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• mife, having no hope, and without God in the o world. The Power that the Covenant of Works hath over such Persons, is a commanding, curfing, and condemning Power. It commands them perfect Obedience under Pain of the Curle: It curseth and condemneth them for every the least Failure : Gal. iii. 10. 'For as many as are of the ' works of the law, are under the curse : for it is • written, Curfed is every one that continueth

not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.' Rom. iii. 19. forecited.

Quest. 18. Wherein consists the Sinfulness of that Estate whereinto Man fell?

Ans. The Sinfulness of that Éstate whereito Man fell, consists in the Guilt of Adam's first Sin, the Want of original Righteousness, and the Corruption of his 'whole Nature, which is commonly called original Sin, together with all actual Transgressions which proceed from it.

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The State whereinto Man fell, is our natural State: And that is both a sinful and a miserable State. Our natural State is a sinful State, in respect of original Sin, and in respect of actual Transgressions.

Original Sin, in its full Extent, is the Guilt of Adam's first sin, the Want of original Righteouf: nefs, and the Corruption of the whole Nature. All




and every one of Adam's natural Race, are born or conceived in it : Rom. v. 12.,' By one man sin

entered into the world, and death by sin; and so · death passed upon all men, for that all have sin* ned.' Psal. li. 5. Behold, I was shaped in ini

quity ? and in sin did my mother conceive me.' It is derived to us from Adam the Origin of Mankind, Rom. v, 12. forecited. And it is conveyed to us by natural Generation : Job xiv. 4. ' Who

can bring a clean thing out of an unclean ? not

one.' Psal. li. 5. forecited. Even holy Parents convey it to their

Children; because they procreate their Children after their own natural Image: Gen. V. 3. ' And Adam begat a son in his own likeness, "* after his image; and called his name Seth. Now, our natural State is a sinful State, in respect of original Sin ; inasmuch as original Sin, being a Fountain of Sin, remains entire, in its Guilt, Filth, and Paaver, on every Man, as long as he is in that State. Original Sin confifts of three parts.

The firft Part of original Sin, is the Guilt of Adam's firft Sin, Adam's first Sin was the cating of the forbidden Fruit, whereby the Covenant of Works was broken. The Guilt of that Sin is an Obligation to Punishment for it. And that Guilt lies on all Men by Nature : Rom. v. 18. ' By the

offence, of one judgment came upon all men « to condemnation. Now, this Guilt of Adam's first Sin, is original Sin imputed. The only Remedy for it is in Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. xv. 22. For

as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be

made alive ;' and that from his Blood, which removes it in Justification, Eph. i. 7. In whom we

have redemption through his blood, the forgivedess of fins, according to the riches of his grace.'



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Rom. iii. 24. ' Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jesus Chrift.'

The second Part of original Sin, is the Want of original Righteousness. Original Righteousness is that Righteousness wherein Man was created in the Image of God. And all Men by Nature are under the Want of that : Rom. iii. 23. For all have line' ' ned, and come short the glory of God.' Eph. iv: 18. ' Having the understanding darkened, be' ing alienated from the life of God, through the

ignorance that is in them, because of the blind.

ness of their heart.' In the Want of original Righteousness, is included the Want of that Knowledge in the Understanding, the Want of that Righteousness in the Will, and the Want of that Holiness in the Affections, wherewith Man was endued at his Creation : And all Men by Nature are under these Wants : Job xi. 12. For vain man ' would be wise, though man be born like a wild

ass's colt.? Ecclef, vå. 29. 'Lo, this only have "I found, that God hath made man upright; but

they have fought out many inventions. Rom. vii. i 8. ' For I know, that in me (that is, in my

Aesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is pre• fent with me, but how to perform that which

is good, I find not. Now, the Want of original "Righteousness is a Sin; forasmuch as it is a Want of Conformity to the Law of God: Matth. V. ult. 'Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Fa

ther which is in heaven is perfect. Compared with 1 John jii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin,

tranfgresseth also the law : for sin is the tranfgref' fion of the law. It can be our Sin, who never had that Righteousness in our own Persons, because we had it, and lost it in Adam, finning in him : And


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we are juftly left onder the Want of it, for our Guilt of Adam's firft Sin: Ecclef. vii. 29. forecited. Rom. v. 12. ' By one man fin entered into the world, and death by fin; and fo death paffed upon all men, for that all have finned.'

The third Part of original Sin is the Corruption of the whole Nature : And this is what is com. monly called original Sin, as being the worft Part of it. The Corruption of Nature is that vitious Quality in-bred in as, whereby our Nature is ut. terly disabled for, and opposite to all fpiritual Good, and prone to the contrary. Evils continually:

Rom. v. 6. ' For when we were yet without ftrength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.? Chap. viii. 7. The carnal mind is enmity

against God: for it is not subject to the law of * God, neither indeed can be. Gen. vi. 5. 'And!

God saw that the wickedness of man was great

in the earth, and that every imagination of the * thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.' And one may know his own Nature to be corrupt, by the Backwardness to Good, and Forwardness to Evil he may find in himself. Now, Man's Ną. ture, in his natural State, is not corrupted in Part only, but wholly corrupted in every Part : Eph. ii. 1. 2. 3. And you hath he quickened who were *dead in trespasses and fins. Wherein in time paft

walked according to the course of this world, • according to the prince of the power of the air, *the fpirit that now worketh in the children of dis

obedience. Among whom also we all had our con$ versation in times past, in the lufts of our flesh, * fulfilling the desires of the Acfh, and of the mind;

and were by nature the children of wrath, even um as others. Tit. i. 15. Unto thé pure all



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things are pure : but unto them that are defiled,

and unbelieving, is nothing pure; but even their s mind and confcience is defiled. For the Cafe the Understanding is in, it is utterly darkened, in point of spiritual Difcerning: i Tor. ii. 14. The

natural man receiveth not the things of the

Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto « him : neither can he know them, because they

are spiritually discerned.' The Will, it is quite opposite to the Will of God: Rom. viii. 7. fore. cited The Affections, they are wholly carnal: Rom. vii. 14. 'For we know that the law is fpi. . ritual : but I am carnal, fold under fin.' Chap. viii. 5. "They that are after the flesh, do mind the • things of the flesh. The Body and its Members, they are Instruments of Unrighteousness, and Servants to Iniquity : Rom vi. 12. 19. Let ? not fin therefore reign in your mortal body, that

ye should obey it in the lusts thereof. I speak * after the manner of men, because of the infir• mity of your fela : for as ye have yielded your ! members fervants to uncleanness and to iniquity,

unto iniquity; even so now yield your members • servants to righteousness, unto hotinefs.'

The Want of original Righteousness, and the Corruption of the whole Nature, are original Sin inherent, which the Scripture expresseth both in negative and positive Terms : Eph. iv. 18. . Ha

ving the understanding darkened, being alienated

from the life of God, through the ignorance that ! is in them, because of the blindness of their

heart.' Rom. viii. 7. The carnal mind is enmity 6 against God : for it is not subject to the law of 'God, neither indeed can be. The only Remedy for original Sin inherent, is in Jesus Christ, I Cor. xv.

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