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was there

Fame sweetly and proudly and faithfully but a candid and discerning criticism cau

blows, Lawrence! 'sleeps with the Masters in perfect racious, as far back as the third century.

trace in them traditions, apparently verepose !

before he Christian era. The custom of As a Lecturer !-Artists were fed by his thought;

repeating the sagas is still retained in Though the President spoke, the Preceptor Iceland. In the remoter vallies of that 'twas, taught

'island, and wherever the manners of the His "titles' and 'honours,' he cast in the people have not been contaminated by

shade That more light to the value of Art should be an association with the Danes, the evenmade;

ing amusements of the assembled family The Companion,-the Friend, -to the sepulchre goes !

are the reading of their histories or the Lawrence! sleeps with famed Artists in per

recital of their poems. In the preceding fect repose

chapter it has been seen what" valuable As a Member ! At home and abroad, like the materials the Icelandic sagas can furnish

to the history of geographical discoveries. He was sought and admired, for the sunshine

“ Some princes of the middle ages knew

the value of a science which enables soGiving breath to the lip, lighting fire in the eye,

vereigns to estimate the strength of their To the canvas imparting the spirit and sky; dominions. Had the Scandinavian prin. Unbleinish'd, regretted, exempted from woes, Lawrence! sleeps with his Fathers in perfect

ces been acquainted with the mariner's repose !

compass, they would soon have made the circuit of the earth. In 1231, Walde

mar II, King of Denmark, had a general MAPS OF THE MIDDLE AGES.

survey made of his dominions, and a to

pographical table' framed accordingly; a The second volume of that interesting wonderful work for the thirteenth cenpublication the Cabinet Cyclopædia, has tury. a very luminous and valuable article

* The kings of England were animated upon Maps as constructed during the with the same spirit, and have left bemiddle ages ; its length precludes us from hind still more striking proofs of their giving more of it than the following cu attention to statistics. Notwithstanding rious extract.

the general destruction of the ancient “During the middle ages the term geo- monastic collections in the reign of Henry graphy almost wholly gave way to what VIII. there still remain several maps of was deemed an equivalent expression, the British islands made in the course of the wonders of the world. Nearly all the twelfth century, and which serve, in the early narratives of travels and geo- no small degree, to illustrate the old hisgraphical relations hold out, in their tie torians. In some of these maps, which tles, the promise of something marvel.

are very rude in design as well as exelous. Among the regulations made by cution, Scotland is represented as an isWilliam of Wickham, for the regulation land, separated from England by an arm of the College which he had just found of the sea. Ireland is also divided in two ed at Oxford, is the following provision : by the river Boyne, which is represented When, in the winter, on the occasion

as a canal connecting the Irish channel of any holyday, a fire is lighted for the with the Atlantic.* The towns are drawn fellows in the great hall, the fellows and in them of a disproportionale size ; and the scholars may, after their dinner or the abbeys, with their walls, gates, and their supper, amuse themselves in a suite belfrysoccupy so great a space, as to able manner, in the great hall, with sing. leave little room for the rivers, bounding or reciting poetry, or with the chro- ary lines, or places of less seeming imnicles of different kingdoms, and the

portance. wonders of the world, and every thing “In the East, where the revenues of that befits the character of the clergy.' the provinces are generally farmed out, “ But the Scandinavians and the Ara

or bestowed on the favourites at court, bians are, perhaps, the only people and where the coffers of the prince are among whom the reading or recital of usually replenished by confiscations and histories ever became the ordinary amuse- other acts of despotism, the head of the

The Icelandic sagas were, in empire has no immediate interest in the the middle ages, familiar to the memo condition of the countries which acknowries of the Northmen. They were re- ledge his authority, The feudal system, cited at every festival, and read aloud in

on the other hand, as it was developed private ; they beguiled the tedious length in Europe in the middle ages, created such of northern evenings. The most ancient

a multiplicity of rights, and departed so of these historic tales are supposed to have been written in the eleventh century ;

Gough's Brit. Top. i.

ment.

widely from the simple mechanism of tables in pieces, and distributed the frage despotic governments, that the monarch, ments among his soldiers. in order to enjoy all the fiscal preroga

“ But the most curious geographical tives of his crown, was obliged to be monument of the middle ages is a map well acquainted with the local particulars preserved in the library of Turin, attachof his dominions.

ed to a manuscript commentary on the “The tendency of the feudal system Apocal: pse, which was written in the to bring about the collection of statisti. year 787. It represents the earth as a cal details, was inanifested in England on

plane bounded by a circular line, and the first introduction of the Norman law. divided into three unequal parts. To the William the Conqueror caused surveys to south, Africa is separated by the ocean be made of the several counties, in which from a land, called the fourth division were marked the waste and the cultiva. of the world, where the antipodes dwell,

and which the excessive heat of the torrid ted lands; the villages, with the numbers of their inhabitants, and the amount

zone has hitherto prevented from being of the taxes which they paid. This is visited. At the four sides of the world the work known by the name of Dooms

are represented the figures of the four day-book, begun in 1080, and finished winds, each astride upon a pair of belin 1086, and containing a circumstantial lows, which he labours, and at the same description of all England, with the ex

time has a conch shell applied to his ception of the counties of Northumber. mouth, from which he blows hurricanes, land, Cumberland, Westmoreland, and

as may be conjectured from his distended Durham. The lands in tillage, the waste

cheeks. At the top of the map (which and inhabited districts, the population is the East) are Adam and Eve, the serboth free and in villeinage, with the na

pent, and the tree of forbidden fruit. At ture of the services in which these last their right hand is Asia, with two high were bound; every circumstance, in mountains, and the words Mount Caushort, even the number of the cattle, and

casus and Armenia. From these mounthe bee hives in each county, is detailed tains descends the river Eusis, (Phasis ?) in Doomsday-book with scrupulous ex

and falls into a sea which unites with the actness.

ocean, and separates Europe from Asia,

Thus the author returned, in this part of "A survey of a kingdom, executed in his map, to the geography of the primidetail during the eleventh century, is evi- tive Greeks. In the middle of the map dently an event of great importance in the is Mount Carmel, Mount Sinai, Judea, history of geography. It set an example and some other names belonging to the of accuracy, suggested many observa, Holy Land. Near a river, which seems tions, and created an interest in territorial intended to represent the Euphrates, are details, which could not fail to exert an

the words Abicusia, Timisci, fici compi influence beyond the limits in which they de Sera. In India are the islands Criza first had birth. There exists a similar and Algure, the Chryse and Argurea, geographical record with respect to a part of Germany: this is a description, The Nile is also represented, and a note

or goid and silver islands of the ancients. in Latiu, of the March of Brandenburg, appended to intimate that it flows from made on the plan of Doomsday-book, distant mountains, and over sands of and executed in 1377, by order of the gold. Thus the obscurity which in. emperor Charles IV.

volves the origin of the Nile has been Maps do not appear to have been in all ages a subject of observation and very uncommon even in the darkest ages ; source of fable. To the north of this however erroneous they may have been map is the island Tile. In Sne, beyond in their construction, they are often re. Africa, to the south, are written ihese ferred to by the monkish writers. Saint words :- Besides these three parts of Gal, the founder of the celebrated abbey the world, there is beyond the ocean a which bears his name (a name which has fourth, which the extremne heat of the been subsequently transmitted to a Swiss sun prohibits our being acquainted with, canton), and who lived in the seventh and on the confines of which is the century, possessed a map which is said, country of the fabulous antipodes.' by the historian of that abbey, to have been of curious workmanship.' Char “ The maps of the middle ages erred emagne had three tables silver, on as often from the love of systematical which were severally represented the arrangement as from the want of infor. earth, the cities of Rome and Constanti- mation. They may be generally divided nople. His grandson Lothaire, in the into two classes ; one, in which the ideas war which he waged with the other Car- of Ptolemy and other ancient writers loyingian princes, broke the first of these were implicitly followed, and the other

LINES ADDRESSED TO THE EYES OF

MISS 1. D.

R.

TWINS

in which were inserted newly discovered This is not yet a time to enter upon lands, or those of which the existence any details either of his private biograwas either suspected or popularly be- phy or of his merits as a painter; in jieved.”

both respects he was a man much to be admired and lamented. He was (we believe) somewhat above sixty years of

age, and had never married. His ap(For the Olio.)

pearance was extremely graceful and

i gentlemanlike ; his manners full of suaoculi, quibus ignea cedunt vity; and his countenance so pleasing Sidera. UVID, Epist. XX.

and handsome, that it might almost, if The Heathen 'merging into heavenly light

the word were not misapplied to the masAt objects startles most that mostly shine, culine sex, be called beautiful. There And, on the test of his astonish'd sight, was a striking resemblance to Mr. CanConcludes the brightest to be most divine.

ning, though not of so elevated an exSol, with the splendour of his fiery beam, pression or character. On public occa

Claims many a Pagan for his devotee; sions he was an elegant speaker; and, And night-illuming Luna's milder gleam indeed, whether as an accomplished memIs oft adored as a divinity:

ber of society or an eminent artist, we So with the twinkling Stars. Ah! BRILLIANT

can rarely hope to see so many requisite

qualities united in one individual to place of light celestial, should it happen e'er, him at the head of the Fine Arts in EngThat, to praise Heaven or to repent his sins, Some Gentile, doubting whether to repair

land. Who will succeed him in the Pre

sideut's chair it is impossible to anticiTo Sun, or Moon, or Stars, should chance to pate :-Beechy, Etty, Hilton, Howard,

stray Within the compass of your dazzling view, others, are already spoken of by their

Phillips, Pickersgill, Shee, Wilkie, and With what devotion would he kneel and say, “O eyes divinely bright-1 worship you!" friends. We have certainly a proud list

INCOGNITO, to choose from, independent of sculp

tors and landscape painters, who, we BIOGRAPHY OF SIR THOMAS know not why, are not so much as menLAWRENCE.

tioned as likely candidates.

Sir Thomas Lawrence was engaged on The Fine Arts have, with awful ra many interesting works at the period of pidity, sustained a great and heavy loss his demise ; among others, a fine portrait in the President of ihe Royal Academy: of Sir George Murray, M.P. for the Sir Thomas Lawrence died about nine county of Perth. His last performance o'clock on Thursday evening, (Jan. 7), was the likeness of Miss F. Kemble ;at his house in Russell-square. This sad it may be stated, as a curious matter, that event took place without any of those he executed this slight, but sweet drawing distant intimations which so often tell man with much assumption of secresy; and to prepare for death. Sir Thomas Law- that though we have said he had no warnrence was in such perfect health that he ings given, it was observed of him, at a dined on Saturday (Jan. 2,) with a dis- very recent representation of Juliet, by tinguished party, at Mr. Peel's, where he this delightful young actress, that he lookbecame suddenly, but not alarmingly in- ed extremely ill in the theatre. Of himdisposed. Iuflammatory symptoms ap- self, we know of no engraved portrait, pearing, however, he was bled; and this except the small one in the Percy Anecó operation produced so good an effect, that dotes ; nor of any picture, except one on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, from his own pallet, which he was occahe was able to go out as usual. On the sionally persuaded to shew, with great. Wednesday he was at the Athenæum diffidence, to his friends, from its conceal. Club-house, and at Messrs. Coutts, the ment beneath his side-board. bankers; and the subject of conversation Sir Thomas's collection, of the destinanow remembered was that of an exqui- tion of which we are ignorant, is of the sitely-written letter of condolence sent most magnificent and interesting descrip. by him to one of the partners, on the tion ; his drawings, etchinys, prints, and decease of his daughter.

pictures of the ancient masters, as well as On reaching home in the afternoon, his choice specimens of modern schools, his complaint (an inflammation of the are rare, numerous, and of the highest bowels) ' returned with such violence, value. that he survived little more than twenty For the above Biographical sketch we four hours, his last words being address are indebted to the proverbially correct ed to his valet who was attending him— pages of the Literary Gazette, and for "****, I am dying!!”.

the following interesting particulars of.

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the late worthy president to the Times ductions, and wish you every success.' Journal of the 13th inst.

The artist had only patience to get to the “ In the Miscellanies of the Hon. first lamp, when he was anxious to know Daines Barrington, a quarto volume what the paper contained; he unfolded published in 1781, the author, speaking it, and found within it a £30 note, which of the early proofs of musical genius ex saved him from despair. hibited by the Earl of Mornington, fa “ The next anecdote is that of Mrs." ther to the Duke of Wellington, takes or Madame M., who was the widow of occasion to mention the talent for a sister a highly endowed engraver. Being in art displayed by a boy in the ninth year great distress, she was advised to apply of his 'age. This boy afterwards became to Sir Thomas for his recommendation to Sir Thomas Lawrence. Mr. Barring, the Artist's Benevolent Fund. On her ton's words are— As I have mentioned interview the President candidly told her so many other proofs of early genius in he could be of no service to her that children, I cannot here pass unnoticed year, as he had given away all his reMaster Lawrence, son of an innkeeper at commendations; but,' says he, the Devizes, in Wiltshire.

cept this in the mean time (placing a This boy is now (viz. February, £5 note in her hand), and I think I can 1780) nearly ten years and a half old; serve you with the council and body of but at the age of nine, without the most Academicians. From that respectable distant instruction from any one, he was body Sir Thomas obtained for Mrs. capable of copying historical pictures in M. no less than £50! a masterly style, and also succeeded “ While the too notorious Thurtell amazingly in compositions of his own, lay in prison for trial, Sir Thomas exparticularly that of Peter denying pressed a wish that he might be allowed Christ. In about seven minutes he without observation to take a glance of scarcely ever failed of drawing a strong the atrocious villain, as he took his exerlikeness of any person present, which had cise in the prison yard. This modest generally much freedom and grace, if request was not only refused him, but the subject permitted. He is likewise was afterwards represented as an applian excellent reader of blank verse, and cation to take a cast of the wretch's face will immediately convince any one that before he was even tried, and information he both understands and feels the striking to this effect being actually conveyed to passages of Milton or Shakspeare." the reporters of several journals, who

“ Sir Thomas a short time previous to were present at Hertford for the purpose his dissolution had arranged with his of making observations on so notorious townsman, Mr. Baily, the sculptor, to a criminal, the statement unfortunately give his first sitting for a bust on the ilth appeared in this and other morning pubof the present month, Monday last.– lications. It was in a paper now extinct, Casts, we learn, were taken from the late that the kind-hearted President saw thé President's face on Saturday last, both gross impeachment of his humanity one by Mr. Baily, to whom he always pro- morning, when he was going to paint mised to sit exclusively, and Mr. Chan- that admirable portrait of the King, in trey ; we may therefore indulge a hope which his Majesty is represented in a that a correct likeness of this admirable blue dress seated on a sofa, with his arm artist and most accomplished gentleman carelessly thrown over the end. Sir will be obtained, though necessarily Thomas was so affected, that he could bearing some marks of his fatal illness. hardly proceed with his work.

The “ The following traits of his well. King observed his distress, and listened known generosity have been sent us by to the cause of it. The present Lord another hand.

Stowell also consoled him, smilingly, by “ The first is of a living artist, whose representing the liability to which all name, from delicacy, we suppress; this great men are subject, of having their artist, being a man of considerable merit actions misinterpreted. and without patronage, had submitted We venture to add an anecdote of our three of his pictures to Sir Thomas's in own which bears testimony to the libespection. He called one evening at Sir rality and kindness of heart which Sir Thomas's house, anxious to gain his ap- Thomas never failed to exercise towards probation, and, at the same time, to take the poorer members of his profession. them away. He sent up his name to the Being on a visit to a gentleman in Wales, President, who followed the servant down a young man of very promising genius, stairs, put a paper, folded up, into the but with slender means, was recommended hand of the artist, saying, "I had left to his notice by his liberal entertainer. this, should you have called whilst I was Having satisfied himself that there were from home. I much admire your pro strong indications of genius in the pro

ductions of the young artist, Sir Thomas and he was sore wounded of the archers," assured him of his patronage, paid his till, tormented by pain and despair, he expences to London, and was the means died by the hand of his armour-bearer. of his disposing of numerous paintings The life and the iniquities of another that he had already on hand. The pro ruler of Israel were ended by an archer ; ductions of that genius he had so kindly the skilful hand of Aster put out the right fostered appear annually on the walls of eye of Philip of Macedon with an arrow : the Royal Academy, and ve believe the an arrow ended the life of the virtuous artist was not long since sent to Rome for Theban Epaminondas, and pierced to the improvement, at the sole expence of his brain our own brave Harold at the bloody patron.We forbear, from motives of battle of Hastings. An arrow quenched delicacy, lo give the name of the party the fierce spirit of Rufus, and sent him alluded to, but our readers may be as- unshriven and unabsolved before the sured of the truth of this statement. judgment seat of Him with whom the

monarch and the slave are one. The THE HOURGLASS.

same missile slew the valiant Coeur-deIn Memory of the late Mr. James Peck, an

Lion. At the battle of Shrewsbury, eminent music Engraver, who died sud: Prince Henry was wounded in the face denly Dec. 29, 1829.*

with an arrow, and Thierry, first Earl of (For the Olio.)

Holland and Zealand, perished by the

hand of an archer, who shot him in the The ear of Death is deaf To all endearment. Friendship's soothing old ballads tell us, that Robin Hood

thigh with a poisoned shaft. Our quaint lip; Affection's melting eye ; Love's beurt drawn marked out the spot he chose for his grave

groa 18; Beauty's appeals: , a wife's beseeching prayer; unerring arrow of the Parthians contri

with one of his cloth-yard shafts. The Children's ejaculations; Hope's best rays; And Passion's ardour, press in vain.

buted to gain the battles of Alexander. The voice of Death

Well has Le Brun depicted those mounted Comes ilke the cyngets and beguiles the breath archers in their grim array of linked steel, To stop Life's mortai journey; and bis slep fit type of the fatal weapons they bore. So lightly falls, none beed his errand, till He gives his harbinger, Disease, the power,

Yet none have drawn the bow with such And Feeling bears the victim to the dust,

fearful effect as the English yeoman : In Yet private worth,' that kept the tree with the countless number of skirmishes which fruit,

they had with the French, when in posThe circle pure, and cultivated well The better portions of existence, raised

session of a part of the Continent ; on the The Spirit by reflection to the skies,

fields of Cressy and Poictiers ; on the Held communion with the angels and prepared borders of their own island, when the of Nature's agent, Deatb; that looked for fest bardy Scots have made their inroads, the In immortality, regains the love

arrow of the Englishman has wrought a Of Deity and triumphs in th' ascension !

terrible vengeance. S. A. N. D. {The Gascon Captain, Montluc, in

his commentaries, bears witness to the HITustrations of History. skill of the English archers in his time,

and the sharpness of their arrows; for he THE ARROW.

says upon one occasion he caught several

shafts, that they shot at him, upon his Reader, if thou art an Englishman, target, and that they pierced quite through do not a crowd of associations rush upon it! thy mind at the mention of this once for Why do not some of our corresponmidable missile ? The arrow of the Eng. dents give us an essay upon this once lish yeoman has whistled o'er the vine. tremendous missile, of which nothing clad fields of France, the swampy wastes

now remains but the name? Can there of Holland and the burning plains of be a fitter subject for the pen of Pennie, Spain ; ay, and shed the best blood and or our Horace Guilford ? We think not; tamed the proudest chivalry of those and aware of our own inability, we leave countries. In all ages the power of that the task to more able hands. slender steel-shod shaft has often been

ALPHA. acknowledged, and the fate of many would lead us to the conclusion that the hand of heaven had sometimes guided it. The

The Note Book. flesh of Saul was goaded by the arrows of the Philistines; as the archers hit him,

From a number of facts, a few of Por interesting particulars of this gentle. Ban, see " Cecilians,” page 41, Vol. 3,

which we shall select for the purpose of

HEREDITARY DESCENT OF MENTAL

TALENT.

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