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was buried : and in bell he lifted up his eyes, being in torments and seeth Abraham afar off and Lazarus in his bosom: and he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me and send Lazarus, that he may cip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue ; for I am tormented in this flaine. But Abrahain said, Son, remember, that thou in thy life time receivedst thy good things and likewise Lazarus evil things ; but now be is comforted and thou art tormented.” Though this parable suggests a great many things of solemn importance, yet that, which I would take particular notice of in the present discourse, is this ;

That those, who abuse their present probationary state and are finally damned, will have most bitter and tormenting reflections.

This is a serious subject indced. It fills the mind with terror. But it becomes every one, who is a probationer for a happy, or miserable eternity to contemplate it before it is too late. Unbar your mind and give it leave to take a clear and affecting view of that gulph over which it hangs, into which it may fall and from wbich it is of infinite importance to escape.

The damned will bave most bitter & tormenting reflections. This may be illustrated, by showing, in the first place, that they will have reflections; and, in the second place, by taking a particular view of their reflectious

1. We have reason to believe, that the damned will have reflections. It is true, the miseries, which men

, feel in this life, are sometimes so great, as almost to prevent any regular and consistent thoughts. The mind is overwhelmed with such keen sensations of pain in body and mind, as leave but little room for the exercise of any of the rational powers and faculties. But though the damned may suffer severer pains and torments than can be endured in the present state ; yet God can give them strength to endure all that he sees fit to inflict upon them, and make them capable of reflecting upon what is past and of anticipating what is future. For

1. Their natural powers and faculties will not only be continued, but vastly strengthened and enlarged. The fallen angels, we know, retain all their intellectual powers ; which they have undoubtedly vastly improved, by all they have seen and heard and thought, while passing through various and important scenes, in the course of nearly six thousand years. And it is rea: sonable to suppose, that the spirits of wicked men made miserable will retain all their mental faculties and find them greatly invigorated by passing out of time into eternity. And of course, they will be able to think, to reflect and to anticipate incessantly and intensely.

2. They will not meet with the same obstructions to mental exercises, that they met with here in their present state of probation. Here their cares, their troubles, their employments and various amusements dissipate their thoughts and obstruct reflection. But there such objects will be entirely removed from their reach and pursuit. T'he prison of hell is a place of confinement, but not of employment. Those, who are confined there, will have nothing to do but to think through interminable ages. Had men no employments, nor diversions to pursue ; and had their bodies no occasion for sleep and repose, they would find much time in this short life for thinking about, reflecting upon and anticipating ten thousand different objects and subjects. The damned rest not day, nor night. Their eyes are never closed. Their minds are always awake. Contemplation on things past, present and future is their sole and perpetual employment. Besides,

3. God will continually exbibit before their view such things, as will excite the most painful reflections and anticipations. He will set their sins in order hefore them, in their nature, magnitude, and peculiar aggravations, so that they cannot obliterate them from their minds. He will exhibit all his great, amiable and terrible attributes of power, holiness, justice and sovereignty before them, and give them a constant and realizing sense of his awful presence and displeasure. He will give them clear and extensive views of the works of creation, providence and redemption ; and of the happiness and misery, that exist in every part of the universe, which will keep their minds in the most painful reflections and anticipations, in spite of their utmost exertions to banish then from their thoughts. He will give them no rest and no hope. Let us now,

II. Take a serious view of their bitter reflections in the regions of despair. 1. They will realize what they are.

Here they are told, that they are rational and immortal creatures. But the truth of their immortal existence makes very little impression on their minds. It gives them neither much pleasure, por much pain. Their powers of reason, conscience and memory they lightly esteem and are ready to bury them in a napkin and neglect to use them for the purposes, for which they were given.“ It gives them no pleasure to think, that they are to survive the grave, to be spectators of the whole intelligent universe at the great day, to know all the transactions of God, of Christ and of holy and unholy beings ; and in consequence of this knowledge, to be perfectly holy and happy, or perfectly sinful and miserable forever. But as soon as they exchange time for eternity, they will no longer view their rational powers and faculties and immortal existence in such a low and despicable light, as they do here ; but find that they are creatures of vast importance to themselves & that their rational & immortal powers were of immense value to them, if they had rightly improved them ; but by abusing them, they are become sources of unspeakable misery. It seems that Dives was grossly ignorant of himself, while he thought that he had nothing to do, but to feed and clothe his body ; but as soon as he lifted up his eyes in torment, he found that he had a rational and immortal soul, wbich was infinitely more valuable than his body, which he had left behind to corrupt & perish in the grave. And all gospel sinners, who shall meet his awful doom, will know, to their sorrow, that they are, what they were told they were, rational and inmortal beings, who can never cease to exist, nor to suffer.

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2. They will realize where they are. Though they had often read and heard of hell, yet they wouid not believe it to be such a dismal place as the Bible and min. isters represented. But as soon as they lift up their eyes in torment, they will find it to be a place of con. finement, from which there is no deliverance. The keys of death and hell being in the hands of Christ, who shutteth & no man openeth, were it in the hearts of the whole creation to release them, the omnipotent hand of Christ would prevent it. Being delivered to

. the judge and by the judge to the officer and by the officer cast into prison, they can never come out thence. What a painful reflection must this be! But this is not the worst. They will reflect with whom they are confined: with the devil and bis angels ; with the dregs of mankind ; with those, who are devoid of every amiable quality, being hateful and hating one another. How must it make the heart stoop, to think of forever seeing and feeling the haneful influence of all the malignant passions, rising higher and higher and putting on still newer and more dreadful forms. 0, says the

. damned spirit, where am I? I am certainly in hell.

3. The damned will reflect whence they came to that place of torment. They will reflect upon the land of light and the precious advantages they there enjoyed, before they were confined to the regions of darkness. They will call to mind how many days and years of peace and comfort they had spent on earth. They will remember how they lived under the smiles of providence and in the enjoyment of the bounties of heaven. No place they were in, no scenes they passed through, no favours they enjoyed, will be forgotten, but called to remembrance with bitterness and sorrow. This Abraham suggested to Dives. “Son, remember that thou in thy life time receivedst thy good things : and likewise Lazarus evil things ; but now he is comforted and thou art tormented." The damned

” spirit will say to himself, O my soul, never canst thou forget the innumerable privileges, favours and blessings, which a kind, and merciful God bestowed upon thee and by which thy ungrateful and impenitent heart treasured up to thyself wrath against the

day of wrath and righteous judgment of thine injured and abused Sovereign. O that I could forget that world, where I first received my existence and drew my breath ; where I was inercifully placed as a proba. tioner; where life and death were set before ne ; where I trifled away a blessed eternity and prepared myself for this world of wo. But I never can forget the good things, which I once enjoyed and abused. — I never can forget the infancy of my being & the place from which I kave fallen, never to rise again. These bitter reflections must fill the minds of the damned, wiih unuiterable pain and anguish.

4. They will reflect upon all that was done for them, to prevent them from falling into the pit of perdition. They will then know how much had been done for their future and eternal good, which will be a source of most painful reflections. They will remember what God did for them, in sending his Son to redeem them, in offering salvation to them and in waiting upon them even to long suffering to accept his invitations of pardoning mercy. They will remember what Christ did for them in suffering and dying to open the door of mercy to them. Nor will they forget the faithful instructions and tender warnings and counsels of their pious and affectionate parents. Nor the solemn instructions and exhortations of Christ's faithful ambassadors. Nor the still, small, powerful voice of conscience. Nor especially the Bible, that sacred, solemn important book, which they had often read and as often slighted and contemned. They will be ready to say to themselves, How plain was the divine character described ? how clearly was Christ exhibited ? how justly was our own character and conduct delineated ? and with what plainness and solemnity was even this place of torments set before our eyes ? What more could have been done that was not done, to restrain us from evil, to reclaim us from folly and bring us to God and beaven? We had line upon line and precept upon precept. We were urged by considerations, the best suited to impress the minds of rational and immortal creatures, to escape from the wrath to

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