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E. Cornwallis's Account of the Defeat of Gen. Gates in N. Carolina. 459 serceived that the enemy, having likewise . The fatigue of the troops rendered then perlifted in their resolution to fight, were incapable of further exertion on the day of formed in two lines oppofire and near to us ; the action; but as I saw the inportance of ,203 onferving a movement on their left, destroying or dispersing, if posible, the corps whi; I supposed to be with an intention to under Gen. Sumpter, as it might prove a inak: fime alteration in their order, I die foundation for allembling the routed army : roerend Lili Col. W-biter to begin the at on the morning of the 17th I detached Lieut.

which was done with great vigour, Col. Tarleton, with the Legion cavalry and com a few m nutes the action was general infantry, and the corps of light infantiy,

ite w' ole front. It was at this time making in all about 350 me!, with orders to *1 calm, with a little baziness in the attack him wherever he could find him; and thih, prevening the (moke from ri at the faine time I rent orders to Lieut. Col. ordi ned so thick a darknefi, that it Turnbull and Major Fergufon, at that time :

jicu i to feet'e effect of a very heavy on Little River, to put their corps in inomell it. porred fire on both sides. Our tion immediately, and on their tide to pursue

ved to advance in good order, and and endeavour to attack Gen. Sompter. the contintrepidity of experienced Bri Licut. Col. Tarleton executed this service Idiers, keeping up a conti ant fire, or with his usual activity and military addreis.

njero bayonets, as opportunities ofe. He procured good information of Sumpter's nd, after an obftinate relistance dur

movements, and, by forced and concealed et quarters of an hour, threw the

marches, came up with and surprised him in into total contation, and forced them the middle of the day on the 18th, near the se ve ay in all quarters. At this instant Catawba Fords: he totally dettroyed or dif*iihe cavalry to complete the rout, persed his detachment, contilting then of .nperirzaed with their usual promp 700 men, killing 150 on the spot, and lake

sallantry; and after doing great ing two pieces of brass cannon and 300 prie

.tke field of battle, they conti soners, and 44 waggons. He likewise reps' stuit to Hanging Rock, 22 miles took 100 of our men, who had fallen into

place where the action happened, their hands partly at the actioa at Hanging nich many of the enemy were llain; Rock, and partly in escorting some waggons ber of prisoners, near 150 waggons from Congarees to Camden ; and he released : of which was a brass cannon, the 150 of our militia men, or friendly country e of which had been damaged in the people, who had been seized by the rebeis.

th of the nighe), a considerable quan- Capt. Campbell, who commanded the light oi military flores, and all the baggage infantry, a very promising officer, was un

camp equipage of the rebel army, fell fortunately killed in this affair. Our lots at our hands.

otherwise was trifling. This action was too The loss of the enemy was very considera- brilliant to need any comment of mins, and bk; a number of colours, and seven pieces will, I have no doubt, highly recommend of brass cannon (being all their artillery that Lieut. Col. Tarleton to his Majesty's favour. were in the action), with all their ammuni. The rebel forces being at present dispersed, tion waggons, were taken ; between 8 and the internal commotions and insurrections in 900 were killed, among that number Briga. the province will now sublide. But I shall Ģen. Gregory, and about 1000 prisoners, give directions to inttiet exemplary punitha · many of whom wounded; of which number ment on foine of the most guilty, in hopes were Major-Gen. Baron de Kalb, fince dead, to deter' o: hers, in future, from sporting with and Brig. Gen Rutherford.

allegiance and oaths, and with the lenity and The behaviour of his Majesty's troops in generosity of the British government. general was beyond all praise; it did honour On the morning of the 17th I despatched to themselves and to their country. I was proper people into North Carolina, with die particularly indebted to Col. Lord Rawdon rections to our friends there to take arms. and to Lieut. Col. Webiler for the diftin- and affemble immediately, and to frize the quished courage and ability with which they most violent people, and all miliary fores conducted their respective divisions; and the and magazines belonging to the rebels, and capacity and vigour of Lieut. Col. Tarleton to intercept all ttragglers from the routed at the head of the cavalry deserves my high- army; and I have promised to march withe et commendations; Lieut. M'Leod exerted out loss of time to their support: fome nehimteli greatly in the conduct of our arul- cellary supplies for the army are now on their Dery. My aid-de-camp, Capt. Rois, and way from Cheries-Town, and I hope that their Lieut. Haldane of the engineers, who acted arrival will enable me to move in a tew days: is that capacity, rendered me most oftencial My aid-ce-camp, Capt. Rots, will have the service; and the publick others, major of honourof delivering this dispatch yourloid

rigade England, who acted as depaty adju- thip, and will be able togive you the Fuilett actant-general, and the majors of brigade count of the fate or the army and the country, Manley and Doyle, tbewed the most active He is a very delerving officer; and I take the a:d zealous attention in their duty; Gov. liberty of recommend ng him to your lordinnip's Martin became again a military man, and

favour and patronage:

COUNWALLIS. beharchithikcspirit o: a young voluages. *** Sxe gibier particulars of this act.o., P: 439.


ON NEGRO SLAVERY. " the mother of the child (though I knew iron fum, nibil bunnanum a no alienum puto. “ it not then) from one of his people, and E garden of Europe and died and be NGLAND), though confidered as the “ at that time my furgeon obferving to me,

16. The had much milk in her breasts, I enfreedom, where property is fecured by equal “ quired of the person that brought her on and just laws, and where commerce, arts, board, whether the had a child when he and manufactures, diffosc riches and plenty, “ bought her from the inland traders ? T. yet contains objects of compatiion, pining « which he antivered in the negative. with want, and perithing through neglect : « But now on my coming on board, no bat if we turn our attention to the futterings « sooner was the child handed into the thir, of our fellow-creatures in favery on the other “ but this poor woman efpying it, run with Ide of the Atlantic, the mind will be rather « eagernes, and inarched him out of the tortured with agony than fostened by pity, " white man's arms that held him. I think ar the extreme mifery of beings made like “there never was a more moving fight than unto ourselves, colour only excepted. 1. on this occafion between the mother and vention has been racked to find new and in “ her little fon, who va a fine boy about genious means of tormenting them without " 18 months old, orzecially when the Lin. divesting them of life, which is held valua guilt told her I had laved her child from ble, and worth preserving, by no other to “Leic facrificed. Having at that tin nure than the intercit of the oppreffor who “ zbout 300 negrues on board my thin', no calls himself their mafter.

« sooner was the ftory known amongt An eminent French writer highly extols " them, but they espreited their thankfulthe humanity of one of his countrymen, for “ nefs to me by claiping their hands, and introducing a punishment among thein less finging a fong in my praise." And 19 eruel than had formerly been inilićted: this this grateful fenfc of his humane interpor. confited in tying up the leg by a chain or tion he attributed the quiet beliaviour of the rope to the back part of the neck, and fixing flaves during the whole voyage. This ac. a wooden leg to the knee, as a surgeon count is related in the Introduction; and it would do to the ftump of an amputated leg. page ros of the work ittif, he communi, In time, fays he, the joint of the knee be cates another inftance that dres equal lose comes contracted, and the negro cannot run nour to their attectionate fenfibility of proaway, though he can work with his artificial teet on and kindness. leg. To immortalize this mode of crippling Beneget, an humane writer on the late a fellow-creature, which he calls an humane trade, does not lihak, mention this wania invention, he has given the public an cle action; but he has introduced into his exgant engraving of it; but though it may cellent performance many curious hiftorical prevent defertion, it cannot fupprefs indig- facts in favour of our African brethren. I nation, much less conciliate fidelity among with this amiable writer bad lussored a me. rational and sensible beings.

thod of totally eradicating the 1 are trade, That these unhappy tuttirers are throngly and convincing the people of Europe, that actuated by gratitude, I am convinced by a their ir terett, which is their oris plea foe thousand incidents within my own know- fupporting it, is more injured than promoted ledge during my residence in tlie Wett 11- by it. dies; and from the authors I have read on On the continent of North America negra the llave trade, I am perfuades, that this slavery is nearly annihilated, and is, I belovely principle is generally and powerfully lieve, totally so among the Quakers, who engrafted in the minds of the natives of generouliy iet the example of liberating their Gu nea. Svelgrave, in his account of this llaves : but in the West Iodia 11ands, the country, communicates a very tender trans- pernicious trafic of rational beings is pur. action which fell imder his own observa- fied with vigour, and the same cruelty of tion. Having teen a child tied to a itake, treatment maintained towards the unhapny in or ler to be facriticed to one of their dein villims; and they are likely to be continued ties, hic recued it with fome degree of force, till the pecuniary interests of Europeans con which much d fpleased the prince by whole be diverted into another channel. To cffcét order the infant was about to suffer : he ap this, I know not of any method more propeal:ci his anger, however, by paying him mising thari cultivatmg the sugar-cane upon his own price for this innocent offering, the continent of Africa, where it seeins to was,

- a bunch of iky-coloured beads have been indigenous, and thrives luxuriant« worth about halt a crown

" After wc

ly; and employing the natives as fervants « were returning in our boat," continues for hire, and not as llaves compelled to lathe captain, “ I told the gunner that when bour by the cread of torture. Such a plan « we came on board, he should pitch on was formerly tuggested by one of the most “ fone motherly woman to take care of this powerful princes of Guinea. After the king « poor child;" to which he ansuered," he of Dahonie had conquered the kingdom of “ had already one in his eye.

Whidah in the year 177, he was 10 bed! " It happened the day before I went on upon the caccution of his rlin, as to send “ thore to Ice the king, I had purchased Bulifinch Lambe, his prisoner, whom ho


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with a Project for abolising it.Theatrical Register. 459 had loaded with favours, to the court of THEATRICAL REGISTER. Great Britain, to engage its commerce and

DRURY LANE. fopport. Upon this occafion he presented. Sept. 30. Love in a Village-Queen Mab.“ his ambailador with 320 ounces of gold, and Oct 2. Henry the Fourth-—Fortunacus. 80 ilaves, to bear his expences, and to induce 3. The Miser-Selima and Azor. him to return; but Lambé, after he had 5.


like it-The Critic. poffeilion of so much wealth, settled in Bar 7. Maid of the Mill Queen Mab. badoes, and never reached Europe, or fur 10. Clandestine Marriage--Comus. ther interetted himtelt in the project of his 11. Grecian Daughter-Harlequin's Invasion enerous benefactor. The richnets of the 12 West Indian-Quaker. 1oil, the plenty of provisions, the conveni 14. School for Scandal--Selima and Azor. ence of carriage, and many other confidera 17. Jane Snore---The Camp. nions, ftrongly prepoffefs my opinion in fa 18, Maid of the Mill-Who's the Dupe? vour of the lyttem of this once celebrated 19. Winter's Tale-The Critic, prince.

20. As you like it --Bon Ton. I know it has often been fuggested in lup 21. School for Scandal -Comus. port of slavery and reverity, that negroes 23. Richard the Third -- The Camp. will not work without charliiement: though 24. Cymon--High Life below Stairs. there can be no great inducement for thote 25. Rule a Wife and Have a Wite--Critic. to labour who do not reap the fruits of their 26. Provok'd Hutband-Bon Ton. kaduitry, yet when interest is the product of

COVENT-GARDEN. it, we may draw a very ditferent conclution. Sipl. 29. Beggar's Opera-Deaf Lover. It will however be time enough to raite the oct. 2. Henry the Fourth-Norwood Gypsies. oljećtion when the experiment has been at 3. Philaiter--Tom Thumb. tempted; for if thote only who have been 4. Jane Shore-Ditto. disappointed in the trial of it are allowed to 6. Suspicious Hulband--Ditto. complain, their number will be reduced into 9. Richard the Third-Norwood Gypsies. a very linali compais. lu thotë fey in 11. Measure for Measure-Tom Thumb.

tances I have been acquainted with, where 13. Love makes a Man----Ditto. tenient treatment has foftened the chains of 16. Beggars Opera--Norwood Gypsies. the whappy llaves, their kind affections 18. Fair Penitent-Tom Thumb. have been animated, and their exertions of 19. Much Ado about Nothing-Humours of labour augmented.

an Elo7in. On a subject io very interesting, let it not 20. Duonna - Humours of an Election. be thought oftentatious, if I take the liberty

21. The Mistake-Ditto. of communicating the fent ments I could not 23. Macbeth-Ditto. avoid ferling in my own cate, and the con 24. Chances--Dito. duet which, as their natural and necillary 25. Beggars' Opera--Ditto. contequences, they no les irrelibly pro 26. Hamlet-Ditto. duced. It is an infiance given not to lupport a claim to peculiar merit, but merely to


OEI. 16. but what every one, whole heart is not

TOUR Miscellanr is of such ctablithhardened hy acts of oppretion, nor actuated cd reputation as a vehicle for original by the love of money, must be difposed to Letters, that you will hardly hesitate to iéel and think, and ac, in a fimilar fituation. give place to half a dozen tranícribed from

The repeated proofs of fidelity and love the originals among the MSS. of the cewhich I received t'rom my own people, gave lebrate Sir Hans Sloane, Lart. to whom me at kugth to fitila a confidence in their

they were addrettel. integrity, that without the leati apprehen

Yours, &c. M. GREEN. fun of danger, 1 liare frequently found that I had left not only my besty but

1. Mr. (now Dr.) Franklin to Sir Hans Sloane. 1.fc SIR,

June 2, 1725 entirely at their clitol. The bencliience

HAVING lately been in the northern parts of power, and the gratiiside of dependence, of America, I have brought from thence a forms an unich of intereits that never fails to purse made of the ftone Albefins, a piece of heighien mutual regard: my own happiness

The fune, and a pece of wood, the pichy became at length to cotcly connected with

part of which is of the same nature, and the happiness of may negroes, that I could no

called by the inhabitarts salamander cotton. longer withhold from than the natural pri

As you are noted to be a lover of curiofities, vilege of freedom whith llaven lid cete

I have inform'd you at there ; and it you feried upon me; I therefore deliverid then

have any inclination to purchase them or sce from lonage, and thus reitured them to the

theni, ki me know your pleafure by a line character of beinns into whom the Author or

direétud for me at the Gollen Far in Little Nature, and Giver of all Girl, has breased

Prialg ind I will wait urc you with them. the bresth of it. A WEST IN PEAN.

I ain, Sir, your mon bimbie tervant, ? cvrate Lift of the New i'arlia

BENJAMIN F A. KLIN. liarint matt be given in rur nexs; when the P.S. I capect to be out of toun in two or Fuatisci kind and rum.rvus Corr/pondents three days, and therefore beg an immediate balo bi pripaly atiended io.



II. Mr. Pope to Sir Hans Sloane. will pardon this freedom in him who is, with SIR, Twickenham, March 30, 1742. all respect, your most obedient humble ferI am extrem ly obliged to you for your Vant,

JOHN ANSTIS. intended kindness of furnishing my grotto V. Mr. Anstis to Sir Hans Sloanc. with that furprizing natural curiosity, which SIR, Herald's Office, Feb. 15,1721-2. indeed I have ardently fought fome' time. Ds. TANNER, who informed me that in But I would much rather part with every onc of your MSS. of phyfic there is contained thing of this fort which I have collected, fomewhat relating to the famous Sir John thvan deprive your molt copious collection of Fattolf, hath communicated to me some exone thing that may be wanting to it. If you tracts from it, by which I hope this volume an {pare it, I fhall be doubly pleased in may be discovered. having it, and in owing it to you.

De virtute oli, olivæ, &c. &c. &c. The further favour vou offer me, of a re If by these notes you could readily put your view of your curiofities, deserves my ac hand upon this book, you would very much Inowledgement. Could I hope that among ovlige me in a design I am engaged in of rerbe minerals and foffils which I have gathe trieving the memoirs of the ancient Knights ed, there was any thing you could like, it of the Garter, and none hath been so much would be esteemed an obligation (if you have injured as that of Sir John Falstaff. I beg time, as the season improves) to look upon your pardon for this presumption, and am, them, and to command any. I thall take with the greatest respect, your mott obedient the first favourable opportunity to enquire servant,

JOHN ANSTIS. when it may be least inconvenient to wait on VI. Mr. Anstis to Sir Hans Sloane. you, which will be a true facisfaction to, SIR, Herald's Office, Fcb. 15, 1721-2. Sir, your most obliged, and most bumble

I RETURN your book with many thanks.' servant,


In p. 73 is the account of the fever and III. Mr. Pope to Sir Hans Sloane. afthma whereof Sir John Faftolf died, after SIR,

May 22, 1742.

148 days illness, at the age of eighty years. I HAVE many trae thanks to pay you for The year is omitted, but his death certainly the two joints of the giant's causeway, which happened on St. Leonard's day 1459, which, I found yesterday at my return to Twitnam, if you please, you may add in the bottom of perfectly safe and entire. They will be a that page. In p. 1!5 is a verse ia fome glaisir great ornament to my grotto, which contiits window, wholly of natural productions, owing nothing Virgo dicas mundi Fajfolf miferere Jobanni. to the chiffel or polin; and which it would I do not in the least doubt but the greateft be much my ambition to entice you one day part of this MS. was compiled by William of to look upon. I will first wait on you at Wircestre, or Botaner, who lived with our Chelsea, and cmbrace with great pleati:re Sir John as his secretary, some fay his officer the fatisfaction, you can better than any man of arms, for several years, and our writers atford me, of so extenfive a view of Nature, tell us this Wircestre was a great physician, in her most curious works. I am, with all aitronomer, and antiquary. I am, with the respect, Sir, your most obliged and molt lue greateft refpect, your most humble servant, Hle servant, A. POPL.

JOHN ANSTIS. IV. Mr. Anstis to Sir Hans Sloane.

You will very much oblige me by the HA

AVING from my youth been a con

(tant reader of your learned publicafe an of the physical collection of MSS. of William Wyrceiter, alias Botaner; for I tion, and having seen in it occasionally si ppose he may mention fomething of his pa

some questions on points of law, let me 11 on Sir John Fastolf

. I will fafely return request you to insert the following case, ile book in a few days, with many thanks. not doubting but some of your readers I he Knights of the Garter having enjoined will condefccrd to answer the queries, I c to lay before them fome notices of the and thereby oblige

JUVENIS. lives of their predeceffors (wncreof Sir John A dies intolvent and intestate, and leaves I aftolf was one whose memory ought to be B a widow with six children, who carries on vindicated from that inimitable fcoundrel's her late huiband's bafiness for the fupport of character given him by Shakipere, 'nis proje herself and family, as well as for liquidating hable this book of Wirceiire may save tone the busband's debts. At the end of ien years, binis; for this person lived with that kuight B (ftill a widow) had paid off the whole of for forty three years, and wrote a narticular A (her late husband's) debts, and had betides treatue, Aria muini Yohirnis Fratrol, which realised or saved five hundred pounds. At Bale tells us he had read, but ium afraid this time I dies, and bequeathes the whole of there is no copy now recruining I zope you the five hundred pounds to F, G, and H, the

Mr Call, the editor of Shaktpeare, has promised the public 107€ “A wecdotes of Sir a John Farolfe, of Calie in Norfolk," by Lord Dacre. Thefe Letters from Mr. Anstis on that luoject inay perhaps luguest new sources of information to his lordship.


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