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a boar-hunt is shewn in mosaic ; in the pipe, not at all attracted by the leering of house of the tragic poet a chained dog is the female accomplice; beside the sailor represented in a similar way. In the is a Life Guardsman, with a Waterloo courts of the belter houses are shallow medal on his breast : « both sailor and baths, only a few inches deep, for soldier," says Mr. Haydon, being a strangers 10 wash their feet in. In the fair representation of the respective noble Temple of Isis there is an altar, mosaic services to which they belong." The floor, &c.; and in an adjoining room ă buildings of Nottingham Place are the table spread with cooked fowls was houses on the left, below which is seen a found, near to which the skeleton of a funeral procession, which, by the white priest remained ; a second skeleton was feathers, tell the deceased to have died in found in the temple.
single blessedness, though whether the The Royal, or Borbonic Museum, re
dead be male or female we should never moved from Portici to Naples, contains a have known, had it not been for Mr. vast collection of objects found in Her. Haydon, who says it is “ the funeral of a culaneum and Pompeii ; in addition to sweet girl.” On the opposite side, or those mentioned, there are bread-fruits, right, is Marylebone Church, and the corn and oil mills, cinerary urns, bottles extreme right corner of the picture is of medicine, superb bronzes, and many filled up by Jack in the Green, sonty and other remains.
his lady ; behind whom is a matrimonial [Mr. Barry here shewed specimens of pair returning from the altar of Hymen. glass, mosaic, fragments of musical in- Close to the farmer's heels is his dog, struments, of the charred beams of Her- near to which stands a street sweeping culaneum, a human jaw, lachrymatories, boy, mimicking the action of Punch and &c. brought by him from those places.] his staff with his broom; behind him is a
The darkness attendant on the eruption police officer, watching the boy picking of Vesuvius, which buried these towns, ihe farmer's pocket. Over the sharper and which remained for several days, is are seen two men on horseback, though described by Pliny in his letter to Tacitus, of a truth we should not have known that as exceeding that of any night he had they are fashionable young men, as Mr.ever known. Pliny the elder, (the natu: Haydon is pleased to call them. But ralist), who commanded the Roman fleet, now comes the description of the sweetest perished in a shower of ashes and clouds figure in the whole painting--this is the of sulphureous smoke on landing: fruit girl asleep on the left corner. It is
indeed a delightful little gem; of itself it BRITISH SCHOOL OF PAINTING. is a picture, --so placid, so calm, and
asleep, amidst all the racket of the passing
Her position is easy and unconB. R. Haydon.
strained, while the painting and colouring
of it beggars description. The feet are A picture is a poem without words.—Spectat. most exquisitely done. This is sufficient
to shew that Haydon can paint : even From the sublime to the ridiculous is Etty, great as he undoubtedly is, has but one step, so from Eucles, the subject never surpassed this ; and we wish that of our last remarks upon this artist, we Haydon would always pay this regard to descend to Punch and Judy, or Life in the finish of his figures. In the present London. On first looking at this picture, performance there are instances of gross it presents a mass of confusion, of distrac. neglect and carelessness,--for example, tion to the eye,
-no harmony, no repose. the dog, and boy mimicking, and the feet Nor is this feeling allayed by further or of Jack in the Green. This it is which more minute examination; although some disgusts common spectators; we have of the individual parts are excellent, still found it so, and many is the time that we as a whole it does not please. Pinch’s have spoken in defence, or extenuation of theatre is upon the left hand of the pic. it, lest they might be too much preture, before which stands a real country judiced. It is a pity that a man should i farmer, gaping and staring - with true take so much trouble to ruin his reputa-rustic credulity and delight, seemingly tion, when he could so easily obviate it. excited to admiration by the various antics Next to the fruit girl, the farmer is the of Punch and his wife. On his right, best figure ; then the sailor and soldier ; explaining with apparent disinterestedness and all the others are good. The exo. and complaisance, is a sharper, whose pressions of all are in perfect accordance female companion shelters with her cloak with their various characters and pursuits. & young thief, who is busy picking the In contrasting this picture with that ofi old farmer's pocket. A sailor stands be- Eucles, it cannot, we are sure, be matter hind the farmer,,careless and smoking his of any doubt as to which we judge the
palm of excellence. Clearly and indis- tural,—again, it is too violent in its action ; putably must it convince any being of he is screwing up his strength sufficient sense and judgment, that Haydon un to knock down an ox or an elephant, doubtedly excels in historical, not in fa- and we are certain, were he to strike as miliar, nor comic, painting. To call him represented, he would undoubtedly annithe Hogarth of our day is to insult him; bilate the false mother, instead of the as well might Hogarth be compared to child. The architecture is very fine, Raphael, because he painted Paul before elegant and solid, and the temple in the Agrippa, the good Samaritan, and Christ distance is masterly put in, though he at the Pool of Bathesda. . It ought rather may have violated chronology ; but there to excite our pity, that a man possessed are allowances to poets and painters not of such commanding talents should be conceded to less ethereal personages. compelled to waste his time and genius His Entry into Jerusalem is a fine picupon subjects, lo others however agree- ture--a picture that can bear comparison able, yet so irksome and inimical to his with the proudest of foreign countries, or own feelings and ideas.
any over produced here, and had we time There are numerous sketches and draw. it should be examined more minutely, inys in oil and chalk hung about the but suffice it to say, that it is a work that room, and all display the vigour and would alone have distinguished Haydon masterly handling of a genius. Amongst had he never painted any other, and that the nuinber are, the first sketch (in oil) it is a burning shame, a stigma on the of Eucles-Entry into Jerusalem, and taste of this country, that the only man Xenophon and the Ten Thousand. The who endeavours to cultivate and dignify first does not materially vary from the her historical school of painting should finished painting, excepting here the arm be left unprotected, unpatronised, and, of Eucles's wife is stretched out, and the as a last resource, be compelled to dis. Greek on horseback having no cap: pose of his productions by a raffle !-a No. 16, Alexander and Bucephalus, system now even scouted from the stage has been before exhibited at the Royal of the itinerant mountebank; and yet it Academy. It is a picture of great merit. is practised in London, and noblemen There are Haydon's usual faults and ex- the proud aristocracy of England, are cellencies in it: he has thrown great humble enough to dabble in a lottery ! vigour and animation into the whole pic- Oh, most mighty and sapient race, prate ture. Alexander sits his horse manfully no more about thy nobility. C.I.H. and easily, but he is devoid of that masculine beauty and dignity which is naturally looked for in one so near apper•
The Note Book. taining to a God.
I will make a prief of it in my Note-book. Here likewise are his celebrated pic
M, W. of Windsor. tures of the Judgment of Solomon, and Entry into Jerusalem. In this style, and upon this scale of painting, the true Bourrienne gives the following instance genius of Haydon is seen to advantage. of a bribe :—The Prince de Conde offer. Here the vigour of composition, the ma. ed to Pichegru to betray his country to jesty of his figures and sublimity of effect the Bourbons, for the following price :strike the spectator with wonder and “ To be made a Marshal of France, a pleasure. The design of his Solomon is Governor of Alsace, a Cordon Rouge, the grand, simple and solemn, suitable to the Chateau de Chambord, with its park and subject represented. The gravity and iwelve pieces of cannon ; a million of dignity of Solomon is striking; the ma- ready money ; two hundred thousand jestic simplicity with which he is robed, livres per annum; a hotel in Paris ; a gives an air of towering grandeur and pension of 200,000 livres, with a reverawe, that makes us feel as if we were in sion of half to his wife, and a quarter to reality a witness of the scene. The co- his heirs for ever; and, finally, that his louring of this, as well as of his Jerusalem, native town of Arbors should bear his is rich and mellow, and shews that Hay- name, and be exempt from taxes for don's principles of colouring can with. twenty years." sland time and neglect; for these two paintings have been bandied about and SPECIMENS OF GERMAN GENIUS. Lossed amidst heaps in_garrets, among There is no more potent antidote to low rubbish and damp. The only figure sensuality than the adoration of beauty. which we object to here is, that of the All the higher ‘arts of design are essenman about to strike the child. In the first tially chaste, without respect of the obplace, it tells too much of a studied figure, ject. They purify the thoughts, as traioo much of academical rules to be na: gedy, according to Aristotle, purifies the
ORIGIN OF THE MALT AND BEER TAXES.
passions. Their accidental effects are not commonly modify every ideal event or worth consideration. There are souls to train of events, so that it appears imperwhom even a vestal is not holy.
fect, and its consequences are equally August Wilhelm v. Schlegel. imperfect. Thus it was with the Refor
mation instead of Protestantism, arose Each minute appears to us the end, the Lutheranism.
Novalis. object, of all former minutes. We mistake the seed of life for the harvest the honey-dew on the ears for the sweet and The following memoranda may just nourishing juice-and, like beasts, we now be interesting: - - Alehouses were chew the blossoms.
established in this country as early as Jean Paul F. Richter. 721 ; and are mentioned in the laws of
Ina, King of Wessex. Public houses The most agreeable of all companions were first licensed in 1621, authority is a siinple, frank man, without any high being granted for that purpose to Sir pretensions 10 an oppressive greatness ; Giles Montpessan and Sir Francis Michel, one who loves life, and understands the for their own emolument. In 1553, the use of it ; obliging,-alike at all hours; number of taverns in London was limited above all, of a golden temper, and stead- to forty. The malt tax was established fast as an anchor. For such an one, we
in 1697, increased in 1760, and new gladly exchange the greatest genius, the modelled in 1766. An Excise duty on most brilliant wit, the profoundest thinker. beer and ale was first legally imposed in
Lessing. 1660. The most perfect specimens of ordinary
MARRIAGE A MEDICINE. women have a very acute and distinct It is a custom in Syria to allow sick perception of all the boundary lines of women to be present at weddings, from every-day existence, and guard themselves a popular superstition that the marriage conscienciously from overstepping them. benediction is a certain remedy for all Hence their well-known and remarkable their disorders. The same superstition uniformity. They cannot bear excess, seems gaining ground here, for many even in refinement, delicacy, truth, vir- sick (love-sick) females wish to be pretue, passion. They delight in variety of sent on such an occasion. the common and accustomed. No new ideas,-but new clothes. Fundamental monotony-superficial excitement. They love dancing, especially, on account of Independently of the cheap price of its light, vain, and sensual character. provisions, there is something else faThe highest sort of wit is insufferable to vourable to residing in Moscow; one is them -as well as the Beautiful, the Great, not dazzled from morning to night by the the Noble
: middling, or even bad books, brilliant uniform of the officers; and a actors, píctures, and the like, delight gentleman looks more in his proper place them.
Novalis. in Moscow than in the northern capital.
I remember a certain Prince, who dined It is a coarse but very common mis- withine, making his appearance with apprehension, that in order to represent thirteen orders-every thing, from the the Ideal, an aggregate of virtues as nu copper medal for the battle of Moskowa, merous as possible must be packed toge- to the superior order of St. Anne. It ther under one name :~a whole com- required about an hour's time to learn the pendium of morality be exhibited in one history of his different exploits ; he fought man. Nothing is effected by this but the all his battles o'er again, and about six ulter extinguishment of individuality and hundred times he slew the slain. I have truth. The Ideal consists not in quantity seen a Professor of great celebrity writing but in quality. Grandison is exemplary, letters in his dressing-gown, with three but not ideal. A. W. von Schlegel. stars stuck upon the same robe-de-cham
bre. Once when, during a bitter cold Germans are serious in society, their morning, an elderly genileman alighted comedies are serious, their satire is serious, from his travelling carriage at a miserable their whole polite literature is serious. I's inn, to endure the half-hour's uncomthe comic alone always unconscious and fortable delay always experienced in involuntary in this people ? 16. changing horses, and, to enjoy a little
real heat, disrobed himself of his shube, There are ideal trains of events which to my great surprise, I saw no less than run parallel with the real ones. Seldom five stars and orders. The rage for apdo they coincide. Men and accidents pearing in this trumpery baffles all belief.
FONDNESS OF THE RUSSIANS FOR
Every common soldier has four or five of feeling drowsy after so very solid a rethese dingle-dangles from his coat ; and past; we accordingly retired to I could scarcely convince my friends that damp straw, in the bope of snatching in England we were contenied to exhibit a few winks, but had not been long there our honours once or twice a-year. Not when Lord Uxbridge came past. We contented with the five hundred orders, rose at his approach, but he kindly exmore or less, common to the Russians, claimed, "Lie still, gentlemen, lie stili, the Emperor caused an Order of Merit to take all the sleep you can get--you will be brought into use in 1828. If any offi. be wanted presenily.' About this time cer had been tried at a court-martial, the general of our brigade came out of although he had been acquitted, he could the village, and informed us that there not wear the order. It was altogether a would be a famous day ; for the Prustrumpery concern-a golden wreath of sians would be up by eleven, and that oak-leaves, I believe, with the number of an overwhelming attack would then be years of faithful service marked in the made upon the French, who were concentre : to be sure, in some countries, it sidered to have committed a great miswas thought expedient to mark the vaga take, in waiting where they were till bonds, but in Russia it is found much morning. Did not Buonaparte think we easier to mark the apparently honest. It had done the same on our side? I beis not very long ago that a gallant cap- lieve he is reported to have said, when tain of our navy was introduced to the he discovered our army in the same posiEmperor--as usual, he inquired concern tion as he had followed them to on the ing the life and active service of the offi- previous day,, ' Ah, je les tiens, dunc, cer; the latter modestly mentioned about ces Anglais.'. However this may be, a dozen brilliant exploits. “ How is it;” all the world knows that the object of said the Emperor, “ you have no deco. the Duke of Wellington, in falling back rations ?"-" In England," replied the upon the position in question, was to gallant captain, “ they give few decora. forma communication with Blucher, tions; but they give us half-pay, and who had been obliged to retreat to new which I for one take to be rather a better ground, not very far from our left; and thing."
New Month that a coalition had been agreed on be.
tween the allied commanders, which Notices of New Books. would have been effected without diffi
culty, had the country not been bogged The English Army in Frunee: being by the rain of the preceding night. This
the Narrative of an Officer. 2 vols, unforeseen and irremediable obstacle 12mo. Colburn and Bentley, 1830. caused the whole of the objection that
This amusing work is more a series has been urged against the English army of personal anecdotes than a “ History of being placed in such hazardous circum the Wars,” which might be supposed stances. But it was impossible to say from its title. As far as we can judge how soon our allies might arrive, and from a hasty perusal, it bears the slamp after the understanding ihat had been of reality ; and indeed, on this point, the established, would there not have been author says in the preface, “ I have a breach of faith had the English geneinvented nothing, but I have described ral left his position, when there was a faithfully what rose to my observation fair chance of maintaining it, even for a among events in the causation of which time? Another most absurd complaint I had no concern.
." And, in truth, he has been current among the vulgar, that appears to have one great merit for a the Duke was surprised that he was not
reminiscence'' writer, he is not al. at his post, &c., when the enemy broke ways intruding himself before the reader : into the country. I am very sure that if the greater part of the stories relate to his Grace were to speak candidly on the his comrades. We think it scarcely pos- subject, he would say that he expected sible for any one to read two pages with to be surprised. out feeling interested in this work. The “ Napoleon was not a likely man to narratives are told in a very easy and send his compliments, with a message to playful manner ; and, as light reading to inform him when he would enter upon pass an otherwise dull hour, these vo active operations, and where he purposed lumes cannot be too highly recommended.
commence; and as to the post,' By way of illustrating our remarks, we where would these wise folks have asintroduce the following bit to our readers. signed it? Do they think it was either
The Morning af Waterloo. ---After a fit or necessary for ihe commander of an basty but substantial breakfast, “ the army to be performing the duty of a serious business of the memorable day videite, or at most of an officer on piccommenced. I 'recollect several of us quet? His proper post was precisely
ANOTHER GOOD ONB.
where it was, and where, on all corres. mon people that brought a vessel out of ponding occasions, it has been at the the house, though an earthen vessel and head-quarters of the army—the most con- said, “This vessel is clean for the Sin venient place for receiving information, Water,' it was presumed to be clean, conducting the general business of a sanctified and sprinkled. And so, if any of large army, as connected with the very the common people said, 'I am clean for existence of a nation, and for issuing the Sin Water, or had the Sin Water by orders. "Oh, but he was at a ball when him and said it is clean,' his word was the news came! What then? Did it taken, for there was no man in Israel too signify which street or which house of vile for it. How clearly this sprinkling is Brussels he happened to be in? It has practised by the Romish priests, it requires never been hinted that when he went to not a word ; and it is equally clear that this ball he desired that no news might the water now denominated the Holy be communicated to him. Where would Water' in the chapels, is the same in they have had him ? In bedfast effect as the “ Sin Water' used by the asleep? In which of these two situations Israelites, with a view of being cleansed was he most likely to be on the alert? from all sin. There was the water of I wish John Bull would say nothing sprinkling and the blood of sprinkling. about what he does not understand, or The difference between the old and new talk sense.
The Duke of Wellington dispensation is the only real cause why did his duty, and the British nalion know water is now in use instead of blood. not their obligations to him. If this
Pyla. country were the seat of war for one month, there would be a very different
Anecdotiana. feeling lowards those who have fought her battles upon other soils, and kept an enemy from ravaging her own.
(For the Olio.) In our next we shall make a few fur “You are an old stager with the lather extracts from these amusing volumes. dies,” said A to his friend ; " you kiss
all you meet."-" Pardon me," replied Customs of Various Countries. another, “ in that case he's not a stager,
but an Omnibus !" CUSTOM OF BURNING HEIFERS FOR ASHES,
FOR PURIFICATION,' SIN WATER,
For the Olio.
A short time since, a respectable lookWhen the Priest burnt the Heiser he ing person entered a conventicle at no was separated from his house to a chamber great distance from Portsmouth, during prepared in the court of the Temple called the delivery of a discourse upon charity ihe Stone Chamber' containing stone and good will toward our neighbours. vessels, in which he ministered seven days. The visitor walked leisurely along until he After the Heifer was burni, she was beaten reached the pulpit, from whicb the sleek with staves; her and the wood of the pile headed gospeller was launching his wherewith she was consumed, were sifted thunders on the ungodly ; casting his with sieves and whatever was black which eyes to the right and to the left, in hope could be possibly pounded was made into that some friendly one would offer him a ashes, and that which had no ashes in it. seat, but not a single pew door was open. was left to be pounded separately. Not ed. Instead of betraying any ill feeling any of the ashes were laid up in the court, at this unchristian conduct, the person but divided into three parts-one part in aforesaid deliberately walked out of the the fort or frontier ; another part in Mount chapel, but 'shortly returned with a huge Olivet and the third parted to all the wards.® log of wood upon his shoulders, which That which was parted to the wards the he set down under the pulpit and used priesls sanctified with it. That which was as a seat. As he entered, every pew door put in Mount Olivet the Israelites sprinkled flew open—the congregation were abashwith it ;
and that which was put in the forted and felt the reproof most bitterly ; was received. And thus, some of every but he who had thus confounded them, burnt heifer was laid in store and safety. heeded not the effect he had produced, After this precept was commanded nine and quitted the place upon the conclured heifers were burnt till the desolation sion of the discourse,'having assured of the second Temple. The first, by himself that the hint was effectual. Moses, the second, by Ezra, and seven alier him till the Temple was destroyed. If Mr. Pitt had been born without
In respect of the ashes, however, it is that which is usually designated the seat necessary to remark that all Israelites were of honour, what would he be like ? sit 10 keep it. Therefore any of the com. The Bottomless Pit.
A GENTLE REPROOP.