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Man, as hath been already shewn, was created ut tbe Image of God; he made him upright, and set him over the works of his bands.

Th« seat of whose government was EDEN, a Garden c/"^%A/j^whichrtheLbftDGo» had planted, and richly furnished for him; having caused to grow therein every tree that is- pleasant to tbe eye or good for food *: In the midst of the garden was the Tree of Life, and hard by it the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, of which man was forbidden to car on pain of xfeath';' whose very name imported that it was insinitely good in the fight of God, and for his creature man, to obey, and be dependent on him; as on the contrary that it was insinitely evil in 'his fight, and for man to be disobedient, and rebellious: Thus God set before him life and death -f-, good and evil; that by chusing life, and doing good, glory and life eternal might have been hii portion, and of all bis children with him for ever ; wJiereof, in case ©f obedience, God that cannot lie, had given him 'an aflured sign by tbe true lifet the sacred symbol and earnest of it.

But notwithstanding man had free liberty and fujl power granted him to eat of every tree in Paradifet except the tree of knowledge of good and evil only; {be aftonifh'd O Heavens^ and trem

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• Gen. ii. 9. Dmtt xxx. 19.

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He 0 Earth I) In the hour of trial he staggered, he finned, he fell—By harkening to the voice of his wife more than unto God he transgressed the law of his maker, forfeited the promised reward and incurred the dreadful penalty : Thus^» entered into the World.

Neither, did his transgression affect himself alone, but all mankind; by that one offence he involved his whole family in guilt and ruin with himself j which in this chapter the Apostle shews at large, and testifies; to which also he opposes as a glorious antithesis, the free and super-abounding grace of God to man, thro' Jesus Christ, the second Adam; which as a Light shining out of the U>idst of darkness, or as Life from the dead; adds the brightest lustre to the Heavenly picture > whereby the wonderful works of God are set forth, and presented to our view as one complete design, and finished piece of infinite wisdom, justice, goodness, and power.

God's love to man could not have appeared with that brightness, energy and glory, as it now does, if man had not fallen, and made way for its appearing: but what we lost by the first Adam is more then restored to us by the second, according to God's eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord-./w as by one marts disobedience many

•were made sinners, ft by the ebtdunce of onestmU majey /■#

madengbuam.

Ovs text evidently contains Mm dijliali frtfv sunns, which for mutual illustration are set in opposition to each other.—

In the first, is (hewn the transgression of the first Adam, and its deflntikve influence on his posterity—By nt mam's di/tbedteme many were mir jfnmrs.

In the second, is sljewed the righteousness of the stand Adcm, and ixsfoiqg influence on his people: by the olt&ente es on* shall many be maJe righteous.

Mv design at present is to consider only the

former of these proposnions, tf=. that by one

. nun's disobedience many wrre made sinners i

wherein I (hall observe the following method.

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Fust, I (hall consider the person offending, and the nature of his offence.

Stcowoir, who are the many spoken of in the •est, that were made sinners by his disobedience.

Twfaoir, f stall endeavour to (hew b*w they came to be so afiWled by another's transgression, •« Wbersadtsloneis by «.—

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Fourthly, By whom or by what power and authority they were made, or determined, sinners.

Fifthly, Tts universal and destructive influence.'

Sixthly, How the curse of God attends it, and "hy. „

Lastly, Conclude with suitable inferences.

First, By the person is undoubtedly meant Adam, the first man that God created, whose very name is mentioned, verse 14. by whom fin, and death, the wages of sin entered into the world, and reigns, verse 12. which agrees with the account that Moses hath given us of this awful affair in Gen. chap. iii. where we read that Adam having transgressed the law of his maker, incurred thereby his highest displeasure, and had the sentence of death pasted upon him.

It is observable, that this sentence was not pronounced on tire woman, although she was the first that sinned, and the occasion also of her husband's transgressing; nor doth it appear that she had any sense of shame or nakedness, untill Adam also had eaten the forbidden fruit; for theti, and not before, he faith, the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; whereby is signified, that ihe covenant of life and death was not made with the

D -woman, woman, but with the man, in whom the woman and his future posterity were alike included;—for the bead of the woman, is the man *; neither was .Adam imposed upon by the tempter's subtlety; but by the persuasion of his wife, he seems to have finned knowingly and wilfully; whom to save from inevitable ruin he did, as it were, put himself betwixt God and his wife, and make her sin his own : ihusAdam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, was in the transgression +; in whom is shadowed forth the mystery betwixt Christ and his church I|, who took her sins upon himself, and was made a curse for her.

The commandment which God gave to Adam plainly imported man's natural and absolute der pendence upon God; who thereby required his open confession, and acknowledgment of it; to the .f raife of his glory.

And although it was not what we call a moral, .but a positive precept, or institution, which God in his sovereign pleasure had appointed; yet as this tree was for the trial of Adam's integrity, and a token of the covenant betwixt God and man; his eating of the fruit thereof, was an act of disobedience to the express commandment of God, the supreme law-giver, and consequently a moral transgression,—It was doubdess a transgression of that

law

• i Cor. ii. 3. f 1 Tim. ii. 14. (J Eph. v. 32.

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