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THENEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TIL DEN FOUNDATION,

Entered according to-iet öf-Congress, in the year 1834, by MACK & ANDRIS:in the•office of the Clerk of the Northern District of the state of Degv.York.:

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as a testimonial of the gratitude and respect of the Compiler; accompanied by the wish, that his age may be as composed and happy as his past life has been arduous, honourable, and useful.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

This work is a compilation exclusively; and the only merit it can possibly claim, is in the collection and arrangement of the materials, and in the authenticity and correctness of its authorities. And where facts and truths alone are sought, this acknowledgment cannot diminish the value of the production, or detract from its usefulness. Farther than what the writers quoted afford, neither the splendour of fancy, nor the fascination of language, is to be expected from it; its aim has been a plain, unvarnished statement of the prominent incidents in the life of its illustrious subject; and if that is attained, the intention of the publishers is answered: The selections for this pur. pose bave been made from variqisauthors; and the memoirs of Mr. Jefferson, composed by, himself, and prefixed to the volumes of his cyrrespondence has been the text-book by which difficulties and discrepancies have been obviated or reconciled. These memoits, however, comprise but little of his lengthened and eventful lirë, and his letters: have enabled me, in some measure, to supěly.ther deficiency. Neither have I'hesitated, in many instances, to employ the very words of my authorities; conscious that any attempted amendment on my part, would not only be futile, but, by misapplication of a phrase, might perplex the meaning. On this account, a variety of style will be perceptible, but not having a tendency, it is imagined, to throw confúsion in the facts related, or shroud expression in obscurity. To the.“ American Biography," more than any other, I have been indebted for date and incident.

To present to the publick a candid and impartial history of the life of THOMAS JEFFERSON, has been the anxious desire of the compiler, though, in other respects, his ability may have failed in the performance. This he hopes he has done; and he has given in a portable and economical form, what was before contained in, or appended to, books voluminous in bulk and extravagant in price.

W. L.

LIFE

OF

THOMAS JEFFERSON.

CHAPTER I.

THE LIFE of THOMAS JEFFERSON, author of the Declaration of Independence, President of the United States, and one of the most prominent actors in the stirring scenes of the revolution, cannot, we presume, be unacceptable to any American reader. The incidents of his distinguished life, his talents, the exalted

stations which he filled, his intimate connexion with those illustrious men whom we delight to honour, and

his association with the most important events in the revolutionary struggle, must always afford him a conspicuous place in the history of our country. Shaken as he has been by the storms of the time, and so furiously assailed by political opponents, there was danger, while they contemplated nothing beyond the downfall of the executive, that their weapons might pass through his shield, and strike into the bosom of their country; yet now, when the fury of the day has passed over, candour will do justice to his talents, appreciate his merits, and render gratitude for his services. The

clouds are rolling off from the darkened landscape, and the excellencies of his character can now be distinguished on the horizon in all their native brightness.

It has been remarked, that certain stated times and periods have been prolifick of great men.

Nature seems then to have exerted herself with a more than ordinary effort, and to have poured them forth with unusual fertility. But at no time or period did any country produce greater men, or those better qualified to conduct affairs to a successful issue, than at the commencement and during the progress of our combat for independence. The commanders were ardent and enterprising, and possessing an almost intuitive knowledge of their profession; our counsellors were firm, prudent and sagacious; and the continental Congress possessed a collective body of wisdom which the world has seldom witnessed. The people themselves, enthusiastick in the cause of liberty, deeply imbued with a detestation of tyranny, and with all their wrongs and remembrances about them, were brave and determined, unrepining in the midst of hardships, and free from cruelty and licentiousness. With such instruments, under the direction of a benignant Providence, the result was glorious, and its effects and consequences have been beneficially felt over a great part of the globe. * History,” said professor Silliman in 1820, “presents no struggle for liberty which has in it more of the moral sublime than that of the American revolution. It has of late years been too much forgotten in the sharp contentions of party, and he who endeavours to withdraw the publick mind from these debasing conflicts, and to fix it on the grandeur of that epoch, which,

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