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he bas found them, will, probably, in many, instauces, reject his charitable proposals with contempt, reproaches, and violence. He has to make up his mind to forsake, if necessary, houses and lands, father and mother, wife and children; and patiently to submit to be reviled and persecuted, and even, ac: cording to the Apostle's strong aud energetic language, “to be treated as +he filth of the earth and the offscouring of all things.' But the Christian Missionary has to wrestle not merely inst flesh and blood, not merely against the depravity and wickedness of men, but against the machinations and oppositions of infernal malice and diabolical strength, against principalities, against powers, -against the rulers of the darkness of this world,against spiritual wickedness in high places.' What extraordinary qualifications are necessary for the man who shall be a successful combatant in such a warfare as this! What knowledge, and wisdom, and zeal, and courage, and prudence, and patience, and self-denial, and heavenly-mindedness! But where among the sons of Adam can such a man be found, who is sufficient to produce these talents and graces in himself? They are to be derived from Him alone, who touched the prophet's hallowed lips with fire, and said, ‘Thou shalt go to all that I shall send thee, and whatsoever 1 countmand thee thou shalt speak. Be not afraid of their faces, for I am with thee to deliver thee.’ ‘They are to be derived from Ilim alone who arrested that archpersecutor in the midst of his mad career, struck him to the ground with his celestial lightning, and transformed him into a meek, patient, submissive, and laborious Apostle, by that effectual call,—-‘Rise and stand upon thy feet, for I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a Minister and a witness both of these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in the which I will appear unto thee; delivering thee from the people and from the Gentiles, unto whom I now send thee." They are to be derived from THim alone, who left that promise with the poor, weak, unlettered, despised mechanics of Galilee, “I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries shall not be able to insay or resist. Let not your heart troubled, neither let it be afraid. In the world ye shall have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world; and, lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the world.” Jf the grace of God be necessary to qua
lify the Christian Missionary for a due and faithful discharge of his ministry, it is equally, requisite to the success of his labours, that the people to whom he is sent should be made partakers of a similar blessing. The Preacher may be all-accomplished, both intellectuall and morally ; he may be endued with the learning, and zeal, and holiness, and charity of Paul; and the eloquence of Apostles inay dwell upon his tongue: but unless, in conjunction with the engrafted word, the Spirit of God move on the dark chaos of the listening sinner's heart, the light of the glorious Gospel will never shine there, so as to open his eyes, that he may see, and appreciate, and avail himself of the privileges of that gracious dispensation, whereby alone he may obtain forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance among them that are sanctified. The Saviour of the world has assured us, that “No man can come to him,' so as to participate in the benefits of his mediation, unless “drawn’ by a divine influence, and “taught of God.' He declared it indispensable that he should retire from the world, in order that he might send another Divine Agent, to convince mankind of sin, and prepare them for an admission into his Church, and an holy obedience to the requisitions of his Gospel. An Apostle gives us to understand, that we are all so far gone from original righteousness, that in our flesh, or natural man, dwelleth no good thing; that our carnal heart is enmity against God; under the baleful influence of which, it is quite impossible we should be subject to his holy law. We are assured that those grand truths of the divine word, which are calculated to save our souls, are of no use whatever, until applied by the Holy Spirit; for these are the things of the Spirit, which are utterly unintelligible to the natural man, who seeth. them not, neither knoweth them, because they are spiritually discerned. The following declarations are equally applicable to every human being : “No man can say, with a conviction of the truth of his assertion, that Jesus Christ is the Lord, without the Holy Ghost.” “It is God that worketh in you both to will and to do of his own good pleasure. By grace are ye saved, through faith, and that (namely faith) not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; who hath created us'—believers—" in Christ Jesus unto good works, which He hath before prered, that we should walk in them. fany man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.” In conformity with these Scriptures, it has always, and uniformly, been the doctrine of the Holy Catholic Church, that all saving knowledge of the truth as it is in Jesus, together with all that righteousmess of life, and holiness of heart, which it is the grand design of Christianity to produce, are to be derived wholly from inspiration of God. The Church of England, in particular, has declared her sentiments on this subject with remarkable precision, perspicuity, and fulness. Hear her truly evangelical address to the candidates for the sacred ministry, in the office for the ordination of Priests:—“Ye cannot have a mind or will thereto," i.e., to discharge that office faithfully and effectually, of yourselves, for the will and ability is given of God alone. Therefore ye ought and have need to pray earnestly for the Holy Spirit. Ye will continually pray to God the Father, by the mediation of our only Saviour Jesus Christ, for the heaveuly assistance of the Holy Ghost.” Hear also what our Church declares in the homilies, concerning the insufficiency of human reason to comprehend the Gospel, and the incapacity of the unreuewed man to comply with its injunctions:—‘Man's human and worldly wisdom and science is not needful to the understanding of Scripture, but the revelation of the Holy Ghost, who inspireth the true meaning into them that with humility and diligence do seek therefore.' And again :- Man of his own nature is fleshly and carnal, corrupt, nought, sinful, and disobedient to God; without any spark of goodness in him, without any virtuous or godly motions, only given to evil thoughts and wicked deeds. As for the marks of the Spirit, the fruits of faith, charitable and godly motions, if he have any at all in him, they proceed only of the Holy Ghost, who is the only worker of our sanctification, and maketh us new men in Christ Jesus.’ Iu couformity with these principles, she instructs us to approach the throne of the heavenly grace, every day of our lives, with fervent prayer to the ‘almighty and everlasting God, who alone worketh great marvels, that He would send down on all his Mimisters, and all the people committed to their charge, the healthful spirit of his grace, and that they may truly please him. He would pour upon them the continued dew of o: blessing, for the honour of our advocate and mediator Jesus Christ.’ It is hoped that enough has been said to convince the audience of the truth” of the doctrine which is propounded, and the importtance of the duty recommended in this Resolution, Allow me then to ask, Do made by our Missionaries for communicating its saving, purifying, and consoling principles to their poorer neighbours.” The Honourable Wilson Lawson, who seconded the resolution, said, “The resolution moved by the Rev. Mr. Chaderton has been so ably and fully stated by him, as to leave me little to add to the testimony, “that the success of all human endeavours to promote the kingdom of Christ in the world-depends wholly on the divine blessing and gracious influence of the Holy Spirit on the Missionaries, as well as on the heathen world;' but in order to encourage us to be more zealous and active in this glorious cause, I beg leave to mention some particulars within my own knowledge, of what has been effected for the Heathen in this land, as well as great benefit to other persons, by the successive labours of Missionaries, assisted by the same divineblessing. I may fairly state, that within my remembrance the number in the Methodist Society did not exceed ten, and this evening we have been informed that nearly one-third of the whole population of slaves are now in that Society, and striving to become heirs of eternal life through the merits and atonement of a gracious Redeemer, our Saviour Jesus Christ. It is true, when the Missionaries first arrived in these islands, they were looked upon with considerable jealousy, and received with caution, for offering their services to preach the word of God gratis to the slaves; it was however agreed upon to give them a few weeks' trial, and to watch their conduct and the doctrines they preached. The result has been, that after a trial now of thirty years, the Missionaries have full liberty to preach to the slaves, and instruct them according to their plan; and besides are invited and received very gladly upon the most, if not all of the estates. I have also much pleasure in adding my testimony to the good and exemplary conduct of the Missionaries generally, having been personally acquainted with the most of them since the first establishment of +he Mission in these islands; also that, in my judgment, they have preached the pure doctrines of the Church of England, and teach and enforce the same on the miuds pf their Societies and hearers, by which the slaves have become better servants, more contented with their lot, and better prepared fo a happy etermity. And farther, it is also my opinion, that the method of instruction adopted by the Methodist So
ou believe that the success of all
uman endeavours in extending the kingdom of Christ, depends wholly on the divine blessing 2 If you do, you must then admit the reasonableness of this inference, That it is incumbent on all who are interested in the propagation of the Christian religion to pray constantly and fervently for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit on Missionaries themselves, and on the sinsubjected world, to whose conversion their pious and charitable labours are directed. How great is the encouragement to a vigorous and persevering discharge of this duty, when we call to mind, that the divine word is pledged for the communication of this blessing to his believing people in every age; and that it never shall be withheld from those who sincerely and diligently seek it. “I will pour my Spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine offspring,” said Jehovah to his chosen, under that dispensation which was preparatory to the introduction of the Gospel; and “this promise,’ saith an inspired Apostle, to every Christian believer, “is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call.” Let us be persuaded, then, and let us act as under the persuasion, that God, for Christ's sake, will give the Holy Spirit in answer to the prayers of his believing servants. But whilst we plead at the throne of grace for the success of all truly Christian Missions, let us remember, that a still higher obligation is imposed on the friends and members of this Society, to be more than ever abundant in supplications for the special blessing of Heaven on the Wesleyan-Methodist Missionaries in partiticular, and on those branches of the human family to which the providence of God has directed their ministrations. This permanent duty will be duly recognised and practised by every faithful servant of Christ, and real lover of souls, who shall, on the one hand, have considered the wouderful success with which the Lord hath crowned the operations of this Mission in most places to which its influence has extended ; and on the other, the violent and overwhelming persecution to which , the Society has recently been exposed in certain unhappy countries, whose inhabitants of the higher orders (it is painful to observe) have themselves not yet been prepared by the gracious visitations of the Divine Spirit for a cordial reception of the Gospel, nor even disposed to tolerate the noble and disinterested exertions which have been
* ciety, is well calculated to promote the desirable purpose of evangelizing the Heathem; possibly none better used than what is practised by them. That so much good has been done here for the Heathen, is cause of much gratitude, and for us to give all the aid in our power; also to join in supplicating the blessing of Heaven upon the Missionaries and their labours here, as well as for all Missionaries engaged in the arduous task of converting the heathen world, that an abundant out-pouring of the Holy Spirit may crown their labours with great success. In the full assurance that the West Indies, in particular, and the heathen world generally, will be reatly benefited by the labours of the sissionaries engaged in the cause of evangelizing them, 1 most cordially join in the pious resolution, and therefore second the motion.” Richard King, sen., Esq., seconded the fourth resolution, when he observed: * I rise with pleasure to second the resolution, as I have been above twentyseven years an eye and ear-witness to the indefatigable labours of the Wesleyan Missionaries, in preaching and teaching the Gospel of our Lord and Saviour to all classes, but particularly among the slaves of these islands. I further add, as to my own knowledge of the slaves on the estates for which I am attorney and receiver in chancery, that I have perceived that the overseers, key-keepers, and all persons in trust,” are members of the Methodist Society; which is a great proof that the labours of the Missionaries have been successful so far. I am also happy to say, that I do believe, they have not now any difficulties to contend with in these islands save that of travelling on bad roads and going on sea, at the risk of their lives, to preach, and teach the Gospel. With great pleasure I also add, that since our Bishop sent a help-mate to our worthy Rector, that he (the Rector) has been indefatigable in his labours in town and country, particularly on the estate of the Rev. Richard Wynne, for whom I am attorney. Great good, then, may be expected from the labours of our established Clergymen also.”
The Honourable John Ross, M.D., moved the fifth resolution, and spoke as follows:– “Having on a former occasion, Mr. Chairman, very fully expressed my sentiments of the Wesleyan-Methodist Missionaries, and of the beneficial result of their labours, I *The persons who fill the above-mentioned deem it unnecessary, at this time, to touch on the subject, further than to remark, that those sentiments reniain unchanged, and that I this evening most cheerfully come forward to contribute my feeble aid in support of the object of our meeting, by moving the resolution committed to my charge, viz., * That this Meeting witnesses, with gratitude to Almighty God, the Author of all good, the success which has attended the labours of Missionaries among the slave population of the West Indies, and the increasing facilities which continue to be afforded to Missionary labours in this extensive field, both by colonial Governments and West India Proprietors." In every reflecting and benevolent mind, it cannot but excite the most lively and heartfelt satisfaction, to witness the great exertions made in every part of the mother country, and by sects of every denomination, though more especially by the Wesleyans, for the extension of the blessings of the Gospel to the remotest corners of the globe; and for conferring on every portion of the benighted world the light of Christianity and its concomitant benefits, peace, tranquillity, and civilization. Happy am I to say, that this spirit of evangelizing the Heathen is fast diffusing itself throughout our West Indian colonies. The minds of men are becoming more enlightened, their eyes are opening to their truest interest, prejudices are fast wearing away, and a more liberal policy prevailing; a cordial, and, I believe, sincere desire to co-operate with Missionaries, with few exceptions, appears to exist; and those worthy persons are now reaping the sweetest reward of their toil, in witnessing the prosperous result of their exertions in this fertile and extensive field; in the increasing estimation with which they are considered by all classes, and in the cheering prospect of the inevitable success that will ultimately crown their efforts, to bring under the influence of Christianity the whole slave-population of the West Indies. It cannot but be highly gratifying to observe the growing interest with which Missionaries are viewed, and the increased facilities afforded them, both by colonial Governments and by individuals. We behold the first authorities in the colonies publicly coming forward to countenance and assist in, and with their influence patronising, the formation of Missionary SoSieties. We behold the most respecta; ble proprietors, from a conviction of their usefulness, granting to Missiona
offices on the estates are, in this island, selected fruin among the slaves, :
ries facilities for the instruction of the slave population, which, at one period, would have been deemed folly or madmess. I am to be followed on this resolution, Mr. Chairman, by gentlemen better acquainted with the subject, and more competent to do justice to its merits. I shall therefore trespass on your time no longer, than to express a confident expectation, a perfect certainty, that, through the blessing of Divine Providence, the period is not far distant, and many present, I trust, will live to see the day, when the light of the Gospel will shed its influence over every human being in the colonies, whatever their situation in life, their complexion, or their condition; when the banner of the cross will wave in triumph over the Antilles, and not a Heathen be found from Barbadoes to Jamaica.” The Rev. Wm. Chaderton again came forward, and seconded this resolution, and said, “l have already trespassed so greatly on the time and patience of the Meeting, in the observations it was deemed necessary to offer on the resolution which I was called upon to move this evening, that in commenting on the one now before us, which I rise to
second, I must use my best endeavours
to be as concise as possible. I shall, therefore, almost entirely confine myself to the task of offering to the consideration of this audience a few extracts from the last Report and Notices of our Society, in order to demonstrate, * That the success which has attended the labours of the Missionaries amongst the slave-population in the West Indies, and the facilities which have been, and continue to be, afforded to Missionary labours in this extensive field, both by Colonial Governments and West India Proprietors, are of such a description as are calculated to penetrate our hearts with gratitude to Almighty God, the author of all good.’ [In proof of the success which has attended the labours of our Missionaries, extracts were read from the Quarterly Papers, relative to the Wesleyan Missions, and to the state of heathen countries, No. 14, Dec. 1823, and No. 15, March, 1824.] “In confirmation of these accounts relative to the success of our Mission in spreading the Gospel amongst the Slaves in the West Indies, I would here beg leave to add the testimony of my own experience, as to the fact, that the Gospel has been communicated to those poor people, not in word only, but in power; that in them the grand end of its promulgation has been accomplished.
“Since our last Anniversary Meeting, it has happened, that I have paid frequent visits to some estates in this Island : I have conversed freely with many Methodist Negroes; I have inuired into their characters and conuct, of those who have the superintendance of them; and I have seen reason to conclude, from the observations I have made, and the information I have obtained, that, generally speaking, they are partakers of the vital influences of Christianity; not merely having the form, but feeling and manifesting the power of godliness. Under this impression, I have felt it my duty to admonish the few Negroes who are under my pastoral care, to cultivate an intimacy with their Methodist neighbours : some of them have complied with my advice, and I rejoice to say, that they appear more serious, and are reported to behave themselves better than formerly. “I would humbly hope, that sufficient proof has been adduced to demonstrate that the labours of the Missionaries in the West Indies have been peculiarly distinguished by the divine blessing, without which they could not possibly have secured so extensive patronage, and succeeded in propafloo the Gospel to the extent we ave seen. I would impress it upon the minds of all friends and members of this Society, that a grateful acknowledgment of benefits received is a most effectual means of securing a continuance, and procuring an increase of the divine favour. ‘Let all the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee. Then shall the earth yield her increase; and God, even our own God, shall bless us. God shall bless us, and all the ends of the earth shall fear him.” (Ps. lxvii, 5, 6, 7.)” The Rev. J. Pennock, on moving the fourth Resolution, said, “I apprehend that we are most of us so far acquainted with the human heart as to know, that there is a propensity in man, which, unless carefully watched and vigorously opposed, will lead him to form a bigoted partiality to his own sect, to the disparagement (in his estimation) of every other. This was the case with some of our Lord's disciples in the days of his flesh; they informed him of one whom they had found casting out devils in his name, but that they had forbidden him, because he followed not them. But, Sir, the Resolution which I come forward to move, reminds me of Him who is the Fountain of benevolence and philanthropy, and who said to those over.
officious disciples, ‘Forbid him not; for he that is not against us is for us.” The Resolution to which I allude, is as follows: “That this Meeting witmesses with gratitude to Almighty God, the successful exertions now making, not only by the Wesleyan Methodists, but by Christians of different denominations, for the conversion of the Heathen ; and especially those of the Church of England, in sending out her Bishops and additional Clergymen, and organizing a regular Church-establishment in these Colonies, for the benefit of their inhabitants in general.” Before I formally move the Resolution, I would say, Sir, that whatever partiality I may feel for that particular denomination of Christians to which I have the honour to belong, I should deem myself utterly unworthy of a place on this platform, or to appear before this large and respectable assembly, could I not at all times, but more especially on the present occasion, look beyond the boundaries of my own Church, and survey with heartfelt gratitude the successful exertions of Christians of every denomination, in striving to evangelize the heathen world. Though Christians of different sects may differ from each other on some minor points of doctrine or religion, yet they are all soldiers under the same great Captain, —all engaged in the same glorious warfare; and although there may be some small shades of difference in their facings or in the trimmings of their cloth, yet the sacred banner of the Cross waves in their every legion as the signal of union, and, I do not hesitate to say, that that man who canuot most cordially rejoice in the common success resulting from the combined cfforts of Christians of different denominations, is destitute of that spirit which ought to animate every Christian soldier. Our feelings with respect to the Establishment are so far from being those of enmity, that we look up to her with reverence, and rejoice in her labours. The Founder of Methodism was a Clergyman, and his followers, as taught by him, still honour her, and hold the same doctrines. I am also at this moment surrounded with a goodly number of the distinguished Members of the Established Church, who have long been our friends and supporters, and who have on several public occasions, come forward as our able advocates. Our joy, then, is not a partial joy, confined to our own party alone, but we rejoice in the labours of Christian Missionaries of every denomination under heaven. And, Sir, the