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The subject matter of this epistle seems to confirm this opinion, for he begins with assuring them to whom he writes, that they were really in favour with God. With this view he calls them elect, and mentions, that they had been declared such by the effusion of the Holy Ghost upon them, chap. i. 1, 2. He assures them, that they were begotten again without circumcision, merely through the Gospel and resurrection of Christ, ver. 3, 4, 21, 25; and that their sufferings were no argument of their being under the displeasure of God, as the Jews imagined, ver. 6, 12. He recommends to them to hope for favour to the end, ver. 13. He testifies that they were redeemed not by corruptible things, but through Christ, whom God had fore-ordained for this purpose before the foundation of the world, ver. 18-20.

The design of this epistle was to direct Christians how to behave under persecution, to avoid all grounds of being suspected of sedition, or other crimes which would injure the peace and welfare of civil society; and to exhort them to lead holy and unblemished lives, that they might stop the mouths of their enemies, put their calumniators to shame, and win others over to their religion, by their amiable and worthy behaviour. In this and the other Epistle of Peter, many attentive readers have observed, that without much regularity of composition, or clearness of expression, there is a peculiar dignity and energy worthy of the prince of the apostles.

The apostle wrote this epistle from a place which he calls Babylon. “ The Church that is at Babylon saluteth you ;" but it is very doubtful what place is meant by that name. It may, however, be best to accede to the general opinion, that Babylon is here used figuratively for Rome; and more especially since Eusebius (the oldest author extant), mentioning this subject, says, that in his time it was thought that this epistle was written from Rome; therefore we may place its date about the year 64.

CHAP. I. 1 He blesseth God for his manifold spiritual graces : 10 showing that

the salvation in Christ is no news, but a thing prophesied of old : 13 and exhorteth them accordingly to a godly conversation, forasmuch as they are now born anew by the word of God.

A. D. 60. PETER, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers a scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

CHAP. I. a Acts, ii. 5, 9, 10: And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Par

:.2. Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, a through sanctification of the Spirit, unto e obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ : 5 Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

3 h Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord, Jesus Christ, which i according to his abundant! mercy hath k begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the

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"Gr. much. A. V. 3 death. Ma. Cr. thians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judæa, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes. do, viii. 4 : Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word. See on John, vii. 35.

b Eph. i. 4: According as he hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before him in love. 1 Pet. ii. 9.

c See on Rom. viii. 29. d See on LUKE, i. 75.

e Rom. xvi. 26: But now is made manifest, and by the Scriptures of the Prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for the obedience of faith.

* See on Heb. xii. 24.
& 1 Pet. i. 2. See on Rom. i. 7.
h See on Rom. xv. 6.

i Eph. ij. 4: But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us. Tit. ii. 5 : Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

k See on Joun, iii. 3,5.

'I Thes. iv. 14: For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 1 Pet. iii. 21 : The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. See on Rom. viii. 29. . m See on Acts, xx. 32.

filed, and that "fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,3

5 Who are P kept by the power of God a through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

6 Wherein ye greatly "rejoice, though now $ for a season, *if need be, "ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations :

7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be wtried with fire, might be found unto

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n See on 1 Cor. ix. 25.

• Cor. i. 5: The hope which is laid up for you in heaven. 2 Tim. iv. 8: Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of . righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day : and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. .

P John, xvii. 15: I pray not that thou shouldest take them out of the world, but that thou shouldest keep them from the evil. JUDE, 24 : Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy. See on John, x. 28, 29.

9 Eph. ii. 8: For by grace are ye saved through faith ; and that not of yourselves : it is the gift of God. · * Rom. xii. 12: Rejoicing in hope ; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer. See on Acts, v. 41.

s See on Rom. viji. 18.
+ See HEB. xii. 7-11.
u See on 1 Cor. X. 13.

JAMES, i. 12: Blessed is the man that endureth temptation : for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him. do. iv. 12: There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy :' who art thou that judgest another? See on 1 Cor. iii. 13.

w See on 1 Cor. iii. 13.

* 1 Cor. iv. 5: Therefore judge nothing before the time, .until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will enake manifest the counsels of the hearts : and then shall every man have praise of God. See on 2 Thes. i. 12.

VOL. IV.

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