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** me to Nicopolis; for T have determined "there ID winter.' The moft noted city

of that name was in £pirus, near to A6fcium* And I think the form of {peaking, as well as the nature of the cafe, renders it probable, that the writer was at Nicopolis, or ia theneighbourhood thereof, when he dictated this direction to Titus.

Upon the whole, if we may be allowed to fuppofe that St. Paul, after his liberation at Rome, failed into Afia, taking Crete in his way; that from Afia, and from Ephefus, the capital of that country, he proceeded into Macedonia, and croffihg the peninfuk in his progrefs, came into the neighbourhood of Nicopolis; we have a route which falls in with every thins;. It executes the intention

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exprefled by the apoftle of vifiting Colofle and Philippi as foon as he fhould be fet at liberty at Rome. It allows him to leave "Titus at Crete," and " Timothy at Ephe** fus, as he went into Macedonia :'* and to write to both not long after from the peninfula of Greece, and probably the neighbourhood of Nicopolis: thus bringing together the dates of thefe two letters, and thereby t ac* accounting for that affinity between them, both in fubjecT: and language, which our remarks have pointed out. I confefs that the journey which we have thus traced out for St. Paul, is, in a great meafure, hypothetic; but it mould be obferved, that it is a fpecies of confiftency, which feldom belongs to falfehood, to admit of an hypothefis, which includes a great number of independent circiimftances without contradiction.

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CHAP. XIV.

THE EPISTLE TO PHILEMON.

No. I.

THE fingular correfpondency between this epiftle and that to the Coloffians has been remarked already. An aflertion in the epiftle to the Coloffians, viz. that" One** fimus was one of them," is verified by the epiftle to Philemon; and is verified, not by any mention of Colofle, any the moft diftant intimation concerning the place of Philemon's abode, but fingly by ftating Onefimus to be Philemon's fervant, and by joining in the falutation Philemon with Archippus; for this Archippus, when we go back to the epiftle to the Coloffians, appears to have been an inhabitant of that city, and, as it mould feem, to have held an office of authority in that church. The cafe ftands thus. Take the epiftle to the Coloffians alone, and no circumftance is difcoverable which makes out the aflertion, that Onefimus was "one of them." Take the epiftle to Philemon alone, and nothing at all appears concerning the place to which Philemon or his fervant Onefimus belojiged. For any thing that is faid in the epiftle, Philemon might have been a Theflalonian, a Philippian, or an Ephefian, as well as a Coloffian. Put the two epiftles together and the matter is clear. The reader perceives a junftion of circumftances, which afcertains the conclufion at once. Now, all that is neceflary to be added in this place is, that this cqrrefpondency evinces the genuinenefs of one epiftle, as well as of the other. It is like comparing the two parts of a cloven tally. Coincidence proves the authenticity of both.

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No. ir.

And this coincidence is perfect; not only in the main article of mowing, by implication, Onefimus to be a Coloffian, but in many dependant circumftances.

i. "I befeech thee for my fon Onefimus,

"whom / have fent again" (ver. 10—12).

It appears from the epiftle to the Coloffians,

B b that,

that, in truth, Onefimus was fent at that 'time to Colofle: "All my ftate fhall Ty"chicus declare, whom I have fent unto "you for the fame purpofe, with Onefimtis, "a faithful and beloved brother." Colof. chap. iv ver. 7—9.

2. " I befeech thee for my fon Onefimus, "'whom I have begotten in my bonds" (ver. 10). It appears from the preceding quotation, that Ouefimus was with St.Paul when he wrote the epiftle to the Coloflians; and that he wrote that epiftle In imprifonment is evident from his declaration in the fourth chapter and third verfe; "Praying alfo for ?* us, that God would open unto us a door "of utterance, to fpeak the myftery of "(Thrift, for which I am alfo in bonds.'"

3. St. Paul bids Philemon prepare for him a lodging: "For I truft," fays he," that, "through your prayers, I fhall be given «* unto.you." This agrees with the expectation of fpeedy deliverance, which he exprefled in another epiftle written during the fame imprifonment: "Him" (Tlmdthy^ ** I hope to fend prefently, fo foon as "I fhall fee how it will go with me; but I

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