Imágenes de páginas

Judson, Mrs Ann II. Biographical Sketch

of, 323, 339.
Justification, Effects of, 95.

Kindness, Christian, 432.

Kingdom, The Way to the, prepared, 690.

Law, The, gives a knowledge of Sin, 222.
Lazarus Raised from the Dead. A Dis-
course, by the late Rev. J. B. Pattersnu,

A.M., 681, 691.
Letter to a Lady under Concern for Salv.i -

tion. Bv the Rev. James Sievcricht

A.M., 126.
Letters to a Ladv in Distress of Mlnrt. Fly

the Rev. H. Duncan, D.I)„ 150,189,21s.
Lewis. The Isle of, A Revival of Religion in.

Liberality, 495.

Life, On the Every Day Sorrows of, 575. , Reflections on the Shortness of Human.

A Discourse, by the Rev. James Gibson.

Lines. By James Glassford, Esq.. 176.
Locusts. By the Rev. nobcrt Jainicaon.

Lord Jesus, They who Killed the, 271.

, The, is my Shepherd, 38J.

Lord's Supper, A Fervent Appeal at the.

Love, The, of God in Christ. A Discourse,

by the Rev. Walter Weir. 032.

the Truth and Peace, 113.

of the World, Admonitions on, 254.

to God, 383.

, The Voice of. Ilv the Rev. John

Longmuir, A.M.. 448.
"Lovest thou Me ?" 159.
Luther, Martin. The Early Days of, 242.
Luxcmburgh, The Duke of, 288.


, Communion with, 271.

, Hallowing the Name of. A Discourse,

bv the ltev. John Anderson, 280.

, Meditation on, .'103.

, Submission to the Will of, 336.

and Mammon, 543.

is Everywhere, 692.

, The Providence of, 608.

Good Fruits, 31.

-. It is, to be here, 240.

Gospel, the. Manner in which the Believer

views. Discourse, by the Rev. James

Barr, D.D., 24.

, Value of the, 47.

, Invitation of the. A Discourse, by

the Rev. Robert Lee, 88.

— > the, Practical Effect of, 144.

■ Scheme, The, 270.

■ of Christ, The Transforming Influ-

enceofthe. By the Rev. James Itanken,


, The. Success of, 656.

, The Self-Detecting Power of the.

A Discourse, by the Rev. James Noble,

A.M., 600. Salvation, On the Origin of the. By

the Rev. T. Ross, I.L.D.. 67*.
Grate, Free, The Glory of, 463.

, Growth in, 543.

Gravity, Christian, 223.

Grey, Lady Jane

Greece, Mi&sioaariai in, 352.

1 Cli ir Views of, 80.

Guilt, Satisfaction for, 589.

"Habitation, The, not made with hands," 574.
Hale, Sir Matthew, Biographical Sketch of,

Hall, The late Rev. Robert, Biographical

Sketch of, 419.
Heart, The folly of a Man trusting in his own.

A Discourse, by the Rev. R. S. Candlish,

A.M., 56.

The World In the, 256.

Hearing the Word, 416.

Heathen, Obligation to Preach to the, 223.

, Number of the, 320.

, Experience of the. Bv the Rev.

John A. Wallace, 509, 637.
Heaven, 432.

, By Mrs J. B. Patterson, 624.

, The Joy of, 143.

, The Reward in, 223.

-, Preparation for, 367.

, Tire Doctrine of Recognition in. A

Discourse,by the late Rev. William Paul,

520, 536.

, A Home in, 528.

Hebrews, On the Theology of the. By the

Rev. It. Simpson, Minister of Kintore,


, xii. 18—29, Metrical Version of, 688.

Herald, To the Scottish Christian. By the

Rev. Duncan Grant, A. M.. 31.
Heron, On the Character of. By the Rev.

Robert S. Candlish, A.M., 205.
Hervey. Rev. James, 304.
Hey, Wm. Esq., Biographical Skct h of, 562.
Heywood, The Rev. Oliver, Biographical

Sketch of, 595, 611.
Hido, A Worshipping Assembly at, In the

Island of Hawaii, 261.
Hildesly, Bishop, 176.
Hill. The Rev. Rowland, Biographical Sketch

of. 195.211.
HillcL, Or the Destruction of Sodom. By

Professor Tennant, 690.
Hindoo, The Discourse of a Poor, 208.

Female, A, 432.

Holy Sepulchre. A Description of the, 688.

Fire. The Miracle ol. 318.

, Be, 687.

Honestus; or the Man that cried, "Who

will shew me any Good I" By the Rev.

Robert Lee. 85.
Ilnncttv, Heal, 496.
Hope, final. 160.
Hottentot Boy, A, 52R.
Howard, John, Biographical Sketch of, 854.

. The Tomb of, 251.

Huntington, Mrs,Biographical Sketch or, 227.
Human Merit as a Ground of Salvation, Re-
liance on. By the Rev. Henry Duncan,

D.D, 433.
Humility, 32.

Hymn, The Labourer's Noon-Day, 352.
Hypocrisy, 271.

Idolatrr, The Prevalence of, 334.

Idyls, Hebrew. By Professor Tennant, 367,

Immortalitv, Memorials of. By the Rev.

James Esdaile, 565.
Imperfection, On the, of the Present Condi-
tion. By the Rev. H. Ralph, LL.D., 577.
Inconsistency, Folly of, 671.
Independence. True, 48.
Indian, An, 480.
Industry, On. By the late Rev. Sir Henry

Moncreiff Wellwood. Bart. D.D., 129.
Infant. On the Deatli of an. 320.
Infidel, The Conversion of an, 54.

. The Reluctant Confession of an, 240.

, An American, 400

's Servant. An, 272.

Ingratitude shewn in rejecting Christ, 47.
Instruction, Youthful, 176.
Interpreters of the Bible. A Hint to, 176
Isaiah, Chap, xviii.. Remarks on. Extraet-

edfrom the works of Bishop Han , Chap, xxxv.. Paraphrase of. By

Robert OUflllan, 464.
Ishmacl in the Desert. By the Rev. Robert

Jainieson, 12.
Islander, A South Sea, 210.

Jehovah Tsidkenu, 48.

Jerusalem, 64, 198.

Jesus, Sleeping in, 496.

Jewel, Bishop, 192.

Jews, The, in Constantinople, 423.

Jewish Sects, The, :i!7.

Marriage, 78.

Jones, Esther, 612.

Joseph, a Type of Christ, 46, 47.

Joy, The Restoration of Salvation's. A

Discourse, by the Rev. Alexander L. R.

Enote, 633. . The. Addressed to a Young Friend,


MackaiL The Rev. Hugh, 112.

, Hugh, a Scottish Maxtvr. 444.

Magi, The Three. By William" Park, G40.

!agnanimity. True, 112.
Mahommedanism, Apostasy to, 99.
Man, The St. Kilda, 96.

, Cease from, 112.

, The Dignity of, 4)6.

, The Origin of, 439.

, He makes the Wrath of, to Praise Him.

592. , The Vanity of. A Discourse, by th e;

late Rev. Thomai M'Cric, D.D., f.18.
Man's Exertion? What ought to be the Chief

Object of. By the Rev. J. C. Fowler.

A.M.. 385.
Martin, The late Rev. James, Biographical

Sketch of, 163.
Martyn, The Rev. Henry, Biographical

Sketch of. 179.
Matter and its Properties. By the Rev.

James Brodie, 558.
Melancholv, Religious, 160.
Mclancthoh, 352.

Biographical Sketch of Philip,


-'s Servant. 208.

Meekness of Spirit, 254.

Mind, True Peace of, 112.

Ministry, To a Friend entering the, 16.

, A Call to the, 192.

Miracles, On the Moral End of. By the
Rev. Robert Brydon, 289.

Missions, 64.

, By the Rev. Robert M'Cheyne, 10.

■—, The Effect of. 576.

Missionaries, Greenland, 160.

Missionary Zeal, 192.

, The, 304.

, The. By the Rev. R. Whvte-

head. 696.

Morning Star, The, 144.

Mortality, Thoughts on. By the Rev. Wil-
liam Nicolson, 497.

Mortar, Danger of Daubing with Untem.
pered, 336.

Mortifying Sin, Best Mede of. 176.

Moses, They Sing the Song of, 128.

Mother, Have you a, 272.

Mother, The Blind Girl to her, 64.

Motion, Laws nf. By the Rev. James Bro-
die. Minister of MonimaiL G13.

Mountain Hymn. By the Rev. Alexander
S. Patterson, 208.

Much Labour, but no Profit. 224.

Mysteries? Is it a Valid Objection to tho
Truth of Divine Revelation that it con -
.tains. By the Rev. Peter Curror, Mi-
nister of St. Martin's, 609.

Nail, A, in a Sure Place, 25G.
Nature and Grace, 623.
Neff, Felix, Biographical Sketch of, 3,

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Relijion of Abstract Statement*, not the
Religion of the Heart. By the llev.
Duncan Maefarlan, 60ft.

Swceteni Life. 4.11.

Religious ImpreKlonft. Importance of Early.

By Thomas Brown, Esq., 635.
Remark, A Pithy, 144.
Rcminificence. An Interesting, 576.
Repentance, i'2H.

, The Picture of, 239.

, Death-Bed, Ivi6.

Resignation, ChrUtian. 541.

, Prayer for, 4M.

Revenge, Holy, 495.

Richmond, Lcgh j his Mother; or the In-
fluence of a Pinut Parent, 23.
Rochciter, The liarl of, 256.

, Lord, The Conversion of, 391.

ltiusia, The State of the Church in. By

Thomai Brown, Esq., 3S», 3s9.
Ruth and Naomi. Bv Prof. Tennant, 3C7.
Rutherford, The Kev. Samuel, Biographical
Sketch of, 547.


Sabbath, 12S.

, Value of the. Bv the Rev. Archi-
bald Bennie, 4U.

Night's Reflection. Bv the Rev.

Peter M'Mnrland, 192.

— School llvmn. By the Rev. Dun-
can Oram, A.M., 221.

Sailor Boy, 3S4.

Saints Above. The Bleuedneis of the, 255.

. 'The Surterings and Happiness of. A

Discourse, by the Kev. Thomas Ross,

Samuel, The Divine Interposition in behalf
of. A Discourse by the Rev. John
Smrth, D.D., 017.

Sarah, Poor, 28«.

Satisfaction. Where Is it to be Found ? 335.

Saul, The Sin and the Punishment of. A
Discourse, by the Kev. John Hunter,
A.M., 3W.

and Jonathan, David's Lamentation

over. By J. W. Wright, 400.

Saunders, David, 400.

Saviour, Trust in the, 57C.

Science, Natural, On the Advantages to be
Derived by the Christian from the Study
of. By the Rev. J;imes Ilrodie. 241.

Scripture, a Never-ending Treasure, 479.

, The Fulness of, 071.

Truth, On the Best Methods of

Studying. By the Rev. C. Brown, 5!f3.

Scriptures, Importance of the. By the IU'V.

Robert Gordon. D.D., 113.

Scriptural Researches. Bvthe Rev, James
1 :.-.laile, 76, 138, 234, 332, 429.

Season, A Word in, 112, 252, 352.

Self-Examination, a Suitable Preparation
for the Lord's Supper. A Discourse, by
the Rev. Robert Gordon, D.D., 152.

Knowledge, 495.

Sermons, Hearing, 399.

Sheriff, The Rev. Francis, Biographical
Sketch of, 627.

Sickness and Death, 111.

Sin, The Vanitv of, 361,

, God's Hatred of, 543.

, As is our View of, so Is our View of

Christ. 543.

Sinner's, The, Estimate of his Condition,
contrasted with his real State. A Dis-
course, by the Rev. Andrew Grav, 31:2.

Sinners, The Excuses of, 417.

Sketches, A Taster's, CO, 307.

Smith, Kitty, 359.

Snow-Storm in October. By the Rev. S.
Martin, 067.

Social Condition, Philosophy of the. By
James Stark, Esq., 670.

Society, a Missionary, First Establishment
of, in the South Sea Islands, 172.

Soldier, An English, 176.

Solemn Consideration, Questions for, 399.

Soul, Health of the, 58!i.

Spencer, The Rev. Thomas, Biographical
Sketch of. 64'->.

Spirit, The Disembodied, 448.

■; , The Danger of Quenching the. A

Discourse, by the Rev, E. B. Wallace,

Spiritual State, The Test of our. A Dis-
course, by the Rev. J. Henderson, 136.

Depression, Hints on. By the Rev.

William Muir, D.D., 161, 353, 401, 431,
529, 625.

Stanzas, 352.

Written among the Ruins of a Vil-
lage Church. Ry Robert Gillillan, 54-1.

Stars, Ode to the, 500.

Stevenson, John; An Ayrshire Christian of
the Seventeenth Century, 371, 397, 113.

Story, An Eastern. By the Kev. James
Promlfoot, 478.

Susan, Old, 281.

Swirtz, Christum Frederic, Biographical

Sketch of, 99.
Swearer, A Profane, 672.
Sweden, Tin* hang of, 592.
Synagogues, Jewish, A Description of, 4C1.

Tabor, Ascent of Mount. 454.
Taylor, Jeremy, D.D., Biographical Sketch

of, 483.
Temple, The Church of Christ a Living, 086.
Temporals and Spirituals, 072.
Temptation, Trifle not with, 803.
Terrors of the Lord. A Discourse, by th«

late Rev. James Martin, A.M., 168.
Testament, A Single New, 96.
Theology, Natural, Review of Dr Chalmers"

Work on, 28.
Thief, The Penitent. By the Kev. J. A.

Wallace, 3-14.
Tillotson. Archbishop, 448.
Time? What is, 512.

, Value of, 95. 143.

, Redeeming the. A Discourse, by tho

Rev. William Menzies, 376.

■ , Improvement of, 464.

Transgressor, The Lost, 262.

Treasures, Hid. By tho Kev. R. Jamieson,

Trials, Needful, 127.
Truth, The Effect of, a Proof of Its Divine)

Origin. A Discourse, by tho Kev. David

Logan, 504.
Tyre, The Tarting Scene at. By tho Rev.

Robert Cowe, A.M., 305.

Unbelief. By James (Jlassford, Esq., 41G.
Ungodliness, Prevailing, 495.
Union among Christians, The Necessity of.

A Discourse, by the Kev. James B'cgg.

A.M., 248. 6B

Universe, Vastness of the, 244.
Usher, Archbishop, 128.

Valuable Life, A. Saved, 676.
Vaudois Pastor, The: A sketch, 220.
Veil Removed, The Double. A Din-ourse,

by the Rev. Robert Brvuone, 1 v
Verses to the Memory ot a Young Ledy,

who was eonnneii to a Sick-T>ed for

many years. Bv Miss Aru.a L. Gillespie,

Virtue, its Nature and Attendants, 5ft9.

Walk with God, 143.
Walker, The Rev. Samuel, Biographical

Sketch of, 275.
Watch, 415.
Watchmen in the East. By the Rev. Robert

Jamieson, 155.
Warfare, The Christian, 143, 655.
Wealth, On, 381.
Welch. Rev. John, Biographical Sketch of,


, Mrs. Notice of, 188.

Welsh Peasants, The, 416.

Well-doing, Be not weary in. A Discourse,

by the Rev. Robert Simpson, 217.
Wesley, Rev. John, 490.
"Who hath believed our Report?" 240.
Who ought to be punished, the Devil or

Man? 20.3.
Which of the two Is Mad? 415.
** Whom have 1 in heaven but Thee? and

there Is none upon earth that 1 desire be-
sides Thee !" 159, 303, 335.
Widows in India, Burying alive of, 15.
Wight, The Isle of, Ode or Address to.

By the Rev. D. Davidson, Minister of

Brouehty Ferry, 696.
Winter, >fan in, 599.
Winter, An Emblem of Death, 685.
Wisdom, The Practical Etlects of Spiritual.

A Discourse, by the Rev. James Brewster.

Witnesses, the Ootid of, 688.
Wolfe, Rev. Charles, Biographical Sketch

of the, 467.
Word, The Spirit must bless the, 351.
World, The Christian's obligation to live

separate from the. By the Kev. James

Lewis, 145, 173.

■ , The foolish love of the, 16.

, A Christian's view of the, 222.

, On tho wisdom necessary to regulate

(he intercourse of Christians with the.

By the Rev. Robert .Jamieson, 225.
Worldly interests? Is Christianity opposed,

to our. By the Rev. Alexander Vvhytc,

A.M., 321.

Young, Addresses to the. By the Rev. W.

Stevenson, 209.
"Ye will not Come unto Mc," 511.


Ainslie, Sir Whltclaw, M.D., G56.
Anderson, Rev. James, Ministor of New-
burgh, S80.
Anderson, Rev. John, Helentburgh, 304.

Barr, Rev. James, D.D., Minister of Port-
Glasgow. 24.

Bcgg, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of Liber-
ton, 248.

Bcnnic, Rcr. Archibald, Minister of Lady
Yester's Parish, Edinburgh, 49.

Rnnar, Kcv. Andrew, 44.

Bonar, The Late Rev. J., Minister of Fetlar,

Boston, Junior, The late Rev. Thomas, 348.

Brown, Kcv. Charles J., Minister of Ander-
ston Parish, Glasgow, 593.

Brown, Ucv. David, Minister of Roslin, 417.

Brown, Thomas, Esq., Author of" The Re-
miniscence! of an Old Traveller," 258,
3C>, 3W, 536, 647.

Brewster, Rev. James, Minister of Craig, 73.

Broi'.ie. Kcv. James. Minister of Monimail,
241, 267, 301, 327, 379, 525, 558. C13.

Bruce, Rev. John, A.M., Minister of the New
North Parish, Edinburgh, 200.

Brydone, Rev. Robert, Minister of Dunscore.
289, 488.

Buchanan, Rev. James, Minister of North
Leith, 17, 120, 687.

Burns, Rev. George, D.D., Minister of
Tweedsmuir, 261, 641, G89.

Burns, Rev. Robert. D.D., Minister of St.
George's Parish, Paisley, 296.

Cindlish, Rev. R. S., A.M., Minister of St.

George's Parish, Edinburgh, 1, 21, 56,

Cowe, Rev. Robert, A.M., Minister of the

High Meeting, Berwick-upon-Tweed,

Cunningham, Rev. William, Minister of

College Church, Edinburgh, 33.
Curror. Rev. Peter, Minister of St. Martin's,


Davidson, Rev. D., Minister of Broughty

Ferry. 6%.
Dimma, Kcv. Thomas, Minister of Queens-
ferry, 552, 694.
Dods, Rev. Marcus, Minister of the Scotch

Church, Belford, 90, 103.
Duncan, Rev. Henry, D.D., Minister of

Uuthwell, 150, 18U, 215, 433, 573,

Esdailc, Rev. James, Minister of the East
Church, Perth, JC, 138, 234, 332, 429,


Foote, Rev. Alexander L. R., One of the
Ministers of Brechin, 337, 633.

Foote, The Rev. James, A.M., Minister of
the East Parish of Aberdeen, 581, 621,

Fowler, Rev. J. C, A.M., Minister of Rox-
burgh Parish, Edinburgh, 385.

Gait, John, Esquire. 4*0.
Gibson, Rev. James, College Church, Glas-
gow, 105.

Gilliltan, Robert, 464, 644.
Gillespie, Miss Anna L., 192, 272.
Gillespie, Late Rev. William, Minister of

KeUt, 208, 328.
Glassford, James, Esquire, 176, 347, 416.
Gordon, Rev. David W., Minister of Earl-

stoun, 257.
Gordon, Rev. Robert, D.D., One of the Mi-
nisters of the High Ciiurch, Edinburgh,

8, 113, 152.
Grant, Rev. Duncan, A.M., Minister of

Forres, 32, 224.
Gray, Rev. Andrew, formerly Minister of

Woodside, now of West Parish, Perth,



Henderson, Rev. James, Minister of St.
Enoch's, Glasgow, 136.

Huic, Richard, Esq., M.D., 480, 608.

Hunter, Late Rev. Andrew, D.D., One of
the Ministers of the Tron Church, and
Professor of Theology in the University
of Edinburgh, 421.

Hunter, Rev. John, A.M., One of the Minis-
ters of the Tron Church, Edinburgh, 360.

Jamleson, Rev. Robert, Minister of Wcs-
truthcr, 12, 27, 71, 118, 155, 225, 268, 631.

Landsborough, The Rev. Davij, Minister of

Stevcnston, 672.
Lee, Rev. R., Minister of Cample, 85, 472,
Lewis, Rev. James, Minister of St. John's

Parish, Leith. 145, 173.
Logan, Rev. D., Minister of Stcnton, 604.
Longmuir, Rev. John, A.M., 448.
Lorimer, Rev. John G., Minister of St.

David's Church, Glasgow, 555, 603, GG2.

Macfarlan, Rev. D., Minister of Renfrew,

14, 109, 371, 397, 413, 446, 462, 465, 605.

Macfarlane, Rev. John, Minister of Collessie,

369, 545, 657.
M'Cheync, Rev. Robert M., 10, 48, 60, 80,

94, 128, 203, 302.
M'Conechy, Rev. Archibald, Minister ot

Bunkle, 272.
M'Crie, Late Rev. Thomas, D.D., Author

of " The Life of John Knox," $<r., 648.
M'Gill, The Rev. Stevenson, D.D., Profes-
sor of Theology in the University of

Glasgow, 330.
M'Gilvray, Rev. Walter, Minister of St.

Mark's Church, Glasgow, 409.
M'Morland, Kcv. Peter, Minister of Scotch

Church, Regent Square, London, 192.
Malcolm, Kcv. William, Minister of Lcochel-

Cushnie, CS4.
Martin, Late Rev. James, A.M., Minister of

St. George's Parish, I-'dinburgli, 168.
Martin, Rev. Samuel, Minister of Bathgate,

Menries, Rev. R., Minister of Hoddam, 144,

Mcnzics, Rev. William, Minister of Kcir, 376.
Mitchell, Rev. David, 651.
MoncreifT Wellwood, Bart., Late Rev. Sir

Henry, D.D., Oneofthe Ministers of St.

Cutllberfs, Edinburgh, 129, 568.

Moncrelft", Rev. William Scott, Minister of

Penk-uick, 144, 273 384.
Moody, Rev. A., A.M., 45, 92, 156. 451.
Muir, Rev. Wiillam, D.D., Minister of St.

Stephen's Pariah, Edinburgh, 161, 353,

401, 481, 529, 626.


Nlcolson, Rev. William, Minister of Ferry.

Port-on-Craig, 497.
Nlsbct, Rev. William, MlnUterof New Street

Parish, Edinburgh, 561.
Noble, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of St,

Madoes, COO.

Park, William, 640.

Patterson, Rev. Alexander S., 208, 688.

Patterson, Late Rev. John Brown, Minister

of Falkirk, 681, 091.
Patterson, Mrs J. B., 624,
Paul, Late Kev. W., One of the Ministers

of St. Cuthberfs, Edinburgh, 520. 536.
Proudfoot, Kcv. J., Minister of Culler, 478.

Ralph, Rev. Hugh, LL.D., Minister of the
Scotch Church, Oldham Street, Liver-
pool, 577, 664.

Ronkcn, Kcv. James, Minister of Maxwell-
town, Dumfries, 449.

Ross, Rev. Thomas, LL.D., Minister of
Lochbroom, 456, 673.

Runciman, Rev. David, A.M., Minister of
Newington Parish, Edinburgh, 97.

Sicvcright, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of

Markinch, 81, 126.
Simpson, Rev. Robert, Minister of Kintore,

217, 645.
Smith, Rev. J., Minister of Etterick, 551, 59S.
Smyth, Rev. John, D.D., Minister of St.

George's Parish, Glasgow, 617.
Somerville, Kcv. James, Minister of Drumcl -

lier, 392, 440.
Stark, James, Esq., Advocate, 670.
Stevenson, Rev. William, Minister of Ar-
broath, 209.
Strong, Rev. David, One of the Ministers of

Kilmarnock, 40.
Sym, Kev. J. One of the Ministers of the

Old Grcyfriars' Parish, Edinburgh, 177.

*Tennant, William, Esq., Professor of Ori-
ental Languages, University of St. An-
drews, 367, 590.

Tough, Alexander, Esq., Elder of the Mid-
dle Parish, Greenock, 542.


Waddell, Rev. David, 286, 615, 679.

Wallace, Rev. K. B., Minister of Barr, RSI.

Wallace, Rev. John A., Minister of Hawick
65, 252, 314, 509, 637.

Watson, Rev. Charles, D.D., Minister of
Burntisland, 193.

Weir, Rev. Walter, Cupnr-Fife, 232.

Whyte, Rev. Alexander, A M„ Minister of
Fcttercaim, 321.

Whytchead, The Rev. Robert, Recently ap-
pointed a Missionary to the Zoolu* iQ
Eastern Africa, 696.

Wright, J. W., 400.





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■fri -nre Rev. K. S. Candlish, A. M.,

Minister of St. GeuTijts Parish, Edinburgh.

The importance of Religion, as a primary and principal element to be taken into account, in fixing the conditions or reckoning the chances of individual or social well-being, is held universally, bat on different grounds by different men, according to the variety of their own personal views on the subject of Religion itself.

I. Thus, there are not a few who look upon Religion, very much as the inhabitants of a country reclaimed from the sea may be supposed to look upon the wide waste of waters around them; or as etniirrants in a newly cleared tract of land may kiok upon the wild tenants of the adjoining forest. The ocean displaced from his old domain, the savage dispossessed of his former home, is rpgarded br the new intruders with suspicion and alarm, as a mischievous and dangerous neighbour, to whose neighbourhood, however, they must needs submit, as a necessary condition of the very settlement thev have got, and whose power, since they cannot rid themselves of it altogether, they mast just regulate or restrain as best they may. In the same spirit, many view the religious sentiment, the instinctive feeling of veneration, which they acknowledge to be an original principle in the mind. Men, they say, are endowed with it by nature for wise ends. It is involved in that rational and moral constitution which is the dis"active characteristic of the human race, as su^sior to the race of brutes; and without that «Ksptibflitv of reverential emotions on which Jteison depends, there could be no society, no crribMtoon. But though it be an unavoidable result of that mental organization which fits men for viciety—since, to be capable of social, man must be n»ie capable of something like religious, feelings— **ifi this sentiment of religion finds no great fa"oor in their eyes. However indispensable to the formation of societv, they hold it to be not very ♦spatial to hs advancement. Indeed, considering "-se tni,dity energy of religious zeal when it pos*=-i^i the soul, and the fearful ravages which un

der its blind impulse have been wrought on earth, they are inclined to give it just so much countenance as may serve to retain within safe limits, or guide in a safe channel, the current which they cannot wholly check. Hence their policy is to manage the religious spirit in individuals and communities, so as to render it harmless. They would flatter it by a decent profession of civility— or give it vent, as by a safety valve, in gav and gorgeous pageants, in solemn and stately forms— or amuse it and lay it asleep by vague, unmeaning, but fair-sounding generalities. And just as thev might coax out of an infant's hands a dangerous toy, they contrive, by smooth words of respectful acknowledgment, to avoid a direct quarrel with religion and to keep men in good humour on the subject, while their aim is to remove as far as possible away from their ordinary habits of thought and action, a class of motives which seem to them not only practically useless for the purposes of life, but even likely, unless very cautiously watched, to be positively dangerous and detrimental. We need scarcely remark that such views, however they may afl'ect to coalesce with a religion of idle ceremony, or a religion of loose indiscriminating sentiment, are substantially infidel and ungodly.

2. Again, there is a numerous set of men, not quite so suspicious or so much afraid of this potent spirit, who take in hand not only to prevent its mischievous explosions, but even to make it a safe and quiet instrument of some little service to the individual and to the commonwealth. These persons, not content with erecting a barrier against the threatening tide, carefully open a few narrow sluices, and admit a measured portion of the water into well adjusted reservoirs and canals, where it may securely be made to minister to the commerce or convenience of the town. But still it is with so much anxious fear that they venture on such u step, and with so many precautions and such constant warnings against the risk of even an hairbreadth's excess or overflow, that it is well seen they are dealing with an unfriendly element,—tampering with a power which they dare not freely trustReligion, according to them, or the sentiment of devout reverence and conscientiousiies, may, if duly regulated and controlled, be turned to a good and useful account. The morality of the Bible is their favourite theme of praise. The precepts of holiness and peace which it contains—its maxims of spotless purity and righteousness—the spirit of benignant gentleness and love which it breathes—and the beautiful representation which it gives of all the highest excellencies and the fairest graces of human character, in the person of the blessed Saviour, all these amiable features of the Gospel are felt to be conducive to the virtue and the happiness of mankind. And the doctrine, of a wise Creator, a bountiful and merciful Guardian and Protector, is acknowledged to be a fit auxiliary to those sanctions of law and conscience by which men are go■\ erned and society is kept together. But as the settlers amid the forest who might desire to make use of its wild tenants and to turn their services to advantage, would scarcely dare to do so until they had been first of all tamed and subdued; so it is a Religion well tamed and subdued, and made very subservient and compliant to their own worldly principles, that these admirers of the gain of godliness prudently patronize. They encourage just so much of the religious spirit as may be useful or convenient for checking the grosser kinds of vice, and adding something of the credit of the Christian name to the superficial plausibilities of advancing civilization. But then the Christianity they recommend must be trimmed into correspondence with their views of man's nature and condition and highest good. It must be cut and fashioned so as to fit into their merely secular plans for his improvement—it must be kept in a second nnd subordinate place—it must observe prescribed limits—it must follow a prescribed track. Not for the world would they, if they could help it, trust it loose among men, free to take its own way and wield its own influence. They dread its vagaries and excesses unrestrained. They are sensitively alive to the hazard of enthusiasm and fanaticism. They have a sacred horror of peculiar and exclusive dogmas. Thus, if they do use Religion for the purposes of life, they use it as they would use a sharp-edged tool or doubly-loaded fire-arms, with extreme caution and reserve; and while their whole plans and proceedings, arranged for the most part on earthly principles alone, prove it to be their real opinion, that the world could go on well enough without Religion at all,—the hesitation with which they let in a very scanty and doubtful influence of principles higher and more heavenly, shows how much they fear, that with Religion having its free course, the world would be turned upside down. Surely this also is but thinlydisguised infidelity and ungodliness.

3. Now, the fatal error of both these views lies in their regarding Religion merely in its bearings on the interests of men, and not as in itself of primary moment; in their preferring the question of its utility to the question of its truth. For certainly, the use that may be made of Religion is but a secondary consideration. The first is its own reality. Is tliere a God above us, such in character

as conscience within us attests Him to be? Has He been forgotten and forsaken, disowned and disregarded by men, his reasonable creatures, as all experience declares? Is He in Christ reconciling the world unto Himself, as the Gospel proclaims? Is this Religion? and is it a reality? Then, if so, it is a reality to be dealt with as itself alone on its own account vitally important, and not merely on account of certain advantages or disadvantages that we may think likely to flow from it. It is not our servant, to do our bidding—our instrument, to serve our purposes—our property, on which we may cut and carve, and which we may form and fashion to our own liking. It is our master—it must command us—it must have us, and all that is ours, placed at its disposal—we, and all that is ours, belong to it, or rather to the God whom it reveals at reconciled. And it is when in this spirit we give to God his due supremacy, and make Religion itself, and for its own sake, our chief concern, to which all other interests must be postponed—it is then only that we can know its true and actual influence on these very interests of Ours; for then only do we give it a fair trial. For, to judge fairly of the effects or tendency of any plan, we must suppose its essential conditions fulfilled. Now, the very essence of the Religion of the Gospel, is the willing subjection of ourselves, and all that is ours, to God. We may fancy a Religion which does not involve such subjection, but which rather makes the fear of God subject to the consideration of our own present interests. This, however, is not Christianity—nor, in truth, is it Deism either— for, if there be a God, He must be in all things and over all things Supreme. The very notion, therefore, which we in that case form of Religion, prevents us from rightly estimating its power either for good or for evil—for it is a notion radically wrong and self-contradictory. But now assume the reality of such a Religion as alone can properly be so called at all, and let its rightful preeminence be assigned to it; and then estimate its blessings and its obligations. This reference of all things to God—to God sovereign and gracious,

this acknowledgment of God in all things .

of God as a personal friend in Jesus,—does it not sweeten all, ennoble all, hallow all? Does it not give zest to every joy, soothe every sorrow, lighten every care, elevate every rational pursuit, and make all labour honourable? It is as if long troubled and wearied with the attempt to manage an entangled and involved estate, in which we found perpetual vexation and annoyance, we at last gave it all over to ones kilful and faithful, who, relieving us of all anxiety, provides for us in all respects far better than we were ever provided for before. It is as if the toil of dreary solitude were cheered and gladdened by the countenance and sympathy of an approving and rewarding master. So blessed a thing is it to have peace with that God who will be present in the multitude of our thoughts, and will establish every work of our hands. In the formation of character, such Religion as this alone can be influential. Other sorts

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