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A TABLE OF FASTS.(2)
Ash-WEDNESDAY. Good-Friday. Other days of FASTING; on which the Church requires such a measure of abstinence, as is most espe
cially suited to extraordinary acts and exercises of devotion. 1st. The forty days of Lent. (4.)
2d. The Ember-days at the Four Seasons, being the Wednesday, Friday, and Saturday, after the first Sunday in Lent, the Feast of Pentecost, September 14, and December 13.
3d. The three Rogation-days, being the Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, before. Holy Thursday, or the Ascension of our Lord.
4th. All the Fridays in the year, except Christmas Day. (5.)
In addition to the above, the first Thursday in November (or, if any other day be appointed by the civil authority, then such day) shall be observed as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the fruits of the earth, and all other blessings of his mercilul providence.
(3.) That fasting or abstinence from our usual | tles, we find the primitive Christians very consustenance is a proper means to express sorrow | stant and regular in the observation both of their and grief, and a fit method to dispose our ininds annual and weekly fasts. Their weekly fasts towards the consideration of any thing that is were kept on Wednesday and Fridays, because serious, nature seems to suggest: and therefore on the one our Lord was betrayed, on ihe other all nations, from ancient tiines, have used fasting crucified. The chief of their annual fasts was as a part of repentance, and as a means to avert that of Lent, which they observed by way of prethe anger of God. This is plain in the case of paration for their feast of Easter. the Ninevites, Jonah iii. 5. whose notion of fast In the Church of Rome, fasting and abstinence ing, to appease the wrath of God, seems to have admit of a distinction, and different days are been common to them with the rest of mankind. appointed for each of them. But I do not find In the Old Testament, besides the examples of that the Church of England makes any difference private fasting by David, Psal. xlix. 10, and Dan between them. It is true in the title of the Table iel ix. 3, and others; we have instances of public of Vigils, &c. she mentions "fasts and days of fasts observed by the whole nation of the Jews abstinence" separately: but when she comes to at once upon solemn occasions. See Lev. xxii. enumerate the particulars, she calls them ali 26, &c, ; 2 Chron. xx. 3 ; Ezra viii. 21; Jer. xxxvi, “ days of lasting or abstinence," without distin9; Zach. viii. 19; Joel 1. 14. It is true indeed, guishing the one from the other. The time she in the New Testament we find no positive pre sets apart are such as she finds to have been obcept, that expressly requires and commands us to served by the earliest ages of the Church, last : but our Saviour mentions fasting with alms
Wheally. giving and prayer, which are unquestionable du- (4.) In the “ Table of Fasts” an error has been ties; and the directions he gave concerning the corrected, on the suggestion of Bishop White. Inperformance of it sufficiently suppose its neces stead of “ The forty days of Lent,” all our books sity. And he himself was pleased before he have erroneously had it “ The Season of Lent" entered upon his ministry, to give us an extraor- | The corrected error, says the Bishop, “was not dinary example in his own person, by fasting begun in Gaine's book, but may be found in that forty days and forty nights, Matt. iv. 2. He ex published by Hall & Sellers, in 1790, under the cused indeed his disciples from fasting, so long direction of a committee of the convention of as He, “the Bridegroom, was with them;" be- 1789. In the proposed book, published by them, cause that being a time of joy and gladness, it il was agreeable to the English editions. The would be an improper season for tokens of sor- error must have been an oversight of the commitrow: but then he intimates at the same time, that tee, and makes an inconsistency of the table oi though it was not fit for them then, it would yet fasts with that of feasts: the latter comprehendbe their duty hereafter: for “the days," says he, ing the sundays in lent, agreeably to the prac- will come, when the Bridegroom shall be taken tice of the christian church in all ages. T. C. B. froin them, and then they shall fast," Matt. ix. (5.) Friday was, both in the Greek Churches 15. And accordingly we find, that after his as and Latin, a Litany or humiliation day, in memcension, the duty o fasting was not only recom | ory of Christ crucified; and so is kept in ours. mended, 1 Cor. vii. 5; but practised by the apos
Bp. Sparrow. iles, as any one may see by the texts o Scripture! For observations upon each of the Fasts, the here referred to, Acts xiii. 2, and xiv. 23; 1 Cor. reader is referred to the notes on them, as they ix. 27; 2 Cor. vi. 5, and xi. 27. After the apos- | occur in the order of Collects.
T. C. B.
ANOTHER TABLE TO FIND EASTER,
TILL THE YEAR 1899, INCLUSIVE.
6 March 31 April
14 VIII. April 21 3 March
31 April IX. April 16
23 XV. April 16
13 XVI. April 2
31 April XVII. April 23
22 XVIII. April
9 XIX. April 2 March 27'
31 April To make use of the preceding Table, find the Sunday Letter for the Year, in the uppermost line, and the Golden Number, or Prime, in the column of Golden Numbers, and against the Prime, in the same line, under the Sunday Letter, you have the day of the month on which EASTER falleth that year. But,
Note, That the name of the Month is set on the left hand, or just with the figure, and followeth not as in other Tables, by descent, but collaterally.
A TABLE of the DAYS on which EASTER will fall for 38 Years, being the Time
of two Cycles of the Moon. Year of our Golden
April 16 11
April 7 22 March 26
March 23 April 15
March 31 April 2
Svoor Wooco voor
Note. That in a Bissextile or Leap-Year, the number of Sundays after Epiphany will be the same as if Easter. day had fallen one day later than it really does. And, for the same reason, one day must, in every Leap-Year, be added to the day of the month given by the Table for Septuagesima Sunday, and for the first day of Lent; unless the Table gives some day in the month of March for it; for in that case, the day given by the Table is the right