Imágenes de páginas

If we

sieur Crigny, Monsieur et Madame Ro Were centred in it for one dire revenge, trou, Messieurs et Mesdames Lanjay The cry of Freedom, for the voice of Helll

I heard Heaven curse thee, and exulting hail'd de Crouilly et Charny, Monsieur et Ma. dame Flarton, Madame veuve Ledroux, The poet's love of his native land is Madame et Monsieur Leclerc, ont l'hon: shewn in these lines :neur de vous faire part de la perte qu'ils

England is blest in all that Nature lends : viennent de faire de Monsieur Joseph No fields spread greener magic to the gaze, Pontet, ancien Maire du me arron

No streams of purer freshness flow, no windo dissement, ancien négociant, ancien juge, Than hers: and though invading Splendor

In richer harmony their wings unfold, consul, Chevalier de l'Ordre Royal de la

frown Légion d'Honneur, leur mari, père, A stately contrast o'er a rained scene; grand-père, beau-père, frère, oncle, et Though petty tyrant, and domestic lord,

That elevating charm have long eclipsed grand oncle, decédé le 35 Juin, en sa

Of happy peasantry, with honest hearts maison Rue Neuve St. Pierre, No. 23, For country glowing, and for God prepared; dans sa soixante-quatorzième année.' Though wither'd all that pastoral poets sang, New Mon. Mag.

Enough for homage, or refreshing thought,
Doth consecrate her yet. And thus, metbinks,

Sweet Country might imparadise my soul

of fine perceptions and delightsome moods,

Grey towers, and streets all surfeited with A POEM, BY ROBERT MONTGOMERY.*

throngs Of worldlings,

greedy-eyed, and stale of heart, The young author of the poems en As the dead air around them,—who should titled, The Omnipresence of the Deity, Enchantment, while a lovelier world is free? A Universal Prayer, &c. &c. has put From dusky cities, where forced Nature grieves forth another volume, under the above To wear the meanness of surrounding men, title, which bids fair to be as popular as On wings of gladness might her lovers fly those which have preceded it.

To haunts divine as these. Lo! how she laughs

In sunshine, tinting with her bright romance were at all disposed to cavil with the plan Hill, wood, and valley, rock and wayward of this poem, we should say that Satan

stream; has been made too philosophical ; that What hlue deliciousness of arched sky! such reflections could only occupy the And, as her gales in sounding glory come,

What flow'ry hues, what odorous delights, mind of one who thought and felt as the What ocean-mock'ry from her voiceful trees creatures of earth, and not as a being Is heard, io rapture echoing the winds !doomed to behold fair scenes, and witness The English press is thus characterized: happiness from which he is for ever ex- of course, our author's severe animadcluded : but this is one of the licences versions can only apply to a portion :that poetry enjoys, and we are free to confess that it has afforded an opportunity The Press of England, -- from her deadless

That mighty lever that has moved the world, of introducing many highly imaginative and powerful scenes.

Of living action, here begins to shake We think there is much to admire in

The far-off isles, and awe the utmost globe!

She is a passion, pour'd into mankind, the glance at the terrors of the French Dark, deep, and silent oft, but ever felt; Revolution, contained in the following Mixed with the mind, and feeding with a food lines :

Of thought, the moral being of a soul;

Or, shaping solemn destinies for Time, Once, France and Freedom were a mingled And dread Eternity. Terrific Power! name;

Thou mightst have half annihilated Hell, And now, when all their wrathful clouds are

And her great denizens, by glorious sway: rollid

But now, so false, so abject, and so foul Away, the shadows which they cast, endure, Become,-no blasting Pestilence e'er shed Clothing the soul of Memory with fear. Such ruin from her tainted wings, as thou Her Revolution, who that saw, forgets ? May'st carry in thy circulating floods Or who that felt, and does not feel 3-The Of thought and feeling, into human hearts. storm

One wrecks the body,—thou dost havoc souls, That makes a midnight of convulsed day, And who shall heal them? Let thy temples Is weak, to that rebellion of despair,

rise, When buried passions, like an earthquake, Britannia !--they are but satiric piles burst

Of sanctity, while poison in thy press From out an injured Nation's heart! And Is pour'd, and on its lying magic live such

Thy thousand vulgar, who heart - famish'd Was thine, afflicted France ! the far-off thrones

seem, Of tyrants stagger'd, distant empires quail'd, When Slander feeds not with her foul excess When like thembodied spirit of thy wrongs Their appetite for infamy.-The sun The Revolution darken'd on the world.

Not surer where his hot intenseness falls Ringing a peal that echoed Europe round, The spirit of his burning nature proves, And died in thunder o'er the Atlantic deep | Than masses of pollution, rollid from day But thou wert too unholy to be free,

To day, across an Empire's heart, awake Too grasping to be great; and when thy thirst A tinge of sentiment and hue of thought For havoc brutalized the scene of blood, In many, till they act the crimes they read. As though re-action for all human wrong

Altogether, we view “

Satan" as one Samuel Maunder,

of the finest epic poems that has appeared


For the Olio.


for many years past ; indeed it is a noble “ During the first three days of the exertion of genius. We shall, if possible, year, the Tibetan traders cease their transeorich our pages with some further selec- actions. At this period the people send tions in a future number.

presents to each other, consisting of lea, wines, fruit, and eatibles. On the second

day, the Dalaïlama gives a seast at BotaASTRONOMY.

la, to which he invites the Chinese and MR. WALLIS'S LECTURES AT THE MECHA Tibetan dignitaries, and a warlike dance NICS' INSTITUTE.

is performed with battle-axes and halberds. For this purpose ten boys are

selected, who dress themselves in partyThe more science is divested of tech- coloured garments ; they have little bells nicalities and is simpiified to the plainest attached to their feet, and hold axes and understanding, it acquires greater popn- halberds in their hands. Before them are larity. For this we admire especially arranged in a line ten kettle-drums, the the manner in which lcctures are deli. drummers in the same costume as the danvered at the Mechanics Institute,' they

The latter commence their perforare always practical and demonstrated

mance the instant wine is offered to the by diagrams and transparencies, fixing guests; motion and rest, the swiftness the subjects elucidated in the memory, and slowness of their gestures, are reguso as to be recalled and useful for reflec. Jated by the strokes on the drums. These tion or impartation. If Mr. Wallis have pastimes appear to be no more than the not brought forward any thing new in relics of our Chinese dances and pantothe science of Astronomy, he has suc- mimes. On the succeeding day is exhi, ceeded adınirably, by establishing the bited the Play of the Fluttering Spirits,' Newtonian hypothesis in our minds ; for which they procure people from the at least, by his clear and convincing neighbouring province of Zang, (one of knowledge of the links which connect the "Tibetan provinces.). A rope of leaterrestrial and celestial phenomena, their ther is conducted from the temple of Bogravities, phases, and attractions. By tala to the foot of the mountain upon the regular method which Mr.W. adopt- which it is situated ; the performers ased in this course, and the intimate ac- cend and descend along this rope; they quaintance which he displayed even in grasp it and move up it with great agility, the most intricate parts of the science, like monkeys. When they reach the top his labour has been of much service to of the mountain, they cover their chests those mechanics who seek to be impro- with a kind of breast-plate of deer-skin, ved rather than employ their evenings in and extending their arms and legs, let waste and riot. We were much pleased themselves glide along to the end of the by the expensive and ingenious appara- rope with the rapidity of an arrow shot tus which Mr. W. used in the lectures. with force, or of a swallow which skims The rotatory transparencies relative to

with its wings the surface of the water; the solar system and the mathematical this is a most curious sight. After this. diagrams to establish positions and en festival, the day is fixed on which the force the views of the lecturer, were such lamas of all the convents situated in the as to delight and improve the juvenile mountains are to assemble at the H'laspart of the auditory and refresh the ser-tsioh-khang, or great temple at H'lassa. minds of the more mature patrons of the They assemble to meet the Dalai-lama, Institute, which are now receiving new who takes his seat upon an elevated bench, information from the valuable and gra- and explains the law. The inhabitants tuitous labours of Mr. Buckingham on

of the most remote parts of Tibet crowd the 'Geography of the East.'

to H’lassa on this occasion, so that all the roads are covered with praying men.

When they come into the presence of the Customs of Warious Countries. Dalaï-lama, they place on their head gold,

pearls, and other precious articles, which,

they offer to him on their knees. If the A very curious work upon Tibet, by grand lama accepts the offerings, he pasa Chinese author and civil functionary of ses a fan or lays his hand three times over the Celestial Empire, resident in that the head of the giver. Those who have country, bas recently been brought to been thus received, retire full of enthu. Europe by Father Hyacinth, chief of the siasm, felicitating ihemselves in the preRussian mission to Peking. It has been sence of the rest on having happiness thus rendered into that language and also into heaped upon them by the living divi. French; from the latter translation we nity. obtain the following.

řs On the 15th of the first moon,



interior of the temple at H'lassa is illu. the Dalaï-lama, and a lay-person 10 enminated ; several rows of scaffolding are act the prince of the devils, or Logung. erected, whereon are placed an innumer- ghiaboo, as he is called. His costume is able quantity of lanthorns, adorned with as follows: his left cheek is bedaubed coloured figures of men, dragons, ser with white, and the right with black; he pents, birds, and qnadrupeds, the whole has a pair of immense green ears, his hat very skilfully executed in a paste made of is surmounted with a small flay, in his farina and oil. This illumination lasts left hand he holds a sort of stick, and in from night till sunrise next morning. his right a cow's tail. This outlandish During the night, observations are care- figure advances towards the pretended fully made whether the sky is serene or Dalaï-lama, who is placed on a high seat, cloudy, whether rain or snow falls, whe. with his lamas on each side, and after ther the light of the lanthorns is bright or sundry astonishing leaps, says to him, dull; according to these indications, they contemptuously, " what is perceivable by prognosticate whether the coming year the five sources of intelligence is not illuwill be barren er fruitful.

sory ; what


teach is not true.' A “ On the 18th a review of troops takes dispute takes place between the devil and place. Three thousand men, infantry and the human deity, which they agree to deTangout cavalry, in their military uni- cide by casting dice. The Dalaï-lama forms, and fully armed, make a circuit of throws his die upon a silver plate, the the temple three times; when they reach devil throws his on the ground. It may the southern extremity of the bridge of be easily imagined which loses ; the Davarnished tiles, they commence firing laï-lama's die has six on each of its faces; cannons to drive away the demons. These the devil's die has but the ace. The cannons are not all of the saine size. prince of the deyils thereupon takes flight Upon the largest, cast in the Tang dy- immediately, and the, lamas, assisted nasty, * are engraved in Chinese charac. by the people, pursue him with bows racters, I menace traitors with death, and arrows, muskets, and cannon. The and rebels with destruction. At the actor of the devil, who is hired for the close of this review, gold, silver, stuffs, purpose, is obliged to conceal himself in and tea, from the public treasury, are the mountains, where he finds a store of distributed as rewards amongst the sol. provisions for several months, and he diery ; and 360 ounces of silver are given must not quit his hiding-place for soine to the priests who perform service, for time. their annual subsistence. Two or four Another odd ceremony takes place in days afterwards, the kalons, the deibons, the third moon. On the day of the disand the lamas, bring little boys, who covery of treasure, as it is called, plate mount on horseback, and gallop all the and precious vases are set out in the temway between the temple of Mount Sera to ple ai H’lassa ; they also hang up imabeyond Botala, a distance of about thirty ges of the great Buddhas in the temple. li; a prize is awarded to him who first The lamas disguise themselves in the cosarrives at the appointed spot. There are tume of good and bad genii ; the people other little boys, quite naked, without of Tibet dress themselves up like tigers, even shoes, who start at the same time leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and from the western side of Botala, and run other beasts; and they circumambulate towards the east in the direction of Il’lassa, the temple, saluting the great image of a distance of about ten li. He who gets Buddha, dancing and singing. before the others, and reaches the goal On the last day of the year, there take first, receives a prize. If, during the place, in one of ihe mountains of A'lassa, race, one of the boys happens to become sacred pantomimes, together with the exexhausted, his relatives and friends, who pulsion of the devils. On this occasion, form a kind of lane to look at the run- quacks and conjurors (ell fortunes by chiners, hasten towards him, and relieve his romancy and physiognomy; both women fatigue by pouring cold water upon his and men, in holiday dresses, assemble in head.”

crowds, singing and drinking together till A curious scene takes place in the se. they are all fuddled ; and ihus ends the cond moon of the year, which may


year amongst the Buddhists of Tibet. compared with some of our early myste.

Asiatic Jour. ries in Europe ; it is a representation of the expulsion of the prince of the devils. A lama is selected to perform the part of

He who boldly interposes between a merciless censor and his prey, is a man

of vigour; and he who, mildly wise, * It hence appears that cannons were in use in China as early as the seventh century...

without wounding, convinces him of his Kluproth,

error, commands our veneration.



In summer,

The Note Book.

Post Office was also distinguished by its

lights; at six, the great bells took place, The Biographical and Retrospective so that the night ended (as the day had

Miscellany, No. 1.John Wilson, begun) joyfully. There was a bonfire at Great May's Buildings, St. Martin's the Abbey Court, and another in the CasLane.

tle, where Major John Robertson enterThe appearance of this work must be tained, at his own expense, several genhighly gratifying to the literary world. tlemen and ladies, in honour of the day, Its plan is excellent, and we confidently and the Garrison with plenty of punch and predict it success. It purposes to give ex- good beer. There was likewise a small tracts from rare and curious books in all bonfire on Arthur's Seat, and the Comlanguages; original papers, illustrative of missioners of the Excise had another in the History and Anliqnities of Great Bri• the Court of their Office.” tain and Ireland ; abstracts from valuable MSS. ; unpublished autograph let. ters of eminent characters; and notices of This little inmate of our dwelling all the book sales both here and on the “is well known for its habit of picking continent.

out the mortar of ovens and kitchen fire Having given the bill of sare, we con places, where it not only enjoys warmth, sider that it will hardly be necessary to but can procure abundance of food. It is recommend the work to our readers. In usually supposed that it feeds on bread. the next number is promised the first part M. Latreille says it only eats insects, and of a Catalogue of the various Romances it certainly thrives well in houses infested and poems supposed to have formed the by the cockroach ; but we have also celebrated library which turned the head known it eat and destroy lamb's-wool of the Knight of La Mancha!.

stockings, and other woollen stuffs, hung Want of space allows of our making near a fire to dry. It is evidently not fond one extract only, and that is the

of hard labour, but prefers those places MANNER OF HOLDING THE KING'S where the mortar is already loosened, or

at least is new, soft, and easily scooped Edinburgh, Nov. 1, 1734.-Wed. out ; and in this way it will dig covert nesday last being the anniversary of his ways from room to room. Majesty's Birth, the loyalty of this city crickets often make excursions from the seemed even to anticipate the day; for, house to the neighbouring fields, and very early the cross was nicely dress’d, dwell in the crevices of rubbish, or the and hard by, a Theatre erected ; at seven cracks made in the ground by dry weather, o'clock the Flag was displayed on the where they chirp as merrily as in the Castle ; at ten ihe Musick Bells began, snuggest chimney

Whether which, with most curious Water-works, they ever dig retreats in such circumentertained the City the day long. Ai slances, we have not ascertained; though noon the Castle fired a round of cannon, it is not improbable they may do so for which was returned by three volleys from the purpose of making nests. M. Bory Col. Middleton's regiment in the Abbey St. Vincent tells us, that the Spaniards court. At three o'clock the Rt. Hon. the are so fond of crickets that they keep them Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Town in cages like singing birds." Council, in their robes, preceeded by the

Lib. of Enter. Know. City - Omcer, the Musick, and the Rega. lia, attended by the Nobility, Lords of Session, Comms, of Revenue, Brigadier These insects,

as they increase in General Moyle, the Officers of Col. Mid- size, cast their skins as lobsters do their dleton's Regiment, the Officers of the shells, and emerge into renewed activity Trained Bands, &c., march'd in Proces under an enlarged covering. Previous sion from the Council Chamber to the to this change, when the skin begins to Theatre, where the Royal Healths were gird and pinch them, they may be obdrank, at each a volley from the City served to become languid, and indifferent Guard, while fruits, sweetmeats, &c., to their food, and at lengih they cease to were thrown among the populace. In the eat, and await the sloughing of their skin. same good order they return'd, the City It is now that the faculty of spinning silk Guard (all new cloath'd) closing the Pro- seems 10 be of great advantage to them ; cession, where the Royal Healths were for being rendered inactive and helpless repeated, and several other suitable ones; by the lightening of the old skin around at each a volley of small arms. After four their expanding body, they might be the streets were curiously illuminate, but in swept away by the first puff of wind, and a particular manner the Windows of my made prey of by ground beetles or other Lord Provost's Lodgings; the General carnivorous prowlers. To guard against




such accidents, as soon as they feel that culture of the silk-worm was introduced they can swallow no more food from being into Virginia in the time of James I., who half chocked by the old skin, they take himself composed a book of instructions care to secure themselves from danger by on the subject, and caused mulberry-trees moorings of silk spun upon the leaf or the and silk-worms' eggs to be sent io the branch where they may be reposing." Ib. colony. In Georgia, also, lands were

granted on condition of planting 100 white

mulberry-trees on every ten acres of We transfer to our pages the following cleared land. interesting particulars from Part VII. of “ The growth of the silk-worm has also the Library of Entertaining Knowledge. been tried, but with no great success, in The intelligent author of the work before this country. Evelyn computed that one us, in his account of the silkworm, says : mulberry-free would feed as many silk

« When we consider the enormous worms annually as would produce seven quantity of silk which is used at present, pounds of silk. According to that estithe number of worms employed in pro- mate,' says Barham, the 2000 trees alducing it will almost exceed our compre- ready planted in Chelsea Park (which hension. The manufacture of the silk, take up one-third of it) will make 14,000 indeed, gives employment, and furnishes lbs. weight of silk; to be commonly subsistence, to several millions of human worth but 20s. a pound, those trees must beings; and we may venture to say, that make £14,000 per annum.' During the there is scarcely an individual in the ci- last century, some French refugees in the vilized world who has not some article of south of Ireland made considerable plan. silk in his possession.

tations of the mulberry, and had begun “ In ancient times, the manufacture of the cultivation of silk with every appear. silk was confined to the East Indies and ance of success, but since their removal China, where the insects that produce it the trees have been cut down. In the are_indigenous. It was thence brought vicinity of London, also, a considerable to Europe in small quantities, and in early plantation of mulberry-trees were purtimes sold at so extravagant a price, that chased by the British, Írish, and Colonial it was deemed expensive even for royalty. Silk Conipany in 1825; but we have not The Emperor Aurelian assigned the ex- learned whether this Company have any pense as a reason for refusing his empress active measures now in operation. a robe of silk; and our own James I., " The manufacture of silk was introbefore his accession to the crown of Eng. duced into this country in 1718, at Derby, land, had to borrow of the Earl of Mara by Mr. John Lombe, who travelled into pair of silk stockings, to appear in before Italy to obtain the requisite information ; The English ambassador,-a circumstance but so jealous were the Italians of this, which probably led him to promote the that, according to some statements which cultivation of silk in England. The have obtained belief, he fell a victim to Roman authors were altogether ignorant their revenge, having been poisoned of its origin,-some supposing it to be the early aye of 29." grown on trees, as hair grows on animals, -others that it was produced by a shellfish similar to the mussel, which is known John Leslie, professor of natural phito throw out threads for the purpose of losophy, like the Ettrick Shepherd, is of attaching itself to rocks,-others that it low origin; in his younger days he was was the entrails of a sort of spider, which a poor cowherd, but in this alone does was fed for four years with paste, and the resemblance consist—their pursuits, then with the leaves of the green willow, their persons, and the natural bent of till it burst with fat,—and others that it their talents, all widely differ; the Prowas the produce of a worm which built fessor is short and stout, with exceednests of clay and collected wax. The ingly coarse unmeaning features-no ininsect was at length spread into Persia; tellectual expression to be discovered in and eggs were afterwards, at the instance them, no, not even when a smile perof the Emperor Justinian, concealed in vades his features, in fact it only heighthollow canes by two monks, and conveyed ens their animal character, so that, from to the isle of Cos. This emperor, in the their general appearance, all you could sixth century, caused them to be intro. suppose to result from him would be the duced into Constantinople, and made an hideous excrescences of a swampy brain; object of public utility. They were thence he is a professed atheist; and, in assertsuccessively cultivated in Greece, in ing which, there can be no impropriety, Spain, in Italy, in France, and in all as his appointment to the chair in the places where any hope could be indulged University caused much discussion in of their succeeding. In America, the the General Assembly on that very score,


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