, that your whole spirit, and soul, and body, may be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." criminal desires, and hurtful pursuits; on the copious streams of corruption which have flowed from the original fountain of heart-sin. What a dark record of accusations have I framed against myself! With Job, "I repent in dust and ashes;" with Ezra, " I blush to lift up my eyes to heaven;" with the prodigal, I confess " I am no more worthy to be called a son;" with the publican I pray, "God be merciful to me a sinner."

CHRISTIAN TREASURY. An Earnest Appeal.—Reader, I take it for a great mercy of God, that, before my head lies down in the dust, and I go to give up my account unto my judge, I bave this opportunity once more earnestly to bespeak thee for thy own salvation. I beg it of thee, as one that must shortly be called away, and speak to thee no more, till we crane into our endless state, that thou wouldest but sometimes retire into thyself, and use the reason of i can, and look before thee, whither thou art going, and look behind thee, how thou hast lived, and what thou kabeen doing in the world till now; and look within thee, what case thy soul is in, and whether it be fit to enter upon eternity; and look above thee, what a heaven of glory thou dost neglect, and that thou hast God to be thine everlasting friend or enemy, as thou choosest, and at thoj lovest, and that thou art always in his sight. Yes, and look below thee, and think where they are that die unconverted. And, when thou hast soberly thought of these things, then do as God and true reason shall direct thee. I know, poor sinner, that lust and appetite have no reason, but I know thou hast reason thyself, which was given thee to overrule them, and tiit he that will not be a man cannot be a saint nor happy man. I know thou livest in a tempting and nicked world, where things and persons will be daily hindering thee; but I know that this is no more to a Ban that by faith sees heaven and hell before him, than a ijrain of sand to a kingdom, or a blast of wind to one who is fighting or flying for his life. O that thou didst hot know the difference between that which the devil and sin will give thee, if thou wilt sell thy soul and heaven, and that which God hath promised and sworn to give thee, if thou wilt heartily give thyself to him 1 I know thou inayest possibly fall into company, at least anong some sots and drunkards, that will tell thee " all this is but troublesome precisencss, and making more •do than needs;" but I know withal what that man deserveth who will believe a fool before his maker! for be can be no better than a miserable fool that will contradict and revile the Word of God, even the word of pice that would save men's souls—Baxter,.

A Pious Resolution.—I never loved those salamander;, that are never well but when they are in the fire of contention. I will rather suffer a thousand wrongs than offer one: I will suffer an hundred rather than return one: I will suffer many ere I will complain of one, and tsdeavour to right it by contending. I have ever found, that to strive with my superior, is furious; with my •qoal, doubtful; with my inferior, sordid and base; with any, full of unquietness—Bishop Hall.

Christian Duty and Privilege—" As then we have received Christ Jesus the Lord, so let us walk in him j rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith." The unreserved surrender of the whole heart to God, will bring with it whatever is really necessary for safety ar for happiness. In his hands arc all the events of all jreation; and by him they are ordained, disposed, employed, to produce the ultimate and inconceivable felirity of his faithful servants. Our part is exceedingly slain and simple; to pray, to watch, to put our trust in lim j to study and to do his will; to live under the contaut sense and protecting shadow of his providence; to iavc a growing love of his goodness, and a cheerful conUJence in his unfailing care and kindness; to be the will

ing instruments of his power, yielding up, in every faculty, to his directing influence. Thus, our regards fixed on our Redeemer, may we walk with an even step along the rough and twilight paths of life; neither dazzled with its vanities, nor dismayed with the dangers that surround us; thus shall we be enabled to receive and to survey the changeful events of this world with an heavenly tranquillity; sharing, indeed, in its labours, tasting its satisfactions, and sympathizing with every sorrow, yet spiritual, cheerful, and serene. And thus, after a few years of mingled joy and suffering, shall we arrive at that land, where fear and conflict, where doubt and disappointment shall be no more; "into which no enemy enters, and from which no friend departs."—Bowdllk.

Hearing Sermons Beware of critical hearing of

sermons, preached by good men. It is an awful thing to be occupied in balancing the merit3 of a preacher, instead of the demerits of yourself. Consider every opportunity of hearing, as a message sent you from heaven. For all the sermons you have heard, you will have to render an account at the last day L. RichMond.

Questions for Solemn Consideration Do you not

put off God with the world's leaving, and serve him when you are at leisure? Must not God stand by, while the world is first served? And are not your souls the least of your cares, and put off with some by scraps and ends of your time? Is religion your trade, and is your conversation in heaven? Do you walk with God? or have you only now and then a turn with him? When you have ended your prayers, is there an end of your religion till you come to them again? or do you carry on a design of religion throughout your whole course? Have you religion woven into the heart and life? into your discourse, and trades, and tables? Do you first seek the kingdom of God and the righteousness thereof? Is it the chief care of your lives that God be served and your souls saved? And is this the one thing necessary with you, that you chiefly mind and are most solicitous about? Do your very hearts say, with David, "one thing have I desired of the Lord: that will I seek after ?"—Alleine.

Praijer Prayer is the peace of our spirit, the stillness of our thoughts, the evenness of recollection, the seat of meditation, the rest of our cares, and the calm of our tempest. Prayer is the issue of a quiet mind, of untroubled thought; it is the daughter of charity, and the sister of meekness Jeremy Taylor.

Be active in Seeking and in Serving Christ Now

is the time to secure for yourselves a part in the resurrection of the just. The which if you would do, unite with Jesus Christ by faith, rising spiritually from sin, and glorifying God with your bodies. He is "the resurrection and the life." If your bodies be members of Christ, temples of the Holy Ghost, they shall certainly rise in glory. Get into this ark now, and ye shall come forth with joy into the new world. Rise from your sins; cast away these grave clothes, putting off your former lusts. How can one imagine that those who continue dead while they hve, shall come forth, at the last day, unto the resurrection of life? But that will be the privilege of all those, who, having first consecrated their souls and bodies to the Lord by faith, do glorify him with their bodies as well as their souls; living and acting to him and for him; yea, and suffering for him too, when he calls them to it Boston.

Piety and Policy Piety and policy are like Martha

and Mary, sisters. Martha fails if Mary help not; and Mary suffers if Martha be idle. Happy is that kingdom where Martha complains of Mary; but most happy where Mary complies with Martha. Where piety and policy go hand in hand, there war shall be just, and peace honourable.—Quajules.

SACRED POETRY.

THE CHILD TO IIER MOTHER.
My mother, look not on me now

With that sad earnest eye;
Blame me not, mother—blame not thou

My heart's last wish—to die 1
I cannot wrestle with the strife

I once had heart to bear;
And if I yield a youthful life,

Full hath it been of care.
Nay, weep not! on my brow is set

The age of grief—not years,
Its furrows thou may'st wildly wet,

But ne'er wash out with tears.
And couldst thou see my weary heart,

Too weary even to sigh,
Oh! mother, mother! thou wouldst start,

And say,—" 'twere best to die I"
I know 'tis summer on the earth,

I hear the pleasant tune
Of waters in their chiming mirth,

I feel the breath of June:
The roses through my lattice look,

The bee sails singing by;
The peasant takes his pruning hook,

Yet, mother! let me die 1
There's nothing in this time of flowers

That hath a voice for me—
The whispering leaves, the sunny hours,

The young, the glad, the free—
There's nothing but thy own deep love,

And That will live on high,
Then mother, when my heart's above,

Kind mother! let me die."

Jf.wsbury.

Davio's Lamentation Over Saul And Jonathan.

2 Sam. i. 17—27.

By J. W. Wright.

I Weep, for the glory of Israel is faded,

Her power and her beauty in silence repose;

And hills, which the mantle of peace long has shaded,

Now echo the tread and the triumph of foes.

And how are thy mighty thus fallen, O Judali!

The hater of Jacob exulteth afar;

Yes! peals the glad note, to the downfal of Judah,

He laughs o'er the havoc, the writhings of war.
Philistia's daughter, her idols adoring.
May boast that the power of Jehovah is gone,
Yet, Judah can sing, while her eye is deploring,
The God of my fathers, I'll worship alone.
Proud hills of my country! Gilboa! O never
Shall dew-drop of morning thy green slopes adorn,
Thy verdure is faded, and sterile for ever
Shall be the rich fields of the victim forlorn.
For there was the shield of the mighty averted,—
The oil of anointing seemed pour'tl forth in vain;
And feeble his arm, his standard deserted,
The monarch, all childless, reclines with the slain.
Yes! changed is the time, nor eagle's broad pinion
Could swifter shoot forth from his eyry on high;
Nor lion, proud prince of a desert dominion,
With Judah's lost princes, in prowess could vie.
The star of the mighty, beneath the dark ocean
Is sunk to repose, but its vivid light shone,
And the ray of its waning rekindles emotion,
Through life undivided, in death they are one.
Weep daughteis of Israel 1 the pride of your nation,
Whose splendour bespangled these garments so gay;
Rccal the lost object of fond adoration,
O pensively wee)) o'er his mouldering clay.

And why are they perished! while garlands were

weaving
For brows that are steeped in oblivion's wave;
Lost pride of my heart 1 were that bosom still heavintr,
But no—'tis the leaden embrace of the grave.

I weep thy lost friendship—hut vain is my sorrow—
The dead is the darling of Judah no more;
Time's dream is advancing—God speed the glad morrow,
When love is unending, when sighing is o'er.

MISCELLANEOUS.

David Saunders In conversation with Dr Stat

house, David Saunders, who is well known as the subject of Mrs Hannah More's beautiful tract, " The Shepherd of Salisbury Plain," gave the following narrative of facts concerning himself:—Blessed be God! through his mercy I learned to read when I was a boy. 1 believe there is no day, for the last thirty fear?, that 1 have not peeped at my Bible. If we can't find time to read a chapter, I defy any man to say he can't find time to read a verse; and a single text, well followed and put in practice every day, would make no bad figure at the year's end; 365 texts, without the loss of a moment's time, would makes pretty stock, a little golden treasury, as one may say, from new jean day to new year's day j and if children were brought up to it, they would come to look for their text, as naturaily as they do for their breakfast. I can say the grcatK part of the Bible by heart. I have led but a lonely life, and have often had but little to eat; hut my Bible has been meat, drink, and company to me; a»l when want and trouble have come upon me, 1 dn'i know what I should have done indeed, if I hi not had the promises of this book for my stay and support

An American Infidel Mr Robert Aitkin, a hookseller of Philadelphia, was the first person who printui a Bible in that city. While he kept a book-store, a person called on him, and inquired if he had Paint* "Age of Reason" for sale. He told him he had not; but having entered into conversation with him. •»" found he was an infidel, he told him he had a bette book than Paine's " Age of Reason," which he u.-uiil•' sold for a dollar, but would lend it to him, if he woeil promise to read it; and after he had actually read.;.:'' he did not think it worth a dollar, he would tak: it again. The man consented; and Mr Aitkin put» Bible into his hands. He smiled when he found wh»S book he had engaged to read: but said he would reform his engagement. He did so: and when he h»i finished the perusal, he came back to Mr Aitkin. ad expressed his deepest gratitude for his recomnieniii&' of the book, saying it had made him what he was Kt before—a happy man; for he had found in it the way of salvation through Christ. Mr Aitkin rejoieed in the event, and had the satisfaction of knowing that tka reader of the Bible, from that day to the end of 'w life, supported the character of a consistent Chris1*! and died with a hope full of immortality.

Published by John Johnstone, at the Offices of the Sw"5' Christian Herald, 104, High Street, Edinburgh, am) IS.'-TM ford Street, Glasgow;—Jamss Nissan-dc Co., Hamilton. •">" & Co., and It. Groombridgr, London ; D. R. Blearli'. ""f" and W. M'Covin, Belfast; and sold by the Booksellers a*J u"5 Agents in all the Towns and Parishes of Scotland; and ffl -1 principal Towns in England and Ireland.

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But is there forgiveness still—is there plenteousness of redemption even for sins numberless and aggravated, and the foul character of which is now read in the calamity that, seems to have descended on them as their punishment? This depressing Question is answered by reiterating the plain truths ef the Gospel. The forgiveness of 6ins is offered, is fully and freely offered. The covenant of mercy, through which forgiveness is dispensed, is sanctioned by the oath of the Father, by the blood of the Son, and by the seal of the Holy Spirit. You, equally with other men, are called to seek remission of sins. Destitute of merit, you are called to plead, for your admission to the divine favour, the righteousness of the Saviour. And, forsaking the refuges of human devising, and entering the refuge which heavenly wisdom throws open, you are called to receive the welcome which Jesus so graciously tenders: "Come unto me all ye that are weary and heavy laden, and I will give you rest." Come to my Gospel and admit the light of life on the darkness of your nature. Come to my cross and apply "the blood of sprinkling," that gives you both peace and purity. Come to my ordinances and partake, in them, of the communications of my friendship and the pledges of my eternal inheritance.

It is true, even such encouraging invitations as these are often still resisted by the consciousness of sins. This renders the proposal of forgiveness and acceptance, though uttered by the Saviour himself, incredible. But, why should it not be considered that the thoughts of your unworthiness and guilt are what render the Gospel suitable to you, and glad tidings to you? Why should it not be considered that the design of the invitations which the Gospel makes, is "to bless you by turning you away from your iniquity?" These invitations, therefore, are not to be put aside by you, because your hearts have long been obdurate to their influence. It is well that the insensibility is known and bewailed. This deadness of heart is sin, and pardon is to bo sought for it,—is a malady, and the Cure is to lie sought for it. That you be persuaded of your having nothing by which to deserve a single expression of divine favour, is the \ery sentiment which must be produced in you before you can be enriched with the blessings of salvation. And, in truth, be only desirous that the Saviour may redeem you from the power, equally as from the miseries of sin, and the great end of the Gospel is answered in you. You may, then, enter on all the privileges of believers. And though the remembrance of sins is never to cease, and the remembrance ia always to humble, yet it is not to

overwhelm, nor to depress. Cherishing the faith of him who died for sinners, you are to rest in the persuasion that "His blood cleanseth from all sin;" that "there is no condemnation to them that are in Christ;" and that " God, who has had cause to be angry, hath yet turned his anger away, and delighteth to comfort." While love to the Saviour is purifying the soul, well may the assurance of his love gladden the soul.

Such are some of the suggestions fitted to yield relief under the mental depression that arises from the visitation of calamity, and the consciousness of sins. They are fitted to yield relief, because they are drawn from the Word of divine comfort. They ought to be presented with earnestness to all who sincerely bewail the want of religious satisfaction and light. They are to be presented to persons of that character, not. with the vain desii-n of diminishing the sensibility either to calamity or to sin; but, that calamity, being improved tu sanctification, may accomplish its tnd; and thtt in sin being repented of and forsaken, the proof may be given, how the whole anguish of godly sorrow was awakened by the Spirit of grace and mercy.

Lastly, Amid unavoidable changes in oar menial frames, it is good that we be desirous, with earnestness, to ascertain their causes. When the changes are for the worse, it is the symptom of spiritual health to feel them as the subjects of godly sorrow And, above all, the sign is one of encouraging promise, should the experience of lamented cbanjis instead of sending us away from the Saviour, urge us, with an increase of devoted seeking, to himself, as the only source of light and consolation.

Spiritual joy is always to be partaken of with humbleness. It is to quicken us to religious diligence, but not to engross us with its own emotions. It is to be valued by us as a refreshing influence, but is not to be rested on as a support; and bein? received directly from the source of all grace, it J* to carry the soul along the fuller stream of gratitude to the supreme benefactor.

When spiritual joy, however, gives place to spiritual depression, we are still to consider that this experience does not diminish any one religious obligation that lies on us ; that though we chan;?. God cannot; that while we sink intodeeperoemfence, we are to resist the tendency to desp1'"' that while we are conscious of our own insuffews we ought, for that very cause, to cling with greater ardour to the provided strength; and that vre art called, through the many and strange varieties'1' our earthly lot, to persevere in truth and holiness, anticipating the heavenly light, even "the light cl God and the Lamb," that shineth on the redeems^ without either suffering or sin to cloud its glorv

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF
PHILIP MELANCTHON.

Ptm-tp Melancthon, the friend and coadjutor of W ther, was born in the town of Bretten, in Smotji j" the year 1497. His father, George Schwamerd, (w Melancthon is a Greek translation of the family Iuc-i who filled the office of commissary of artillery in la

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