Imágenes de páginas

not bring on the rapacity of the land

The reasons why the firft day of lords ? When the holders of arable August was denominated Lammasland keep back and monopolize wheat day, and gule or yule of August, may for hafty gain, and Gloucestershire perhaps be an entertainment for your graziers constitute a Madeira club, readers, Yours, &c. S. POLLET. and make the master of their inn a The first of August is called Lamgentleman, are not landlords of every mas-day, some say, because the priests dienomination, whether ministerial or were then wont to gather their tithe patriotic, justified in demanding their larnbs: others derive it from the Saxon proportion of the profits? and if the word Leffmeffe, i. e. bread mass; it tenant will not lay up for a wet day, being kept as

being kept as a thanksgiving for the is the landlord obliged to make an

first fruits of the corn. It is also called abatement in his rent?

gule or yule of August, in old Alma. I heartily concur in the proposal in nacs St. Perer ad Vincula; it is derived favour of Capt. Carver's distress'd fa from the French word guel a tbroai, mily, p: 219; but with to know more because, as the catholics report, a cerof Mr. Bicknell, who calls himself tain maid, having a disorder in her editor of the former edition of his throat, was cured by kissing the chains Travels.

with which St. Peter was bound. P. 199. It is a certain fa&t that the judge omitting to pass sentence of Mr. URBAN, death on the pirates, and only saying. I Am surprized how the article in p. they thould " be carried to the usual 120, on the average price of wheat, place of execution," a doubt arose how by Crilo, found a place in the Gentle they could be disposed of, and this man's magazine, that article being weighed as much in their favour as despicable in point of composition, and the alleviating circumstances that ap ungenerous and disgraceful in its repeared on their trial. During the late Aečtions and tendency. riots, being set at large, they are said In matters that respect the public, to have surrendered themselves to the it is the privilege of Englishmen judge, and offered to defend him, when to speak their sentiments, and it is a be fled from the fury of the populace. duły which we think we owe to our

P. 248. The ceremonial of Sir H. correspondents to fuffer what they Monro's installation is desired from have to offer, to be heard. We are the Gazette.

far from approving what Grilo has The Greek coin in your laft, P: 309, Taid upon the subject ; yet we are belongs to some of the Kings of Syria, sensible there are many of his apiof the name of Antiochus. The reverse nion, however ill grounded. represents Apollo, feated on the Del. phic tripod, holding in his liands his Letter from the King of Prullia to the late bow and arrow,

Antiochus Soter, Earl Marischal·--[From Mr. Cordiner's who died 262 years before Christ, and Antiquities and Scenery of the North of

Scotland, derived his descent from Apollo, firit assumed this cognizance, which occurs

Cannot allow the Scotch the happi.

ness of postertiog you altogether. on the coins of his successors Antio

Had I a feet, I would make a descent on chus Theos, and Antiochus Theos

their coasts, and carry you off. The Epiphanes. The other kings of this

baoks of the Elbe do not admit of these name, as well as of others, took dif

equipments: I muft therefore have referent devices. See Vaillant's Hist. course to your friendship, to bring you to Regum Syriæ, 4to, pp. 45, 50, 196. him who ésteems and loves you. I loved

your bably belongs to some foreign bishop 1 was indebted to him for great obligations. whole furname was Monis, there being

This is my right to you; this my title. no prelafe of either name here given

“ I spend my time as formerly; only who filled the fees of Rochester or

at night I read Virgil's Georgics, and go Raphoe.

to my garden in the morning, to make By a strange mistake, Tarleton's

my gardener reduce them to practice : he Chriftian name is made Thomas instead

laughs both at Virgil and me, and thinks of Ricbard.

us borb fools. A Confiant Reader withes to know if lorophy; these are what, afier the butle

“ Come to ease, to friendship, and phi. any account has been published of the of life, we must all have recourse to. 50 new churches, or of the duty on

FREDERICK." coals appropriated thereto; and how

* Marshal Keith. many such churches have been built.

54. Supo

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54. Supplement to the Edition of Shak. poet, Pericles and a Yorkpire Tragedy speare's Plays, publifwed in 1778, by excepted : the latter, he thinks, has in Samuel Johnson and George Steevens.

many places much of our author's Containing additional Observations by le.

manner; and being thoroughly con. veral of the former Commentators: To

vinced that of Pericles, if not the whole, which are subjoined the gesuine Pooms of the fame Author, and seven Plays that

at leaft the greateft part, was written bave been ascribed to him. Will Nores,

by Shakspeare, he hopes it will be by the Editor and others. 2 rols. large

admitted into some future edition of 8vo. 18s. Bathurst,

his works, in the room of Titus Ane

dronicus, of which he does not believe THE Editor, Mr. Malone, apolo a fingle line to have been the compolin gises, in a prefatory advertisem :nt, &c. tion of our great bard. In this with and for this large increase to the already opinion we entirely coincide. Of each numerous commentaries on this ad. of these dramas the hiftory is traced as mired bard, from the difficulty and al. far as poffible, their probable authors most impossibility of tracing the four. and æra invettigared, and the original ces of all his allutions, and illustrating copies collated and corrected. To the all his obscurities. Besides additional ift volume is prefixed a view of “the observations by several of the former “ house in Stratford-upon-Avon in commentators, some other gentlemen “ which Shakspeare was born." A now first appear as scholiasts on our few extracts, with some remarks, fall author, particularly, the late eminent be added. Sir William Blackstone, iam Mercurio In note on the Prolegomena we quam Tbemide, whose notes, by his de have the following account of the fire, have no diftinction but the final origin of hackney-coaches : “ I cannot Jetter of his name. The editor also re ( says Mr. Garrard) omit to mention turns his warmert acknowledgments to any new thing that comes up amongst the Dean of Carlisle, Dr. Farmer, Mr. us, though dever so trivial. Here Henley, Mr. Tyrwhirt, Mr. Steevens, is one Capt. Baily, he hath been a and his other co-adjutors. Besides sea-captain, but now lives on the the “ Supplemental Observations," a. land, about this city, where he tries mong which the ancient poem intitled experiments. He hath erected, accord. Romeus and Juliet, 1562, on which ing to his ability, some four backneyShakspeare's tragedy was manifeftiy coacbes, put his men in livery, and founded, is reprinted entire, and fuch' appointed them to stand at the Maypole parts also of iba Historie af Hamblet, in the Strand, gives them intrudtions 1608, old let. as serve in any sort to at what rates to carry men into several illustrate the drama, the first volume parts of the town, where all day they contains the genuine poetical compo. may be had. Other hackney-men fees fitions of Shakspeare, now first sepa. ing this way, they flocked to the same rated from the fpurious performances place, and perform their journey at with which they have been long in. the same rate, so that sometimes there termixed, illustrated with notes, and are twenty of them together, which dir. all, except the first, printed from the

perse up and down, that they and others original copies, viz. Venus and Ado

are to be had every where, as waternis, the firtt essay of Shakspear's muse, men are to be had by the water-lide. from a copy published in 1600, with Every body is much pleased with it. a print prefixed of the Lord Treasurer For whereas, before, coaches could Southampton, to whom it is dedicated, not be had but' at great rates, now a The Rape of Lucrece, first printed 1994, man may have one much cheaper." CLIV Sonnets, 1609, formed, Mr. This letter is dated April 1, 1634. Malone thinks, on the model of Da. [See p. 379 of this Magazine.] niel's, published 1592, Tbe Pasionate Macbétb.-This.casle barb a plea. Pilgrim (other sonnets), and A Lover's sant fear.] This Mort dialogue between Complaint, 1609.

Duncan and Banquo, whilst they are apThe ad vol. is composed of such proaching the gates of Macheth's caitle, plays as have been ascribed to Shak

has always appeared to me a striking Tpeare, viz. Pericles, Locrine, Sir John instance of what in painting is termed Oldrajle, Lord Cromwell, The London repose. Their conversation very naProdigal, The Puritan, and a York.

turally turns upon the beauty of its fire Tragedy; though the editor is fituation, and the pleasantness of the convinced, that of the majority of them, air ; and Banquo, observing the martnot a single one was written by our great lets nefs in every recess of the cornice,


rem: rks, that where those birds most title is still bestowed on Batchelors of ! breed and kaunt, the air is delicate. Arts, but is always annexed to the The fubje&t of this quiet and eaiy con. surnames of graduate." MALONE. versation gives that repose lo necef The same cuitom prevails at Camsary to the mind after the tumultuous bridge. buitle of the preceding itenes, and per "As You Like II.-- As the Coney, tbat fectly contraits che scene of horror inat you see dwell where be is kindled.] immediately succeeds. It seems as if Rather kind-led; led by her kind or Shakspeare asked himself, What is a kindred. HENLEY. prince likely to say to his attendants Kinded is a technical term for the on such an occasion ? Whereas the

generation of rabbits. modern writers teem, on the contrary, · Dr. Johnson once assured me, that, to be always searchiagtor newthoughts, when he wrote his Irene, he had never fuch as would never occur to men in read Opbello; but meeting with it soon the fituzion which is represented. afterwards, was surprised to find that This also is frequently the practice of he had given one of his characters a Homer, who, from the midst of battles speech very strongly resembling that and horrors, relieves and refreshes the in which Casio describes the effects mind of the reader, by introducing produced by Desdemona's beauty on some quiet rural inage, or picture of such inanimate objects as the gutter'd familiar domestic life. Sir J. REY rocks and congregaled ds. The NOLDS."

Doctor added, that, on making the difThe taste and propriety of this pic covery, for fear of imputed plagiarism, turesque illustration are self-evident. he fruck out this accidental coinciBut what less could we expect from dence from his own tragedy. Steesuch a matterly painter ?

Comeds of Errors. For ever bous'd “ The late Mr. James Welt, of the where't gets polithiov.] Poffeffion is Treasury, assured me, that at his house pronounced as a irilyilable; and there in Warwickshire he had a wooden fore the line should be printed : “where bench, once the favourite accommoda. it," &c. MALONE.

tion of Shakespeare, together with an We think it thould be also printed earthen half-pint mug, out of which " housed," &c.

he was accustomed to take his draughts " Macbeth. Besides, this Duncan of ale at a certain public-nouse in the baih borne bis facult is jo melk, &c.] neighbourhood of Stratford every SaAs Mr. Henderfon sp aks this speech, turday afternoon.-I fear that the rethese lines should be thus pointed : spect paid to the seat and the pitcher

Befides this; Duncan,&c."Henley. do [does) more honour to our poet's

Mr. Garrick, the best commentator memory than the imputation of this on Shakspeare, spoke it otherwise, play (Sir Joun Oldcajile].

Ditto. and the old reading seems to us much "Whereas a noble Earlis much difirefi'd. the moit natural, and also agreeble to An Englishman, Russel tbe Earl of Bedour author's idiom.

ford, &c. Lord Cromwell.] King HenryV.-O well-a-day, lady, An anachronism has escaped our if he be not drawn now ! ] Surely, lady learned commentators, this scene being has crept into this passage by the cory laid early in the reign of K. Henry VIII. pofitor's eye glancing on the preceding when this nobleman was only Lord word. It seems to have no meaning Russel, nor was he advanced to here. MALONE.

Earldom till January 19, 1550, by To us it seems obviously to mean by. Edward VI. our lady, or by'r lady, a kind of oath - "that hath bored you, Sir." Ib.) very common in those times,

So in King Henry VIII. - He bores me “ Sir Join Oldiafile-- Enter the Duke with fome trick." STEEVENS. - As of Suffolk, &c. and Sir John of Wro old things often become new, it might bam.] Almost all the divines that ap have been added, that this is now again pear in our old comedies are thus de. a cant word among the great vulgar. nominated, Sir being the academical

but to feed a sort, distinction of those who have taken Of lazy abbois, and of full-fed friars? their first degree. Thus Sir Hugh E

Jbid. vans in the Merry Wives of Windjor; A fort anciently signified a company, Sir Oliver Martext in As You Like It; a numerous body. So, in Aretine's Sir Topaz in Twel/lb Nigbt, &c. Wars oj the Gorbs, translated by Gold.

In the Univerlity of Dublin this ing, 1563: “ How beit, when night



eame, espying a great forte of fiers on froin the additamenta to MatthewParis; the sea.coaft.“ MALONE. This word " General Descriptions of England; is used also in the same sense in Psalm “ Maps," including an outlines of Ixii,

two maps of England and Ireland,” “ Ye shall be lain all the fort of you."

from Mss. in Benet College library ; " Now if I die, bow happy ware the two maps of Great Britain," from Ibid. MSS. of Matthew Paris ;

a sketch Exactly similar is that in Othello : of Great Britain" from a large map of - if I were now to die,

the world in Hereford church library; 'Twere now to be most happy.”

“ a large map" (in the author's pofterWhat glory was in England that had I fion) of the age of Edward III, “ rude not." Ibid.

drawings of four stations for a pilgriA transposition surely for ' I båd not.'

mage," " Charts," "Views," "Eccle. We could enlarge with pleasure these fiaitical Topography," and “ Natural extracts and remarks, but now it is

History." Of a work so large and mif. time to take manum de tabula. cellaneous, we can only find room

for a few interesting extracts, inter55. British Topography: or, an historical Sperling such corrections or additions Account of what has been done for

as may occur to us. illuflrating the Tup?graphical Anti P.xl. Notes, l. 5. r. Worsley. P.xlii. quities of Great Britain and Ireland.

To the portrait collectors here mention2 vols. 410. 21. 125. 61. in Boards.

ed, might justly be added Şir James Payne.

Winter Lake. THIS is a much enlarged and P.


1. 22. “ The seventh edition improved edition, brought down to of " A Tour through Great Britain, the end of the year 1779, of 'Anecdotes

1769,"could not be published by Mr. of Britith Topography,' by Richard S. Richardson, with large additions Gough, Esq. F. R. and A. S. S. pub from Dr. Campbell's Political Survey lished fome years ago, and of which a

of Britain," as Mr. Richardson died Thort account was given, with a just in 1761, before Dr. Campbell's work elogium, in our volume for 1772.

was publifhed. He corrected the fixtb All that has been done, is doing, edition. and is still wantins, for the illustration P.174.“ Sandby, who was employed of our antiquities, is discussed with

by the late Duke of Cumberland, made great accuracy in the preface. By this above an hundred illuminated draw. it appears that “of the forty counties

ings of different views about Windsor, of England nine have found no anti in a beautiful and matterly manner; quary hardy enough to attempt their

all bought by Lord Bute. It is pity general illustration; and the collec

there is no painting of Herne the Huntions of the remaining eight are ter's Oak, and the Fairy Dell, menAtill with-held from the public." tioned by Shakspeare, and itill to be The compliment which the auihor has

seen in Queen Elizabeth's Walk, in paid to our Magazine, of being “ the the Little Park." only one which keeps up to its original P. 184. “In 1717 Dr. Rawlinsoa standard," we hope we shall continue

published proposals for “ Historia, to deserve. His plan, in thort, (in Antiquitates, & Athenæ Etonenses; or which he has admirably succeeded) the History, Antiquities, &c. of the " is to supply the omissions of preced famous College of St. Mary, near ing attempts, to inform the curious Eton." It is Taid also, in p. 391, unwhat lights have from time to time der “ Winchester," that " in 1719 been thrown on the topographical an. proposals were published for a 'hiftory tiquities of the three kingdoms, and

and antiquities of St. Mary's College." to rescue them and their authors from

Q. Did not both these articles arise out oblivion," All the additions and of “ Proposals for publishing by Subcorrections are incorporated into the

scription the Antiquities and History present work, and to each county an of the two ancient Foundations and appendix is added. B.fore he enters Colleges of Winchetter and Eton ; on the counties, Mr. Gough gives us compiled from original charlers, rethe Roman geography of Britain, cords, and other approved authorities," with as much of the “ Peuringer &c. &c. advertised in 1715, with Gale's Table" (the oldest map of Britain) as Wincheller? concerns us, and a sketch (the fecund P. 188. " The Triumphs of Na. oldest) of the four great Roman ways, ture-a Poem, in the Gentleman's


P. 204.


Magazine for 1742," was by Mr. S. could not persuade himself, within

these fifty years, that Cambridge was
“ Israel Lyons, jun. was any thing more than a grammar.
son of a Polish Jew, lilversmith and school, till Dr. Middleton appeared
teacher of Hebrew. at Cambridge, at Rome: if this were not a fetch of
where he was born, 1739 In his the Doctor's to procure the place of
carliest youth he thewed a wonderful public librarian, which was made for
inclination to learning, particularly bin, by pretending to have spent all
mathematics ; but though Dr. Smith, his fortune in supporting the dignity
late master of Trinity College, offered of the University abroad."
to put him to school at his own ex “ Billioy More's library was offered
pence, he would go only a day or two, to Lord Oxford for 8000l, The
saying, he could learn more by him. Bishop collected it by plundering the
felf in an hour, than in a day with his libraries of the clergy in his diocese ;
malter. In 1953, he published a some he paid with sermons or more
Treatise on Fluxions, dedicated to his modern books: others, only with
patron, Dr. Smith. He began his Quid illiterati cum libris."
Rudy of botany in 1755, and con P.

229. “ The Capitade" is imtinued it to his death. He could re properly styled “ a pamphlet," as we member not only the Linnæan names of think it only appeared in the London almost all the English plants, but even Evening. Poft. the synonyma of the older botanilts; Ibid. The author of " David's Proand had large materials for a Flora phecy," a B. A. of Trinity, and a Cantabrigierlis, describing fully every barrister, was publicly expelled. part of each plant from the life, without P. 28y. Corby Cattle, Mr. Howconsulting, or being milled by former ard's, is described in a poem, by the authors. Mr. Banks, whom he first Duke of wharton, in the gth vol. of instructed in this science, sent for him the Spectator. to Oxford about 1762, or 1763, to Derbyshire. Mr. Samuel Pegge, read lectures; which he did with great rector of Whittington in this county, applause to at least tixty pupils ; but is collecting materials for its history: could not be prevailed upon to make a and we wilh our excellent old corre. long absence from Cambridge. He fpondent all posible success. had a falary of 100l. per annum for Devonfire. The present Dean calculating the Nautical Almanack; of Exeter, by circulating queries thro' and frequently had presents from the the county, has obtained large mateBoard of Longitude for his own in. rials for a description of it, and has ventions. He could read Latin and made a great collection of church Freach with ease, but wrote the for. notes himself." mer ill: he had studied the Englith P. 320. “ The oldest chartulary or History, and could quote whole par. collection of records on vellum,inade in sages from the Monkiih writers vera Bishop Remigius's time, and anciently batim. He was appointed by the belonging to this church (Lincoln), Board of Longitude to go with Cap was in the library of ArchbidhopWake, tain Phipps (now Lord Mulgrave) to who, having borrowed it when Bishop the North Pole, 1773.

After his re. of Lincoln, had left a note in it purturn, he married, and settled in Lon. porting his intention of returning it, don, where he died of the meazles in 1710 ; but when his books went by about a year. He was then engaged will to Christ Church, Oxford, and in publihing some papers of Dr. his MSS. to Lambeth, this was left Halley's."

among the former. Bishop BarringP. 207. Thomas Hill, Esq. author ton advertising the late Bishop of Lin. of the Nundine Siurbrigienses, was, in coln of ii, be wrote to the Dean of 1725, one of the Esquires to the late Christ Church, who, finding the note Duke of Richmond as Knight of the in further confirmation of ihis fact, Bath (and is drawn as such in a large iminediately returned it," picture at Goodwood by Mr. High P. 396. Note, w. For 'Cicero' r., more), and secretary to the Board of « Ciceroni, Trade. See a fine Latin Ode by hiin "Sir Richard Worsley, of Appledoreto the Duke of Newcastle on the Duke come, is publishing a history of the of Richniond's death, in one of our Ilie of Wight.". Magazines foon after 1750.

P. 412. “ The form of matrimony " The Librarian of the Vatican was then (1502) celebrated at that


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