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To which is fubjoined,
The peculiar Advantage and Business of
Life opened up, and applied, in seve-
ral SERMONS, from Il. xxxviii.
19. preached at Ettrick, in the year

Never before printed.

By the late Reverend and Learned

Minister of the Gospel at Ettrick.


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Printed by William Cray and fold at his Printing-houle, a

Jittle without the Wef Port. 1755.


The following Explication of the Shorter Catechism, and the Sermons annexed, are printed from the Author's original Manuscripts

, without the smallest Variation.

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The First Part of the ASSEMBLY'S


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Quest. 1. WHat is the chief End of

Ans. Man's chief End is, to glorify
God, and to enjoy him for ever.

By Man's chief End is meant, the End which
Man was chiefly made for, and which he should
chiefly seek to reach unto. It consists of two
Parts; his chief Duty, and his chief Happiness.
Man's chief Duty is, to glorify God : 1 Cor. x. 31.
" Whether therefore ye eat or drink, or whatsoe-

yer ye do, do all to the glory of God.' Man glorifies God, by thinking, speaking, and living, to his Glory

And this is Man's chief, and last or farthest End. Man's chief Happiness is, to enjoy God as his God: Psal. lxxiii. 25. 26. 27. 28. ( Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is

none upon earth that I desire besides thee. My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever. For lo, they that are far from thee, shall perish : А


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• thou haft destroyed all them that go a-whoring

from thee. But it is good for me to draw near

to God: I have put my trust in the Lord God.' And this is Man's chief subordinate End. A Sin. ner can never glorify God, until first he enjoy him as his God: Eph. ii. 12. At that time ye were • without Christ, being aliens from the common.

wealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without

God in the world.' Gen. xvii. 1. • The Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am

the almighty God; walk before me, and be thou

perfect. Exod. xx. 2. 3. ' I am the Lord thy • God, which have brought thee out of the land

of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou

fhalt have no other gods before me.' Now, the Sinner can attain to the Enjoyment of God, only through Jefus Christ: John xiv. 6. Jesus 6 faith unto him, I am the way, and the truth,

and the life : no man cometh unto the Father, * but by me.' And one may get a saving Interest in Christ, by Faith. Moreover, they who en. joy God as their God, are enabled to glorify him, by the Spirit of Christ dwelling in them as Members of Christ: Rom. vjil. 26. ! Likewise the

Spirit also helpeth our infirmities : for we know

not what we should pray for as we ought : but o the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with

gronings which cannot be uttered.' Wherefore, none that are out of Christ, reach the chief End of Man : But they make themselves their chief End. Howbeit, Believers do reach it : and they reach it, in so far as they fall, from the first Momenii of their believing; for ever enjoy and glorify


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God; imperfectly indeed here, but perfectly in

oring near God.' Sinhim were

Quest. 2. What Rule hath God given to direct us, how we may glorify and enjoy him?

Anf. The Word of God, which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament, is the only Rule to dia rect us, how we may glorify and enjoy him.


mon. cove. thout Lord I am thou

thiy land Chou Tow, God, efus uth, her, eres

ene nim, emo The

The End for which the Scriptures are given, is, to be a Rule to direct us, low we inay glorify God, and come to the Enjoyment of him as our God. And they are the only Rule to direct us in these Matters. Withal, they are a certain and infallible Rule; and that, because they are the Word of Cod. It appears, that they are the Word of God, by the Holincts and Efficacy of their Doctrine, and the Miracles wrought to confirm it: And this, although for the most Part they were written by Men, because all fcripture is given by inspration of God, 2 Tim. iii. 16. The Word Scriptures signifies Writings : But the Church had not always we written Word!, till about Mofes's Tine. Ho vbeit, they were fupplied, while they wanted it, by extra. rdinary Revelations : And it is the famz Doctrine that was then lo revealed, which we have n: w in the Scripture, Nevertheless, the Scripture is ultogeiler necessary for the

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