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22. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ Thall

all be made alive ;' and that from his Spirit ; who begins the Removal of it in Regeneration, or quickening of the dead Soul, carries it on in Sancti. fication, and perfects it in Glorification: John vi. 63. ' It is the Spirit that quickeneth, the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are fpirit, and they are life.' 1 Cor. vi. 11. Ye are waihed, ye are fanctified, ye are justified ' in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spi. 6 rit of our God.' Rom. viii. 23 " And not on

ly they, but ourselves also, which have the first.

fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves grone ! within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body?

Actual Tranfgreflions are Breaches of God's Law by Omission or Commission, in Thoughts, Words, or Deeds. The Fountain which they all proceed from in us, is the Corruption of our Nature : Matth.xv. 19. ! For out of the heart proceed evil

thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts,

false witness, blasphemies. Our natural State is a sinful State, in respect of actual Transgressions, inasmuch as all the Actions of a natural Man are actual Transgressions, and the Guilt and Filth of them all, and of all his Omillions of Duty, abide fast on him as long as he is in that Şate : Gen: vi. 5.

And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil con. tinually.' Eph. ii. 1. 'And you hath he quick

ened who were dead in- trespasses and sins. A Man in his natural State cannot do any thing truly good; because his Nature is wholly corrupt: Matth. vii. 18. 'A good tree cannot bring forth

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evil fruit : neither can a corrupt tree bring forth

good fruit. His natural Actions, such as Eating and Drinking, are Sin : Zech. vii. 6. And

when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did ye not eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves?' His civil Actions, such as Plowing and Sowing, are Sin : Prov. xxi. 4. ' The plowing of the wicked is • fin.' And his religious Actions are Sin, Prov. xv. 8. “The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomi. ' nation to the Lord.'

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Quest. 19. What is the Misery of that Estate whereinto Man fell??.

Anf. All Mankind, by their Fall, loft Communion with God, are under his Wrath and Curse, and so made liable to ali Miseries in this Life, to Death itself, and to the Pains of Hell for ever.

EXPLICATION. Our natural State is a miserable State too. And all Mankind is in that miserable State by Na. ture. That comes to pass, by their Fall in Adam: Rom. V.12: By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upmen, for that all have sinned.'

Our na tural State is a miserable State, in respect of what Loss Man sustains, what he lies under, and what he is liable to, in it,

The Loss which Man sustains in his natural State, is the Loss of Communion with God. Communion with God is a friendly Intercourse between God and a Soul, arising from a peculiar Interest


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on all

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in one another : Cant. ii. 16. 'My beloved is mine,

and I am his. Man had fuch Communion with God before the · Fall; and that without a Medi.. ator: Gal. iii. 20. Now a mediator is not a me

diator of one ; but God is one. But he loft it, by the Fali: Gen. iii. 8.' And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the • cool of the day : and Adam and his wife hid

themselves from the prefence of the Lord God,

amongst the trees of the garden." And none attain to this Communion again, as long as they are in their natural State, whatever Duties of Worship they go about : Eph. ii. 12. At that

time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Ifrael, and strangers • from the covenants of promise, having no hope, • and without God in the world. It is recovered, only in the Way of Union with Jesus Christ, verj 13. * But now in Christ Jefus, ye who sometimes

were far off, are made nigh' by the blood of 6 Christ.'

What Man lies under in his natural State, is God's Wrath and Curse. The Wrath of God he lies under, is revenging Wrath : And all Men in their natural State are under that Wrath : Eph. ii. 3. ! We were by nature the children of wrath, even as

others.' fuhn iïi. ult.He that believeth on the • Son, hath everlasting life : and he that believeth

not the Son, shall not see life; but the wrath

of God abideth on him.' The Curse he lies un der, is the Sentence of the broken Law, binding over the Sinner to repenging Wrath, to the full : And all Men in their natural State are under it, Gal. iii. 10. Curfed is

every one that continueth

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€ not in all things which are written in the book s of the law to do them.'

What Man is liable to in his natural State, is, all Miferies in this Life, Death itself, and the Pains of Hell for ever, in virtue of the Curse. The Miferies in this Life the natural Man is liable to, are all inward and outward Miseries of Life, laid on in virtue of the Curse : Lam. iii. 39. 'Wherefore • doth a living man complain, a map for the pu< nishment of his fins ? The inward Miseries of Life, he is fo made liable to, are fpiritual Plagues, such as Blindness of Mind, Hardness of Heart, Vileness of Affections, Horror of Conscience, and the like : Eph, iv, 18. 'Having the un. "derstanding darkened, being alienated from the • life of God, through the ignorance that is in

them, becaufe of the blindness of their heart.' Rom. ii. s. But, after thy hardness and impenitent

heart, treasureft up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.? Chap. i. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections." 18. xxxiii. 14." The finners in Zion are afraid, fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites.: who among us fhall dwell with the devouring fire ? who amongst us fhalldwell with everlasting burn

ings?' The outward Miseries of Life he is so made liable to, are such as befal the outward Man, as Sickness, Poverty, Disgrace, and the like: Deut. xxviii, 15. to the End. But it shall come to

pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the Lord thy God, to observe to do all his commandments, and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee. , Cursed shalt thou





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• be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the ' field, &c.' The Death the natural Man is liable to, is the Diffolution of the Soul and the Body in virtue of the Curse: Rom. vi. 23. The

wages of sin is death That kind of Death is stinged Death : 1 Cor. xv. 5. 'The sting of death ' is fin; and the strength of fin is the law. It is true, Believers in Christ also are liable to Miseries in this Life, and to Death itself; but they are not so made liable to them, not by the Curse, not with the Sting in them : 1 Cor. xv. 55. O death,

where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victo.

ry? Howbeit, if Man had not finned, he would never have died : Gen. ii. 17. - But of the tree of

the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest there."

of, thou shalt surely die.' The Miseries in this Life, and Death itself, are, to Believers in Chrift, Marks of God's Displeasure with the Sin in them, while yet he loves their Perfons in Christ : Pfal. xcix. 8.' Thou answeredst them, O Lord our « God : thou wast a God that forgavest them,

though thou tookest vengeance of their invenctions. Gen. iii. 15. 17. 18. 19. * And I will

put enmity between thee and the woman, and

between thy seed and her seed: it shall bruise thy "head, and thou shalt bruise bis heel. And unto

Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt

not eat of it : cursed is the ground for thy fake ; " in forrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy

life. Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee : 'and thou shalt eat the herb of the field. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread,

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