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the law. No man could be a high Priest, unless he could prove that he lineally descended from the family of Aaron ; and no man could be a Priest, or Levite officially, unless he could prove, that he lineally descended from the tribe of Levi. You remember that after the Jews returned from the Babylonish captivity, numbers were set aside from their priesthood, because they could not prove, from an authentic register, their lineal succession in the priests office. But under the gospel, the ministerial office is not confined to a person of any particular family, or particular nation ; and therefore the Papists and Episcopalians are grossly erroneous in maintaining, that no man has a right to officiate as a minister of the gospel, unless he can prove that he has been ordained by one, who was ordained by another, in a lineal succession from the

apostles. Under the law, the high Priest was the supreme officer in the Church of God, but we find no such officer appointed in the Church of God under the gospel. The Pope, therefore, is extremely arrogant and presumptuous, in claiming to be the supreme Head of the Christian Church, without any divine appointment, as though he were successor to the high Priest in the Jewish Church. The Episcopalians seem to imagine that there must be three distinct officers in the Church under the gospel, because there were three distinct officers in the Church under the law, who managed all ecclesiastical affairs, independently of all the private members of the Church. Just so, the Episcopalians have their Bishops, Priests and Deacons, who claim and exercise all ecclesiastical power, totally independent of the brotherhood. These Bishops also claim authority to decree all rites, forms, or modes of public worship.

And it was the exercise of this arbitrary power, that brought about the separation between the Dissenters and Episcopalians; and that constrained our forefathers to flee from their native country, to this then land of barbarians. Such great and fatal errors, both

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in Church and State, have flowed and continue to flow, from the absurd and fallacious mode of reasoning from the Mosaic dispensation, which has been completely abrogated by the gospel dispensation. If Christians would only see and avoid this palpable absurdity, it would prepare the way for the removal of Popery, Episcopalianism, Presbyterianism and all tyranny in Church and State.

6. If the Christian dispensation has completely superceded and abolished the Mosaic ; then it is a great favour to live under the Christian dispensation. This has unfolded the great mysteries, which lay hid under

the dark dispensation of the law. Many of the truths of the gospel were covered and obscured by the various rites, ceremonies and typical sacrifices under the legal dispensation ; they were mere shadows and not the substance of the great truths and good things to be made manifest by the gospel. The Jews bad but a very imperfect knowledge of their own dispensation ; they did not look through the design of those rites and ceremonies and sacrifices, which they daily and yearly observed and which prefigured the atonement of Christ and the great doctrines, which were connected with it. But since the dayspring from on high hath visited us, and Christ has come and taken away the legal, and established the gospel dispensation, the great mysteries, which lay hid for ages, have been clearly unfolded ; and we can read the Old Testament, with an open and unveiled face, which casts a flood of light upon the new Testament. If the Jews were highly favoured and distinguished from the heathens, by having the Oracles of God contained in the law; then we are much more distinguished from both Jews and Gentiles, by having the Oracles of God contained in the gospel, put into our hands. It deeply concerns all real Christians to prize and improve the precious privileges of the gospel, by which they may grow in grace and in the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Those, who live under the gospel, have vastly greater advantages and better means of gaining the knowledge of God, of Christ and of all the invisible things of the invisible world, than those had, who lived under the dark dispensation of the law. And common Christians may now know much more about Christ, heaven and hell, than even the prophets and most eminent saints knew, before the gospel day. For these distinguishing privileges, Christians ought to be thankful; and if they are thankful, they will faithfully improve them to the glory of God and to their own spiritual and eternal benefit. There were but a very few Jews, that could attend the temple service every Sabbath... But Christians have no such length to go to behold the beauty of the Lord in his sanctuary.

7. It appears from what has been said, that sinners are much more criminal for rejecting the gospel under the Christian dispensation, than those were, who rejected it under the Mosaic dispensation. The gos. pel was preached to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and to all the Jews under the law ; hut it was wrapt up in a multitude of mysterious ceremonies, which it was difficult to explain and understand ; and those who rejected it, generally rejected it, through much igno

But those, who live under the light of the gospel, have no ground to plead ignorance. Hence Christ told the unbelievers in his day. “Ye have both seen and hated both me and my father.” The apostle represented unbelief under the gospel as far more criminal, than under the law. The apostle demands, “ If the word spoken by angels was steadfast and every transgression and disobedience received a just recompence of reward; how shall we escape, if we neglect so great salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him ?” And he solemnly declares, “ If we sin wilfully after we have received the knowl

. edge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins, but a certain fearful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, which shall devour the adversaries.

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He that despised Moses's law, died without mercy; of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God and hath counted the blood of the covenant, where with he was sanctified, an unholy thing and hath done despite to the spirit of grace ?

SERMON XIV.

DISINTERESTED BENEVOLENCE.

LUKE, X. 36.- Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him, that fell among the thieves ?

Commou sense is not that sense, which mankind commonly exercise ; but that sense, which they all possess and would always exercise, were it not for the depravity of their hearts. They are all capable of knowing the difference between right and wrong, in their own conduct and in the conduct of others ; nor would they ever differ in judgment on any moral subject, could they only be made to view it in a true and clear light. For this reason, Jour Savior frequently appealed to the common sense of his hearers in his private and public discourses. And to do this, in the best manner, he generally spake parables, or put cases, in which they could not perceive themselves interested. By such a mode of instruction, he gained direct access to their consciences ; and, in spite of their hearts, made them judge righteous judgment. We find a remarkable instance of this kind in the parable, to which our text refers. A certain lawyer came to Christ under the pretext of seeking instruetion, but really with a view of trying him as a casuist. He said, “ Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life ?” Our Savior first referred him to the divine

" law, which required him to love God supremely and his neighbour as himself ; “but he, willing to justify himself, said unto Jesus, and who is my neighbor ?». Instead of directly answering this captious question,

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