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all their hopes as to a dream ; the fan. his crew, pointing out the goodness of cied land proved to be nothing but an God in thus conducting them by soft and evening cloud, and had vanished in the favouring breezes across a tranquil ocean night.

to the promised land. He expressed a * For several days they continued on strong confidence of making land that with alternate bopes and murmurs, until very night, and ordered that a vigilant the various signs of land became so nu. look-out should be kept from the fore: merous, that the seamen, from a state of castle, promising to whomsoever should despondency, passed to one of high ex. make the discovery a doublet of velvet, citement. Eager to oblain the promised in addition to the pension to be given by pension, they were continually giving the the sovereigns. cry of land ; until Columbus declared, “ The breeze had been fresh all day, that should any one give a notice of the with more sea than usual ; at sunset they kind, and land not be discovered within stood again to the west, and were plough. three days afterwards, he should thence. ing the waves al a rapid rate, -lhe Pinta forth forfeit all claim to the reward. keeping the lead from her superior sail.

On the 7th of October, they had ing. The greatest animation prevailed come seven hundred and fifty leagues, the throughout the ships ; not an eye was distance at which Columbus had comput- closed that night. As the evening darked to find the island of Cipango. There ened, Columbus took his station on the were great tights of small field-birds to top of the castle or cabin on the high the south-west, which seemed to indicate poop of his vessel. However he might some neighbouring land in that direction, carry a cheerful and confident countewhere they were sure of food and a resto nance during the day, it was to him a time ing place. Yielding to the solicitations of of the most painful anxiety; and now, Martin Alonzo Pinzon, and his brothers, when he was wrapped from observation Columbus, on the evening of the 7th, by the shades of night, he maintained an altered his course, therefore, to the west intense and unremitting watch, ranging south-west. As he advanced, the signs his eye along the dusky horizon, in search of land increased ; the birds came sing. of the most vague indications of land. ing about the ships, and herbage floated Suddenly, about ten o'clock, he thought by as fresh and green as if recently from he beheld a light glimmering at a disshore. When, however, on the evening tance. Fearing that his eager hopes of the third day of this new course, the mighi deceive him, he called to Pietro seamen beheld the sun go down upon a Gutierrez, gentleman of the king's bed. shoreless horizon, they again broke forth chamber, and demanded whether he saw into loud clamours, and insisted upon a light in that direction, the latter replied abandoning the voyage. Columbus en. in the affirmative. Columbus, yet doubt. deavoured to pacify them by gentlo words ful whether it might not be some delusion and liberal promises ; but finding these of the fancy, called Rodrigo Sanchez oply increased their violence, he assumed of Segovia, and made the same inquiry. a different tone, and told them it was use. By the time the latter had ascended the less to murmur; the expedition had been round-house, the light had disappeared. sent by the sovereigns to seek the Indies, They saw it once or twice afterwards in and happen what might, he was deter- sudden and passing gleams, as if it were mined to persevere, until, by the bless- a torch in the bark of a fisherman, rising ing of God, he should accomplish the and sinking with the waves; or in the enterprise.

hands of som

person on shore, borne up “ He was now at open defiance with and down as he walked from house to his crew, and his situation would have house. So transient and uncertain were been desperate, but, fortunately, the ma. these gleams, that few attached any imnifestations of land on the following day portance to them ; Coluinbus, however, were such as no longer to admit of doubi. considered them as certain sigus of land, A green fish, such as keeps about rocks, and, moreover, that the land was inha. swam by the ship, and a branch of thorn, bited. with berries on it, floated by; they pick “They continued on their course until ed up, also, a reed, a small board, and, two in the morning, when a gun from above all, á staff artificially carved. All the Pinta gave the joyful signal of land. gloom and murmuring was now at an It was first discovered by a mariner end, and throughout the day each one was named Rodriguez Bermejo, resident of on the watch for the long-sought land. Triana, a suburb of Seville, but native of

In the evening, when, according to Alcala de la Guadaira ; but the reward custom, the mariners had sung the salve was afterwards adjudged to the admiral, regina, or vesper hymn to the virgin, for having previously perceived the light. Columbus made an impressive address to The land was now clearly seen about

re

two leagues distant, wherevpon they took wards of eighty wood-cuts, and a finishin sail, and laid to, waiting impatiently ed portrait of the writer. This volume for the dawn.

is the more desirable, as containing the “ The thoughts and feelings of Colum- manuscript notes of Mr. Salter, affixed bus in this liule space of time must have to his own copy of the sixth impression ; been tumultuous and intense. At length, which readers the work a grand desidea in spite of every difficulty and danger, he ralum to every amateur of fishing. had accomplished bis object. The great mystery of the ocean was revealed; his Cumberland's British Theatre. theory, which had been the scoff of

Since our notice of the Brigand, in a sages, was triumphantly established; he had secured to himself a glory, which has been augmented by no less than four

recent number, this extensive collection must be as durable as the world itself. “ It is difficult even for the imagina- tion of Massinger, and the Citizen and

dramas, viz. Clari,--Riches, an alteralion to conceive the feelings of such a

Grecian Daughter of Murphy. As man, at the moment of so sublime a

these pieces are well known to most of discovery. What a bewildering crowd of conjectures must have bronged upon any comments upon their respective me.

our readers, we shall refrain from making his mind, as to the land which lay before rits, as the editor has successfully antici. him, covered with darkness !

That it was fruitful was evident from the vegeta

pated us in any thing upon the subject

we might have had to say. But wit bles which floated from its shores. He thought, too, that he perceived in the gard to the portrait of that very clever balmy air the fragrance of, aromatic silent; it is one of the most splendid ef

actress Fanny Kemble, we cannot be so groves. The moving light which he had forts in miniature that we have seen for a bebeld, proved that it was the residence of man. But what were its inhabitants? long time; it is all in all, both as to fideWere they like those of other parts of the lity of resemblance, and beauty of exe

cution. globe; or were they some strange and monstrous race, such as the imagination successful candidate for histrionic fame

We trust every admirer of this very in those times was prone to give to all will be gallant enough to possess half-aremote and unknown regions? Had he come upon some wild island, far in the dozen copies of it at least, that is, one for Indian seas; or was this the famed Ci. themselves, and the residue for their repango itself, the object of his golden cost of so many is not the worth of one

male friends, at home and abroad, for fancies? A thousand speculations of the kind must have swarmed upon him, as

impression of this gem of art. he watched for the night to pass away; wonderiog whether the morning light would reveal a savage wilderness, or dawn

The Naturalist. upon spicy, groves, and glittering fanes, and gilded cities, and all the splendours of oriental civilization."

Among the varieties of animals indi.

genous to Australia, " are the Ornithor. Salter's Angler.

hynchi, which appear to blend several No author has, perhaps, created a of the characters of the quadruped and greater sensation in the public mind for the bird, and, in one of the species, many years back, than the fascinating even of the fish. One specimen of this Piecator, Isaac Wallon, who has come remarkable genus discovered, is the Para. bined with a practical knowledge of his dowus, an amphibious animal, possesspursuit, such a series of entertaining ing four feet, the head of which ierminates dialogues, interspersed by beautiful poetic in a bill, not unlike that of a duck; and effusions, that we know not which most the other end similar to that of a seal. to admire. Edition has followed edition, The length of the whole animal, in from the first beautiful publication, em. full grown specimens, is about twenty bellished by the plates of Glover, which inches, of which the bill takes up two now produces the most exorbitant price. and a hall, and the tail more than four As a companion 10 Isaac Walton, no inches. The body is compressed, and work of a practical description has yet rather thioner towards the shoulders than appeared equal to that of T. P. Salier, any other part. It has four short legs, Esq. a work that has commanded such a which spread out, not unlike those of ihe sale as to have exhausted six editions. tortoise ; and the whole animal hus a It is with pleasure we have to announce very singular appearance, a new publication of the latter author's mandible of the bill, which is flat on the volume; beautifully embellished by up top, and regularly bevelled off at the

THE PARADOXUS.

The upper

97

LOVE VERSES OF QUEEN ELIZABETH.

on

edges, is perforated near its extremity by specimens are wanted, they are chiefly two small nostrils ; and a strong and procured from the natives. dark-coloured membrane, with which

Picture of Australia. the horny part of the bill is covered, is returned back, in a kind of ruff, at the

The Note Book root of the bill. At the point, which is blunt, and not much unlike that of a I will make a prief of it in mv Nole Book. duck, the inner surfaces of both mandi.

M. W.of Windsor. bles are nearly smooth ; but, towards the root, they are furnished with horny protuberances, that have some resem

The cruel punishment inflicted blance to teeth; and there are two simi. Stubbs and Page, the one for writing and lar teeth upon the tongue, near its root.

the other for distributing a pamphlet " The eyes are very small

, near to against Elizabeth's match with the Duke each other, and also to the ruff which of Anjou, was most probably occasioned marks the insertion of the bill, and the by the Queen's infatuation for Anjou ; ears are merely two moderately sized for though he was nearly twenty-five slits, just behind the eyes. The head of years younger than herself, she appears to the animal is small in proportion to its have been fully determined to marry him, body, and, except that the eyes are

and is even said to have taken up her pen smaller, and nearer each other, it might, to sign the marriage articles. From ihat when the rest of the body is concealed, indiscretion however she was saved by be easily mistaken for the head of a

the remonstrances of her ministry, and the duck. The feet are divided into five importunities of her maids of honour, who, toes, which terminate in strong claws,

as we are informed by Camden, spent the hollow on their under surfaces, as if night in weeping and wailing round her adapted for burrowing. The feet are

bed. How highly impassioned her feelwebbed with a strong membrane, of the ings were, on this occasion, may be insame colour and texture as that which ferred from the following lines, which are forms the ruff; and this membrane, more preserved among the manuscripts in the especially on the fore feet, is so con

Ashmolean Museum (No.6969-781), and structed that the animal can at pleasure signed, Elisa Regina, upon Mountextend it considerably beyond the claws,

Zeurs departure.' and thus couvert the feet into swimming. I grieve, yet dare not shew my discontent, paws of a very efficient description. The I love, and yet am forced to seem to hate, upper part of the body is dark brown, dote, but dare not say I never meant,

I seem stark mute, but inwardly do prate. which gradually lightens to a silver' grey I am, and not,- I freeze, and yet am burn'd, towards the belly, and the colour of the Since from myself my other self I turn'd. female is lighter than that of the male. My care is like my shadow in the sun, The body is covered with hair, which is Follows me flying; fies when I pursue it; of two sorts a very soft and short fur

Stands and lies by me; does what I have done:

This too familiar care doth make me rue it. underneath, mixed with longer hairs No means. I find to rid him from my breast, more thinly scattered, and flattened so 'Till by the end of things it be supprest. as to have the appearance of a small Some gentler passion steal into my mind, feather, for the greater part of their (For I am soft and made of melting snow) length towards the points. These flat

Or be more cruel, Love, or be more kind,

Let me or float or sink, be high or low, hairs are shining, and give a curious

Or let me live with some more sweet content, streaky appearance to the animal.

Or die, and so forget what love e'er meant. “ The paradoxus is found in the fresh water lakes, or upon their borders ; and when in the water it seldom comes to the surface, except for the purpose of

When Lord Chief Justice Holt was respiration. It blows in a manner not on the Oxford circuit, a unlike the turtle, to which, indeed, taken put on her trial for witchcraft; having altogether, it has more resemblance than done many injuries to her neighbours, to most other animals, though between their houses, goods and cattle, by means them the difference is abundantly great. of having in her possession a ball of black Upon land, it contracts the membranous worsted, which she had received from a webs of its feet, and spreads them when person, who told her that it had certain it swims. When on Tand, its pace is properties. The poor old woman did much the saine with that of a land tor not deny the possession of the said ball, toise. Its velocity in the water has not but said that she had never done any one been particularly marked. Of its food harm with it, but, on the contrary, good; and its habits but little is known. It is, and that they only envied her having. indeed, seldom met with ; and when such an important thing in her possession.

FOLLY OF WITCHCRAFT AND ITS BR

LIEVERS.

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Well,' says the judge, you seem to last trial for witchcraft ; although the admit having used the ball as a charm; statute still remained a disgrace to the now, will you tell me how long you have statute book for many years afterwards, had it, and from whoin you had it !” even until a few years back; when The poor woman answered, that she kept finally repealed, at ihe hour of between a small public-house, near to Oxford, twelve and one, in the morning ; which about foriy years ago; and one day, á caused my Lord Castlereagh to make the party of young wen belonging to the remark, that the House was giving the University, came to her house, and ate quietus to the old witches'act, at witching and drank what they liked to call for, tiine of night!' but had no money among them where with to pay for what they devoured ; and

MENDICITY IN IRELAND. that one of the young men gave her, in In the Sister Kingdom, beggars crowd lieu of it, the said ball; which he assured round strangers at every town or village, her would do wonders for her, as it pose in a manner that to the English travelsessed surprising powers; and the youth ler appears quite marvellous, always looked so grave and wise, that she be- urging their demands in the imperative lieved him; and she had no occasion to mood. “ Ah then, if you have one halfrepeut of it, for it had really done a great penny in the world you shall give it me deal of good to her and others. "Well, till I get some food for a sick child.”my good woman,' said his lordship, did “Remember the poor, your honour ; the young man say, any thing about un. and may God increase you ; a fivepenny, winding the ball ?' • O yes, my lord, your honour, would be nothing to the he told me, that if I should do so, the likes of ye; a tenpenny, your honour, charm would be gone ; and here it is amongst us, and we will not' grumble.” (producing it) in the same state I had it At least twenty of these demands at once forty years ago. The judge having re assail you ; and if you give lo some, quested her to hand it up to him, for his the reinforcement of applicants becomes inspection, he thus addressed the jury : so numerous as to be quite deafening, • Gentlemen-I believe it is known to invoking the most singular blessings some of you, that I was educated at the on you and yours for ever ; but if you University of Oxford ; and it is now are “ hard hearted,” bestowing as libe. about forty years ago; like some of my rally their curses. The eloquence of an companions, I joined in youthful frolics, Irish mendicant is very peculiar and which riper judgment taught me were sometimes incredible. I remember a wrong. On one occasion about that pe a poor blind woman, who for many riod, I recollèct of going to the house, years took her station every evening on which it appears this woman then kept; George's Quay in Cork, whose appeals neither I nor any of my companions to the passengers were made in the most baving any money, I thought of this ex- figurative manner, and never perhaps pedient in order to satisfy her claim upon was more poetry on the subject of blindus. I produced a ball of black worsted, ness uttered than I have heard from her and having written a few Hebrew cha- lips. racters on a slip of paper, I put it inside, telling her, that in that consisted a charm that would do wonders for her and others. Hlustrations of History. Seeing she believed in the deception, we quietly took our departure, but not before I had enjoined her never to undo the said ball. Now, Gentlemen, in order to “Chivalry and the Crusades," a theme prove to your minds the folly of those that has occupied the pens of numerous who believe in, and persecute, such de- historians, has been made the subject of luded and silly creatures as this woman, two extremely diverting volumes by the now arraigned as a witch, I will undó Rev. Henry Stebbing. The rev. auihor's this ball before your eyes, and I have no bistory is not extended to that great length doubt will find the characters I wrote on that others have been, but it is of sufficient a slip of paper forty years ago.'. The magnitude to let us into the marrow of judge soon unwound the ball, and pro- the subject without being prolix : his obduced the identical paper, with the He- servations are shrewd and pertinent, and brew characters; which so convinced the altogether, his picture of that period when jury of the folly and absurdity of the might was right, is a very skilful one. then general belief, that the woman was 6. The favourite and most regular seaimmediately pronounced not GUILTY, sons," says our author, “ for the creation and discharged. Note. We believe this was the

* Constable's Miscellany

INITIATORY CEREMONIES OF KNIGHT

HOOD.

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of knights, were at the great festivals of execrating and destroying the hypocrite, the Church, Christmas, Easter, or Whit- not less than the infidel. Be the merciful suntide. At these times the whole pomp protector of widows and orphans; raise and ceremonial of investiture was ob ihe fallen, and defend them when raised : served with scrupulous exactness; and revenge the wronged, confirm the wellthe holy occasion was recommended to disposed; and in as far as thou doest these the aspirant, because then, as the book things, thou shalt come as the glorious of chivalry says, much people would be champion of virtue to dwell with ihe Sa. gathered together, and 'God would be viour of the world, and enjoy in his king. besought, by many voices, to give bim dom elernal and celestial joy's.' Then all grace to acquit bimself well in his future the congregation joined in this antipbocareer.' The preparations of the acolyte nal: were of the most strict and solemn nature, . Be of good courage, and observe He was to fast the day preceding his ini- the ordioances of thy Lord. Walk in his tiation, and make a humble confession of ways, and observe his ordinances, preall his sins and errors. As in the former cepļs, and judgments, and may God be instance, the night was to be passed in with you in all your undertakings.' After prayer and watching ; and in the morn- this, the priest again prayed in the following he was to enter a bath and purifying terms for the Divine grace :himself, as typical of the new life he was “God, who by thy providence dost thenceforth to lead ; and after having order all things both in heaven and earth, bathed, he was to lie down in a bed be prosper thy servant here devoted to the fore putting on any of his garments; and duties of thy warfare. May all the power when he rose, to be clothed in raiment of his enemies be broken by the strength perfectly new. The principal parts of of the spiritual sword, and altogether des this dress were an under garment, said to troyed

thou contending for bim, through be like a woman's quilted kinle, and over Jesus Christ. The service was then conthat a vest made of silk or fine linen, and cluded by the congregation's singing a embroidered with gold. These were fole part of the forty-fourth Psalm, which was lowed by the hauberk, a collar, common. repeated three times, ly of leather, but sometimes made of more “ The religious part of the solemnity costly materials ; and the coat of arms, being thus accomplished, the candidate which varied in form and ornament, ac. was led before the prince, or whoever it cording to the fashion of the times, and was who intended to confer upon him the the taste of the chevalier.

order of knighthood, and, having satisfac. “ Thus accoutred, he proceeded to the lorily answered the questions as to his church, and presented his sword to the motives in demanding the honour of chi. priest, who laid it upon the altar, and valry, the oath was administered to bim, blessed it with this prayer : Hear, God, and he was invested with the external we beseech thee, our prayer, and, with badges of bis profession, the consecrated the right hand of thy majesty, deign to sword, which was fastened with the bal. bless this sword, wherewith ihy servant dric, a belt of white leather studded with desires to be girded, that it may be the ornaments of gold, to the left side, and defence and protection of churches, of the gilt spurs, which, with the sword, widows, orphans, and all who serve God, formed the peculiar distinctions of his against the cruelty of Pagans; and that knighthood. When these bad been put it may be powerful, and a terror to all on by the persons assisting at the cere. deceivers, through Jesus Christ.' Then, mony, the sword was drawn out, and the having taken an oath which bound to the prince who conferred the honour, struck performance of all the duties implied in the candidate, who was kneeling before the above supplication, the priest returned him, with the flat part of it upon the neck, the sword with these words, • Receive at the same time pronouncing him to be this sword, accompanied by the blessing a knight, in the name of the Father, of of God, and by which and ihe strength of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Inthe Holy Spirit, you may be strong to stead of ihe stroke with the sword, a blow resist, and cast out all thy enemies, and on the ear with the hand was frequently all the adversaries of the Holy Church; given, in imitation of the custom observed and to protect the people of God, by the at conferring the rank of freeman on a assistance of the invincible conqueror, our slave, or, it is probable, as a copy of Lord Jesus Christ. Be mindful of what some part of the practices followed at the Psalmist says, Gird thy sword upon conferring fiefs ; by which it might be thy thigh, that wiih it thou mayest exer- signified, that as the tenant thenceforth cise the strength of justice, and power- owed his homage to the lord of the estate, fully throw down the mount of corruption, so the new-made knight became the serdefending the holy church of God, and vant of God and the church. This is the

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