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and deinocracy: it may be found un that of the graft. The piece of root der the republican form of the Low will feed the graft, as the stock does the Countries. The immense regions of the East are compelled to obey the or This method of propagating fruitdinances of the States. General; the trees is both easy and expeditious; commercial, and therefore rigorous, roots being more plentiful than stocks. regulations of the Dutch Eait- India By this method the pieces, or roots of Company; and the edi&ts of the Go. one crab-stock, for example, or of one vernor of Batavia. Such is the actual apple stock, will serve for twenty or condition of the world. In this itate thirty apple grafts, and the like of it will probably continue, with little other trees. It is also an excellent variation, notwithstanding the scruples method for raising such trees which of well-meaning men, who sometimes will hardly bear grafting in the stock. discover in their own inexperience the Add, that trees thus grafted, bear prefumed defects of others.

fooner, and are more easily dwarfed Animated by this sentiment, your cor. than any other way. respondent has supposed the case of a tax In this treatise, reiterated grafting, firit laid by the asembly of New York, or grafring by a double and irelle inand of a similar duty afterwards imposed cision, is recommended. by act of parliament; and, ihurting up

Yours, &c. every avenue to information, helaments March, 1780.

JUVENIS. over the deformed creature of his own

Mr. URBAN, imagination, as a novelty, which had been reserved for the injustice of latter

YOUR reviewing correspondent, p.

81. seems to have very fufficient times. Let him be informed, how. that both the parliament and

room for a ridicule of the poem (so . ever,

called) on Stourhead; but he seems assembly have always imposed taxes

to have fallen into two strange mif. upon the imports and exports, which

takes. He says, the muse moves on to were constantly levied at one and the

Dorset's falubrious downs; quotes, same time; that lay the statute 9 An. ch. 1o. various duties were granted

Black swans and rotten Theep may here be for the express purpose of carrying on

found the war, to be collected “on the port

In equal numbers-“ of letters”, over every dominion And then adds, s a pretty proof of a of the crown, and for the manage. healthful air, and good grass !". If ment of which “ one chief letter office there are no more rotten theep there " was establithed in New.York"; and than there are black swans, (as I bethat the revenue of the posts has been lieve there are not) it is a good proof there collected without " dragooning". of good grass. from the year 1710 to the present day. He has taken what the author says

As your correspondent seems to have of Lord Berkeley of Stratton, for Lord never perused the concluding chapter Boretourt, and mistaken the applica. of the political annals of the United tion of ad rem attentiores, which cerColonies, it is recommended to his at. tainly is meant to refer to money, and tention, in the emphasical words of is a proper rebuke to those who parLord Bolingbroke to his noble pupils : took so very liberally of his Lord thip's “ Let him read and observe like a great riches, and have placed no monu“ senator and statesman, and he will ment for him. He was as rich äs “ find as much information as he Lord Botetourt was the reverse. But "I wants."

Lord Botetoure was (I believe) more 6 April, 1780.

AMICUS. fortunate in the other respect, for I

think the Virginians have erected a A new Method of Rool-grafting, from ftatue to his inemory; and from the

e Treatise, intitled, “A new Trea. sincere veneration they entertained for tise on the Art of Grafting and Ino his upright adminiftration whilst their culation.

governor, there seems to be no dangen To perform it, take a graft or sprig of that being destroyed in the present

of a young tree, which you in. disordered ftate of that province. Protend to propagate, and a small piece vidence was pleased to remove him, of the root of another tree of the and to permit the appointment of a fame kind, or of a like genus, and successor, to whose conduct the alienawhip-graft them togetlier, observing tion of the Virginians from England is that the mind of the root join closely to in part attributed.

S. H. Wonderful

THE

Wonderful infance of quick growth. that from the low prices of corn the far. THE salmon-smelts, (prod-smelts,

mers will soon be involved in ruin and and morth-Sinelts, go down the

bankruptcy; and then, from the averiver at Salisbury the latter end of

rage price of it for 80 years palt, inicis,

that such affertions are false and feditious: April and beginning of May. At that 'tiine the salmon-smelts weigh

from the year 1696 to 1756, he says, the

average price was 5 s. 1 d. per hum. from about 3 or 4 ounces, morth and Sprod

thence to 6 s. 5 s. 5 s. 10 d. and 1779, about 3 ounces each. The said 'fal.

5 s. 8 d. He says nothing of the premon-smelts return falmon (if a fresh fent price, only that it advances, which in the river) in about 7 wieks, and wants proof, no such thing existing to will weigh about 12 pounds. The my knowledge: it is now worth (that is, morth returns in about 9 weeks, and the very best fort) about 45. & d. bu if weighs about 2 pounds. The fprods Crito was a farmer, he would find that he' begin coming up about the same time, whole of his last crop would not reach and weigh about three fourths of a 4 $, 3 d. If he was a farnier, he would

also know, the expences in raising a crop pound. The

way the fishermen know this is as follows. When the fim are

of wheat are double to tbose of the first

period, the poors rales treble, rents and going down, they catch of the diffe

afieftments of all kinds double, and after rent lorts, and put a wire through the all sell his article for a thilling a bufhel. back finn of some of them ; which

less, which, according to the commøn wire they have found by catching the course of things, should fetch near doufame fish on their return. The gentle. ble the money. I will venture to athim man who rents the Githery, among that 6 s. 4 d. per bufhel now, is nis in others, has given this account. If

any degree adequate, to the prices of the this be a fact, the growth of the for years specified by Crito. mér sort is very wonderful; and Look, lays he, into the state of the quere, if there be such another in

farmers in general, and you will fee then Itance in the whole creation ?

vie with their landlords in dress, and the T. B.

expence of their tables. 'My God! where is it to be found! I have la'ely been in

many counties in England, but never Prafesor Bentham's life is not in the

have yet known one instance where all Biograpbia ; but, if our correspondent will

thele' luxuries and fopperi's exided : enable us to supply that defcit, it fall

let Crito take a tour northward, and he find a place in our repository.

will be conviaced of the error of his Mr. URBAN,

affertions. From certain knowledge I Beg you will add to your collec

affirn, that, according to the present fyr

tem in rural affairs, a farmer with 600 tion of literary curiosities the fol.

or 7001, is a much more miserable be. lowing genuine letter from a churchwarden in Surrey, to an antiquarian, fits are no more, I will not fay whether

ing than a common day-labourer, his prowell known, who had requeited the

they are not less, the high price of laloan of a brass monumental plate in bour considered, and his cares are in fi. his church to make a drawing of it.

nitely greater; many industrious farAn Occ Cor dent. mers are now under confinement, and

many more, to my certain knowledge,

will, ere long, be in the same situation.

able Now, Mr, Urban, I am not so much to what

the a patriot as to say, that all these calamicomoi

per.

ties are owing to our present political fyf arch,

tem; I believe them to be the natural conpar

nder sequence of the rapacity of those land:

wners, who, taking the advantage of a P

high years, raised their rents to the

height of the times, without making vance for contingency: be it all of d, that a certain patriotic

a certain equally patrioue Saronet,
of this class.

I am, Sir, pours, &
A Freebolder of the Covaly 24,

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20. A Letter to the Right Worshipful Wil the execution of his said office, by prea

liam Wynne, LL.D. Chancellor of the venting him from preaching, reading Diocese of London; Containing Obser

of prayers, and performing of marvations on the Faits alleged, the Évi. dence produced, and the Sentence pro.

riage of persons offering themselves to

be married in the said church, and nounced by him, in the Confiftorial Court of London, on the 6th of December,

that, therefore, the said Thomas Mar. 7779, in a Cause in which Dr. Hind,

tyn ought to be removed from the the late Reitor of St. Anne, Weftmin.

curacy of the said church of St. Anne, ster, was the Promoter, and his Curate Westminster ; and condemned the said the Respondent. By the Rev. Thomas Thomas Martyn in costs, but decreed Martyn. 8vo. is. Almon.

that the same shonld be moderated, in AS our readers are already acquaint

regard that Dr. Hind, the promoter, ed with this unclerical contention,

had failed in proof of the neglect of brother going to law with brother, we

duty, immorality, and adultery,charged pow give them (as we hope) the con

by the articles upon him the said Thoclusion of it. But, though losers may

mas Martyn." The respondents plea, complain and appeal, we, who are no

here urged in arrest of judgment, as to parties, shall not presume to review or

costs especially, is principally founded revise the sentence of a Judge, but take

on the words of the sentence (marked the facts as they are here stated. The in Italics] varying from those in the luit instituted against Mr. Martyn by

allegations and depositions, and on the Dr. Hind, in the Consistorial Court of

disproportion between the number of London, was commenced in July,1777.

the articles proved, and those which It consisted of thirty-four articles of

failed in proof, as he was acquitted on complaint, in which he was charged

all the penal charges, and those on

which he was condemned have no with drunkenness, adultery, and the molt intolerable neglects and indecen

penalty annexed. To the feelings of cies in the performance of his duty, as

å man thus harrased we make great Curate of St. Anne's, Westminster.

allowance, but These articles were argued before, and

Non noftrum eft tantas componere lites. admitted by, Dr. Betterworth, (then Chancellor,) on the maxim (we are

21. Minutes of the Proceedings at a Courttold) “ That Mr. M. inust be confi.

Martial, clembled to enquire into the dered as guilty, till he had proved

Cause of the Loss of his Majesty's late

Ship Ardent. Taken by George Jackhimself innocent." In all other courts

fon, Esq; Judge- Advocate of bis Mein this country, we must own, the op jesty's Fleet. 410. 25. 6d. Sirahan. polite prevails. The evidence to these THE two resolutions which form charges were two narses, two hackney the sentence of this court-martial, of meurners, four undertakers, and a which Rear. Admiral Evans was pre. death-hunter. On all these articles, fident, are these ; viz. trifting as they were, and unfupported, Resolved, That it appears that Mr. M. was acquitted of all blame, Capt. Philip Boteler did not do the and the procedure of the plaintiff cen utmost to prevent the King's ship fallfured by the Judge. But the Curate ing into the enemy's hands; and that was farther charged with having therefore he ought to be dismifled from preached, read prayers, and married, his Majesiy's service. in opposition 19, and in defiance of, Dr. Resolved, That the other officers Hind. On these the sentence was as and ship's company be acquitted." foilews : “ The Judge, baying heard The sentence seems (juftly) groundproofs read, and the advocates and ed on the following facts, which approctors on both sides, pronounced, peared in evidence, viz. That, though decreed, and declared, that the pro. the private lignal was not answered by moter had proved that part of the ar. the frigare that stood athwart her in ticles given in this cause, which charged More, che Ardent (then to windward) the Rev. Thomas Martyn with hav continued bearing down on the fleet; ing, as curate of the parish of St. Anne, that then, and for near an hour after; Westminster, acted in defiance of, and she might have escaped by liauling her opposed Dr. Hind, the promoter, in wind; that, when the truck, me had the execution of bis ofice of rector of received no damage, only her jibthe faid church; and pronounced that halyards thot away, which were knotih said Thomas Martyn had acted in ted, and the fail fet iminediately; that denance of and opposed Di Hind inz even then there was a possibility of

escaping

efeaping by ringing the tire of two line 23. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Archdeacon of battle ships*, which were then with Law, on his Defence of Popery, es deliin gun-shot on the weather quarter,

vered in his Charge to the Clergy of the but had not fired, Plymouth distant Archdeaconry of Rochester. By a Kentish four leagues; and that the lips which

Curale, 410, is. Davies. cogaged her were two frigates f on AS we do not think, with Lord each quarter. Had the Captain car Shaftesbury, that Ridicule is the test ried into execution his “ final resolu- ' of Truth, we cannot approve of the tion," which, he says, in his defence, Judicrous manner in which this writer “ was to continue making fail till the bas treated so serious a subject, and a Corona and St. Michel Thould come character fo respectable as that of Dr. along-lide, and give us their broad Law, Ex Pede Herculem ! lides, which having received and re “ Before we part, give me leave, turned in the best manner I could, Mr. Archdeacon, to tell you a story, then, and not till then, to strike the " A famous keeper of wild bealts colours and surrender the thip," bis took it into his head that he could easi. character would have appeared in a ly subdue the ferocity of a lion, prodifferent light both to friends and foes. vided that he began time enough. Another circumstance impresles us He accordingly brought up a whelp of with the same ideas of astonishment it that species with the greatest care ; and does him. " During the Ardent's at length made him to tame and fa. being at anchor in Torbay, which was miliar, that at the age of maturity he for no less a space of time than 26 could play, any tricks with him, pat hours, though several thing-boats him on the back, proveko, and even were along-lide, and people on board put his head into his mouth with imfrom the thore, we never received the punity. Trying, however, one day least intimation of the enemy's fleet the latter experiment before some being even in the Channel, and conse friends who stood at a distance, one of quently it was not known there that them observed that the beast looked they had entered it; and yet, in a few extremely fierce.

• No matter,' cried hours after I weighed anchor, I found the keeper from within the lion's inyielf in the midst of their feet. Yet mouth. -" He extends his claws." they had then been two or three days No matter. Does he wag his tail ?' off Plymouth; and I not only conceive He does." Then Lord haye merthat there muit have been time to send cy upon me!'- and immediately the an express to me over land, but I have lion bit his head off., been also well informed, that the “ And now, Mr. Archdeacon, to master of a lugger absolutely offered apply, as we lay in our sermons, and to come out of the Sound, and give conclude. the intelligence nécessary to save the " The Roman Catholic lion is a Ardent for 100l. which was refused; dangerous kind of beast, or at least ani no offer being made which he ufed to be reckoned so; we pared his judged adequate either to the risk or claws, indeed, and filed his teeth, but fcrvice, he relinquified the idea" in time they are apt to grow again. If 22. A Charge del vered to the Clergy of

he looks fierce, no matter; if he exthe Arebuiescoury of Rocheller in the

tends his claws, no matter; but if he Year 1779. Pylolin Law, D.D. Arch Mould chance (which God forbid !) to deacon of Rociiciter. With a Prejare. wag his tail-why then, as the keeper 2d Edition. 419, 15. Payne.

said, Lord have mercy upon us!" THIS charge has been the occasion of some uncieterved ridicule and oblo

24. The Poctical Il'orks of Oliver Gold qiy, the worthy author havin: under

smith, M.1 now fir i calieitet. 1 to taken, on the principles of tolaation An Account of the Lie and Wiritings of and Proteftantilin, to justify the late the subor, 2 bois.jm. 820. Rivin ton. removal of the restraints from the Pa

TILS collection must be an acceptpifts. On the same principles he deiends, a fortiori, the indulgence grant.

able prefent to the public. In the Life

many mistakes are corected, and irly sd to the diflenters.

information given. We are told, th:6 Corona 80 guns.

Si, Michel 64. our author was the third son of the + Juno, Gentile, and Surveillante, 40 Rev. Charles Goldfinith ; was born at guns each ; aud Bellone 36. Tbe sure

Elphin in the county of Ruscom ::on, veillante engaged the Quebec.

GENT. Mac. April, 1779.

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in Ireland, in 1729*; was admitted at him in Westminster-Abbey, in the Trinity College, Dublin, June 11, Poet's Corner. 1744 ; proceeded B.A. Feb. 27, 1749, The Itt volume contains his poems, two years after the usual time; but the Ild his two Comedies, The Goodwhether he was stopped, like Swift, is natured Man, and she Stoops to Connot said : 'ftudied phyfic first at Dub quer. From his poems we will select lin, and in 1751 ai Edinburgh; was a long and an epigram. obliged to leave Scotland through pe

SON G. cuniary distress in 1754, and was ar

“O Memory, thou fond deceiver, relted at Sunderland for the debt of a

Still importunate and vain, friend, which he had engaged to pay. To former joys recurring ever, Two other friends, Dr. Sleigh and Mr. And turning all the past to pain : Maclaine, procured his release. He Thou, like the world, th' oppress'd opo then embarked for Rotterdam, pro

pressing, ceeded to Brussels, and visited great

Thy fmiles increase the wretch's woc ; part of Flanders on foot, subgiting

And he who wants each other blessing, frequently by his German fute : his

In thee must ever find a foe." learning made him a welcome guest to On a beautiful Youth, struck blind by Lightthe monks, and his music to the pea ning. Imitared from the Spanilh. fants. At Lorrain he obtained the « Sure 'was by Providence design'd, degree of M. B. and then accompa

Rather in pity thao in hate, Died an English gentleman to Geneva.

That he thould be, like Cupid, blind, There he commenced travelling tutor

To save him from Narcisus' fate." to a young man of fortune, and also A head of the author is prefixed. cultivated his poetical talent, and fketched his delightful Epiftle The 25. An Attempt to ascertain and illustrate Traveller. Proceeding with his pupil

the Autbority, Nature, and Design of to the south of France, the young man,

the Institution of Christ, commonly called upon fome disagreement, paid him off,

the Communion and the Lord's Supper. and lett him oncé more a wanderer

By William Bell, D. D. I'rebendary of

St. Peter's, Weltminster, dometic upon the world at large. Through a

Chaplain to her Royal Highness Princess great many difficulties, he at length

Amelia, 8vo. Robson. reached Dover, in the winter of 1758, THIS treatise is in our opinion and arrived at London an entire stran.

equally rational and pious. From the ger, with a few halfpence only. A

history of this institution, given us by chemist near Filh-street, truck with

the apostles, the author seems to have his forlorn condition and fimplicity, ascertained the true intention of its die took him into his laboratory, where vine Founder. His fundamental prinhe continued till he met with his old

ciples, indeed, he owns to be the same friend Dr. Sleigh, who liberally allifted with those of Mr. John Hales, of him till he engaged himself as an uther

Eton; and they have also been sup. to the Rev. Dr. Milner, at his acade

ported much in the same manner by my at Peckham. Enlilting foon after

Bilbop Hoadly. Dr. Bell, in his apas a writer in the Monthly Review, he returned to London, took lodgings

pendix, refutes Dr. Cudworth’s notion

of the nature of the Lord's Supper, near the Old Bailey in 1759, was pa founded on a mistaken interpretation of tronised by the late Mr. Newbery, i Cor. c. X. v. 14, &c. and also proves, wrote, in the Public Ledger, " Chinese

a priori, that “ on account of the obvi. Letters,'' &e. and at length, introduced

ous fundamental principles of the Christo respectable company, removed in

tian religion, it is absolutely impoffible 1762 to the polite air of the Temple, that the Lord's Supper can be (as where he took handsome chambers. Here

that learned Divine supposes,) " the we will leave him, and for further par.

same among Christians in respect to ticulars of his character, writings, and

the Christian facrifice, that, among the friends, refer to the Memoirs, adding Jews, the feasts upon the legal lacrionly, that he died April 4, 1774, tices were, and among the Gentiles was buried privately in the Temple the feasts upon the idol sacrifices; burial-ground, and that a monument, that is, cannot be specifically a feast by fubfcription, has been erected to

upon sacrifice. The form of this work

in divifions, and sub-divisions, with an Dr. Johnson, in his epitaph, says he appendix and notes, more than thiee *as born at Ferney, April 29, 3731, times as large as the treatise, is rather

fingulari

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