« AnteriorContinuar »
1001. 2s. 6d. The Society connected of a gallery, and arrears of interest, with this Chapel is about ninety mem, this debt had increased to 3301. while bers.
the amount of seat-rents was only 51. Prestbury.This Chapel, situated in per anpum. The Trustees, therefore, the Macclesfield Circuit, was built in engaged to raise 1201, on receiving 601. 1815, and cost 5061, - In consequence as a final grant from the Fund. This of the large debt of 4661, 16s. being having been accomplished, that amount upon it, and no sitting being let, the was paid from the Fund, and the debt Conference directed it to be sold; but is now reduced to 1501. This Chapel the District Meeting having received the has been anpually relieved since the following offer, transmitted it to the Fund was established, with sundry Committee, viz. " We unanimously grants amounting to 521, 10s. There recommend that the present offer of is a Society connected with this Chapel the Trustees to raise among themselves of thirty-seven members. 2061. 169., to be applied in paying off Parkhead.—This Chapel was situated. the debt, on condition they bave a final in the Glasgow Circuit. It was built grant of 601., be accepted by the in 1819. For some time the congregaChapel-Fund Committee." This was tions were good, and a promising Sun. accordiogly granted. The debt is now, day-School was connected with it. The therefore, only 2001. to meet the inte- cause, however, suffered through some rest of which there is a rental of 61, 10s, unhappy divisions which took place in and, the Anniversary collection. The the Circuit. Some of the Trustees amount of the former grants was emigrated to America, and the number 66L. 158.
was reduced to four. To complete their Bag slate.-Tbis Chapel is in the misfortunes, about two years and a half Roehdale Circuit, and has a Society of ago, the ground on which the Chapel seventy-five persons connected with it, stood gave way, as it is thought, by It was built in 1810, and originally the working of the coal mines below. cost 12591., but the debt had increased By this disaster, the building was rento 15901., beside which there was a dered totally unfit for use, and was ground-rentof 101. 16s. 6d. The average ultimately sold for 2501. The original income for the last seven years has cost was 4501. Towards this loss of been only 391. 2s. 6d., consequently, 2001., the Committee granted a sum of notwithstanding the grants made to 501. as a final grant. this Chapel beretofore, amounting to The only case on which, from its par. getker to 2071., the debt had increased ticular circumstances, the Committee from 14851. to 15901, during that period. did not think it right to insist as the The Trustees, therefore, after united condition of its grant, that no future efforts with the Preachers to raise a application should be made, was that subscription for the reduction of the of St. George's, in the East London debt, addressed the Committee as fol. Circuit, which, like that of Worcester lows :-* Encouraged by the liberal the last year, is entitled still to apply plan on which you, as a Committee, for help for deficiency of interest, have proceeded in several cases men should such deficiency occur, as it is tioned in your las: Report, we have likely it may for a few years, the reseen induced to make great exertions, sources of those Chapels having been in order entirely to remove the heavy entirely exhausted by former exertions, and increasing burden of Bagslate Cha and their embarrassments having been pel from your Fund. The generosity most threatening in their aspect. By of our friends (through the indefatiga- the arrangement which has been made ble labours of our Preachers, the Rev. as far as it has gone, an annual claim Messrs. Pilter and Harris) has enabled for deficiency of interest of 501, from us to raise a subscription amounting to Worcester, and 751. from St. George's 6501., which we propose to give, in will be extinguished. The following is order to reduce the very heavy debt the case of
a now upon the premises, on condition St. George's Chapel.-This Chapel is of our receiving from the Fund 3501., situated in the London East Circuit. to be added to it for the same purpose.” It was erected in 1811, and cost 79001. The Committee acceded to this request The debt, by arrears of interest, as a final grant, by which nearly two had increased at the last Conference to 1birds of the debt being cancelled, the 81501., notwithstanding the annual Chapel will be placed in easy circum- grants from the Fund. For a full'acstances,
*** " count of this Chapel we beg to refer Tattershall. This Chapel is Dear our readers to the Fourth Report of Spilsby. in Lipcoloshire. It was built this Fund, and shall only now state, 10 1811, and cost 2001. By the erection that the Trustees having raised by
Subscription a Thousand Pounds, Five Hundred of which were subscribed by themselves, the Committee granted them a further sum of 'Five Hundred Pounds towards the reduction of their debt. This liquidation of 1500l. of the debt will greatly assist them, so that a much smaller annual grant will be mecessary for a few years, till their present embarrassments are further relieved by the falling it; of annuities. Thus, in the case of ten Chapels, and some of them of very considerable importance in their relation to the work of God, an arrangement has been come to between the Committee and the Trustees, by which the large sum of 4687t. of debt on the said Chapels, has been cancelled,—1460s, having been advanced by the Fund; and 32271. having been raised by the local *... tions of the Trustees and their Friends. This arrangement, like that of former years, presented many instances of honourable liberality and sacrifice on the part of Trustees and their friends, which the Committee witnessed with great gratitude and admiration; and they trust that these exaumples will lead to efforts in other places as Praiseworthy, and as cheeringly indicative of warm attachment to the prosperity of the work of God in our native land. It will be seen by reference to the List of Chapels relieved this year, that the Oxford Chapel, to which 30l. were granted last year, and which has received assistance from the establishment, of the Fund, has no longer any claim upon it. This has arisen from a most munificent donation, from a benevolent individual, to that, and two other Chapels in the same Circuit. By this liberal offering, the Fund has been relieved by the amount of its yearly grant to the Oxford Trust; and the friends there, who have uniformly shown excellent management and public spirit under their pressures, are set free from all anxieties as to the work, in that important station. The Committee have the pleasure to notice an instance of that sympathy for the case of embarrassed Chapels, which they are persuaded springs from a sound estimate of the religious importance of placing them as far as possible out of their difficulties. Mrs. Charlotte Wilson, late of Oldham, kindly presented to the Chapel-Fund the sum of 101., to be applied to increase the grant made by the Committee to the most distressed case before them, which sum was voted to increase the grant to the Worcester chapel.
It is a natural inquiry, and one, we believe, often made, by what means future difficulties are to be prevented, provided the present are subdued: The answer to this is, that a control is placed on the building of Chapels by the institution of the Chapel Building Committee, whose consent must be obtained to the erection of every Chapel, and its advice regarded, or such Chapel can at no future period, should-the hopes of the parties be frustrated, have any claim upon the Fund. Most of the cases of distress which exist, took place reviously to the adoption of this regu|. in 1818; and all obvious improvident cases will be prevented by it. In some instances, as formerly, indeed, a rapid change of public local circumstances may †: the best founded hopes, and the most prudent and advised measures; but these can be but few, and are, at all times, the proper and direct objects of Christian charitv. The following is the amount of Subscriptions and Collections raised each year towards this Fuud :
£. s. d. In the year 1819 the sum of 3910 9 10 ........ 1820 ........ 3849 9 9 ... ...... 1821 ........ 3990 1 7 ... . . . . . . 1822 -- 4117 5 - 2 ........ 1823 .. 4060 6 0 ........ 1824 ........ 4394 9 10
........ 1825 ........ 4570 17 10 The following are the Trust. Subscriptions, to the amount of 5l. aud upwards; and we subjoin the instances, in due acknowledgment to the Trusts themselves, respectively, and as an example to others :—
£. Leeds.......... Leeds Circuit 10 Carver-Street ... Sheffield .... 10 Waltham-Street Hull ........ 7 Grosvenor-Street Manchester .. 5 Cherry-Street... Birminghain 5 King-Street.... Bath ........ 5 Bethel ........ Rochester.... 5 Brompton ......-Ditto........ 5 Rochdale ...... Rochdale.... 5 The Chapels which have subscribed to the Fund annually, to the amount of One Guinea and upwards, were, In the year... 1819 ... 560 Chapels. . . . . . . . . . . . . 1820 .. 586 .... . . . . . . 1821 .. 595 .... -- . . . . . . . . . . 1822 .. 556 .... . . . . . . . . . . . . 1823 .. 564 .... . . . . . . . . . ... 1824 .. 576 .... . . . . . . . . . . . . 1825: .. 552 .... * the Subscribers, in different parts of the Connexion, the Committee return their best thanks; but they are sorry to observe, that in some circuits, no-Anaual Subscriptions. have been offered. An application, to such individuals as have.it-in their power to aid this great-religious charity, the Committee-earnestly recommend to the Preachers in those Circuits, which have as-yet afforded-no-assistance-in-this manner, aud also a proper circulation of the present Report. . . -Very reasonable expectations of the increase of the Chapel Fund, by Legacies, have been indulged. A number of heuevolent friends have, at different times, left legacies to individual Chapels, and it is hoped that a General Fund, whose object is to keep open many places of worship, which, but for such aid, must be disposed of, will be a sufficient motive to induce such pious remembrauces and cares for the work of God on earth, by many who shall, from time to time, pass from the earthly
The subject to which your earnest attention is solicited is that of NEGRO Slavray as it subsists in the Colonies of Great Britain. The following is a concise view of its nature and effects, every circumstance in which standsfully established by the testimony of the colonists themselves. in the colonies of great Britain there are, at this moment, upwards of 830,000 human beings in a state of degrading personal slavery; the absolute property of their master, who may sell or transfer them at his pleasure, and who may brand them, if he pleases, by means of a hot iron, as cattle are branded in this * These slaves, whether male or female, are driven to labour during the day by the impulse of the eart-whip, for the sole benefit of their owners, from whom they receive no wages; and in the season of crop, which lasts for four or five months of the year, their labour is protracted not only throughout the day, as at other times, but during half the might. Besides this, they are usu
- NEGRO SLAVERY...
dwellings of the Lord of Hosts into his
celestial temple." - *** * *-* * *
To the affectionate interest...of the friends of the Connexion, the Committee again commend the ChapelFund." . By it; the weak are: supported, and the sinking raised ; the spiritual concerns of many Societies, damped and injured by the evils of embarrassment, are revived; the preaching of the truth is continued, in many most important places, where the cause is yet in its infancy; and a prospectois, opened of accouplishing the last exhilarating object, which was a meutiaued as one which the Fund, would ultimately, promate, Assistance, in the erection of new places of worship, where nost required by the number and destitute circumstances of the population. . .
London, Jan. 1, 1825.
tortured, at the caprice of their master
or overseer. The slaves, being in the eye of the law mere chattels, are liable to be seized and sold for their masters' debts, without any regard to the family ties which may be broken by this opressive process. Marriage is protected. in the case of slaves, by no legal sanction, and cannot therefore be said to exist among them; and, in general, they have little access to the means of Christian instruction. The effect of the want of such instruction, as well as of the absence of the marriage tie, is, that the most unrestrained licentiousness (exhibited in a degrading and depopulating promiscuous intercourse), prevails among the slaves; which is too much encouraged by the example of their superiors the Whites. The evidence of slaves is generally trot admitted by the Colonial Cöurts, in any civil or criminal case affecting a persen of free condition. It
& White or free inan, therefore, perpe- could be brought about only by the ditrates the most atrocious acts of barba. rect and autlioritative interference of rity, in the presence of slaves only, the Parliament, a point which experienee injured party is left without means of had abundantly proved. The Ministers legal redress. In the Colonies of Great of the Crown, however, thought it right Britain, the same facilities have not once more to try the experiment, only been afforded to the slave; to purchase intimating, that, if the Colonies contuhis freedom, as in the colonial posses- maciously resisted, Parliament would sions of Spain and Portugal. On the be called upon to interferel Accordingly contrary, in many of our colonies, even they lost no time in urging the Colonial the voluntary manumission of slaves Legislatures to pass certain laws for by their masters bas been obstructed, giving effect to the Resolutions of Parand in some loaded with large fines. liament. Those Legislatures have, howMany thousand infants are annually ever, resisted the call. Upwards of two ·born, within the British dominions, to years and a half have passed, and no no inheritance but that of the hopeless effectual steps have yet been taken by servitude which has been described; them with a view either to the mitigaand the general oppressiveness of which tion or extinction of slavery. On the may be inferred from this fact alone, contrary, the documents. laid before that while, in the United States of Ame- Parliament in the last session, prove rica, the slaves increase rapidly, there that they are fully resolved not to comis, even now, in the British Colonies, ply with the requisitions of Government. no increase, but, on the contrary, from What now remains, therefore, on the year to year a diminution of their part of the public, but to implore Parnumbers.
Yo liament at length to take upon themSuch are some of the more prominent selves the task of terminating the evils features of Negro Slavery, as it exists of colonial bondage, and to proceed in the Colonies of Great Britain. Re- with all convenient speed to the volting as they are, they form only a accomplishnient of their own resupart of those circuinstances of wretch-lutions ? tage79
Jon 2 edness and degradation which might be As we cannot doubt that the resistpointed out, from their own official re- ance, on the part of the colonists, to turns, as characterizing that unhappy the proposed reforms, will be powerful state of being
and persevering, it becomes necessary It is by no means intended to attri- to call into action all proper means, bute the existence and continuance of both of diffusing a knowledge of the this most approbrious system to our co- evils of colonial bondage throughout lonists exclusively. On the contrary, the land, and of exciting increased efthe guilt and shame connected with it forts for speedily putting a period to belong also to the People and Parlia- the state of slavery itself throughout the ment of this country. But on that very British dominions. Estos account are we the more rigidly bound In taking a view of the means which to lose no time in adopting such mea- may be employed with advantage to sures as shall bring it to the earliest ter- bring about this result, it would be unmination which is compatible with the pardonable to overlook the ambassadors well-being of the parties who sustain of Him who came to proclaim peace the grievous yoke of colonial bondage. on earth, and good-will to men;" of Him
To May 1823, the Government and who claims it as his peculiar office to Parliament of this country, having ta- * bind up the broken hearted," to ken these evils into their consideration, preach deliverance to the captives, and resolved that the degraded Negro should the opening of the prison to them that be raised, with all convenient speed, to are bound." - To be conscientious a participation of the same civit rights Christian Minister, of every name, we which are enjoyed by the rest of his Ma- look with coutidence, for effective aid in jesty's subjects. In this resolution all behalf of the wretched Negro! parties, even the West-Iudians, con. Should it be ubjected, that it would curred. Ministers proposed to carry be a lowering of the diguity, or a deseit into effect by a recommendation cration of the sacredness of the Chris. from the Crown to the Colonial Legis- tian pulpit, to employ it in the discussion latures. Against this course, the leaders of secular questions, it may be replied, in the cause of abolitivu entered their that the present degraded and oppressed protest. The Colonial Legislatures, condition of 830,000 of our fellow-ereathey said, were themselves the cause of tares and fellow-subjects, 'with the bruall The evil that was to be redressed: to tish ignorance and heathen darkness hope for effectual reform at their hands consequent upon their cruel bondage, is was vain and illusory; that reform by no means a mere secular considera
tion. If it be, then is a great portion of the instructions of our great Lord and Master of a secular kind: for on what o: did he chiefly discourse, in his Sermon on the Mount, but on those of justice and mercy, of compassion and ness? And what were the objects of his severest maledictions, but injustice, oppression, and cruelty; above all, hypocrisy, Hthe combination of a high-profession of religion with the violation of its righteous precepts; long prayers and sanctimouious observoances, with the “devouring of widows' houses,” extortion, and oppression ? What was the chief aim of his instruc: les,”-of the rich voluptuary us; of the good Samaritau; of. relentless fellow-servant, and of his awful illustration of the Day of Judgment, but to inculcate lessons of coungassion and sympathy, and to incitemento works of mercy and labuurs of love? -But it is losing time to attempt to obviate objections which have no real existence. The Christian pulpit is every where employed in pressing topics of an exactly similar nature, though of
less *::: necessity than that in ques-. tion. s
not a great proportion of the charity Sermons which issue from the pulpit, preached for the establishment and support of infirmaries and hospitals; for the relief of temporal want, and the mitigation of bodily suffering * But not only would the exposition of this subject from the Christian pulpit be in strict accordance with established dent, but the consideration of it there would be peculiarly appropriate. If righteousness, justice, mercy, *:::: parts of the Christian character; itals the Law and the Prophetsbe ded in the two commandments of loving God with all the heart, soul, and strength, and our neighbour as courselves; then are we bound to manifest those qualities by the sympathy we feel for our Negro brethren, and by the exertions we make for their relief; then is it the indispensable duty of the Christian Minister to urge his hearers to combine their efforts for that purpose. He does not hesitate to urge upon them their obligation to abound in every good work. But is it possible to conceive a work more consonaut to the Christian character, than that of administering relief to the most . aud helpless of the human race, whom our own institutions have doomed to misery, barbarism, and bondage; and whose intense sufferings wa, ourselves are perpetuating and ag
gravating, both by the consumption of
their produce, and by the additional support we afford to theslave-system by bounties and protecting duties? - Unquestionably the guilt of its enormous and accumulated evils lies on every individual in the empire, who can raise his voice againstoit, and issilent. And more especially does this responsibility press upon every Minister of the Gospel, who, believing such things to exist, yet shrinks from denouncing and reprobating them, and from urging on his flook their solemn obligations with respect to them, If it be true, that, in the Last Day, those who have not sympathized with, and aided, their suffering brethren, will be classed with the enemies of Christ, who “shall go into everlasting punishment;” can we suppose that those shall be deemed wholly guiltless, who, having had it in their power to contribute to put an end to such a frightful complication of misery and crime, have refused to unite in that work of justice and mercy 2. When “righteousness shall” at length “be laid to the line, and judgment to the plummet;" and when actions, which too many are apt to regard as indifferent or innocent, will be ranged, their motives and consequences being taken into account, in the column of crime; the part we may have acted ...; the poor Negro will assuredly not be left out of the estimate. Had the Ministers of the Gospel been always alive to the obligations which lay upon them as the Preachers of truth and righteousness, Negro Slavery, that compound of injustice, impiety, and cruelty, could never have gained that footing which it now possesses in this land of high Christian profession and of pre-eminent benevolence and refinement. And if they were now to exert themselves with becoming zeal and energy, that system, comprising every calamity and outrage which man has power to inflict upon his fellow-men, could not long subsist in a country where Christianity is recognized and established as a part of its fundamental laws; where temples for Christian worship are profusely scattered in every part of it; where its Ministers have free access to all ranks of the community; and where Religion lists her mitred head in Courts and Parliaments, is suffered to raise her voice in the Palace as well as the Church, and to admonish the Legislature and the Monarch as well as the People. Why this deep crime and foul disgrace of our country should, with a few noble exceptions, have hitherto escaped the reprobation, and been imagined to