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ambiguous applying base called centre CHAPTER characteristic circle circular measure circumscribed construction contained cosec cosine cot A cot decimal decreases described determined diff difference digits distance dividing easily elevation equal equation evidently EXAMPLES EXERCISE expression feet figure foot formulæ fraction functions geometrically Given log greater height Hence increases inscribed instance integer involved known length less logarithms magnitude mantissa means method miles multiple negative object observed obtained opposite perpendicular polygon positive produced proportional Prove quadrant radius respectively right angle right-angled triangle seen ship shown sides sin A sin sine sinº solution solve straight line student subtends subtracting suppose tables tangent tanº tower triangle ABC units usually write yards
Página 77 - Suppose a* =n, then x is called the logarithm of n to the böge a ; thus the logarithm of a number to a given base is the index of the power to which the base must be raised to be equal to the number. The- logarithm of n to the base a is written Iog0 n ; thus log„ii = a; expresses the same relation, as a* = n.
Página 112 - On the bank of a river there is a column 200 feet high supporting a statue 30 feet high ; the statue to an observer on the opposite bank subtends an equal angle with a man 6 feet high standing at the base of the column; required the breadth of th
Página 23 - From the top of a hill the angles of depression of two successive milestones, on a straight level road leading to the hill, are observed to be 5° and 15°.
Página 81 - Hence the characteristic is n — 1 ; that is, the characteristic of the logarithm of a number greater than unity is less by one than the number of digits in its integral part, and is positive.
Página 121 - The square on the side of a regular pentagon inscribed in a circle is equal to the sum of the squares on the sides of the regular hexagon and decagon inscribed in the same circle.
Página 122 - ... 66. Construct an equilateral triangle, having given the length of the perpendicular drawn from one of the angles on the opposite side. 67. Having given the straight lines which bisect the angles at the base of an equilateral triangle, determine a side of the triangle. 68. Having given two sides and an angle of a triangle, construct the triangle, distinguishing the different cases.
Página 22 - Find the distance of the lighthouse from each position of the ship.
Página 121 - Show that the area of a regular polygon inscribed in a circle is a mean proportional between the areas of an inscribed and circumscribing polygon of half the number of sides.