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Mr. URBAN,

the divine wisdom. The first chapter THE Rev. Mr. Lindsey (from the of St. John, at least the former part of

account given of bis Dillertation it, is profelledly taken up in giving an in your Magazine for Auguft, 1779-) account of our Saviour, and the im, seems to have done more credit to the portant errand he came upon. To cause he bath aciopred, by his paslive what purpose then can the evangelift conduct (the quirting of his prefer be fuppored to introduce this account ment), ihan by any active performance, of his with a lotiy encomium on the I mean any strength of reasoning, he divine wisdom, as an attribute? Would hain made use of in support of it. He not this be directly contrary to the says that Jeius is not the Word, which natural order of things, and to the St. John cails God, by which all things method constantly pursued in every were nialle. This ferms very strange! other instance of the like nature? Did Bui, pray, is not the Word mentioned Homer, Virgil, or any other celebrated in the three fif veries of this first author, ever begin their narrative with chapter of St. John, the fame also that enumerating the virtues of the hero, is mentioned in sbe 4th; the same to or the merits of the grand archievewhom John Baptist was appointed the ments they were ahout to treat of? forerunner's the faine allo, of whom it Quite conuary to this, they do all of is expressly affi: mse, in the roth, tnat them firit ripresent to us the hero and the world was inade lov him; nay, the his acchievements, and then make their very fame 100 that in the 14th verse is reflections, when they have put it loto said to be made feth, and to have the power of their readers to judge of dwelt among us?

In Mhort, is not the the justice and propriety of ihote revery same Word (the main subject of fections. And this seems to be the the narrative) fill ipoken of throngh method which the sacred penmen have out the firtt' fourteen verses at least? taken. The intent of the gospels was If not, where is the change? Where. to give us an account of our Lord's abouts is the Word dropped, and Jesus birth, life, doctrine, and fufferings; substituted in the room of it? This, ard the epislles do, upon every occato me, seems an infuperable difficulty fon, point out and extol the infinite in Mr. Li's scheme.

power, wisilom, goodness, and mercy But one thing more especially I would of God di played therein. humbly heg leave to atk, namely, why Dr Ladner's paraphrase upon the this fiel chapter of St. John, at least palage in quetion, as quoted by Mr. the former part of it, is now, all at L.leem ve y plain, and so doil the once, dwindled into a mere preface? text indebt seem to be equally plain; Is it not a part, an integral part, of St. and why, since they differ, we are John's gospel? Tois, I believe, was to 4y fiom this last, and fix uson never yet disputed, Why then is this the former, is what I am not abl to ftrange deg adation from its ancient compreliend. digy? There frenis to be another

If, accarding to Mr. L. Jesus Chrift ditticulty in the forefaid scteme that is a mere man Then it must be niere can be no way accouned for, unleis idolatry 10 pay him divine humage: it be, that the old presence of meta. and then woe to this nation in general, phor, by which the natural toice of nay, to all the national churches in this passage hath hitherto been eluded, Chriftendom, for having lived so many. being grown weak by use, must now

ages in the wilful practice of that receive some additional tiength hy de damping fin; wilful, I say, because tracting proportionally from ibe credit ignorance or error it cannot surely be. of the narrative itself.

Youis, &c.

M. N. Suppoling it were granted to Mr. L. and his Socinian brethren, that St. Mr. URBAN, Joho, in this firit chapter, had any part INDULGE me in the liberty of make or portion of the 8th of Proverbs in

ing a few remarks on those extracis view; yet what could that avall for from Mr. Madan's fingular publicatheir purp fe, unleis it could be lhewn tion, which you communicated to the that the hoyos is spoken of in the one public in your, Magazine for Arguit. place for the very lame end or purpose The observations which I shall preshat oudia, or japientia, is mentioned fume to suggelt relate entirely to bis in the other? The 8th of Proverbs is arguments in favour of pelygamy. profesiedly taken up in secting forth Had the great Creator, when he fire she eternity and fupreme excellency of foi med the human race, intended to have

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established polygamy, he would undoubt Great and numerous are the evils edly have created two or more women which would result to fociety from the for Adam, initead of creating only one. toleration of peligami. Were a num

The learned and ingenious Dr. De. ber of women to refde together in one Jany informs us, that the practice of house, who had all an equal right to polygamy amongft the seves arose The person of the husband, jealousy, from a corrupt interpretation of Le

envy, and contention, would inevitaviticus xviii, 18. But from what.

bly prevail amongst them. The aniever source a custom la degrading to mohits of the mothers would be inhuman nature sprung, it is evident it herited by the children; and fuch a was not universaliy, nor even gene family, inliead of being a seminary of sally, practised hy that people.

virtue, would be a scene in which If Mr. Madan could even prove that every paflion that disgraces human napolygamy was ordained under the Mo

iure would take place. saic dispensarion, fuch a command The virtuous education of children, ought not to have any influence on which is one important end of marChriftians, unless it was allo. incul.

riage, would be utterly impracticable; cated in the New Tiflament ; which is becaule children can never be prothe fole rule of a Chrißian's faith and perly educated when there is not the practice. The chicf view in which the uimoft confidence and harmony fubfift. Old Teftament is interesting to us, is, as ing between the parents, which is ina record of the prophecies relative to compatible with a state of polygomy. the advent of the Meffiab, and the uni It peculiar rewards await thofe who verfal prevalence of his kingdom. are the initruments of “ turving many

When the Pharisees had been inter. 10 rip biroufnej;" what, Mr. Urban, rogating our blefled Matter respecting will be the punishment of them, who, the lawfulness of divorces, and plead by “ kandling ibr word of God de ing the indulgence which Moses gave centfully," encourage men in the practo that practice, be replies, “ For ibe rice of that sensuality which it was bardness of your hearts be wrote you defigned 10 subdue ? this precept. But from obe beginning Sept. 10.

A CHRISTIAN. of the creation God made them maie and female. For tbis cause fail a man Mr. URBAN, leave faiber and molber, and cleave OUR intering the following care unto bis wife, and they twain fball be will much oblige an old and CORone flejb.” Surely the anfwer which Atant reader. Christ here gives to the tempting quef

The CASE. tion of the Pharisees, militares as SUPPOSE I lived between two Atrongly against polygamy as againft neighbours, the one a Papift, ebe other divorces, and proves it to be the ori a Protestant; the Papift zealous for ginal appointme

ment of the all. wise his religion, hut his whole deportment Creator, that “ every man fbould bave extremely amiable and obliging as a his own wife, and every woman ber neighbour; my other neighbour, the own busband.

Proiettant, has his mind well informed, Loft to every finer feeling of the bu holds and venerates the true, geouine man soul mutt that man be who can.

principles of Christianity, is a man of plead in favour of polygamy ; for poly scund judgment and real learning, but gamy is utterly deitrusive of thai vir.

his natural temper four, haughty, and tuous and tender friend dip wliich Pro. forbidding. I, who am fituated bevidence designed thou'd lubht between tween these two, have children who huiband and wife, who are to walk are frequent vificanis at both their

as being beirs together of the grace houses. My Proteftant neighbour of life." It reduces the female sex to sends them home disgufcd with his the most degrading fate of lavery, rigid, unlociable manner; my other treating them merely as the objects neighbour, delighted and taken with of gravfying appetite, instead ot the his. Their patrons immediately befaithful and actionate partners of come judges of these different disposmen's cares and comforts. To he

tions: the company of the one is never confidered in fo fordid a view, ruft be sought after ; and the other, os the e fituation infinitely more painful to contrary, becomes their friend, their a virtuous and delicate female mind confident, ad, very early, their inthan all the other evils of life. Hely fredor and adviser. By impercepti. kumy, iherefore, is an act of tbe greatest ble degrees he infinuates himself lo

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him for their beft friend and spiritual We have often read and heard higba guide. With all the sophiltry of Popery encomiums upon our Common-Prayer, he persuades them their everlalting How much then do they deserve cenhappiness depends on leaving fatber sure who tlus deprive it of its excel. and mother, &c. for what he calls the lence! These men support the causo Go!pel, and works up their young and of its adversaries, and contribute more, impaflioned minds to such a height of perhaps, towards bringing it into dir. religious enthufialin, they consent to esteem, than all the critical remarks his guidance so far as io leave their that have ever been made upon it, native home to be educaied in a Popish But not only the Liturgy, but the feminary abroad, leit their zeal should Scriptures themselves are thus, tog abate. They are thus feduced from me, often facrificed to ignorance or indo, before I law, or rather would see, their lence, by a drawling, unanimated modanger. Now I am rouled, I put pe notony; or a pert, negligent familiarinal laws in full force against my neigh. ty; yet many of those who induge bour: I oblige him to fly, and I bring themselves in these improprie:ies would home my children. Whiátihen? I have probably think it insütferable to treat their bodies 'tis true, but will the laws Shakspeare in this manner. And fureof my country, which enabled me to ly, if such respect is to be paid to hurecover them, recover allo their minds? man composicions, fome reverence is How thall I do that? The man whom due to the oracles of God. But, exI have wreaked the whole vengeance clusive of their divide authority, I will of the laws on, the man whom I call venture to say, that, were the Scripthe seducer of my children, the enemy tures read in our publick worship with of their fouls, they look on as their fpi taste and propriety, they would gain a ritual father, and dilintereft d friend, full attention from the audience, and who for their fakes is now perse. be often abundantly more profitable cuted and hated. The laws of my than many elegant pulpit.discourses: country have done all that laws cin for an intelligent reader may, in many do, but they can do no more. Behold cases, make his recital answer the pure then the utter infufficiency of penal pose of a comment; and I am perlaws! Insufficient, because entirely io suaded, that were the Bible read in adequate to the wilhed-for effe&t; the our churches by a Garrick or a Sberia mind being the'r REAL objce, and abe dan, we touid no longer lee that mind penal laws can never reach. 2. drowsy indifference which too gener

Tally prevails. The word of God would Mr.URBAN, Sheffield, Aug. 24. then indeed be found to be quick and 1

Beg leave to communicate to you a powerful, and be held in the cltima

few recrarks on a subject which tion which it justly deserves. feems to call laudly for reformation, But I ani fry to be informed thias

It has been an ancient objection with in our universities this point is so little Diffenters againlt pre compofed forms attended to that divine service in the of prayer, that, “in confequence of college chapels is hurried through with their being always exprefied in the the most favenly precipitation; and fanie words, they are very unfavour. this is fo generally the case, that every able to devotion," Judicious replies reader there who aims at fome degree have been made to this objection ; yet, of propriety becomes frequently the I apprehend, the point must at last be subject of idicule, Yer there are our. referred to every person's own feelings. clerical vurseries! Who can wonder

What I would now observe is, that then to see such negligence in our the manner in which the Liturgy of the churches? Church of England is too frequentiy In the name of common sense, why read, is not likely to gain converts, are not there irry ularities corrected? many of the clergy burrying it over Publick worship is either an important with such a careless indifference, as 14:y, or it is not. If it is a mere matmuit ferve rather to produce inatten. ter of form, it is high time it were tion than devotion. This is really the abolished , for, in this view, it is a cafe with fome who deliver their dil folema mockery, or at least an upro. courses from the pulpit with the great fitable employment of time: but it eft propriety. Surely, if publick wor ic is deemed a reasonable service, it Tip is a duty of any importance, this surely ought to be rendered to in the

sa practice by no means to be de performance. fended.

Yui's, &c.

E. G.

92

Dec,

Account of the Rise and Fall of zhe STOCKS, or PU Bu " In our present situation, therefore,

LICK FUNDS, in each year, from January 1700 we canno: profecute a war, unless it be to January 1930, exclusive of the jrectional Paris, the determined reloletion of Mamp to

which, being baci of lente dingunt, arc omitted. etlict this narional bankruptcy; in which Jan. 1760, 3 per cents. 80; Dec.177°,3 per cents. 77 calc, if they have no feeling lor the peo 4 per cents. 941

4 per cents. 87 ple, let them at least reflect on what terms Dea. 3 per cents.75|Jan.3771,3 per cents. 77 They must expert to have futute loans, i 4 per cents. go

4 per cents. 87 any can be had; and how much nore ad. Jan. 1761, 3 per tenis. - 4 Dec.

3 per cents. 86

Vand geous the terms of cach io pris 4 per cents. 871

4 per cents. 94 greffion must be, the nearer the matter Dec. 3 per cents. 69 Jan. 1772, 3 per cents. & draws to this period: and, lantly, whe. 4 per cents. 811

4 per cenis. 95 ther it is not most probable that the new Jan. 2762, 3 per cents. 04 Dec. 3 per cents. 87 lion will be left witi a general war agaich

4 per cents, 651 4 per cenis. 93 France, Spain, and America united, is Dec. 3 per cento. 88.Ja0.1773, 3 per cents. So The midit of a na iona, bankrupicy, 234 4 percents. 100

4 per cents. what in fuch a cire would be the inevite Jan. 1763, 3 per cents. 90, Dec. 3 per cents 87 ble consequence?"

W. 4 percents. 101

4 percents. 9! Dee, 3 per cents. 85Jan.1774,3 perpenes. 87 The SPECULATOR. No, I. 4 per cents. 961

4 per cents. 9! "Nocet emplü dolore voluptas.' Hor.Ep. II. Jan.1764,3 per cents. 83.Dec. 3 jer cute. 89 " Picasuse hurts that's bought with paio.* 4 per cents. 93:

4 per cents.92 Dec.

CREECH. 3 per cents. 84. Jan.1775, 3 per ceris, 89

no age have obscene and impious 4 per ecnts. 97,

IN

4 per cents. 92 Jan.1765, 3 per cents. 36. Dec.

pleasures more vigorously flourished, 3 per cents. 88

and more numiroully increased, than 4 per cents. 98

4 per cents. 9! Dec., 3 per cents. 92, Jan. 1776, 3 per cents. 87

in the present. Never was the pen of 4 per cenis, 103

the moralitt more needful: and though

4 per cents. 91 Jan.1706,3 per cents. 89 Dec,

3 per cents, $

the horrors of vicious, and the joys of 4 per cents. 1021

4 per cepts. 14

innocent pleasures, have been so fully 3 per cents 89 J10.1777, 3 per certs. $1 represented by many learned writers, 4 per cents 102

4 per cents. 84 till mankind persevere in their deJan.1767, 7,3 per cenis, 88 Dec.

3 per cenís. 76 structive courses, still a repetition of 4 perceni $.4021

4 per cents. 70 those falutary instructions becomes neDec. 3 per cents. 9an.1778,3 per cents. 75 cellary. It is the duty, therefore, of 4 per cents. 102

4 per cent 62 Jan. 1768,

every man to make some attempts to $, 3 per cents. 9. Dec.

3 per cen s. 62

retord the rapid progress, to check the 4 per cenu. 104

4 per cents. 62 Doc. 3 per cents. 89/10.1779, 3 per cents. 61 impetuous career of those who are

4 per cents. Too 4 per cenis. 62 running in the paths, and to arm the Jan. 1769,3 per cents. 90 Dec. 3 per cento. 60 innocent againit the inares, of baneful 4 per cents.ICIL

4 per ceilis. 61 pleasures. To this end, the miferable Dec. 3 per cents. 86 San.1780,3 per cents. 61 effects of the one, the happiness of the

4 per cents. 91 4 fer cents. 6i ocher, the excruciating pains, the Jan.1770, 3 per cents & Gepl. 3 per cents or grateful sensations, the forments of 4 per cents. 911

4 per cenis. 6: coniçience, the heart felt joy;-all During the above period of twenty years, the should be depicted in their true colours; national debt has incriand from pinety-five ..il for would youth observe the nume. lion, one hundred and bifiy boyland, four nundred and forty-eigbe pounds, to rear.y two hun. Hings, those deadly poisons, which will

precautions againAt thole poignant dred millions, its prelcut amount; in which sime the three per cents. have failen and decreased in

ever attend excess of pleasure, * their value (reckoning from the highet, which should not fee to many daily fall vic. was 94. !o the lowest 61) 33 per cert, and the four time to their folly. What pity, whz per cenas. (from 104 10 61) 43 per c:n'.

Mhame it is, that the generality of mas. A continuince of the war for only five years kind Mould fo ardently lték after fen. longer (says the author of lc Elly or the Pub full, and wilfully neglect mental qua. lick Funes), which ia all.won n pirnisability will lifications! What a reproaen to the prebe the case, and perhaps it may be ten, at the rate sent times, that vice (hould Jaily becuore of seven millions annual increase of the national more frequent, virtue more rare ! How dell,' which is a very poderase allowance, will greatly mult it Thock traly virtuous make the amount 235 millions; at which period minds to lee such multitudes of theirowa the flocks will become so very low (for probably race wallowing in every luxurious ex• tie 3 per cents, will nat be worth more than 20); cels, iingering under a thousand costup: and the alarm in contquence will be lo general rive diseases, and groaning on the point and afiitting, that there is the greatest re.fon to imagine, when the debe thui arrive at the sum of death under the agonies of a guilty above-mencioned, it will toon af er put an end to

conscience : Did we use pleasure wica its owa cxistence.

that moderation which is absolutely

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Speculator, No. 1.-Extraly from Carte's History of England. 469 Pecessary for the pure enjoyment of it, the court to suggest that it had not been and now and then beguile she tedious honeltly raised, and so offer a fum of hour with some innocent recreation, money for the furp!us. This prowhat a far greater degree of felicity cured them commissions according to should we enjoy! Then Nould we their desires; and they are said to have acquire that health of body, that peace

exscuted them in so insolent, oppresof mind, that ferenity of remper, hat five, and tyrannical a manner, as proclearners of conscience, that real happi. voked the common people in their fury nefs, which will ever be the concomitanos to kill fume of thein, and then taka of thoie whole enjoymen!s are kept with arms to avoid being punished for that in the bounds of moderation. Inebrie.

offence. ty is generally the firit step to infamous Wallingham says, that the insur. pleasure; 'uis this which lulls the foul rection began in two towns in Essex ; into its destructive leihargy, blinds the and immediately imputes it to some eyes of our understunding, and preci feditious persons, who, spreading repitately hurries us inio the gulph of ports that the copyhoiders and pealants perdition. Poliess we therefore fo. of those towns were to be p!urdered, briety and temperance, and we shall their houses burnt, and their heads cut ever be armed again it the delulive al. otf, incited them ail to rise in their lurements of roxious pleatures. detence. There is nothing so ablurd

PR. that an English pe: fant is not capable Mr. URBAN,

of believing : the inhabitants affright. THE following accoun:, extracted ed quitted their ploughs, and ran to from Carte's History of England,

They foon amounted to 5000, vol. II. p. 557 & feq. has fo ltriking a and their numbers giving them couresemblance to the late insurrection of rage, they fancied themselves masters the lower class of people in and about of the realm; and, felding agents to London, that he recital of it must make their neighbours in Kant, pressed them a leafunable article in your Magazine ; to join in asserting the common liberfor which purpole, an old correlpon ty, for changing the state and evil dent has taken the pains to transcribe customs of the kingdom, and for getit,, with only a few omissions, to re ting rid of all the taxes but the fif. duce it within the usual limits of your teenths. The fame, finding matter essays. If it should be judged proper disposed for it in Kent, catched there for insertion, I may perhaps follow immediately, and spread thence through it with some obfervations not aloge. Suffex, Surrey, Hertford, and the counthier unworthy the public attention. ties which formed of old the kingdom In the mean time I reirain Mr. Ur of the Eait. Angles. The gentlemen ban's humble servant, Y. D. neglected them ar first; but through

" THE heavy iaxes during the late Thisconnivance their numbers increased reign, for the support of the war with daily: and a parcel of needs,slebaucked France, which did not lie to much on rascals, immerfod in debis, and crimi. the nobility and gentry as on their nals of all kinds, flocking to them, copyholders and tenants, hid caused a were made their chieftains, under thé : general discontent among the latier, names of Thornas Miller, Hob Carter, and made them repine at ibeir uphap- Jack Straw, Wat Tyier, and the like, py condition, which subjecied them io wliich they assumed to express their insupportable payments, imposed with. bale original. They then began to out their conient. These disconten's pull down the houses of the mobility were encouraged by the leditious and gentry, to seize and put to death preaching of John Ball, and others, juftices and all praktitioners in the who maintained, in their fermons, law, to burn all couri sodis and evi. " that by nature all men were tqual; dences that could be of use to the that fervitude was introduced by the the rights and customs of manors, or unjuft oppression of wicked men, con the antiquity and noblelie of families ; trary to the will of God; and that it and to make all pallengers swear they benoyed them to take off the yoke wouid he true to King Ricbard, and and allert their liberty." They were would join with them in opposing all in a proper difpofition for that purpof: taxes but fifteenths. when the poll-tax was imposed: and Wat Tyler at the head of the in. the nomination of the collectors being furgents of Kent, and Jack Straw left to the crown, there did not want chieftain of those of Efex, at lait joincorrunt and rapacious persons about ed their forces, and can

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