Imágenes de páginas


[ocr errors]

therein comprehended, and which (from religious houses, seems at that time to have their being common at the times in which fully answered the purpose of the poor's rate they were tranfacted) are unnoticed by our of the present age. Yours, &c. E TONINS JS. olj Hiflorians, are amply clucidated.

We see the relia of Edward IV. fo abro MR. URBAN, Juicly difreled, chatine had not where withal Shall now fulfil my promise of feading you to pay her debes; and, having nothing to give to the Queea her daughter, or to any of her PARSOX6. He was a native of Ireland, was children, directs “ her small fluff and goods educated at Rouen in Normandy ; became "to be disposed of for the contentation of afterwards a Liceoriate of the College of « her debts and the healih of her soul, as Psficians, and Fellow of the Royal and An“ far as they will extend ;” at the same tiquary Societies; was intimately acquainte time ordering, that if any of her relations cu with Dr. Stukeley, Mr. Folkes, the two had an inclination to purchase, they thould "Mr. Gales, Mr. Baker, and many other em:be allowed a prelerence. Her only personal nent members of both Societies; was a learne request was, ihat the might be buried neared, communicative, and agreeable man; a good her husband at Windsor.

anatomit, eminent as a min-midwife, reOne material use of a careful inspection markably kind in his profesion to the poor, into the legacies to brothers and to other and in high reputation in many parts of Eus near relations will be the correcting, or at rope *. His laft publicarion was “ The Retcast the confirming, the pedigrees of our “mains of Japhet" in 1767, 4to. He wrote ancient nobility, and may fill up some blanks many medical and anatomical efsays in the left by the great Sir William Dugdale in Philosophical Transactions; and particularly his Baronage, and will certainly be of described the rhinoceros, (vol. LVI. art. 6.) great use to any future edition of any on which he was attacked in Gout. Mag. vol. peerage. - Their great concern appcars XXXVIII. p. 208. aud replied Ib. p. 269. throughout with regard to their heirs at In the Phil. Trans. N484. he made law, lo far as relates to the real cliates, some physical observations on the case of which they then made lisbject, in many in- Margaret Cutting, of Wickham Market, Aances, not only to the payment of their Suffolk, who fpoke without a tongue; but debts, but to the corrošics by them bee this proved a gross impoliure, unworthy the queathed to old faithful servants, as well as regard of the Doctor or his friend Mr. KlenIneir own relations. If any legacies arc lest ry Baker, or Mr. Baker's friend Mr. Bento battards (which was the cale in some of jamin Boddington, that credulous good man, them) they appear with a sparing hand; and who first introduced her to norice in N°4647: though they were desirous of providing for Dr. Parsons's Remedy for the Bite of a Mad them very handsomely in their life-tiae, Dog is in Gent. Mag. 1760, p. 371. He. there seems throughout a jealouty of their died at his house in Red Lion Squara, April partaking hercaster of any of the family ho, 4, 1770, and was buried 17 days after at nours, as far as we may judge by these Hondon. A portrait of him by Mr. Wilton Wills. But, as they were always sensible is now in the British Muleum; another, lett that their death would be beneficial to the unfinished, is pofseffed by his widow. O. indigent, and fondly presumed on a too lite. ral construction of the apostolic apophthegm,

MR. URBAN, that " charity covers a multitude of lins, Ms. Rudder, in his “ New Httory of their chief care seems to have been directed “ Gloucesterthire;" P. 665; gives the folo by a charitable disposition to the poor, men, lowing account of the growth and fize of women, and children-and all this, cxclus a child the son of Mr. John Collet, a gen. five of the desire they had of a grand thew tleman farmer of Upper Slaughter in that at their funeral, the intention of which was county: “He was not eight years old in to unire oitentation with charity, and the February 1777, when this account was taken, relief and cloathing of the indigent, by pro but measured over the breast fifty-ewo inches ciding for those through whose parishes their round, and round the thigh twenty-cight bodies might be carried for interment. Be- inches. His height I cannot exactly alcorhides the custom of bequeathing money to tain, but when I saw him it appeared to be the poor, which seems common in most of about four feet nine or ten inches. He has the wills, the fums distributed to them at a jolly manly countenauce, and Borid comfunerals of perfos of eminence may per- plexion; is healthy, active, sprightly, and haps be confidered, in a political light, as an sentible, and is much displeased with the cueligible mode of providing for the poor in riority of firangers coming to sec him." gencsal, a ad particularly for luch of their Perhaps forne of your Correspondents may tenants as did not belong to their own de- favour you with a further account of this exmesnes, which, with the alliit auct of the traordinary production of Nature. Q

* One of his firit publications was, “ A History of Hermaphrodites, 1741," 8vo. " fcription of the Biauder, and Animadverfions on Mrs. Stephens's Medicines, 1742," Sro.

+ It was rather uolocky that the coinpiler of Mr. Henry Baker's article in the New Bicrahia Britannica, rol. I. p. $27, fhould introduce this story in a long note, by way of pa.

Dre. 14.

i De

[ocr errors]

MR. URBAN, N. Wallam, Nov. 15. the Adructida: wherefore it behoves me to

OW far the following Prole Traalla celebrate, with lyres and panegyriek Tongs,

tion of a noble Ode in Pivdar, iş cala, the son of winehidamus, who laid the founculated to give the common reader an idea, dation of that illustrious family: be received of the cast of genius peculiar to that celom the prize at Olympia: he with his brother brated ancient, it ill becomes me to deter- partook of the prize at Pythia; and the mine. It is, however, much at your service; swiftness of their common horles, which and your iu sertion of it will oblige a constant san, twelve times round the course, brought reader.

them the prize at Isthmia, but he cared himPINDAR, Olympic II. self from anxious cares by endearouring. to "Oye hymns that lead the strains of the obtain the victory. 'Riches, adorned with kaip, what God, what Hero, or what illur virtue, afford a man the enjoyment of oll trijus Prince, thall we celebrate?, Pifa is things, futtaining the heavy expence which sacred to Jove: the Olympic games were is unavoidable in the acquisition of honour. established by Hercules with the first fruits

. They are a splendid ftar, and a true light to of his military spoils. Next let us celebrate mankind: whoever is poflessed of wealth, Theron for the victory which he gained in a adorned with virtue, fees into futurity, and chariai drawn by four horses : Theron, who knows that the souls of reprobate men thalt is a generous host, the support of Agrigen- fuffer punithment in a future state. There', tum, and the ruler of conquered cities. His is a judge in the regions below, to punish the ancestors, after having fuifered many mis-, crimes which are committed above in the fortunes, obtained a sacred habitacion upon , kingdom of Jove, who, from his unrelenting the banks of the river: they became the glory, hatred of wickedness, pronounces irreverfible of Sicily, aud vere biessed with the smiles of decrees. The good kad a life void of misery Fortunc for the rest of their days, which and coil, and do not difturb the earth nor crowned their native virtues with riches and the watery fea with their labour, to procure honoar. O Jupiter, Son of Saturn and Rhea, a scanty lubliftence: they have a fun which who governet the sacred seat of Olympus, lines upon them by day and by night: the the most excellent games of Pisa, and the faithful are permitted to live with the everIt reams of Alpheus, ard who delightest in honoured Gods, and to enjoy everlasting hope the frains of the Muse; I beseech thee to piness, free from interruption and sorrow : cast thy propitious eyes over their native land, but some are forced to fuffcr miseries dreadand preserve ir to them and their polterity. ful to behold. As many as have thrice sufNever can Time, the father of all things, fered tranfmigration, and have abstained from annihilate the actions of men when they are every wickedness, have performed their once performed; their virtues and their vices, journey upon the road of Jupiter to the city muft exiit for ever.

of Saturn: there the fea-breezes breathe “ Propitious Fate may cover them in obli- upon the hapry islands: there the golden vion: the hareful evil dies when it is over.. flowers bloom, Tume upon the earth, fome come by the joys of profperity, and the di- . upon the lofty trees, and some are nourished vine will has lent plenty and opulence. My with water: with chaplers and bracelets of fong makes me recollect the well-throned there the happy bind their hands. By the daughters of Cadmus, who fuffered many just decrees of Rhadamantkus, whom father misfortunes.' The grief is severe which fuco Jupiter the husband of Rhea, who poffefses ceeds excess of happiness. Semele with di- the most exalted, throne, has made his ar. Thevelled hair, having been killed by a thun- fiftant, Pelcus and Cadmus are numbered der-bolt, lives on Olympus; avd Pallas, father amongst the inhabitants of the barpy illands, Jupiter, and the ivy-bearing Bacchus always and his mother, after the had prevailed opos love her. They say that I no has obtained Jupiter by her intreaties, brought Achilles immortality in the sea with ihe daughters of thither; and he killed Hector, the firm and Nereus. The death of mortals is acver fixed, irrepugnable bulwark of Troy; and likewise veither thall we end our tranquil day, child Cycans, and Memnon the fon of Aurora. of the sun, in unallayed happiness: for suc- Within the quiver under my elbow, I bear cesive tides of happiness and misery flow swift-flying shafts of praise: they are well upon human life. This that fortune which known and familiar to the wise, but to the afforded his father sweet happiness and hea- vulgar multitude they need an interpreter. ven-descended wealth, at another time (con- He alone is wife who is possessed of extenlive trary to his former fate) brought upon him knowledge derived from nature: but they the greatest misfortunes: the unhappy fon who have acquired their knowledge from met his father Laius and murdered him, ve reading only, like loquacious crows, utter rifying the oracle which was formerly deli- their Tuperficial impertinences against the vered at Delphos. Eryonis, looking sternly, divine bird of Jove. Oh'my soul, direct rhy destroyed his warlike race with mutualflaugh- bow to the goal: whom tkall I ftrike, when cer: Therlander was left after the death of I send forth a glorious thaft from my benePoiynices; Therfander, who acquired renown volent beart? I will aim my bow towardo in the juvenile contests and the rage of war, Agrigentem, and swear a faithful oath that who was the firm bulwark of the family of no city for these hundred years has brought



forth a man more benevolent in his heart, Mr. Toms, of Hadleigh in Suffolk. There and more beneficent in his actions, than The- efsays have been much admired by persons of son. The envy of malicious men has un- taste and judgment. And we are glad to juftly attacked his fame, and wickedly en have it in our power to rescue from oblivion deavoured to disturb his peace, and to con the following manuscript remarks, by the sign his illuftrious exploits to eternal ob- fame judicious hand, written in the margin livion. It is impoinble to number the lands of a copy of Mr. Abditor Benson's Profalory of the sea : and who can enumerate the Discourse so his Edition of Johnfior's Palm's, favours which Theron has conferred upon and the Conclufion of tear Discourse, 1741 to his friends ?"

H. HANMER communicated to us by a correspondent.

In the preface to his Works wc arc told MEMOIRS of the Life and Writings of the that Mr. Say " was a tender husband, an inReverend and Learned Mr. SAMUEL SAY." dulgent father, and of a moft benevolent,

communicative difpofition, ever ready to do AR Samuel Say was born in 1675. He good, and to distribute. He was well versed. was the 2d son of the Rey, Mr. Giles

in aftror.omy and natural philofephy; had a Say, who had been cjected from the vicarage taste for music and poetry, was a good critic, of St. Micael's in Southampton by the Bar and a master of the clatics. Yet so great tholomew act in 1662, and, alter king James was his modefty, that he was known only the Second's liberty or conscience, was chosen to a few select friends, and never published pastor of a difíenting congregation at Gucit- above two or three sermons, which were in a wick in Norfolk, where he continued till his manner extorted from him." Among the death, April 7, 1612. Some years after, his modern Latin poets Broukhufius was his sason (abovenentioned) being at Southwark, sourite) among the English Milten, whole where he had been at school, and conversing head, etched by Mr. Richardson, is prefixed with some of the diffentcrs of that place, met to his second eftay. A letter from Mr. Say with a woman of great reputation for piety, to Mr. Hug'res, and two from Mr. Say to who told him with great joy, that a fermon Mr. Duncombe, with a Latin translation of on Pl.cxix. 130. preached by his father thirty the beginning of Paradise Lost, are printed years before, was the means of her conversa among the Letters of Eminent Persons des on*. Being firongly inclined to the minifery, ceased, vol. I. and vol. II. His character Nir. Say entered as a pupil in the academy of of Mrs. Bridget Bendysh, grand-daughter of the Rev. Mr. Thomas Rowe at London about Oliver Cromwell, in the appendix to yol. II. 1692, where he had for his fellow-students, first appeared (without a name) in our voMr. (afterwards Ds.) Ifaac Watts, Mr. John lume for 1765, p. 357. In the same voHughes, and Mr. Juliah Hort, afterwards lume, p. 423, The Rofurtelim illußrated by archbishop of Tuam: When he had finished the Changes of the Silk-wvima, is by the same his studies, he becaine chaplain to Thomas hand. And some of his poetical pieces are. Scott, Esq. of Lyminge in Kent, in whore in Nichols's Select Collection, vol. VI. family he continued three years. From thence Mr. Say had collected all the forms of he removed to Andover in Hampshire, then prayer on pablic occations from the time of to Yarmouth in Nürfell, and toon after to

archbishop Laud, which after his death were 'Lorvestoff in Suffolk, where he continued la

offered to the then archbishop of York (Dr. bouring in word and doctrine e ghteen ye?rs. Herring), but were declined by him as " He was afterwards co-pattor with the Rev. ver likely to be em loyed in compositions of Mr. Samuel Baxter at Ipswich nine years, that Tort for the public, that work being in and lastly was called, in 1934, to succeed the province of Canterbury 1." See ArchDr. Edmund Calaing in Wefiniter, where bilhóp Herring's Letters, P:

80, he died at his house in James Street, April N. B. The remarks by Mr. Say are be12, 1743, of a mortification in his bowels, tween [ ] in the fixty-eight year of his are.

P. 6. Pl. xxiii. 1. "Tibe Lo:d is my niepe In his funeral fermon, preached by Dr. berd, I shall be wait.' Obadiah Hughes, and afterwar's printed, a Quid frustre rabidi me paitis cames? &c. Px. due elogium is paid to his ministerial ab lities; charan. and foon after his death a thin quarto volume “ How extravagant is it to begin this eleof his poems, w th two estays in prote, "On gant pastoral poein with the Harmony, Variety, and lover of Nuin Ye mod dogs, why do ye arack me in vain? bers, written at the requ:eft of Mr. Richard

"In Johniton all is natural and easy, fon the painter, were published for the benefit there is just as much paraphrase as is nevei: of his daughter, now married to the Rev. sary, and nothing more.

* See Dr. a lamy's Sonconformilis Memorial. + “On two unequal crusches propp: he came,

* Won's on this, on that one Johnston's name." Dunciad, IV. ul. Lauder ascribed the ill success of his edition of Johnton's Píalms to this couplet, and from thence original: mis rancqur ngaiolt Miltoa. He thould rather have been incensed againf Pope. Yet, "unlikely as it seemed,,chis creat loon happened, 6


[ocr errors]


** Blardus ist zipilio, me pascit conditer orbis : And yet what a ftill greater variety may we

Ne mbi quid de fit providus ille caset." Johnfi. observe throughout the whole fourth book !

[What relation have the ideas of condutor. See particularly the fixth and ninth Elegies, and spinos]

and especially the twelfth.] P. 8. Pf. cxxxvii. 2.

P. 13. Pl. cxxxiii. 1, 66 Muta fupere ruiride: pendebant nablia ramai, O quibus illecebris pax et concordia

a fratrum Et latest des fuftinuere lyras. Buchanan. Me trahit, et pia qui pectora jungit amor !"

« Here we are iold, in the first line, their jobnf on. mute hars hung upon the green boughs; in [Wir'' what 'allurements do the peace and the nerts that the willows fuftained their frio agreement of brerbren d'aw me! Is this to say, leny lving,"

in the affecting fimplicity of the original, [itthome! 30m, or pfaltery, differed from How good and plssani it is?] the harp:

P:15.“ To obviate the objection of Bu-pig mila rallia palma chanan's supposed advantage in uting such a. Verir.

Ovip. variety of numbers, because of the various By which it apnears that the harp was subjects which the Pralms contain, an untouched fish orë hand only, the rablion answerable argument is this : The Psalms with but.. Althus also briton: in the original being all divided into small Dejuela. onlyras, et ma fereban parts, it is not poisible to make a good tranNal

flation in Latin verte, and at the same time Ver. 5. "Cosiecir angesnik capiant we nb- good verse, except in clegiac measure." äviedt,

[One would think this thould be rather an Nec m mai avutæ fit mes dextra lyre. unanswerable objection to the performance of Buci 2:27.

Johnton: a perpetual and heavy uniformity " }ere the port withes he may sooner for of numbers; the very fame in every Píalm, get his right band, and his right hand forget and in every part of the fame Plalm; the his harn, than he would forget Jerusalem.” fame air, and the saine laws of versification,

(How beautiful, had Johnston taid this !] · if the subject be ever fo noble or fo tender,

P. 9. Example of an anti-climax in Bu- fad or chearful. Not thus Propertius addreschanan :

ses himself to Virgil to celebrate the tenderPf. i. & 4.

fed Aroliga les ness of his Eclogues, or ascends the chariot Provent't be agricolau; nec tiorc caduco in the very next poem, and in far different

Arridens, blard â dominum fpe lactat ina and more pompous numbers places himself nem.” Buchanan.

the head of the Roman Elegiacs. Nor thos [The image is more beautiful, and the did his Callimachus and Philetas set him an thought aggravated.]

example, from which if Ovid departed, he P. 11. " fra'dan anfracias [a mere Vir might have reason. His were plainly Amours, gilian word! See below) is enough to frighten · as we now call them. They were vertes of all the inhabitants of Paroalius.

gallantry. With reason iherefore did Brouk. « Cicero indeed, to conclude a paragraph hufius refore the laws of the ancient Grecians, in a full sounding manner, may tay, Rud and vary the turn of his verses according to op!!s,eft circaitione et anfractu De Dis. II. 61. the variety of his subje&ts. (See the tender Bat-infratus in any line of Virgil or Horace lines to Julia, and the very next elegy, in is not to be found."

which he insults his friend Francius.) What [Except in Virgil's Æneis, lib. 11. v. 522. I have said here relates chiefly to the manner El carne anfractu vallis accommoda fraudi.

of clofing the Pentameter line. But even in Set *his corrected among the Erra'a ad fin. the Hexameter Johnston is far from imitain such a manner as to commit a new fault *. ting Virgil, as this writer pretends. There is For this alliteration would have been a beauty more variety in any one page of Virgil, than in Johntton. He ought to have confeffed in all the Pralms of Johnston. his rashness or ignorance. But in this cen P. 17. “I took not long since the liberty fure his juitis admired Broukhusius is in to offer some remarks of mine to the public volved together with Virgil and Buchanan : on this subject to (poetry).”. and in lines which all the world must agree (Thele remarks were written wiih fo lule to admire:

judgment or real obfervation of the practice dib qao:is illa captum modulamine veelam of the moít ancient pocts, that it is plain the . immrmerem ceptæ vidimus ire via!

anthor never read nor perhaps saw some of Inde cor antraétus -- wgnque volumina cursing the poets,on whom he remarks. As Hefiod Dum.vitat Lintis Nerea vrticibus.

was one of the most ancient poets, he takes Lib. X1.' Eleg. III. it for granted that he falls into the vice of An Elegy in which there are more beautics, pausing at the syllable after the second moveand a greater variety of versification, than ment, which Virgil does twice, and in many in all toe Pfalms of Johnston put together. places ten times, to one such inftance in Hc

Vix. P. II. I. after anfraétus' add coupled with such a rough word as fruudum.". + " Letters concerning Poetical Translations, and Virgil md Milton's Art of Verte, &c. 1739," 8vo,


find. Bor this gentleman has eyes, or 10 P. 20. Pf. iv. d. eyes, to fee, as the authors are, or are not, Tu meus es, genuine brdia: me pesce, dabogas, bis favourites. The remark which he makes O pater, o hominum divumque dicrna poon Buchanan Sri Pialm, he might more

teftas! juftly have made on Jobriton's, who not once Mc Dominos cizomcontem ad se, auxiliumque pea departs from what he calls the common Cæ Intem. Barbanan.. fua (or the parke on the first tyllable of the “ Here is one of Virgil's, most sublime fonoa third foot) it.roughout the whole : and blit

rous perles placed between two of the mott orce in : poem ihrice as long, let at the miserable, diftorted, hobbling lines that evet front of his virior, thich this editor has any mortal wrote." impesiert in both his editions with a greater [As the last of these verscs is very, bravinjury i erraps to his author than to Bucha- riful, I know not whether the judgmear of

If he replies, “that the sense does this writer is owing to his prejudice or igno, not always paule where the verte pautes," rance; though I believe it is owing, in some let him apply this obierras on also to Bucha- measure, to both. However, it appears from pan, and pause it where the voice pautes: other places that he knew not that the vowet Cortimpurixque nori : Jabiro Pd ww.bine rap.i in je was to be elided, and the accent or emPulveris infizr t'unt volucri quem concisca phafis to lie on the word elaranı»; andldare ruta leo's to guet vacuo ludibria calo! lay, had Buchanan writ the verse that casino Ergo ubi veridicus judex in nube Jerena, &c. lows O Pater,&c. in Virgil himleity he would

But this author does not know that the have judged of it in the same manner, and Cajura may be the same in many lines, and have laid the same emphasis on jau there as yet an agreeable variety be still maintained. on je here. Nangus aliud quid fic quod jam How different are the founds,i.g. in Cor!"mpo implorare queamers) vixque poli, and Pulveris insar erunt! And P. 21. In the first ode of Horace, Maia that the Casura is to be governed by the air, çênas atavis ēditë règibus, the toit rowel e is and may be the fame, or ought to be varied, iterated five times in four words, and every in every line according to the nature of the time in a full sound, that is, at the conclu. ideas and the pasfions. When all is in mo fion of the syllable, Merce=c86-re," &c. sion in te joern, it ought to be to in the (He who can thus account for the beauty verse; and the contrary, when all is calm,, of Horace's numbers, thews he has not so sedate, and folemn. Ovid, in his Metamor- , much as a notion of numbers.) pboles, having little other variety, generally Ib. “Qēr praesidium et dulce decus mēn. runs his verses into one another. But how “ Here the same vowel is again repeated fix uniform, how frately and majestic is the times, nor muft it país unobleived how much movement, when he makes us, in the very the full rhinne in prxfidium and meum adds to pauses of his verse, view, at leisure, the mago the harmony." nificent palace of the Sun!

(Had he read either Cicero or Quintilian, Regia Solis erat fublimibus alla columnis, he would have seen that it was impossible Clara micarii auro, flammasque imilanie Pyropo: ' præfidium and mieum should shime to one anCujus ebur nit dux fatigia fumma legebai, other to the car of a Roman : for they both Argenti bifores radabane limine valu.

unluckily mention this very word prehdion, Matrian lupe: abat opus.

Lib. II. or prafidii, to thew that the last fyllable in And Milton, on a like occasion, as if he had either is lost to the ear, when it is to judge these very lines in his eye, in the entrance of numbers either in prose or in verfe, if.a of the fame book of his poem :'

vowel follows. For with the former, preo High on a throne of royal state, which far fidii aur is a criticus, that is, three fyllablos Ouuhone the wealth of Orinus and of Ind, only in real quantity to the car; and with Or where the gorgeous east, with riches hand; the other, prefidium off, uted for a dactyl, Showers on her kings barbaric pearl and gold, followed by a long iyllable, whatever i:Satan exalted fat

cence the poets rook, was a close he could And farther perhaps our language will hardly never approve. Præfidium oi therefore, con permit. But his own Virgil, who in the be- fidered according to the laws of numbers, are

ginning of the Georgios varies (not the Car- sounds to be excused rather than admired.) found indeed, but yet, the real pauses of the Ibid. " In the same manner, with the fame breath in every line, as this writer jutily ob- thought, and to the same person, Virgil ada ferves, can, on proper occafions, give us to, dresses himtell in the Georgics: 20, 40, or 50 lines together, and scarce ever O decus, O funcë merito pars maxima nefiraė, vary the Cesura, or even the real pause, and 'Mcēcenas.

Georg. 11. 40. then only to give the deeper groan, or paint a [With what knowledge of ancient sounds ghof 15ill paler, a river overtłowing its banks, does our author make e and ai or oi to be exor unruly horses that run away with the cha- actly the same to the car, and to rhime to riot and the driver. See the core of the first each other! What the real ivond of < of Georgic, and compare it with all the verses co was, may be judged by the found wbca. that precede it, from Quimpejtalei aurumvi the diphthong was refolved into its cookie 62.hdera djam? im wbich they are to beautio cuenf vowels : fully opposed both' in feniiuenis and tume Alleziesgue legis izkrai frugiferai.. b-se]


« AnteriorContinuar »