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ł According to the Use of the
| United Church of ENGLAND and IRELAND:

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THE PREFACE.

IT hath been the wisdom of the Church of England, ever since the first compiling of her publick Liturgy, to keep the mean between the two extremes, of too much stiffness in refusing, and of too much easiness in admitting any variation from it. For, as on the one side common experience sheweth, that where a change hath been made of things advisedly established (no evident necessity so requiring) sundry inconveniences have thereupon ensued; and those many times more and greater than the evils, that were intended to be remedied by such change: So on the other side, the particular forms of divine worship, and the rites and ceremonies a pointed to be used therein, being things in their own nature indifferent, and alterable, and so acknowledged; it is but reasonable, that upon weighty and important considerations, according to the various exigency of times and occasions, such changes and alterations should be made therein, as to those that are in place of authority should from time to time seem either necessary or expedient. Accordingly we find, that in the reigns of several princes of blessed memory since the Reformation, the Church, upon just and weighty considerations her thereunto moving, hath yielded to make such alterations in some particulars, as in their respective times were thought convenient: yet so, as that the main body and essentials of it (as well in the chief. est materials, as in the frame and order thereof) have still continued the same unto this day, and do yet stand firm and unshaken, notwithstanding all the vain attempts and impetuous assaults made against it, by such men as are given to change, and have always discovered a greater regard to their own private fancies and interests, than to that duty they owe to the publick. - By what undue means, and for what mischievous purposes the use of the Liturgy (though enjoined by the laws of the land, and those laws never yet repealed) came, during the late unhappy confusions, to be discontinued, is too well known to the world, and we are not willing here to remember. But

THE PREFACE.

when, upon. His Majesty's happy restoration, it seemed bable, that, amongst other things, the use of the Liturgy would also return of course (the same having never been legally .." unless some timely means were used to prevent it; those men who under the late usurped powers had made it, a great part of their business to render the people disaffected thereunto, saw themselves in point of reputation and interest concerned (unless they would freely acknowledge themselves to have erred, which such men are very hardly brought to do) with their utmost endeavours to hinder the restitution thereof. In order whereunto divers pamphlets were published against the Book of Common Prayer, the old objections mustered up, with the addition of some new ones, more than formerly had been made, to make the number swell. ... In fine, great importunities were used to His Sacred Majesty, that the said Book might be revised, and such alterations therein, and additions thereunto made, as should be thought requisite for the ease of tender consci£nces: whereunto His Majesty, out of his pious inclination to give satisfaction (so far as could reasonably expected) to all his subjects of what persuasion soever, did graciously condescend. In which review we have endeavoured to observe the like moderation, as we find to have been used In the like case in former times, And therefore of the sundry alterations proposed unto us, we have rejected all such as were either of dangerous consequence (as secretly striking at some established doctrine, or laudable practice of the Church of England, or indeed of the whole Catholick Church of

Christ) or else of no consequence at all, but utterly

frivolous and vain. But such alterations as were tendered to us (by what persons, under what pretences, or to what purposesoever tendered) as seemed to us in any de requisite or expedient, we have willingly, and of our own accord assented unto: not enforced so to do by any strength of argument convincing us of the necessity of making the sold alterations: for we are fully persuaded in our !". ments (and we here profess it to the world) that t

Book, as it stood before established by law, doth not contain in it anything contrary to the word of God, or to sound doctrine, or which a godly man, may not with a good conscience use and submit unto. *

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