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his words, j“ pity her is not the nobie and entered a dismal Innking portal under knigh:, nay, ;l not myself, who bold!y the south-east side of the Minsler. A avow my belief before ihis high assembly. giimmering torchlight, though it was then that Lionel Biddulf is incapable of false• high day, gleamed along the pillared pas.. hond, and hath either been grossly de. sage, and it was the sound of the lash, ceived, or else will substantiate the charges and an occasioval groan that alone guided he hath advanced.”
him to an arched souterrain. “ Ha ! peers the halcyon's beak in Naked to his middle, his brawny arms that quarter ?" said Richard," pay then, strained round a thick column, thai showWalter, thou must e’en go wear the wil- ed every vein and muscle, and his broad low "
back answering with crimson streaks every Here the Lady Sybil herself arose, and stripe of the rods that were plentifully with faltering steps approached the King. showered upon his bare skin, the robber: " Gracious prince," she exclaimed, her chief met the eyes of his titled accomplice. voice interrupled by emotion, “ it were a Stop!” said Lord Walter, “ I bear crime in me to suffer pride or shame to King Richard's warrant to release this keep me silent; albeit it is painful to unhappy man, and to conduct him forthspeak on such a theme in such a presence with to the presence. Withdraw instant-the Knight of Helmhurst, whalever his ly," said he, unloosing with his own hands affection for one so worthless as poor the cords with which Warner was tied, Sybil Burghill, would to a worthy rival and assisting in giving him his clothes, surrender me at his King's bidding, which the other sullenly suffered. though the hearts of both broke in the When they were alone, “ I might reinstant !"
proach thee, Captain,” said De CourtRichard, visibly touched, raised the naye, for great is the peril into which lovely girl and spoke soothingly to her, thy deceitful selfishness bath plunged me, as, drawing her veil over her face, she -nay, I have only to accuse thee to the vainly endeavoured to conceal her stream. King of having for thine own ends wrought ing tears. The Archbishop of Canter this coil of mischief, and thine head will bury then addressed the King-, roll on the Palace pavement to-morrow.
“ Sire!” he said, “ by your kingly But thou hast suffered ; and, in spite of and knightly oath, by your love for your thy falsehood, I love thee too well-100 subjects, by your own precious interests well to save myself and gratify the proud temporal and eternal, let not, I adjure Bishop by thy destruction.". you, let not prejudice or affection sway Warner auswered not, but groaned, your princely wisdom in this cause." and seemed as much-in distraction of mind
De Courtnaye now saw the tide strong. as pain of body. He had just finished' ly setting in against him, and at once putting on his clothes, when the back. summoning all his effrontery, said ward clang of the Minster bells, answered
“ The inan lately committed to the from the towers of the Palace, proclaimed Minster Dungeon has that to unfold which some commotion. may limit the degree of credit due to this An attendant rushed into the dungeod Warden of the Minorites. Knowing this to say that a strong band of robbers had friar had been practising against me with attacked Norburgh's Gate, and proclaimthe holy Bishop, I deemed it right to 'ed their object to be the freedom of their investigate the accusations he brought imprisoned Captain. An escaped comagainst the honour of the house of Court. rade had informed them of his detention, naye."
and (such was society in the fourteenth “ Yes," interrupted De Biddulf, im century) they had to a man left their hold, patiently, “ and most unlawful means and were determined upon- his rescue or didst thou employ."
death. " But where is the Franciscan ?" re “ Ay!” groaned Warner, “but they peated Richard ; " thou hast not dared to are too late, I am.: no longer their Capharm him, Walter ?
tain, but a wild, ensnared beast ;-yet, My liege, he is scatheless for me, he muttered, “I have fangs and clawsand that Sir Lionel knows-knows, too, still 1" why he is away ;! but what he may be “ Peace, peace !" said Courtnaye, unwilling to disclose on that subject, this “And thou, sirrah, hence !' and learn the Warner, if I be permitted to release him issue of this contest while I hold further from his bonds, hath the means of making parley with this unfortunate.". known."
“ Unfortunate !" said Warner, his heart Right gladly did Courtnaye receive the now fiercely roused, " and through whompermission of the King, and quitting this but thee, thou felon lord ?-Look to thydisplaced meeting, descended through the self !I have been abused to the very. south gate of the Palace into the Close,, death!'
Nay !” said Courtnaye, proffering a attendants to the Palace, his arms closely task of wine, and only smiling as he saw fettered, and followed by Courtnaye. As the robber swallow it with eagerness, they entered the back gates, a scene dis
at least pause ere thou devotest to ruin played itself which made Courtnaye reone whose misfortune it is as much as joice at the precautions he had taken.thine own that thou shouldst be impri. Eight of the captive robbers lay headless -soned here."
on the pavement, and two more hastily " What am I to do, then? I own you shrieved by a barefooted monk, were have paid me well, and I would have re. kneeling with their shirts drawn down paid you, with my services ;-but this below their breasts and shoulders, from vile scourging has blotted me from huma- which, as their captain passed, their heads nily."
were stricken by the long sword of the " Yet there is one passion of humani- executioner. ty by which thou mayst do me princely Warner gave them a look of impotent service still, good Warner-Revenge !"* agony, and passing under the inner gate
“ Revenge, and how ? for unless my way through the bowling-green, was con. poor faithful fellow3 scale yonder giant ducted into the garden, whose flowered barriers, I see no road to it."
walks were filled with groups of ladies, “I will show thee one, and not so pale with wonder and consternation, and hard ; it shall be through the mitre and listening to the account of the late ondalmatique, through the head and heart slaught from the courtiers and knights of yon proud Dominican.-Foil Sir Lio- who had just returned from the westnel, and thou wilt delight my patron, gate. From them Lord Walter learned whom (thanks to his imprudence) he hath ihat His Grace the King was on the East. already offended; betray the Franciscan, ern Terrace. and thou shalt disarm the Bishop against “ Highly chafed,” they said, “was me; win me the Lady Sybil, and thou the blood of the Plantagenet, and he had shalt punish uncle and niece more fully repaired thither that the evening air might than if thou hadst drunk their hearts' restore his princely mood.” Thisher, blood.”
then, was the Robber Chief conveyed. “ But thy wife?"
This beautiful and extensive esplanade “ May rest in thy keeping ; I care not formed a broad shelf of turf, with here and for the peevish quean ; and she may be there an old acacia or syamcore shooting my bond if thou distrustest me.".
their broad trunks over the moat ;--it The attendant here re-entered and an. stretched from the great east tower already nounced that Lord Walter was imme- mentioned, under the Bishop's chamdiately requited to bring the prisoner to ber--the hall, the state room, and the the Palace ; the robbers had been re- chapel, whose broad bexagon descended pulsed, the greater part slain, and the rest to the moat. A lovely sunset streaming captured.
behind the Palace, fell in rich flakes over “I am ruired then!" said Warner, the meadows and orchards to the east, wildly, and springing on De Courtnaye, and the blue pool, with the broad gray the Baron stamped, and several assistants tower of Chadstow, the parti-coloured rushing in, effectually secured the ruffian houses of its street, and the yellow track by their leathern belts; while De Court of the great highway between Loudon naye, again requesting them to wiihdraw, and Chester, were variously inlaid with thus addressed him :
the ruddy light. “ Art thou, then, so utterly dead to ' Richard of Bordeaux, at once roused thine own interest, that, because a set of from his easy mood by the late audacious bloodhunters, who would sacrifice thy- insult, stood below an immense oak that self the moment thou art an object of their tossed its bɔnghs against the eastern winjealousy, are fallen in the net they spread dows of the chapel, somewhat apart from for others ;-art thou so mad as not to his nobles, who were iu deep conference remember that, while De Courtnaye lives, around him. thou hast a treasury from whence thou “A goodly coil you have brought mightest refit twenty such bands. The upon us, my lord,” he said, as De Courtdisclosures thou art to make will bear naye approached the presence with his thee scatheless for the present ; and these prisoner,“ doubtless our subjects deem rose-nobles," he added, thrusting a large ihat the days of Wat Tyler are to return; bag into the Captain's vest, “ shall be but they shall find that Richard's manfollowed by others that will go near to hood hath not forgotten the daring of his repay the losses thou hast met for my youth!” sake."
“ The coil, my gracious liege,” saiu The chief was once more appeased, Courtnaye, humbly kneeling, " the coil and now suffered himself to be led by the is not'my work; but, if it please your
Grace, and these holy prelates, the de sence of the ladies and the peacock, we tection of foul and pestilent heresy in this will make yows for our ensuing alchieveyour Grace's loyal city, and in no mean member of their lordship's holy order, is
To be continued. my work, assisted by a misbold but faithful liegeman,”—and he drew from the
THE CUCK00. -(For the Olio.) vest of the bound and sullen Warner the
In the mild and sunny noon, papers which the preceding night they
'Mid the trees and branches green, had taken from the person of the Franciscan Sounds the Cuckoo's May-horn tune, at Edial.
With a click and pause between : The noble ecclesiastics looked round in To the hedge and sparrow's nest, awakened interest. The poor Warden's
Here a flight and tbere a stay;
With the sultry heat opprest, papers discovered not, only the prohibited
Chill'd in shade by long delay. . English translation of the Testament, but
Shy and idle in the glen, also a correspondence between Father
Singing hollow notes but two; Henry Jordan, Warden of the Minorites, Mimic'd well by clocks and men and Dr. Hereford, one of ihe Wickliffite When they strike and when they woo. leaders of the day, which at once proclaimed the poor Franciscan a rank' he
LECTURE ON VOLCANOES. retic !
ALEXANDER BARRY, KEQ. Sir Lionel was eagerly beginning to
(Continued from p. 298.) speak, when the excellent Dominican pulting him aside with genıle force, (for in
The substance's found in Volcanoes are truth, the young man was greatly loved exceedingly various: the principal are, by the Bishop,) spoke briefly to the Arch masses of granite, Gneiss and Mica slate, bishops, and apparently with their assent, limestone, basalt and porplıyries, the pres thus spoke,
of iron and copper, also crystalizert “ Deadly, my liege, is the guilt of this copper salts, boracic acid, sulphur Francisean, thus clearly avouched-dead- in abundance, sulphuret of selenium, ly as proclaiming him an unfruitful branch alum, and sal ammoniac ; obsidian or from the tree of the Catholic and Apos- volcanic glassma natural vitrification, tolic Church, cast off for the burning. feldspar, quartz roek, sodalite, and hunBut since error has blinded his eyes, it dreds of other substances, modifications remains for us to convince him that the of the above. It has even been said that members of the church he hath deserted, ores of gold, silver and mercury have judge not after the sight of their eyes nor been found in Vesuvius ; tin-stone certhe hearing of their ears. However these tainly occurs in it. In this mountain documents have been procured,” (and the nature has deposited a greater variety of Bishop glanced witheringly at De Court- the treasures of her mineral kingdom than naye,) “ the Warden's charges are too in any other : there is a striking difference heavy to be dismissed, at least without in this respect-thus on the site of the hearing what he personally may advance extinct Volcano Radicofani, little is found in their support.'
besides very porous pumice and aggluWarm debates now ensued, to which tinated lava. the King put an end by saying, " First [The Lecturer here shewed specimens let that ruffian be thrust forth from the of lava, containing much sulphur, which city, and thank his comrades that they he had brought whilst still hot from the have paid his ransom with their heads. crater of Vesuvius.} Walter of Courtnaye, thou hast presumed The antiquity of volcanic eruption is, deeply on our favour, but we are willing doubtless, high. The cities of Sodom and to deem that yon villain hath misled thee, Gomorrah are supposed, by some, to have and that thou wilt be foremost to right been destroyed by one. The size varies thine unhappy dame if this friar's tale be extremely, as Etna is 180 miles at the base, true. The Knight of Helmhurst may and 10,000 feet high, so high as to supply rely on our support even against ourself the island of Malta with ice and stow in any matter of proved injustice. To from its elernally frozen regions,_down our privy council, during our approach.", to the little Monte di Fo in the Appenines, ing expedition to Ireland, we commit the not more than two feet high and 40 feet management of this perplexed affair ; in circumference. The cause of volcanic God prosper the right! And now, my eruption appears to be much connected lords, the mists of evening begin to sha- with the decomposition of water, the hy. dow yon fair valley ; we will to vespers drogen coming off and iuflaming at the DR the chapel of our Confessor, and then, mouth, where it is in contact with air. by the permission of the Lord Bishop. This is proved in many cases, by rain in repair to his fair ball, where, in the pre- large quantities increasing the effect. I
witnessed this at the Monte di Fo. Upon sometimes succeeds to these phenomena : such principles, Sir H. Davy founded a the surrounding earth is convulsedrivers theory of volcanic origin, viz. that the are turned from their course--floods of metallic bases of some of the earths and sand, carbonic acid, water and mud flow alkalies were in the first instance sepa. from different apertures—the sea is agirated by electro-chemical action, and tated and troublous—the crystal stream afterwards reconverted into oxides by the is exchanged for the stagnant lake decomposition of water : the hydrogen mountains are raised in the ocean, others and sulphuretted hydrogen would thus be entombed by it. These effects generally constantly burning.
gradually subside, after an immense disa The effects of volcanic eruption are charge of lava, which has been 40 miles beneficial on the soil after some centuries, long and three miles in breadth. during which time the lava undergoes Most of these phenomena occur in the decomposition, and ultimately renders it great eruptions of Vesuvius. The first very fertile. Hence we find, ihat in most eruption of this mountain is recorded by instances the highly fruitful countries, as Dion Cassius, which has been already Italy and Sicily, the gardens of Europe, referred to. Dion, in speaking of it, says, have been volcanized throughout. great quantities of ashes and sulphureous
We shall now briefly describe the ge- smoke were carried not only to Rome, neral precursors of an eruption, and then but also beyond the Mediterranean-into proceed to detail several celebrated ones; Africa, and even to Egypt. Birds fell first remarking, that it is impossible to dead in the air from suffocation, and fishes assign a period to any exhibition of vol. perished in the neighbouring waters, canic fury. A Volcano may suddenly which were made - hot by it. Sir. W. appear any where ; it may remain during Hamilton considers that ihe eruption of a few weeks, and then disappear, or it 1767 was the lwenty-seventh from this ; may continue a mountain, but tranquil, since which time they have been frequent. for several centuries, and then burst out Bishop Berkeley gives a particular account with greater violence than ever. The of the eruption of 1717. Prince Cassano, usual preliminaries of this, one of the P. T. No. 435, of the eruption of 1737. most tremendous scourges that is per. On this last occasion the lava flowed half 'mitted to visit the earth, and which ex a mile per hour. Trees fell as the lava bibits the grandeur of nature in an un- touched them, and the glass in the houses paralleled degree, may thus be summed was softened by it. Sir W. Hamilton has up :--An increase of smoke at the crater, given, in the P. T. an accurate account which becomes thicker, and generally of the eruptions of 1766, 1767, and 1779. assumes the form of a pine tree. This I shall select the one of 1779. was the case with the memorable eruption During the whole month of July, the of Vesuvius in the reign of Titus Ves- mountain was in a state of fermentation. pasian, which destroyed Herculaneum, Subterraneous explosions and rumbling. Pompeii and Stabia, A.D. 79. This noises, with scoria and ashes, were ob. smoke rises to a vast height, and owing served, and towards the end of the month to the rapid and violent escape of gas, is these increased so much as to produce constantly renewed, thus appearing sta- the effect of beautiful fireworks. tionary. (I saw the cloud of smoke from On Thursday, Aug. 5, the Volcano Vesuvius when fifty miles from Naples, became violently agitated : a white sulwhen no flames issued.) This is followed phureous smoke continuing and impetuby frequent lightnings and thunder, sub- ously issuing from the crater, accumulated terranean noises, a treinor of the earth, till four times the height and size of the and explosions resembling the firing of Volcano itself; it was so white as to reartillery ; the escape of steam, the boiling semble bales of fiue cotton. In the midst of water (hence " Cuisina del Diavolo,") of this, vast showers of stones, scoria and succeed at times sounds resembling the ashes were thrown up 2000 feet, and a howlings of monsters, the roaring of she flood of lava clearing the rim of the crater, wind, and even the pipes of an organ. which thus boiled over, ran violently for These effects increase the air becomes some hours, stopping at the border of the sulphureous—a horrid gloom and dark cultivated paris, The heat was all day ness 'pervade nature-enormous clouds of intolerable at Somma and Ottaiano. sand fall, which in one eruption of Etna Reddish ashes fell so thick in these towns covered 150 square miles to the depth of that the air was darkened enough to render 12 feet. Stones of a prodigious size are objects invisible at the distance of ten feet projected red hot, and ihrown many thou- in the day tiine. Filaments, apparently sand feet -high, accompanied by showers of spun, vitrified matter followed, birds of liquid lava and red flames rising to the were suffocated in cages, and the trees height of several iniles. The Earthquake near Somma were covered with a white
and corrosive salt. On the night of the and showers of cinders for twenty-five 71h, all these effects increased. Sir W.H. minutes, when the eruption suddenly watched it from the Mole at Naples, ceased, and Vesuvius remained sullen and which commands a full view of it. Se silent. Many small stones and cinders veral glorious picturesque effects had been were afterwards found to have been observed from the reflection of the deep thrown thirty miles, and volcanic ashes, red fire within the crater of Vesuvius, very small, fell in abundance 100 miles off.. when a summer storm, called a tropea, Having already remarked on the decoming on, blended its heavy waters with struction of Herculaneum and Pompeii, the sulphureous clouds, which appeared I shall now conclude with a few observalike mountains piled on Vesuvius. At tions upon the state of those ruins. Neither this moment, a fountain of fire, shot up to of those cities were of the first class. an increaible height, shed so bright a glow Pompeii was buried by cinders only—at that the smallest object within six miles least no lava flowed into it. Herculaneum of Vesuvius was distinctly seen ; indeed was entombed by a shower of cinders, Mr. Morris read the title of a book twelve accompanied by water and some lava : miles off. The black stormv clouds the effect of the water was to unite the passing around it-the pale forkea light- stones, &c. into a hard cement, and from ning-the crimson glow of the mountain this circumstance, and the presence of the -the combustion of its materials reflected cardened 'lava, arises the increased dire from the heavens and sea, produced a ficuity in excavating Herculaneum. This protæan display of colours that no pencil town exists under the foundations of the could sufficiently portray-no poet ade- present Resina, and hence is continually quately describe. The accompanying filled up after lue valuables have been torrents of rain fell hot, and at Otaiano obtained. Among these may be menscalded one of the king of Naples' game- tioned two splendid equestrian statues of keepers.
the Balbi family, found in a corridor of On the 8th, the mountain was tranquil the Amphitheatre-earthen vases, bronze till six, P.M. Much smoke then accu- candelabras, paintings, manuscripts (on mulated ; at seven a subterranean 'noise papyri and chiefly of music), &c. &c.was heard, and the usual volleys of red. Pompeii, on the contrary is laid open, hot stones appeared. The crater, seen and the comparatively loose soil easily through a telescope, appeared much en removed. The leading objects of this larged by the eruption of the night before, interesting and vast relict are, the AmAbout nine, an explosion happened, which phitheatre, perfect, except the paintings, so shook Portici and its neighbourhood, which represented the combats of anithat many windows were broken and walls mals, &c. These were in admirable precracked by the concussion. This noise servation when first excavated, but the was faintly heard at Naples. In an in. too sudden exposure to the air and moisslant, a column of liquid fire rose, and ture destroyed them. In this Amphitheatre gradually reached the height of more seven skeletons of lions were found. The . than 10,000 feet. This was succeeded at Forum, containing a pedestal, upon which intervals by jets of denselý black smoke. stood a statue of Sallust; the house of The lava and-stones descending covered Sallust--that of Diomedes, in which seventhe cone of Vesuvius, the top of Somma, teen human skeletons were found. The and the valley between them. The fiery house of Cicero-of the Consul Panza. shower was two miles and a half in The Pantheon, containing excellent paint. breadth, and cast a sensible heat six miles ings of Europa and ille Bull and Diana and around it. The brush wood on the moun Aclæon. The Temples of Jupiter, Mer. tain was soon in a blaze, and the black cury, Venus, &c. The Basilica ; pubcolumn, through which vivid lightning lic baths ; city wall; street of tombs ; constantly darled, was at one time moving Tragic and Comic Theatre ; prisons, and towards Naples, and threatened the city two splendid fountains, covered with with speedy destruction; it had just coarse but rich (mosaic, &c. &c. are the reached the city wheu the wind changed, leading objects. The streets are narrow, and carried it back again ; the column of the edges of the stones next the curb worn fire, however, still remained and rendered by the wheels, and the clear distance be. the smallest objects visible at more than tween the wheels as thus indicated, I ten miles distance from the mountain. found to be four feet one inch. It ap
This eruption concluded with a great pears that Pompeii was subject to inunshower of red-hot stones and black scoria dations of water, for stepping-stones are in Ottaiano, just as the inhabitants were provided for passengers at the junction of preparing to quit the town. Many of the many of the narrowest streels. The walls stones measured eight feet in diameter. of the rooms are richly coloured the The whole town was enveloped in clouds doors in beautiful inosaic. On one floor