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331 " Mr. Pelham, who was racter. He sat down ; and during the much delighted with Barry's acting, space of an hour, the time he remained was pleased sometimes to send for him, in the room, he did not utter a word. and now and then to call at his apart. He rose, and withdrew to his chamments. He once invited himself to ber. Mrs. Garrick and the gentleman sup with Barry, who was greatly dined ; but Mr. Garrick was rather a elated with the high honour of enter: little displeased that he was not sent taining a first minister, and for that for to be present at their meal. purpose he made the most magnificent “ Dr. Heberden and Dr. Warren preparation : but a profusion of ele were now called in. Several other gant dishes, with the choicest and
physicians, many of whom were his dearest wines, displeased the statesman; intimate acquaintance, attended, with. he reproved his host for his folly in out any delire of reward, and solely feasting him as he himself would have from an eager inclination to give him treated a foreign ambassador, and never relief, and to prolong a life fo much gave him another opportunity of ex yalued by the public, and so dear to posing his want of judgment.'
his own friends. When Dr. Schom P. 261. “ Two bon mots on Mr. berg approached Mr. Garrick, he, with Garrick's love of money, and fondness a placid smile on his countenance, for acting, Foote took care to repeat took him by the hand, and said, as often as they came into his mind :
“ Though last, not least in love." “ That he loved moneỳ so well, “ The stupor was not so powerful that, whenever he should retire from as to hinder him from converling octhe stage, he was sure he would com casionally with a philosophical chearmence banker's clerk, for the pleasure fulness. He told Mr. Lawrence, that of continually counting over cash.
he did not regret his being childless ; “ As for the stage, he was fo fond for he knew the quickness of his of it, that, rather than not play, he feelings was so great, that, in case it would act in a tavern kitchen for a lop had been his misfortune to have had in the
disobedient children, he could not have P. 263: " Mr. Cumberland is the
supported such an affliction. 'grandjon, (nepos indeed,) not 'ne " On the day before his death, pbew, of Dr. Bentley.
feeing a number of gentlemen in his P. 340. “ About two days before
apartment, he asked Mr. Lawrence he [Mr. Garrick] died, he was visited who they were ; he was told they were by a very old acquaintance, a man all physicians, who came with an inwhose
company and conversation every tention to be of service to him. He body covets, because his humour is
Mook his head, and repeated the fol. harmless, and his pleasantry diverting. lowing lines of Horatio in the Fair He was introduced to Mrs. Garrick,
Penitent: who was indifpofed, from the fatigue fhe underwent in her long and con
Another, and another, Nill facceeds;
And the last fool is welcome as the fora Atant attendance upon her husband; a duty which she never omitted during any illness of his life. She perfuaded - During the remainder of his time this friend to stay and dine with her, he continued easy and composed, and expecting from him some little alle conversed with great tranquillity. He viation of her uneafinels from sym had fo little apprehension of death bepathy, and some ease of condolement ing fo near, that, I am well informed, from his company in her present situa
he said to the fervant who gave him a tion. While they were talking, Mr. draught, a day or two before his death, Garrick came into the room; but oh! “ Well, Tom, I shall do very well how changed from that vivacity and yet, and make you amends for all this Sprightliness which used to accompany
trouble. every thing he said, and every thing
“ He died on Wednesday morning, he did! His countenance was fallow Jan. the 20th, 1779, at eight o'clock, and wan, his movement flow and lo. without a groan. Mr. Garrick's dife lemn. He was wrapped in a rich ease was pronounced by Mr. Potts to night-gown, like that which he always be a pally in the kidneys." wore in Lufignan, the venerable old P. 385. “ His mind was fo bountiking of Jerusalem; he presented him ful, that he scarce knew what it was felf to the imagination of his friend to deny. He was once sollicited by a as if he was just ready to act that cha: friend to give a trifle to a poor widow.
He asked how inuch he should give.
company a taste of that 'art in which About two guineas. No, that I will he was known fo greatly to excel. not. Why, then, give what you pleale. Such a request he very readily conHe presented his friend with a bank sented to, for indeed his compliance note of 301. Of this I should despise cost him nothing. He could, without the mention, if it were a matter of
the least preparation, transform himrarity and wonder. A gentlewoman "self into any character, tragic or cowho had known him from his youth, mic, and seize instantaneously upon and had been acquainted with his re
any passion of the human mind. He Jations at Lichfield, applied to him for could make a sudden transition from aslistance in her necessities. made
violent rage, and even madness, to the her a present of one hundred pounds. extremes of levity and humour, and * He had several almoners, to whom he
go through the whole circle of theatric gave sums of money to distribute to evolutions with the moft surprising luch objects as they approved. Hea velocity. ven only knows the extent of that be
* One of the most illustrious princes neficence which flowed continually of Italy requested he would 'favour from this large-minded man.”. him with some very striking or affect
Mr. Garrick's foreign being less ing scene in one of the most admired known than his domestic transactions,
English tragedies. " Mr. Garrick imand redounding equally at lealt to his
mediately recited a soliloquy of Machonour,“ his entertainment in France
heth, which is spoken by him during and Italy" (vol. II. ch. 34) will, we the instant of time when a dagger is doubt not, be an agreeable repast to presented to the disturbed imagination our readers.
of a man ready to perpetrate a horrid P. 78.
• From his countrymen, murder. His ardent look, expressive whom he saw in France and Italy, Mr.
tones, and impaflioned action, conGarrick was sure to meet with that
vinced the nobleman t of the reality of respect and friendship which were due
his great reputation. But the most reto a man of his genius, confequence, markable instance which I ever heard and character. He was very happy to of our Roscius's great power to raise meet with them, and they rejoiced in
the attention, and fix the admiration, having an opportunity to thew him
of an intelligent and very polite comevery mark of respect and kindness in
pany, was told me by a gentleman of their power, and which he could rea
unquestioned veracity, and who related fonably expect from them. His access
the occurrence to me from the mouth to persons of high and distinguished
of one who was present when it fell out. rank on the continent was, by his
“ Not long before Mr. Garrick left acquaintance with the nobility of Eng
Paris, in 1765, several persons of the land ihen abroad, rendered as easy and
first distinętion of both sexes, English as frequent as his own ftation in life
and French, met by appointment at the would' admit. The princes of Italy, Hotel de
Mr. and Mrs.Gar. some of them the descendants and fuc.
rick, and Mademoiselle Clairon, were celtors of the Roman patricians, affet
of the party, The conversation turned a grandeur and magnificence, and a
for some time on the belles lettres, in ftate of reserve unknown to their an.
which the merits of several eminent ceitors. A Cæsar, a Lucullus, and a
writers were discussed with equal judg. Cicero, would have conversed freely
ment and candour. Many critical obwith Roscius and Efopus in the Roa
servations were made on the action and man forum, and admitted them to the
eloquence of the French and English most familiar converse in their houses
theatres; and, at the request of this and villas. An Italian Marchese
very brilliant circle, La Clairon and would, with some difficulty, admit a
Garrick consented to exhibit various Garrick at his levee, much less would
specimens of their theatrical talents, he invite him to a conversationé. An
which produced much entertainment. ostentarious pride and distant ceremony This friendly contest lasted for a consupply the place of real grandeur and
liderable time, with great animation power.
on both sides; the company loudly de. “ However, Mr. Garrick's manner
claring their approbation, in the strongwas so engaging and attractive, that
est terms, of the two exhibitors. his company was desired by many fo. reigners of high birth and great merit.
The Duke of Parma, He was sometimes invited to give the
+ Rather Prince.
«. It was remarked, that the French formance of the actors, and all the gave the preference to Mr. Garrick; various compositions of the authors and that the English, with equal po which were worthy of observation. liteness, adjudged the victory to Ma.
“ Notwithstanding the learned of demoiselle Clairon. But as the greater France, and some other countries on part of the former were but little ac the continent, pretend, in their stage quainted with the English language, exhibitions, to a most accurate imita. Mr. Garrick was induced to relate a tion of the ancient Greek and Roman fact, and afterwards to exhibit it by dramatic authors, Mr. Garrick was action, which happened in one of the foon convinced that every country, in provinces of France at the time he was its theatrical representations, has a there, and of which he had been an eye tafte peculiar to itself, derived from witness. A father, he said, was fond the genius of the people, He saw very ling his child at an open window, from plainly, that the characters of Cora whence they looked into the street; neille, Voltaire, and Racine, were very by one unlucky effort the child sprung different from those of the Greek trafrom his father's arms, fell upon the gedians; and that the French comedies ground, and died upon the spot: what and Italian burlettas were far from followed, he said, was a language perfect imitations of Ariftophanes, which every-body understood, for it Plautus, and Terence. He saw too, was the language of Nature; he im that the nearest resemblance of the mediately threw himself into the atti.
Greek tragedies is to be found in the tude in which the father appeared at present Italian operas; they represent the time the child leaped from bis arms. some great action in a simple fable;
« The influence which the represen one eminent character generally is the tation of the father's agony produced object of the poet, as well as a strict on such a company, and exhibited by observation of the unities; the music this darlivg son of Nature, in the
in the overture, the recitative, and the silent but expressive language of unut airs, bear some correspondence to the terable sorrow, is easier to be imagined ancient chorus. The excellent Methan expressed ; let it suffice to say, taftafio, by the force of his genius, that the greatest astonishment was suc brought the Greek and Roman heroes ceeded by abundant tears.
to enrich and dignify the Italian opera. “ As soon as the company had re His Alexander, Regulus, Cato, and covered from their agitation, Made Themistocles, are as truly, thongh not moiselle Clairon catched Mr. Garrick
as strongly, delineated, as the masterly in her arms, and killed him ; then
characters of Shakespeare himself." turning to Mrs. Garrick, she apolo. We shall now take our leave of gised for her conduct, by saying, it Meff. Garrick and Davies performance was an involuntary mark of her ap with a distich analogous to what has plause. Mademoiselle Clairon was al been said of Mr.Richardson the printer : ways a favourite actress of Mr. Gar
“ If booksellers thus cleverly can write, rick; he saw her when she was in the Let writers deal in books, and booksellers dawn of her reputation, when he paid
indite," his first visit to Paris in 1752 ; and We could with the head prefixed though Mademoiselle Dumesnil was (from a die of Pingo) had been a youngthen the favourite actress of the French er and more pleasing resemblance. theatre, and justly admired by fo
A Colletion of all the Wills, now knows reigners, as well as her own country
to be extant, of the Kings and Quecas men, he ventured to pronounce, that
of England, Princes and Princelles of Clairon would excel all competitors. Wales, and every Branch of the Blood. When he was last at Paris, le had, in
Royal, from the Reign of William the the opinion of the public, fulfilled his Conqueror to that of Henry the Seventh $ prediction; on which he published a exclusive. With explanatory Notes, and print, from a drawing of Gravelot, a Glojary. 18s.in Boards. 4to. Nicholso called La Prophetie Accompli.
THE ingenious author of the Ram“ Mr. Garrick's residing for a con. bler * has observed, that“ it is the bufiderable time in France and Italy af
finess of a good antiquary, as of a good forded him an opportunity to compare man, to have mortality always before the English stage with the theatres on him ;” and the present learned Presi. the continent; and it cannot be doubt. dent of the Society of Antiquaries has ed, that he noticed with accuracy the established it as an especial merit in form of their buildings, their several
$ Rather " Edward the Fourtb, borb inornaments and decorations, the per.
his worthy predeceffor, that he so well John Haflings, Earl of Pembroke. 1979 transacted the last great act which a Philippa, wife of Roger Mortimer, Earl wise man does with respect to his
of March. 1381. worldly affairs t." If it be the delight Edmund, Earl of March, her son, 1381. of antiquaries to rake into the alhes Thomas Holand, Earl of Kent, son of of the dead, it is the prerogative of an Joan, who afterwards married the tiquaries to make " even in their alhes
Black Prince. 1397. live their wonted fires." Familiar epis Ricbard Fitzalan, 4th Earl of Arundel, tles, houshold books, family histories, grandson of Henry E. of Lancafter, and the manifold fcraps of written or
beheaded 1389. oral tradition, are made subservient to John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancasier, this laudable end. As Homer's he
fourth son of Edward III. 1399. roes in their lait moments are inspired Eleanor Bobun, Duchess of Gloucester, with the gift of prophecy, so the last widow of Thomas of Wood ftock, Duke wills of Kings and nobles divulge of Gloucefter, 7th son of Edw. Ill. the secrets of their fouls, and the 1599. history of their palt lives, to the most Edmund Duke of York, fifth fon of distant posterity. The parade of cha Edward III. 14:02. rity, the vanity of penance, the luxury Fobn Beaufort, Earl of Somersei, eldest of wealth, centre in the focus of a fon of John of Gaunt by Catherine teltament. We learn hence how many
Swinford. 1410. baltards the Lords Spiritual and Tem Elizabeth, wife of John Earl of Kent, poral had; how their fideboards and grandson of Edward I. 1411. wardrobes were furnished, what were Edward Planiagenet, Duke of York, their religious foundations, and the son of Edmund D. of York aboveparticulars of their several manors. mentioned, Nain at Agincourt 1414. But we are not told whether the wills Philippa de Mohun, his Duchess. 1433. of our Monarchs were better fulfilled Thomasof Lancaster, Duke of Clarences 700 than 50 years ago.
second son of Henry IV. slain at Among the royal wills here pre Baugé in France. 1421. sented to the public, as an uteful Sup Tibomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, plement to Sir Wm. Dugdale and other third son of John of Gaunt, by Cath. antiquaries, by Mr. Nichols, who is Swinford. 1426. both the compiler and publither of this Joba Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, 1432. useful Collection, we find those of the John of Lancasiler, Duke of Bedford, Conqueror and his youngeit son, Hen. I. third son of Henry IV. and Henry II. Rich. I. John, Henry III.
France. 1435 Edward I. and III. Rich. II. Hen. IV. Anne, Counters of Stafford, eldest Henry V. and his Queen, Henry VI. daughter of Thomas of Woodstock Edward IV. and his Qneen. It is and Eleanor, Duke and Duchess of easy to account for the want of such Gloucester above-mentioned. 1439. dispositions in Wm. Rufus, Stephen, John Holand, D. of Exeter. 1448. Edw. II. and VI. and Rich. JII. A Henry Beaufort, fecond son of John of spurious will of Edw. VI. is preserved Gaunt and Catherine Swinford, Carin a MS. in the Harleian Library, but it dinal, and Bp. of Winchester. 1447. was deemed unworthy of a place here. Margaret, Countess of Richmond, great
The noble testators and testatrices are grand daughter of John of Gaunt, Elizabeth de Burgh, Lady Clare, foun and mother of Henry VII. 1509. dress of Clare - Hall, Cambridge,
Here this valuable series ends. The who died 1313
will of Henry VII. had been before Humphry de Bebun, gth of that name, printed, with a judicions preface and
Earl of Hereford and Essex. 1361. appendix, by Mr. Astle, 1975, 4to. His nephew, namesake, and successor, To each will is prefixed or subjoined 1371.
an acconnt of the parties, their issue, Edward the Black Prince and his con alliances, &c. Several points of his
sort Joan, styled the Fair Maid of tory and genealogy are elucidated in Kent.
the Notes, which further serve as a Henry Duke of Lancaster, grandson of Elossary, from DuCange and Kelham*. King Henry III. 1360.
Another, reduced into alphabetical orLionel Duke of Clarence, third son of der, is subjoined to the work. Some King Edward III. 1368.
records relative to the wills of Henry
The Preface refers to Borel's Glor+ Speech on being elected Preudent, prefixed to Archäologia, Vol. I.
sary; but it does not appear to have been consulted in a single instance,
IV, and V. are also added from the was on Dec. 25, 1779. The IId, in Parliament Rolls.
St. Peter' Mancroft (a charity serWe sincerely with Mr. Nichols en mon) was on Good - Friday, 1780. couragement to form a second volume
The Ift, a very able defence of Chrisof the many curious wills both of tianity, controverts and confutes thres nobility and commoners that might be popular arguments opposed to it, drawn pointed out within the period he has from its late appearance, its partial chosen.
propagation, and its imperfect efficacy. 52. An Inquiry into the Legal Mode of Under the last head, looking back upon
Suppresling Riors, with a constitutional its positive efficacy, “Christ,” says the Plan of future Defence. is. Dilly. preacher, “has Toftened the horrors
THIS pamphlet is a very important of war, not only by preventing its one. Whether we consider the ability professors from putting their conquered of the writer, the subject it treats of, enemies to death, but by inspiring them or the time in which it appeared, it with sentiments of humanity towards equally claims the particular attention - the defenceless captive. of every individual. At a crisis of (would to God I could say in all!) distress, when the despondence of some parts of the Christian world, it has and the servility of others seem disposed wrested from the hand of the oppressors to surrender the conftitutional rights that power, which, in almost every of the people to the crown, ard vest part of the Gentile world, the master powers in the executive part of the go had usurped over the life of his Nave. vernment inconsistent with the free It has taught mankind to shrink from dom and liberties of the subject, and the wanton effufion of human blood, unknown to the constitution, the pre which disgraced the gladiatorial shows Sent author has stept forwards, and dis. of a brave and an enlightened people. cussed with learning, temper, and de It has banished the execrable barbari. cency, a question, of all others, moltin ties of human sacrifices, and, rightly teresting to an Englishman, viz. “Whe understood, it is now beginning to corther the fill subsisting laws and genuine rect, in its professors, what, when mir. constitution of England had not armed understood, it was supposed to cherish i be civil fate with a power sufficient, -the fanguinary rage of persecution. if it had been previoully understood It has fweetened the comforts of doand prepared, to have suppressed ever mestic life, curbed the licentiousness of so formidable a riot, without the in. polygamy I and divorce, and mitigated tervention of the military.".
the rigours of that unfocial and unIn treating this subject, the learned natural servitude, to which, among writer proves the power of the Meriff the polite citizens of Athens, 'as well to raise the Pose Comitatus, and the as the rude forefters of Germany, the neceffity and propriety of every person's herce and haughty spirit of the fronger being furnished with arms, and know sex had condemned the weaker. It Jedge of the use of them, to attend the has extirpared the hideous custom of civil power whenever there fhould be exposing children, which the most ce. a neceffity for calling for its affistance. lebrated state of antiquity openly perHe then thews in what instances this mitted, and their ablest writers have power hath been used ; and, lastly, lays expressly recommended. In some me down a plan for restoring our laws to sure it has checked that false patriotism their full vigour and energy.
which tramples upon the most sacred On each of these heads he has dir. rights of mankind, and which justifies played a degree of candour and learn every artifice, however perfidious, every ing which reflect the highest credit outrage, however unprovoked, undir upon him, both as a gentleman and a the fpecious pretences of national proman of genius. We therefore recom. sperity and national glory. It has mend the perusal of this pamphlet to called up a spirit of indignation against such as delire information concerning those brutal indulgences which nature the legal power of the magistrate. It shudders even to name, but which were will convince those who are advocates practised by the most civilised nations for altering the laws concerning rioters, without a pang and without a bluth. that no change is necessary, if the pre. In his IId sermon Mr. Parr combats, fent system of legal policy is duly en we think, with success, the usual arforced, and vigorously supported. guments against charity-schools. 53. Two Sermons preached at Norwich, | Little did the preacher luipeci that By Samuel Parr, M.A. Publified by Christian divine was at that time emRequejt. 410. Is. Baldwin.
ployed in endeavours to re-establish polyTo of these in che cathedral.