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the periodical works of the day. The following beautiful
• Creature of air and light,
Wilt thou not speed thy flight
What Jures thee thus, to stay
With Silence and Decay,
The thoughts once chamber'd there
Will the dust tell us where.
Rise, nursling of the Day,
If thou wouldst trace their way!
· Who seeks the vanish'd bird
Far thence he sings unheard,
Thou, of the sunshine born,
Take the bright wings of morn!
Thy hope calls heavenward from yon ruined cell.' There are some very pleasing lines on the death of Bloomfield by Bernard Barton; but they are too long to transcribe. Some of the poems are not attributed to their proper authors. The Sonnet to December, taken from the Literary Gazette, is by Henry Kirke White. The stanzas at p. 182. beginning,
I saw a dew-drop, cool and clear,' is by one of the well known Authors of Hymns for Infant Minds, and appeared in the Associate Minstrels. The following elegant and touching lines occur under the notice of the late Marchioness of Worcester's death. • The time, it is stated, was so short between her illness and her death, that • the artificial flowers were suffered to remain in her hair.'
• Those roses glittering o'er her pallid brow,
Art. X. Suffolk Words and Phrases; or an Attempt to collect the
Lingual Localisms of that County. By Edward Moor, F. R. S. F.S.A. 12mo. pp. XX., 526. Woodbridge. 1823. THE East country' was thought by Grose scarcely to afford
a sufficiency of local words to form a division of the Provincial Glossary. Whereas the leading words in this collection of Suffolcisms exceed two thousand five hundred! The learned Compiler, already well known to the public as the Author of a treatise on Hindu Infanticide, on his return, after twenty years absence, to his native country, was much struck with the recurrence of long forgotten provincialisms, which produced, as they fell on his ear, a sensation similar to the * welcome sight of an old friend. Mr. Wilbraham's Cheshire Glossary first suggested the idea of publishing a collection of the lingual peculiarities of East Anglia. As he proceeded in the compilation, he was surprised to find the number of words common to Scotland and Suffolk,-' more probably than are 'common to Suffolk and Essex.' These, he imagines, may be referred to a common Saxon origin.
We confess that we do not attach much importance to such collections in a philological point of view; for etymology receives but little illustration from by far the larger portion of these provincial vulgarisms; yet, they are often curious and highly amusing. To a Suffolk man, the volume will afford a fund of entertainment: others will almost find it hard to believe that such a language passed for English in the nineteenth century. And why should Suffolcisms be less interesting or venerable, or less entitled to be perpetuated, than the lingo which gives so much effect to the low dialogue in the Scotch novels? We cannot but wish, however, that Mr. Moor had not admitted so many mere vulgarisms in pronunciation, as they add to the bulk, without enhancing the value of the volume. Such elegant variations as gollop for gallop, nut for not, sile for soil, siller for cellar, ondeniable, neest for nest, fust for first, and a thousand others, come under the general description of a peculiarity of pronunciation with regard to the clipped or lengthened vowels; but they do not amount to a corruption of the words, nor have any claim to be recorded as lingual localisms. Very few, if any of these, are confined to Suffolk. Of sheer provincialisms we have some exquisite specimens in
• Farrisce. Pronounced like Pharisee-a Fairy. Fairidge in Norfolk. The green circlets in pastures we call Farrisee-rings.
Jingo. By Jingo-a well known oath-sometimes, I think, by St. Jingo. I was not aware there was such a saint, or of the origin of the oath ; until circumambulating the lake of Geneva, we came to a Vol. XXI. N.S.
town beautifully situated opposite Vevay, called St. Gingoulph, and pronounced like our Jingo, with the initial softened. • Jobanowl. A thick-headed fellow. Nowl is a name of the head
Under Jobbernoule, Nares explains it" thick head, block. head; from jobbe, dull in Flemish, and cnol, a head, Saxon : used as
1 an appellative of reproach."
• Now miller, miller, dustipoul,
Old Play • Gumshun. Cleverness, talent-used quaintly. “He has some gumshun in him,” is as much as to say, he is no fool. This word seems to be in use in other parts. Gumption occurs in the Bridal of Triermain, Canto I., and in other recent Scottish works. “ As muckle gumpshion as Tammy," I lately read in a Scotch 'magazine.
• Gumsbus or Rumgumshus. Quarrelsome, offensive, obstinate. “ Come-don't you be rumgumshus.”_" A fared kienda rumgum. shus”—this would apply to an unmanageable man or horse.
• Peterman.' The name by which we formerly called, and perhaps do still call, the Dutch fishing vessels that frequented, or frequent, our eastern coasts and ports particularly, as far as I am concerned, Bawdsey-ferry, and Hollesley. bay. They were also called Peter boats. From Nares I find these terms not local.
«« Moreover there are a great number of other kind of fishermen belonging to the Thames, called Hebbermen, Petermen, and Traw. lermen."
Howel's Londinop. • Goochy. India Rubber.'
Can there be any connexion between this last word and the name of the worthy member for Suffolk ?— These must suffice as specimens; we have taken them at random, and have been obliged to pass over some highly entertaining articles on account of their length. Some unexpected illustrations occur of the obsolete terms which have puzzled commentators, occurring in our old poets. But old Tusser is the poet for Suffolcisms, and the copious citations from his “ Five Hundred Points," contribute not a little to the interest of the work. We are rather surprised at not finding any reference to our old friend Bloomfield, the Suffolk Poet: the word Horkey, which he has rendered familiar to us, is not even noticed by Mr. Moor. This is an inexcusable oversight. Northamptonshire has a poet and a lingo of its own; but it might bave been worth while to consult John Clare's Poems, as we suspect that some Suffolcisms might be detected in them. Many of these provincialisms are very extensively prevalent. The appropriation of Christian names to birds is very general, as Robin Redbreast, Jenny Wren, Jenny-crudle, and Jenny-hulet, Tom Tit, Dicky-bird, Poll Parrot, Jack Daw, Ralph,fora raven, and Madge for a magpie. Philip for a sparrow, Jacob for a starling, and King Harry, alias Jack Nicker, for a gold-finch, were new to us. The following whimsical letter, anonymously transmitted to the Editor, is, no doubt, a spurious composition, but it is in the genuine Suffolk dialect; and we shall therefore insert it, for the purpose of exercising the ingenuity of our readers.
• Dear Frinnd, . I was axed some stounds agon by Billy P. our 'sesser at Mul. laden to make inquiration a' yeow if Master had pahd in that there money into the Bank. Billy P. he fare kienda unasy about it, and when I see him at Church a' day he sah timmy, says he, prah ha yeow wrot-so 1 kienda wef 't um off—and I sah, says Í, I heent hard from Squire D.— as yit, but I dare sah, I shall afore long-So prah write me some lines, an send me wahd, wutha the money is pahd a nae. I dont know what to make of our Mulladen folks, nut 1-but somehow or another, theyre allus in dibles, an I'll be rot if I dont begin to think some on em a'l tahn up scaly at last; an as to that there fulla he grow so big ard so purdy that he want to be took down a peg-an I'm glad to hare that yeow gint it em properly at Wickhum. I'm gooin to meet the Mulladen folks a' Friday to go a bounden, so prah write me wahd afore thenpum, an let me know if the money be pabd, that I may make Billy P. asy. How stammin cowd tis nowadays—we heent no feed no where, an the stock run blorein about for wittles jest as if twa winter-yeow mah pend ont twool be a mortal bad season for green geese, an we shant ha no spring wahts afore Soom fair. I clipt my ship last Tuesday (list a' me-I mean Wensday) an they scringe up their backs so nashunly I'm afeard they're wholly stryd-but 'strus God tis a strangd cowd time. I heent got no news to tell ye, only we're all stammenly set up about that there corn bill-some folks dont fare ta like it no matters, an tha sah there was a nashun noise about it at Norrij last Saturday was a fautnit. The mob thay got 3 efigis,
. a farmer, a squire, an a mulla, an strus yeowre alive they hung um all on one jibbit—so folks sah. Howsomever we are all quite enough here, case we fare to think it for our good. If you see that there chap Harry-give my sarvice to em.
Yar true friond,
What will the Yankees' say, if this volume should find its way to America, at learning that such English as this is still spoken in the mother country? We ought not to be very severe on the subject of Americanisms. Another thirty years, however, by means of Sunday Schools, Bible Societies, and other innovations, will make sad havoc among these remnants of the olden phraseology. Our antiquaries must make the most of their time.
Art. XI. Beauties of Dwight ; or Dr. Dwight's System of Theology,
abridged: with a Sketch of his Life: a Portrait : and an original
Essay on his Writings, &c. 4 vols. 24mo. Price 12s. London. 1823. THIS work is correctly termed an Abridgement: the first
part of the title does not describe it. The beauties' of the American divine, in the general acceptation of the phrase, would consist of a selection of the most striking passages from his writings given at length. We confess that we should have thought this a more eligible plan, than the exhibiting of his system of divinity in this meagre analytical form. Dr. Dwight is generally very concise, and his lectures are sometimes skeletons very slightly filled up: they scarcely adnit of advantageous abridgement. But there are defective parts of his system, to which we have adverted, and which, had the principle of selection been adopted, might have been omitted without detriment to the work. We are at a loss to understand the precise intention of the Editor. These skeletons do not appear to us at all eligible models for pulpit discourses, where plain persons compose the majority of the audience: the peculiar excellence of the original discourses was, their adaptation to the purpose of divinity lectures. To those ministers and students who cannot afford to purchase the larger' work, these volumes may be acceptable. The merits and defects of the analysis will be best shewn by a short specimen.
• The manner in which revelation exhibits the Divine benevolence, is the following • God directly asserts his character to be benevolent,
The text is the strongest conceivable example of this assertion. Thou art good, says David, and thou dost good; and thy tender mercies are over all thy works. There is none good but one, saith Christ, that is, God.
· He recites a great variety of specimens of his goodness to indi. viduals and nations; and exhibits them as being, unquestionably, acts of benevolence only.
• He explains the whole system of bis dispensations, in those instances not recorded in the Scriptures, in the same manner.
• He exhibits to us sin, as far more vile, and deserving of far more punishment; and virtue, or benevolence, as far more excellent and meritorious, than our reason would otherwise have enabled us to conceive.
• He exhibits to us, that he is kind, not only to such beings as are virtuous, but to such also as are sinners; and that this kindness in its extent and consequences is infinite.
• In the law which he has given to mankind for the regulation of all their moral conduct, he has required no other obedience, except their love to himself and to each other
• God requires the whole regard which he claims to be rendered to lin only as a benevolent God.