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The anecdotes contained in the subjoined Sir W. Ralegh having gazed and sighed paragraph of Sir Thomas More, who suf a long time at his study-window, from fered for his opposition to the will of the whence he might discern the barges and brutal Henry, we think will prove ainus

boats about the Blackfriar's stairs, sud. ing.

denly he brake out into a great distemper, « Of the inexhaustible fund of humour and sware that his enemies had on purfollowing are remarkable instances. his gall in sunder with Tantalus torinent, possessed by this eminent minister, the pose brought her majesty thither to break When he was conveyed a prisoner to the that when she went away he might see Tower, the porter having, according to death before his eyes ; with many such an ancient custom of the place, demanded like conceits. And as a mau transported his uppermost garment as his fee, Sir with passion, he sware to Sir George Thomas presented him with his cap, Carew, that he would disguise himself, telling him that that was his uppermost and get into a pair of oars to ease his garment, and that he wished it was of mind but with a sight of the Queen, or more value.-On being led to Tower else he protested his heart would break. Hill, to execution, a female reproached But the trusty jailor would none of that, him for detaining some deeds whilst le for displeasing the higher powers, as he was in office : 56 My good woman,” said said, which he more respected than the he, “ have patience a little, for the King feeding of his humour, and so flatly reis so gracious to me, that within this half fused to permit him. But, in conclusion, hour, he will discharge me of all my upon this dispute they fell flat to choleric business and help thee himself.”—Even outrageous words, with straining and at the block his accustomed levity did not struggling at the doors, that all lameness forsake him. As he ascended the scaffold, was forgotten, and in the fury of the he requested one of the guards to assist conflict, the jailor he had his new perrihim, adding, “When I come down again, wig torn off his crown, and yet here the let me shift for myself.” At the time of struggle ended not, for at last they had laying his head upon the block, the exe- gotten out their daggers. Which when I cutioner begged his forgiveness : “ [ saw, I played the stickler between them, forgive thee,” quoth he, “ but prithee, and so purchased such a rap on the let me put my beard aside, for that hath knuckles, that I wished both their pates nezer committed treason.

broken; and so with much ado they How ill Sir Walter Raleigh bore the stayed their brawl to see my bloody displeasure of the Queen when confined fingers. At first I was ready to break in the Tower in 1592, for his amour with with laughing to see them two scramble the daughter of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton and brawl like madmen, until I saw the will be seen by the following epistles. iron walking, and then I did my best to

“ He appears to have gained his liberty appease their fury. As yet I cannot reby the most fulsome adulation to his royal concile them by any persuasion, for Sir

of this, the following leiter Walter swears, that he shall hate him, from Mr. (afterwards Sir) Arthur Gorges for so restraining him from the sight of to Sir Robert Cecil, presents a remark. his mistress, while he lives, for that he able specimen. - Honourable Sir. I knows not (as he said) whether ever he cannot choose but advertise you of a shall see her again, when she is gone the strange tragedy that this day had like to progress. And Sir George, on his side, have fallen out between the captain of swears that he would rather he should the guard and the lieutenant of the ord- lose his longing, than he would draw on nance, if I bad not by great chance come him her Majesty's displeasure by such at the very instant to have turned it into liberty. Thus they continue in malice a comedy. For upon a report of her and snarling ; but I am sure all the smart majesty's being at Sir George Carew's, lighted on me. I cannot tell whether I

should more allow of the passionate lover,

or the trusty jailor. But if yourself had eltezeins of London, with him: and there they metten with Jake Strawe ledere of the heartily merry and sorry, as ever you

seen it, as I did, you would have been as uprysers. And this Jake Strawe spak to the kyng boded as it hadde bene to his felawe : were in all your life, for so short a time. and John Blyton that bar the maires swerd I pray you pardon my hasty written narof London bad hym don of his hode while he ration, which I acquaint you with, hoping spak to the kyng; wherfore Jake Strawe wax an angred, and mynte to caste his daggere to you will be the peace-maker. But, good Blyton. And thanne, William Walworth Sir, let nobody know thereof, for I fear maire of London, drewe his baselard and smot Sir Walter Ralegh will shortly grow to Jake Strawe on the hed : and with that, Rauf be Orlando Furioso, if the bright Angelica Standyssh, tbat bar the kynges swerd, roof Jake Strawe though the body with a swerd; persevere against him.' and there be fyll doun ded.'

" In a similar strain to the absurditios


recounted in the preceding narrative, is Seize, then, the hour when Sorrow steers an epistolatory effusion written by Sir Fill a bright cnp to the heart that weeps, Walter from the Tower, to Sir Robert And the soul that bathes in pleasure! Cecil, with a view that it should be shewn

Fill to the zephyr sighiog roundto the Queen, who was about to make

To the storm that shouts in anger! her annual progress. In it, he says, Fill to the voice of Pleasure's sound, • My heart was never broken till this And the murmur'd threat of danger! day, that I hear the Queen gnes away so

Fill to the flowers of summer past

To the joys that time has failed! far off, whom I have followed so many Fill to the bliss that yet may last, years with so great love and desire, in so

And the thoughts that grief has shaded ! many journeys, and am now left behind

Fill to the year that has ran its courseher in a dark prison, all alone. While

To the one that clings around us ! she was yet near at hand, that I might Fill to the river has dried its source, hear of her once in two or three days, my And the sea by waves has bound us!

Fill to the scenes that memory gives, sorrows were the less, but even now my

Where joy and hope were shining! heart is cast into the depth of all misery. Fill to the scene that round us lives, I, that was wont to behold her riding like Where sad-tongued Truth's reclining! Alexander, hunting like Diana, walking Fill to the themes of minstrels' lays– like Venus, the gentle wind blowing her

To the jocund time before them! fair hair about her pure face like a Fill to the hopes of happier days, nymph, sometime sitting in the shade like And the buoyant hearts that bore them!

Fill to the winter's stormy blasta goddess, sometimes singing like an

To the woes that round are pelting ! angel,

sometimes playing like Orpheus,' Fill to the bliss that may not last, &c. Elizabeth, on whom flattery was And the joys in doubt are melting! never lost, at length compassionated her 'love-stricken swain, and in September, Fill to the themes have left the breast

To the thoughts have died unspoken! 1592, he was released from durance."

Fill to the hearts that love has blest, With the following anecdotes of Hugh And the hearts that love has broken! Le Bigod, who was constable of the Tower Fill to the song of the summer birdin 1271, we conclude our notice of this fill to the lays by Fancy heard,

To the gloom the frost's revealing! useful work, which we view as a desirable And the grief the bard is feeling! performance, well calculated to illustrate the chronicles of England. Of the nu

Fill to the joys that dance around

Our sleep, and fly on waking! merous engravings in this book, all we

Fill to the songs that cheerful sound, can say is, that some are exceeding clever, Though the writer's heart is breaking ! and the rest respectable.

Fill to the visions of early youth

To the hopes that Fate has blighted ! Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, and Mare. Fill to the darker tales of Truth, schal of England, was a nobleman of And the soul in grief benighted ! such power and wealth, that, on several occasions, he refused to obey the royal Fil to the fountain has ceased to playcommands, and set the King at defiance. Fill to the fancies we love to-day, Once, in particular, the King requested And the truths we weep to-morrow! him to head some forces on a foreign ex

Fill to the day must end in night,

To the life with death is blending! pedition : the Earl declined the honour, Fill to the pleasures vainly bright, by virtue of his office, as did also the And the ills the grave is ending! Lord Constable. His Majesty, exaspe

R. JARMAN. rated at their refusal, turning to Bigod, said,- Fore God, Sir Earl, you shall THE PERPETUAL FIRE. either go or hang !' Fore God, Sir

For the Olio. King,' replied the uncourteous noble, ' I will neither go nor hang.' The same A German student, as he was once pa. monarch once termed him a traitor, when rading the streets, felt his foot strike he not only denied the accusation, but against something on the ground, and defied his Majesty to injurę him : 'Yes' looking downwards, perceived a book replied Henry, I can thresh your corn curiously bound-he took it up and put and sell it ! Ay!' retorted the Earl, it in his coat-pocket. As he had several

but if you do so, I will send you the calls to make, he had no opportunity of heads of your threshers.'".

examining this acquisition until late at

night, when he returned home. Here, SONG.

seating himself in an arm-chair, he took For the Olio.

out the book with the intention of in

specting its contents. He found, to his The nectar streams in every bowl, And joy around is flowing,

surprise, it was written in a character And scarcely can the grief-chill'd soul

unknown to him, which yet more astoRestrain itself from glowing:

nished him as he knew all the European

age ?

and had no little learning in the Oriental the interior being filled with fire, while, languages; he turned it this way and round its surface, floated the thin canopy that, and strived to make something of it, of air. The cause of the indignation of but all to no purpose ; at last, abandon- the Salamanders was their being confined ing all hopes of ever discovering its by this crust of earth, and element inhameaning, he fell into the following re bited by the Gnomes, whom they consider flections.

so far inferior to themselves. Perhaps this is a history of some “The Gnomes dwelt in spacious caverns mighty empire, now long forgotten,- hewn out of the earth, which were adornperhaps a chronicle of some hero of anti- ed on all sides with statues made of the quity, whom the author has vainly sought finest porphyry, and ornamented with the to immortalize,--perhaps 'tis the account most precious stones ; here might be seen of some ancient art now buried in obli- the sparkling diamond, the blood-red. vion. Who knows but it may contain ruby, the carbuncle, that inestimable gem the secret of alchemy, said to be known so much celebrated by the oriental fabuto Zoroaster, or that of the perpetual fire lists, and in fact, every mineral that discovered by Rosicrucius ?" "He look- ever existed, but in much greater pered at the book once more, and to his fection than they were ever beheld in by amazement found that the characters mortals. were legible to him, and he read as fol. “ In different parts of the cavern might lows:

be seen groups of Gnomes, some oc“ Sons of Fire !* think you that we cupied in breaking pieces of ore with were formed to live in everlasting bond- massy hammers,--some in pouring liquid

Think you that the noblest of metal into immense moulds to decorate elements is to be confined by the basest ? their residence, -while others, reclining Rise, sons of Fire ! shake off this inglo- on the ground, were engaged in sorting rious sloth, let us at once break the walls minerals, and arranging them in their of our prison, and range the realms of different classes. Suddenly, a noise like space, free as the Sylphs above us. The that of thunder was heard beneath them, sluggish Gnomes dare not oppose our the earth was torn up under their feet ; passage. Liberty is in our power-let us while, from the abysses thus made, rose therefore use our utmost strength to ob- the terrific forms of the Salamanders who tain so glorious a prize !”

were immediately recognised from their Thus spake the King of the Salaman- fierce appearance. Each was armed with ders, and his palace echoed with the ap a torch, the light of which, shining on the plauses of his subjects, struck with admi- glittering stones and metals around, made ration at the bold proposal of their mo the whole cavity of earth seem like one narch; the King bowed his head in sea of light. The Salamanders, without approval of their fidelity, his fiery eyes stopping to witness the astonishment they rolling with wild delighi as he surveyed had occasioned, ascended on their flamthe number and strength of his followers. ing wings through the top of the cavern, He stood upon a throne supported by two until they arose into the open air, tearing gigantic figures of dragons, whose bodies up the smooth surface of the earth into à appeared transparent with the fire which huge mountain, to which mortals have ever burned within them. His sceptre since given the name of Ætna, and which was a torch, whose red glare shone fear. the Salamanders still use as a road when fully as he brandished it with his uplifted they wish to visit the pure regions of air.

The multitude around him seemed One of them, however, the rapidity of formed of the pure element of fire, those his course, had dropped a torch, which who were near appearing like images of the Gnomes having picked up, they in. flame, and those afar off like the sparks closed in a cavern hewn for its reception, struck from the hard bosom of the Aint. to commemorate the time when the SalaEvery one beamed with delight at the manders first asserted their liberty, thoughts of the looked-for freedom, and “ This light still continues to burn, numbers thronged to the throne of their and will continue to do so until the uniKing, to assist him in his daring enter-versal conflagration, when the fabric of prise.

the world shall be rent by the fierce ir“ The World had been but just created. ruptions of the Salamanders, who will It consisted of a crust of earth and water, reduce its beautiful frame to ashes, while

they themselves will sink buried in the * Perhaps it may not be amiss to inform ruins they have created. It was aftersome of my readers that Rosicrucius supposed wards discovered by the Persian Magi, the font elements to be inhabited by spirits. who, not knowing its cause, worshipped The inhabitants of Fire were called Salaman. ders; those of Air, Sylphs; those of Water; it as a God--they discovered the art of Naiads; and those of Eerth, Gnomes, forming a cominunication between this


flame and the surface of the earth, which, marshes on the opposits bank. A huge (except to them) remained a profound sea-wall, the gigantic labour of an unsecret until it was again discovered by kuown era, prevents the marshes from our great master Rosicrucius.

inundation by the Thames; yet of this “ This, Oh! reader, is the history of work, more useful than the Pyramids, that perpetual fire which continued un and perhaps as durable, tradition has known for so many ages. Now we shall lest no naine of the author. Thus the proceed to explain the method by which site of the inodern Babylon was like the the communication with this fire is to be ncient, and particularly liable to fevers, obtained

which in hötler climates would have Here the student heard a loud noise borne a type of greater exasperation. above him, and starting up, found it to The effect of the marshes is observable be the clock striking one-he again look at different seasons in the eastern part at ed at the book, and discovered it to be as present. Their fever approaches into unintelligible as when it first came into suburbs nearest the marshes ; sometimes his possession ;-in fact, he found that but a few houses breadth in, at others the the history of the Perpe:ual Fire of Rosic length of whole streets, as the atmoscrucius was but a Dream !

pheric agency is more or less favourable. In like manner, in the warmer climales

of Rome we find the marsh nuisance tra. SERENADE.

versing withiu certain bounds that can For the Olio

be there more accurately defined. Who,

then, will say it is not possible that marsh Lady brignt! lady bright!

fever, introduced into a crowded, filthy, Wake, oh, awake!

ill-fed population, might not alter its Sweetly the summer breeze

character, and a contagious pestilence Ripp'es the lake : Evening hath mantel

arise from the seeds it may sow, appear'I he heavens in glom,

ing perhaps in a season when the custoAnd the star-light is slied

mary presence of the marsh disease could On the citron's bloo.a

scarcely be perceived, or in other words, But the dark eye of beauty.

in the season of the year least favourable Is lovelier far,

to its action.
And fairer to view
Chan yon si very star;

The first attack of pestilence on the
For its radiance, unlike

metropolis which I recollect to have read Its pale rival above,

a record of, was in 961, and it is deEutrauces the heart

scribed as a fever. Its visits were very And allures it to love.

frequent. In 1348 it is said to have de. Oh this is the hour

stroyed eight out of ten persons This When spirits afloat,

pest is farther said to have devastated Enamour the winds With their soul-melting note;

Europe, and not to have subsided in this And the bri, ht billows echo

country for ten years. In 1407 the meThe gondolier's song,

tropolis was again visited with a more And lutes in the moonlight Steal sweetly along.

than common attack of mortality, and

thousands perished. In .1487 the pest Awake! on the night-flower

is called the sweating sickness, and said Hang pearl coronals;

to destroy life in twenty-four hours. By Maidens are whispering Sweet barcaroles;

many this disease was said to be new, Gilded gondolas

but it is probable it was the old pestilence Gleam bright on the lake,

in a different form. In 1517 it is said They wait but for thee, love,

again to have made dreadful ravages. Awake, oh, awake.


From this time the City began greatly to

increase. It was nearly half a century Londoniana.

afterwards, in 1564, before the sickness attacked the City formidably again, and

20,000 persons were carried off by it. It PESTILENCE AND LOCALITIES CONNECTED

came again in 1603.

Its violence was

greatest between March and December, London was originally built in fens and it destroyed 30,561 persons, which and marshes, the rising grounds near was a far less number than in many being covered with forests. The Surrey preceding visitations, in proportion to the side was a morass, connected by a slip, increase of population. It is said not to more or less narrow, with that of Wool. have been extinct until 1611. Yet in wich, stretching down towards the mouth 1626 and 1627 it appeared again, and of the Thames; while the fens of Fins- destroyed 35,000 persons in twelve bury were connected with the Essex months; and in the great plague of 1665


no less than one hundred thousand per. First, the precincts of the Court were so sons perished from it.

filthy, that the ladies who were in the It appears evident that from 1603 to habit of attending it, complained of 1665 the disease was never wholly ex- bringing away with them certain insects tinct, and the same thing had probably which are now found only on the backs been the case for ages before. How are of the filthiest poor. I mean no dispawe to account for these singular visita- ragement to this most high and mighty tions but by the supposition that the prince as a native of a northern country, causes were inherent, or local, always ihe inhabitants of which are said not to existing, but only capable of extended be famous for too many ablutions. I action under particularly favourable cir- believe dirty habits to have been prevacumstances, which are no longer in ex- lent among our city ancestors, and a dis. istence? It is in this view of the subject tinguishing trait in the character of the alone that we can reconcile these visita "good old times.” Then there were tions. The contagionists will tell us that few or no sinks or sewers in the great it was imported in a bag of cotton, or a city; and every species of filth accumubale of cloth, but common sense revolts lated in corners, and even in the middle at such an absurdity; how comes it that of the streets. Coal was only partially for 165 years since, our merchant-ships used as late as 1640; it caused the have trafficked in the very focus of the fashionable inhabitants of the court part most terrible diseases, in all climes, and of town to let slip many a jeer at the have never imported any of them ? The City people on account of their adopting real truth seems to be, that such diseases it. Old Fish-street is distinguished, on everywhere exist, with favouring circum- the authority of Sir W. Davenant, for stances in the mode of living, in site and its peculiarities of every kind, and all tenperature, to call them into action, seem favourable to the spread of disease, but that they are rendered inert by the if not to its generation. The effluvia of operation of incidental causes, and that the sick in one house could hardly esone of the great annoyances in London cape into the atmosphere without a porhas been one of its greatest benefits. I tion of it entering into another. Thus do not mean by this ihat founderies and the ravages of the pestilence were more steam-engines should not made lo con extended than would otherwise have been sume their own smoke, but that a reason the case ; and Death doubled the victims able quantity of the sulphurous annoy. which were daily borne to the gulphs ance is a positive benefit, and, combined that had been dug to receive the festering with superior cleanliness, street-draining, remains of his victions. and dry floors aud roofs, completely ex This recalls to my recollection the locludes the probability of any future vi- calities noticed for their connexion with sits from the most terrible of human cala- these fatal visitations, for some cause or mities.

other, but principally as the scenes The streets of London formerly exclud- where the hurried rite of sepulture wa3 ed a free circulation of air, unless when performed by the living with fear and bigh winds were prevalent. The houses trembling, lest during labour at the almost met and touched at the roofs, each

common grave story projecting over the one beneath it, and all being built of wood. Then the “ The buried drag the buriers."

narrow and crooked, that an old writer inquires whether they This is by no means partial exaggeration. were not built before carts were invented, “ One cart,” says a recorder of the great as wheelbarrows could only be used in plague, “ going up Shoreditch, was forthem. The houses were totally unlike saken of the drivers, or being left to one each other in size and ornament, a hovel man to drive, he died in the street, and standing next to a palace. In one thing the horses going on overthrew the cart, only they agreed, -namely, their over

and left the bodies, some thrown out here, hanging floors; so that the people in the some there, in a dismal manner. Anogarrets could almost shake hands across ther cart was, seems, found in the great from window to window. The stories, or pit in Finsbury-fields, the driver being rooms, too, were so low, that a very tall dead, or having gone and abandoned it, man with his hat on could hardly stand and the horses running too near, the cart upright. The lower floors of the houses fell in, and drew the horses in also.” The

have been the bare earth, on driver's whip being found among the bowhich it is probable the rushes were dies, it is most natural to suppose he trodden in, and always in a state of de- died among them. One must, however, composition, while dirt was everywhere admire the dauntless spirit of the surviobservable. In the reigu of James the vors; for dead bodies never remained

streets were



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