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Thus, because sentence against an evil work is net executed speedily, the hearts of the sons of men are fully set in them to do evil *.
The heart then of every man by nature, is above all things deceitful, because it is desperately wicked -fj it is full of fin, madness, and folly, whereby it deceives the foul, to harden himself against God; hence he continues to go on, adding iniquity unto iniquity, and treasuring up unto himself, wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who will render to every man according to his works § j know therefore, O impenitent sinner! that for all thy hard thoughts of God and hard ipeeches against him, God will assuredly bring thee into judgment.
5. And lastly, guilt with corruption of nature attends every man's coming into the world j and is inseparable from his existing in the image of the earthly; how can he be clean that is born of a woman? This charge of sin also, and condemnation that attends it, is not by any human judgment or decree, but by the special appointment and sentence of God; be assured therefore, that the judgment is most just; and thou art verily guilty of Adam's personal transgression : And as our common natural Head and Father could not prevent our being constituted sinners, and condemned
E 4 when
• IJ«&s. viii. 11. t J"- *vii. 9- § Rom.iL 5.
wh°n we were found guilty before God ; so neither" bad he authority or power to make us sinners and subject to wrath, if wehad not been found guilty in the sicditof God and worthy of death, whosejudgment we kaow, is adc;4rdin£ to mi|h. Humble thyself therefore, O sinner! before God; acknowledge thy original as well as actual sin, condemn thyself but justify God: beware that thou attempt not to clear thyself of the guilt of Adam's offence, because it was his personal act, for in so doing thou condemned God who hath imputed his sin unto thee: say not then in thy heart, had I been in his place, I would not have been thus disobedient, for God, 'who knoweth all his works besore they actually exist, knoweth assuredly, that thou wouldst have been disobedient as he was; but look thou to the Second Adam, the Lord Jesus Christ, and fee how God is gracious to fallen man, and hath laid help for us upon the Son of his love, who was manifested to take away our sins by suffering for us in the flesh, the just for the unjust; that he might bring us to God: for to him give all the prophets •witness, that through his name whofoever believesb in him shall receive remission of sins*. Now, &c.
• Acts x. 43. -'. ; •
Romans V. 19.
As by one man's disobedience many were made sinners,so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.
IT was observed in a former discourse on these words, that the text contains two general propositions.
First* the transgression of Adam with its destructive influence on his posterity.
m Secondly, the righteousness of Christ, with its saving influences on his people. _
In considering the first, it was then proposed to .•bserve the following method.
1. To point out the person offending, and what was his offence.
2. To shew who were the many here said to be made sinners, by his disobedience.
3. How they came to be affected by another's transgression, so as to be made sinners thereby.
4. By whom, or by what power and authority, they v/erejudicially determined, or made sinners.
5. More particularly, to shew the extensive and destructive influence of this one man's disobedience.
6. How the curse of God attends it, and why.
Lastly, conclude with suitable inferences.
Having already diseussed the four first heads df my discourse, I proceed to the fifth; viz. more particularly, to consider the extensive and destructive influence of this one mart's disobedience, which I shall endeavour to shew.
1. From scripture. '.-:
a. 'from incoftte'strble facts, ancT experience.
3. From ...'. .1
3. From the approved authority of antient protestants.
As Adam was a covenant head, representing all his feed (which hath been already shewn) his fault must needs be of universal extent, affecting all mankind : he also being their common root and parent, none of the human race which are naturally descended from him, can be free from the sinful depravity of his corrupted nature.—Both Jews, and Gentiles; rich, and poor; male, and "female; bond, and free; equally derive their being and nature from him; therefore, his original essence is upon them all, and his depravity of nature is in them all: none is exempt from the fault or corruption of fallen Adam; for we are all his offspring •,—herein, the prince and the beggar; the philosopher and the fool, are upon a level: and he that is least sensible of it, in him it is most manifest. Thus the .whole world is become guilty
before God: they who are saved were by nature children of wrath, even as others,—what is man (faith the scripture) that he should be clean, and he which is born of a woman, that be should be righteous?
This original guilt, and corruption, is not only universal on all men; but in the whole of every man: every part, power, temper, faculty, &c. is -defiled.