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and night assaults they were formidable muzzle of the gun, but then it had not the enemies. In most cases, their attacks advantage which the bayonel of the prewere sudden and disorderly, somewhat sent day possesses, as it was necessary to after the manner of the Mamelukes, though unfix the dagger before the piece could it is evident that the shots from their long be fired. Many hundreds of these dag. pistols told well. I remember seeing a gers may be seen in the Tower of London. suit of harness that had belonged to a The introduction of the bayonet abolished German man-al-arms, in the breastplate the use of the once formidable pike, and of which was an indentation or squat, it has ever since remained a most power. as large as a man's fist. In the centre of ful weapon in the hands of the English this was another cavity large enough to soldier. admit a marble. The wearer had been The invention of fire-arms has saved struck by a harquebuze or pistol shot, thousands of lives, but through these inwhich, though his armour was of proof, fernal engines, the best and the bravest must have cast the soldier with frightful have been hurried to a premature grave. violence out of his saddle, I leave it to Our own Sidney received a shot from a medical men to determine whether such a hackbut at Zutphen, which shattered the tremendous concussion would not occa bone of his thigh, and caused his death; sion immediate death. At any rate, this and Bayard, the “ Chevalier sans peur et proves the terrible force of a bullet when sans reproche," perished on the field of shot point blank even against a heavy battle, having been “ wounded to death” cuirass.
by a Marquebuze shot. As some atoneMontluc rails against the introduction ment, however, for this, the unerring of fire-arms in bitter terms, and he had hand of Hamilton of Both welhaugh struck good cause to do so, for upon several from the book of the living that coldoccasions he was exposed to eminent dan- blooded villaiu who drove his Queen into ger from the storms of musket shot, two the toils of her merciless enemy Elizabeth of which at the taking of a certain fort, -the Regent Murray. shattered his arm above the elbow in a Should my observations be found amus. dreadful manner. It is generally sup- ing, I shall recur to this subject again, posed that little execution was done by the and speak of the use of cannon in this musket or harquebuze in those days, but country and on the continent, from the those who will take the trouble to look period of their invention to the present into the “ Commentaries" of this general, time.
J. Y. A-N. will find that many men of note, who had escaped the sword and the pike in a hundred battles, fell beneath this murder.
Fine Arts. ous engine, the loud knell of which seems
EXHIBITION AT THE ROYAL ACADEMY to have struck terror into the hearts of the soldiers upon its first introduction, for Sir Philip Sydney, in a letter to his father
I admire, dated from Utrecht, says, speaking of his None more admires, the painter's magic skill, servants and followers,
“ Turner is good
Who shews me that which I shall never see; for nothing, and worst for ye sound of ye And throws Italian light on British walls.
Conveys a distant country into mine, hackbutes."
It was from the walls of castles and If pushing and crowding at the door forts that the effects of these engines were of the Academy shews any love and de80 fatally felt, for a man could, after he votion for the arts, certainly John Bull is had discharged his piece, conceal himself most marvellously taken by the painting behind the ramparts until he had wound muse, for, without exaggeration, ihe rush up the wheel lock, or prepared his match, to get in was as eagerly displayed by the and charged again, whereas in the open imniense number on the first day of openfield little time was allowed for a second ing as at the theatres upon particular, shot, and in most cases, the harquebusiers, nights; and, doubtless, the treasury of after their first discharge, either clubbed the Academy received a bumper. But, their pieces or drew their swords, and fell without further digression, we commence pell mell upon the enemy. Sometimes, withhowever, it was customary in forming a No. 7. Pilate washing his hands. battalion to place a pikeman and a har. J. M. W. Turner, R.A. - This is in Mr. quebuzier alternately, the former for the Turner's usual style--at least the style purpose of keeping off the horse whi which he has within these few years the latter charged their pieces again. To. adopted : his painting may be called by wards the close of the 17th century, the any other name, for there is very little handles of the soldiers' daggers were so meaning in the whole composition,—the forined, that they could be fixed in the only thing which strikes us as al all ex
For the Olio.
plicable is a figure meant for our Saviour last year, he had his Boccacio, which bearing the cross; and Pilate is seen might have been Bo any thing else, for in the dim distance washing his hands in any meaning there was in it. As to Jeswhat appears yellow water.
sica, he has drawn a female, the face No. 17. Interior of a Cathedral, really pretty well done, in the act of elevation of the host. H. Willson.- closing the window, when Shylock says, This is a very clever little picture, but " Jessica, shut the window, I say," with placed too low for the eye to judge rightly arms of Kangaroo length, with a large of its merits.
Spanish hat of various colours, pure white No. 19. Dell scene in the Park of the feathers, pure white scarf, and a pure Countess of Dysart, at Hatmingham, bright yellow back ground, and bright Suffolk. J. Constable, R.A.-Å bold green Venetian blinds represented as and vigorous painting, displaying that affixed to the window. Only fancy, depth and extraordinary force of colouring reader, the effect of all this extravagance. peculiar to this artist
There is much occasion for us to shut our No. 20. Ines de Castro parted from eyes, for to look at it long is impossible. her children ( Alphonso King of Por In the portrait department there is a tugal, Donna Ines, Absar, Gonzales, decided improvement in the productions Caello, fc.) H. P. Briggs, A.-This of the different artists. There are eight is of the same size as his Queen Margaret of the late President's, and only two perand the Robbers of last year. The pre- fectly finished, No. 76. Portrait of his sent work is neither better nor worse, Excellency, the late Sir Ralph Woodwith rather more of a theatrical group, ford, Bart. Governor of Trinadad, and and too much of staye effect in the co- No. 100 Portrait of the Archbishop of louring. The figure and expression of Armagh.--This last is an excellent paintDonna Ines, and the child clinging to her, ing, and abounds with Lawrence's unriis very good.
valled beauties; the only female portraits No: 24. Portrait of the Counless of by him are, No. 71. Portrait of Lady Jersey. The Baron Gerard.—This is a Belfast, which, though unfinished, is whole-length, and an elaborately finished distinguished by all that sweetness of coproduction ; though it does not abound lour and grace of attitude for which this with the magic of beautiful colouring, lamented man is eminent; and No. 114. yet the effect is clear, forcible and most Portrait of Miss Fry.-We heard some natural; the flesh colouring chaste and ladies say, on looking at this portrait, that pure, and the figure stands out in admir, it was too masculine ; we cannot say that able relief : we could not help drawing the objection holds good; Lawrence was the comparison how superior this painting too much of a painter lo permit so fit a was to any other in this respect.
model to pass by, not to produce a work No. 30. View of Orvieto, painted at something out of his ordinary line. Here Rome. J. M. W. Turner, R.A.—This is all energy and activity of mind depicted is more agreeable to our taste; here we most forcibly,--the compressed mouth may really trace some resemblance to shows the strength of intellect, and the natural objects. No. 181, Palestrina, glistening, eye “ the poet's eye.” It composilion, by the same, is betier still. is an admirable study for every student in Here he revels in the utmost bound of painting who paints for immortality of repoetic landscape, and displays extraordi. putation. No. 116. Portrait of the Earl nary powers of composition ; indeed, if it of Aberdeen.--A half-length, remarkable were not for that imaginative charm, for the simplicity and breadth of its comwhich can be traced in his meanest pro- position. No. 136. Portrait of Thomas ductions, with his abominable colouring, Moore, Esq.-This is more unfinished Turner could not stand. Fuseli wished than any of the others, but it has a remark. there was no nature, for then he might able clearness of colour and spirit of attipaint up to his imagination ; but Turner tude. Nos. 321 and 427. Portraits of has no scruples in that respect, for he the Earl of Hardwicke, and John Ano takes mighty good care to knock out gerstein, Esq.-These two complete the every thing which can be called natural. number, and all are beautiful paintings. 304. Calais sands, low water, Pois. We have been thus minute, as probably sards collecting bait, is another. This these will be the last ever hung up at the again is very good ; but No. 226, Jessica, Academy for exhibition ;-little did we out Herod's Herod. Of all the daubś calculate last year, that the career of Law, which Turner has lately favoured the rence would so soon be closed ! public with, none can surpass this in ex Having paid our tribute to the deceas. travagance. We really thought that his ed President, we will now do justice to his Mortlock Terrace, and Rembrandi's successor. The decease of Lawrence Daughter, could not be outdone ; yet, seems to have been a stimulus to the other
portrait painters to put forth their greatest racterises the sober style of the Dutch and powers. No. 54. Portrait of Miss Flemish Masters. Elton, by Shee, is a fair specimen of his The Vision of the White Horse is a abilities; we do not remember ever have spirited and fearful composition, and well ing seen a better female portrait by him. portrayed, but we think a piece might No. 309. Portrait of the lady of Robert have been selected from among the perHicks, Esq. by the same, is equally good, formances of Loutherbourg better calcuwith great clearness of colouring. No. lated to show the artist's excellence. 179. Portrait of the Rt. Hon. W. W. Though he painted with great selicity all Wynn. Same. - This is an excellent kinds of subjects, yet landscape was his portrait. No. 73. Lavinia, from Thom- forte, and we wish to that particular son's Seasons, is a very pleasing and poe- branch the attention of the proprietors of tical composition. Here there is no gaudy the work before us had been given. The colouring, nor hasty pencilling ; the fi- Vision, taken as a whole, is good, but it gure of Lavinia is full of rustic simplicity is faulty, very faulty in drawing, espeand beauty, and coloured soberly, as is cially in the horse and the rider in the back the whole ; and the background pictur- part of the picture. esque.
We cannot conclude our notice of this (To be continued.)
publication without awarding it our fullest meed of praise ; it is worthy the
attention of the public, and deserving of Specimens of Art.- Part 1.*
a place in the portfolio of every tasteful The plan of this work is similar to Mr. collector. Cooke's “ Gems of Art," published some few years ago, and we may say that it is of equal merit. The engravings, four in
Notices of New Books. number, are executed in Mezzotinto by those rising artists, R. Page and J. Ro. A Compendium of Astronomy and
an Astronomical Dictionary for the gers, in a style that would not discredit the most successful practitioners.
use of youth of both sexes.
By R. The contents of the present number
P. Linnington. * I vol. 12mo. comprise the following pictures :
We are decidedly among those who Plate 1. The Vision of the White Horse, think that the celestial science should
after P. J. de Loutherbourg. form a primary branch in the education 2. Peasant Girl, after Rembrandt. of youth ; for a knowledge of the uni3. A Storm, after Vandervelde. verse, the motions of the heavenly bo
4. A Toper, after Van Ostade. dies and of the laws they are governed It will be seen by the subjects enume by, is of the greatest importance. rated that they are extremely various in We have numerous treatises upon this their nature, and therefore offer difficul. sublime science, but there are scarcely ties of some magniçude to any single artist any which are not too obstruse to put to surmount, for we often find that though into the hands of the youthful student, an engraver may be first-rate in a partieven the justly esteemed works of Long, cular branch, yet if he travel from his Fergusson, Vince, and Keill, with many line of business, he seldom or ever comes others that might be mentioned, are off more than second-best ; but this is not wanting in simplicity and perspicuity; the case in the present instance, for no besides inost of the works we possess, less than three of subjects (Nos. 1, 2, have been written too long to afford that 3,) are performed by one hand, J. Ro- information so essentially requisite to suit gers, and in a manner so masterly, that the present advanced state of the science ; there is nothing to be wished for.
we are, therefore, well pleased to find a The Peasant Girl of Rembrandt, by him, compilation made like the one before us, is a lovely picture, beaming with expresó which is eminently calculated to render sion. The Sea Piece, one of much brii- the important truihs manifest by Asttoliancy, is cleverly managed, the lights nomy, familiar to those wanting in opand shades are extremely skilful, and no- portunity to study more ample works. thing can be more effective than the re The author of the treatise under nopresentation of the liquid element rising tice, has performed his task with great almost mountain high over the dismasted judgment and ingenuity ; every branch bark. Of “ The Toper's" likeness, we of the science is set forth clearly without have only room to say, that it is faithfully being encumbered with mathematical transferred, with all that due attention to calculations. To his abridgment the the picturesque which so eminently cha. writer has wisely added a useful dic.
• T. M'Cormick,
* Whittaker and Co.
X. z, X.
tionary of the terms used in the science, Three of Heartse-Dr. Oates discovercomprehending such a fund of valuable eth Gauan in the lobby. information as is only to be arrived at by Four of Hearts- Coleman giveth a consulting numerous works. In short, guiny to incourage re four ruffians. we have perused many volumes written Five of Hearts-Dr. Oates receives let. for the same end as the " Compendium, ters from the fathers to carry beyond sea. but never found one where the design Six of Hearts-Coleman drawn to his has been so ably fulfilled; we earnestly execution. recommend it as a complete multum in Seven of Hearts-Coleman examined in purvo.
Newgate by severall lords.
Eight of Hearts---Coleman writeing a The Note Baok.
declaration and letters to La Chess.
Nine of Hearts—The seizing 'severall I will make a prlef of it in my Note-book. conspirators. M, W. of Windsor.
Ten of Hearts-Mr. Langhorn deliver
ing out commissions for several officers. MULCTS OR FORFEITS.
Knave of Hearts—The Irish ruffians For the Olio. The peculiar application of fines once going for Windsor. administered by our forefathers in a sum
Queen of Hearts-Mr. Everard imprimary, way, would admit of variation in soned in the Tower. one day, and render it difficult of prac.
King of Hearts_Dr. Oates discovereth lice. For instance :-He that kicked his ye plot to ye ng and councell. neighbour with his foot paid five shekels ;
(To be continued.) he that smote him with his thigh, paid three shekels ; he that bent his fist and
Anecdotiana. smote him, paid thirteen shekels ; if he smote him with the palm of his hand, one
THE LAST BEST. shekel. If he wrung him by the ear, or plucked off his hair, or spat on him, he
Why is my hat when I wear it like a paid 100 shekels. And thus he paid for new blown bladder ?-Because it is filled every time he did it; as if he kicked him with h-air. four times following, twenty shekels and ten for the rest. He that frightened his
A SMART, ESSEX, REPARTEE. neighbour, though he fell sick through
(For the Olio.) fear, was free from men's judgment, but A jocose and provincial vocalist, in guilty to his Maker. To wit: if he touch an interview with Sir George Smart, was ed not his neighbour, but made a noise asked if he could shake well? behind him, or appeared in a dark place, Sir," said he, " for I am very subject or the like. So, if he made a noise in his (unfortunately) to ague fits!”– ear, and deafened him, he was freed or lobserve,"continued Sir George, smiling, culpable in the same degree. But, if he " that you come to me recommended by struck him on the ear, made him deaf, or Dr. Essex.”
Musicus. touched him, or took hold of his garments, then he was to pay for it, Joida.
FECUNDITY OF MINISTERS,
A farmer and his friend after having DESCRIPCION OF A PACK OF CARDS CON• taken a walk in the fields went into the TAINING CONSPIRACIES OF THE house to smoke a pipe together. Politics
was the subject of their conversation, (For the Olio.) The unique and rare engravings con
each being anxious to learn what benefit tained in ihis series of fifty-two cards, Session of Parliament. How long have
the people would derive from the present embrace the chief events in the Popish they been sitting ? asked the farmer, as he Plot. The costume of the characters concerned, and the places in which they were
entered the kitchen with his neighbour. employed, can be appreciated only as they he meant the poultry, "Devil take the
“ Sitting !" exclaimed his wife-thiuking are given. We are not aware that the whole brood! they have been sitting too connection is preserved by way of unity in the events described ; we therefore give long ! ! suppose we shall have another the titles of the cards regulated by the addled job of it!" plan of the suit, beginning, ex gr. with
For the Olio.
By scenic rules a Tragedy precedes,
And Momus follows healing that which bleeds,
Life's the reverse,-whatever plot is cast, ing Dr. Oates his depositions.
MAN plays his part in Tragedy at last. P. J. R,
Diary and Chronology.
Wednesday, May 12. St. Flavia Domitella, Virgin Martyr.-Sun rises 19m after 4-sets 42m after 7. St. Flavia, St. Flavia Domitelia, and other zealous Christians, were banished by Domitian to
a little isle on the coast of Terracina, called Poutia. Their acts say that they were
afterwards beheaded by Trajan. May in, 1824. A rowing match of great difficulty for 100 guineas took place on this day;-Sir
John Burgoyne belted some aquatics of the Guards that they could not row from Oxford to Whitehall in a six-oared boat, against wind and tide, in sixteen hours ; the amateurs won the wager, and had fifteen minutes to spare; many thousand * pounds were won and lost upon the occasion. The rowers were Captains Le Blane, Douglas, Weathedra, Short, Stanley, and Hudson.
Thursday, May 13 St. Peter Regulati, Confessor.-High Water 6m after 5 Morn -27m after 5 After. May 13, 1798. --Sir Sydoey Smith arrived in London, after making his escape Irom the prison
of the Temple, in Paris, where he had been confined upwards of two years. 1809. On this day Vienna capitulated to the troops under the commaud of the Emperor Napoleon Buonaparte, after having been first evacuated by the Austrian troops.
Friday, May 14. St. Boniface, mar A D. 307.-Sun rises 18m after 4-sets 45m after 7. May 14, 1264.-Fought on this day the famous battle of Lewes, in Sussex ; in this decisive con
dict, prince Edward, irritated at the insults his mother bad experienced from the Londoners, rushed on their bands with irresistible force, broke their unsteady ranks, and incautiously pursued them some miles with merciless slaughter. On his return, he found the tide bad turned Shie party had been routed by Montfort, Earl of Leicester, and that his father (Henry İll:) and his brother Richard, were fallen into the hands of their enemies. Despairing now of success, the prince, dutiful as brave, consented to the 'Mise,' or treaty of Lewes, by which he became hostage for his father and uncle, and agalo acknowledged the authority of the Twenty-four Barons and the Oxford Provisions.
The onset to this celebrated battle is described with great spirit by a contem. porary bard, Robert de Brunne, in the following words :
The king schewed forth his schelde, his dragon' fubaustere,
Saturday May 15.
den. He was author of a Musical Grammar, and of a work entitled, Statement of Earl Stanhope's system of Tuning Keyed Instruments. The compositions of this eminent musician have been universally admired for the science and genius they display.
Sunday, May 16. FIFTH SUNDAY AFTER EASTER-ROGATION SUNDAY. Less. for the Day, 8 chap Deut. mor.-9 chap. Deut. eve.-St. Ubaldus, Con. d A.D. 1265. Rogation Sunday received its title from the three days immediately following it, which are
called Rogation Days, from the Latin Rogare, to beseech, In ancient times the church enjoined all persons to lead a life of abstinence, and to appropriate Roga. tions and Litanies for the three days mentioned, which were considered by the Saxons as days of Perambulation. The fasting observed at this period was undertaken as a devout preparative to the feast of our Saviour's Ascension, and also to supplicate the blessing of the Almighty upon the fruits of the earth. The Belgians call It Truys-week, 1. e. Cross•week, and in some parts of England, iu Catholic times, it was su termed from the priesthood walking in procession this week with the cross borne before them. The institution of this week's solemnities is attri. buted by historians to Claudius Mammertus, bishop of Vienne, in France, as early as the year 550.
In the north of England it was also called Gang-tide, from the ganging or going in procession at this season; and in the Inns of Court, it used to be called Grassweek, from the fare being changed from flesh to that of sallads, green sauce, and hard eggs.
The festivals of the Robigalia, kept by the Romans in honour of Rohigur, a deity whom they worshipped as the preserver of their corn ; and that of the Ambarvalia, or feast of Perambulation, greatly resembled the processions of the Catholics upon Rogation Sunday.
Monday, May 17. St. Maden, Cónfessor: -High Water 58m after 8 Morn--35m after 9 Aftern May 17, 1390.-The coronation of Anne of Denmark, wife of James VI. of Scotland, took place
on this day, in the abbey of Holyrood House, near Edinburgh. She was a woman fond of pleasure, who bad no credit with ber husband, nor appears to have almed at or deserved any.
Tuesday, May 18. St. Eric, King of Sweden, mar. A. D. 1151.-Sun rises 10m after 4-sets 51m after-7.. May 18, 1800.-Died at Petersburgh, the celebrated field-marshal, Suwarroff ; his death was
aecelerated by the caprice and ingratitude of the Emperor Paul, who deprived him of his command in the midst of his successes against the French in Italy. The clia.
racter of this great soldier is more remarkable for bravery than humanity. Note. We are compelled. for want of room, to defer the continuation of the article opon
Haydon the Painter till our next.