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VINDICATION

OF NATURAL SOCIETY ;

OR,

A View of the MISERIES and Evils arising to

Mankind from every Species of

ARTIFICIAL SOCIETY.

In a LETTER to Lord **** :

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D EFORE the philosophical Works of

D Lord Bolingbroke had appeared, great Things were expected from the Leisure of a Man, who, from the splendid Scene of Action, in which his Talents had enabled him to make so conspicuous a Figure, had retired to employ those Talents in the Investigation of Truth. Philosophy began to congratulate herself upon such a Proselyte from the World of Business, and hoped to have extended her Power under the Auspices of such a Leader, In the midst of these pleasing Expectations, the Works themselves at last appeared in full Body, and with great Pomp. Those who searched in them for new Discoveries in the Mysteries of Nature ; those who expected something which might explain or direct the Operations of the Mind ; those who hoped to fee Moralicy illustrated and inforced; those who looked for new Helps to Society and Government ; those who desired to see the Characters and

B 2

Passions

Passions of Mankind delineated ; in short, all
who consider such Things as Philofophy, and
require some of them, at least, in every philo-
sophical Work, all these were certainly dif-
appointed ; they found the Land-marks of
Science precisely in their former Places : And
they thought they received but a poor Re-
compence for this Disappointment, in seeing
every Mode of Religion attacked in a lively
Marner, and the Foundation of every Virtue,
and of all Government, fapped with great
Art and much Ingenuity. What Advantage
do we derive from such Writings ? What De-
light can a Man find in employing a Capacity,
which might be usefully exerted for the noblest
Purposes, in a sort of fullen Labour, in which,
if the Author could succeed, he is obliged to
own, that nothing could be more fatal to
Mankind than his Success ? ...

I cannot conceive how this sort of Writers
propose to compass the Designs they pretend
to have in View, by the Instruments which
they employ. Do they pretend to exalt the
Mind of Man, by proving him no better than
a Beast? Do they think to enforce the Practice
of Virtue, by denying that Vice and Virtue, ;
are distinguished by good or ill Fortune here,

or

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