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ven Devils, and wicked Men, are under the Pro. vidence of God; Matth, viii. 31.' So the devils

befought him, faying, If thou cast us out, suffer ? us to go away into the herd of swine.' And e. vil Actions, as well as good, are within the Verge of it: Gen. xlv. 7. ' And God sent me before

you, to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. Yea, there is not any thing whatsoever, be it ever so small or casual, that falls out without the Pro, vidence of God: Matth. x. 29. 30.

Are not two * sparrows fold for a farthing and one of them I shall not fall on the ground without your Father, But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.'

The Works of Providence about the Creatures, are the preserving of them, and the governing of them and their Actions, Providence preserves the Creatures, fuftaining them in Being, and providing for their support: Heb. i. 3.-Upholding all

things by the word of his power.' Pfal. cxlv. 15; 16. The eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou givest them their meat in due season. Thou

openest thine hand, and satisfieft the desire of e • very living thing.' No Creature whatfoever could keep itself in Being one Moment: But upon God's withdrawing the upholding Hand of his Providence, it would immediately return to nothing : Heb. i. 3. Providence governs the Creatures and their Actions, difpofing of them according to the divine Purpose: Prov. xxi. 1.' The king's heart is in the hand of thç (Lord, as the rivers of water : he turneth it whi.

thersoever he will.' Eph. i. 11. In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will. Pro.


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vidence governs sinful Actions, permitting them, bounding them, and over ruling them to Good; AEZs xiv. 16. Who in times past suffered all naÓtions to walk in their own ways.' Psal. lxxvi. 10. Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee :

the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain. Gen, 1. 20.' But as for you, ye thought evil against me; <but. God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to'save much people alive.?

The Properties of the Works of Providence are these: They are most holy, wife, and powerful: Psal. cxlv. 17. • The Lord is righteous in all { his ways, and holy in all his works.' Psal. civ. 24. O Lord, how manifold are thy works ! in

wisdom haft thou made them all.' Dan. iv. 35, • He doth according to his own will in the army of

heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth : " and none can stay his hand, or say unto him,

What dost thou? Wherefore, God is not the Author of Sin; no more than he who rides a crooked Horse, is the Cause of his halting: James i. 13. Let no man say when he is tempted, I

am tempted of God : for God cannot be temptred with evil, neither tempteth he any man.' All Dispensations of Providence are wisely ordered : Deut. xxxii. 4. ' He is the Rock, his work is pers ? fect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of

truth, and without iniquity; just and right is he.? And Providence cannot miss of its Designs and Ends: L. xlvi. 1o. My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure.'

The Rule of the Works of Providence, is the Decree of God; whereof they, and the Works of Creation, are an exact Accomplishment : Eph. i, 11. In whom also we have obtained an inherie


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tance, being predestinated according to the pur

pose of him who worketh all things after the 6 counsel of his own will.'

: Quest. 12. That special Ad of Providence did God exercise towards Man in the Estate wherein he was created?

Anf. When God had created Man, he entered into a Covenant of Life with him, upon Condition of perfect Obedience; forbidding him to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, upon the pain of Death.

EXPLICATION. The Special Act of Providence towards Man newly created, was, God's making a Covenant of Life and Happiness with him. There are two Covenants for Life and Happiness to Man: And they are, the Covenant of Works, and the Covenant of Grace: Cal. iv.


• For these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinaj, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar.'

The first Covenant was the Covenant of Works. It was made in Paradise, and before the Fall. The Parties contracting in it, were God and Adam: Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good 6 and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day * that thou eateft thereof, thou shalt surely die.' But Adam represented all Mankind, as the Parties contracted for : Gen. ii. 17. forecited. Compared

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with Rom. v. 12. By one man fin entered into the

world, and death by fin; and so death passed upon I all men, for that all have sinned. There was no Mediator of this Covenant ; for as yet there was no Breach, by Sin, betwixt God and Man.

The Condition of the Covenant of Works, was perfect Obedience: Gal

. iii. 12. ' And the law is not of faith : but, The man that doth them, thall

live in them.' And it was to be perfect, in re. fpect of Parts, Degrees, and continuance : Gal. ļii. 1o. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse : for it is written, Cur.

sed is every one that continueth not in all things ' which are written in the book of the law to do

them. Matth. xxii. 37. ' Jesus said unto him, « Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy

heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy & mind.' So the least failing in any Part or Degree of Obedience, or for never so small a Time, would have broken this Covenant. The Law that was the Rule of this Obedience, was the Law of the ten Commands, and the Law forbidding to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil : Gal. iii. 10. and Gen. ii. 1.7. forecited. That Tree grew in Paradise, Gen. iia 9.

There was no Virtue in it to improve Men in Knowledge, as the Devil falsely suggested, Gen. iii. 5. For • God doth know, that in the day ye eat there

of, then your eyes shall be opened: and ye ? shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. Compared with yokn viii . 44. Ye are of your

father the devil, and the lufts of your father ye will do; he was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lys, he speaketh


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of his own : for he is a lyar, and the father of it.' But that Name was put upon this Tree, to inti. mate, that by eating of it, Man would know to his fad Experience, the vast Difference between Good and Ill: Wherefore that Tree with that Name, was of Use, to be a Warning-piece to Man to beware of evil. Now, Adam knew the Law of the ten Commands, as they were impressed on his Heart in his Creation: Rom. ii. 15.' Which shew • the work of the law written in their hearts, their

conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts

the mean while accusing, or else excusing one an• other.! He knew the Law of the forbidden Tree, by Revelation, Gen. ii. 17. forecited. And he had sufficient Ability for the perfect Obedience required, Eccl. vii. 29. 'God made man upright.'

The Promise of the Covenant of Works, was a Promise of Life: Gen. ii. 17. forecited. The Life promised was twofold; namely, one to be afforded him, during the Course of his probationary Obedience, another to be afforded him at the perfecting of it. The Life to have been afforded to Manduring the Course of his probationary Obedience, was natural Life continued in Vigour and Comfort, and spiritual Life continued in Favour and Fellowship with God, Gen. ii. 17. forecited. This was the Reward of Obe. dience in Hand. The Life to have been afforded him at the perfecting of his Course, was eternal Life in consummate Happiness : Matth. xix. 16. 17. • And behold, one came and said unto him, Good

master, what good thing shall I do that I may

have eternal life? And he said unto him, If is thou wilt enter into life, keep the command$ ments.' And this was the Reward of Obedience in Hope. Adam, if he had continued obedient,


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