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Jerusalem.” In the above quotations from the Sacred Oracles, city of Jerusalem, holy city, &c. evidently mean the church of God; for in no other sense can these symbols be properly understood. The Woman, therefore, must be the Latin church; and as St. John saw her sitting upon the Beast; this must signify that she “reigneth over the kings of the earth,” that is, over the kings of the Latin world, for that this is the meaning of earth has been already shewn in a preceding part of this work. She is also called a great city, to denote the very great extent of her jurisdiction ; for she has comprehended within her walls the subjects of the mighty dominations of France, Spain, England, Scotland, The Empire, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Hungary, and Portugal. What an extensive city was this ! Surely such as to justify the prophetic denomination “ that great city.”

Having now gone through the whole of the angel's interpretation of St. John's vision of a Woman sitting upon the seven-headed and ten-horned Beast; it will be essentially necessary, for reasons already given, to examine a little more attentively the following words of the angel: “ The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell upon the earth shall wonder (whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world,) when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.” It has already been shewn that the phrases was, is not, shall ascend out of the bottomless pät, and yet is, refer to the Latin kingdom which existed before the building of Rome; to the Roman empire in the time of St. John; and to the Latin empire which was in futurity in the apostolic age. But as the words was, is not, &c. are spoken of the Beast upon which St. John saw the Woman or Latin church sit; how can it be said that this Beast had an existence before the date of the Apocalypse, when the Woman, whom it carried, was not in being till long after this period? And what connection has the Latin empire of the middle ages with that which derived its name from Latinus, king of the Aborigines, and was subjugated by the ancient Romans; or even with that which existed in the time of the apostle? The answer is as follows: St. John saw the Beast upon which the Woman sat with all his seven heads and ten horns. Consequently, as the angel expressly says, that five of these seven heads had already fallen in the time of the vision, it therefore necessarily follows, that the apostle must have seen that part of the Latin 'empire represented by the seven-headed Beast, which had already been under the emblem of five heads. Therefore, the Woman sat upon the Beast that was. But it is plain from the angel's interpretation that the whole of the seven heads fell before the Beast, upon which the Woman sat, arose; and yet the Woman is represented as sitting upon the seven-headed Beast, to denote, as has already been shewn, that it is the Latin kingdom in its last estate, or under one of its heads restored, which is the kingdom of Antichrist. The Beast is also said not to have any existence in the time of the vision ; from which it is evident that the monarchy of the Latins, and not that of the Romans, is here intended; because the latter was in the time of the vision. Again, the Beast which St. John saw had not yet ascended out of the bottomless pit in his time; consequently, the whole seven heads and ten horns were in futurity; for all these heads and horns rose up out of the abyss at the same time with the Beast. How is this apparent contradiction reconciled ? I answer, In the most plain and satisfactory manner by means of the angel's double interpretation of the heads : for, if the seven heads be taken in the sense of seven mountains, then the Beast with all his heads and horns was altogether in futurity in the apostle's time; for the seven heads are the seven electorates of the German empire, and the ten horns the ten monarchies in the interest of the Latin church. Finally, the Beast is said to exist in the time of the vision; therefore, the Roman empire, which goyerned the world, must be here alluded to; and, consequently, the phrase and yet is, is a proof that, as the Beast is the Latin kingdom, and this Beast is said to have an existence in the time of the apostle, thạt the empire of the Cæsars, though generally known by the name of the Roman, is in a very proper şeņşe the Latin kingdom, as the Latin was the language which prevailed in it. Hence the seven-headed and ten-horped Beast is at once', the representation of the ancient Latin power; of the Roman empire which succeeded it; and of the Latin empire which supported the Latin church. Here is then the connection of the ancient Latin and Roman powers with that upon which the Woman sat. She sits upon the Beast that was and is not, because three of his heads represent the three forms of government of the ancient Latins who no longer exist as an independent nation, viz. The Regal · Power, The Dictatorship, and The Power of the Prætors. She sits upon the Beast which shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, because all his seven heads, taken in the sense of mountains, are yet to come. She sits upon the Beast that yet is, because four of his heads represent four forms of government of the Roman or Latin empire now in existence, viz. The Consulate, The Triumvirate, The Imperial Power, and The Patriciate. It is hence evident, that the seven-headed Beast is the Latin power in general from its first rise; and, consequently, the Beast which carried the Woman can be no other than the Latin empire which has now, in this its last estate, supported the Latin church for more than a thousand years.

CHAP. VII.

Exposition of the thirteenth Chapter of the Reve

lation, respecting the seven-headed and tenhorned Beast which rises out of the sea, and of

the two-horned Beast which rises out of the :.* earth. . . . .

· The angel's explanation contained in the seven-'. teenth chapter of the Apocalypse may be considered an interpretation of the one now under consideration, as well as of the vision of the Woman sitting upon the seven-headed and ten-horned Beast. In fact, without the assistance of the angel's interpretation, it is impossible to understand aright the mysteries of the Beasts spoken of in the thirteenth

chapter, as we shall presently discover; and this · is the chief reason why the consideration of the

thirteenth chapter of the Apocalypse has been reserved to this place.

" And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw ' a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy." This is evidently the same Beast upon which St. John saw the Woman sit, because it has got seven heads, and ten horns; and, consequently, must be the Latin

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