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Notes respelling the Plate. -Letter by the late Dr. Bradley. 605 MR. URBAN,

Dec. 14. particular way of knowing thereby the poB

ancient medals in my poffeffion, for an or equator, which is neceffary in order to find explanation from some of your ingenious cor the lituation of the pole of ihe (pot's motion, respondents, you will greatly oblige,

and the time of its revolucion. Indeed, if Yours, &c. L. L. he noted the day, hour and minute, of his The Saxon coin, No. 1. is of copper,' and observations, and took care always to keep about half the fize of the drawing. All the his board in such a position with respect to reft are copper, and the size of the drawings, the horizon, that if its under cdge was strait, except No. 7, which is filver. No. 4. is a it might be always parallel to the horizon, reverse of the Emperour Constantine the which, by the description you gave me, was Great. (See the plate, fig. 1-7.]

always the case in his method of observing:

I say, if the observations he has already MR. URBAN,

Dec.-27. made are thus circumftantiated, he may froin A the

tiquary, I found a plate of a rude in respect to the equator or ecliptic. For at the fcription, which I am totally at a loss to de- time of observation, he must by calur:ationdecypher. It was engraved for private use, at termine the angle made between the ecliptic, the expence of the late Mr. Rowe Mores; and the vertical circle pafing through the and, if thought worth copying, may contri- O's center; and then, on his board, draw a bute to the amusement of your

many learned line through the cenier, making the same readers. Yours, &c.

EUGENIO: anglé with his perpendicular line, and this * We are equally unable wito en Corre- line will reprefent the ecliptic on the sun's Spondent to decypher this inscription, or rarber (as disk. is appears to us theje fragments of various in For instance; we will suppose RRSS the feriftions. We have contrived, bowever, to board on which the image is cast, the plane bave ir hitched-in to a Miscellaneous Plate, and of this I suppose he always keeps at right anfhall be glad to see it explained. (See fig. 11.] gles to the axis of his telescope, and like

wise the side SS always parallel to the horiMR. UREAN,

zon; then VCN drawn through C, the center HE enclosed, original letter, of the late of the circle perpendicular to SS, will repre

Rev. Dr. Bradley, Aftronomer Royal, sent the vertical circle passing through the to Mr. Nath, fell into my hands by chance. O's center. (See plate, fig. 3.) The subject is curious; and the easy method if then, for the time of his observation, he which is pointed out in it, both for making calculates the angle made between the vercia the observations and deducing the neceffară cal and ecliptic (the method for doing of consequences from them, may perhaps put which he will find in Street's aftronomy, in some persons, who have leisure and a turn the chapter about calculating the sun's 'ethat way, on making observations of the clipse) and then makes the angle VCE equal kind cherein mentioned, which are curious, thereto, the line !E will represent the eclipand may have their uses.

tic on the sun's disk; and CP drawn perpenYours, &c.

diculur oo CE, will represent the circle of lon.

gitude palling through the sun's center, and P SIR,

Aug. 24. the pole of the ecliptic. Suppose now S was THE small time I was with you yester- the place of a spot marked upon his paper day not allowing me fully to explain what I or board ; then in order to find the real thought would be the moit proper method for longitude and latitude of the spot, as seen your brother to make use of, in order to de- from the sun's center, it will be necessary to rermine the situation of the axis of the sun's find the longitude and latitude of ihat point revolution, and its inclination to the plane of on the fun's disk represented by S. In order the ecliptic, I thall now beg leave to give to this, we will suppose the fun to be at an you my thoughts on that fubieét.

infinitc diftance (for the error, wlien greatFrom what you then told me, I under- eit, that will arise from this fuppofition, will food that your brother's way of obferviog ng make an error of above 12' in the spor's the fpots was by transmitting the image of place, and 12 on the fu's furiace; when the sun through a telescope, and receiving viewed from the earth, fubtendo an angle buc the same, at fome distance behind the eyes of 2 of 3 reconds, which is a nicety that our glass, upon a board, or the like, on which he beít observations must not pretend 10); I say, had drawn a circle of the fame diameter that we will forpule the sun at an infinite dira. he would have the sun's image appear, and tance, and then VEN? may be conceived to to which he made it exactly agree by putting reprint the sun's disk projected orthogra. the circle nearer or farther from the telescope, pically; in which projection the circles of as occasion required; and when the image longitude will be reprefenred by ellipfes drawn and circle exactly coincided, he noted the through the poles P,v, and the circles of latia point on the board, &c. where a spot fell. tude by strat lines parallel to the eliptic EC. But by what you then told me, bie had no If therefore througla S, the poin; represent SUPPL.10 GENT. Mac. 1780.

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ing the place of the spot, you draw the line In like manner for the second observation, I ab parallel to the ecliptic EC; from the na- take 9B =3". 180, and C2 = tang.'of ture of the orthographical projection, it is 41°. 521; and for the third I make the ang dent, that the arch Feb will be the latitude of YÇD=65.19°, and set oft C3= tang: 420:55. the spot, or making CE radius Ca is the fine Then through the points 1, 2, 3, 1 draw a of the spot's latitude; and again, making a circle whose center I find to be in E. Then radius, as will be the fine cř an angle equal a line drawn from e through E will give the to diff. of longitude between the spot and lonigrude of the pole of the spot's revolution, fun's center. And therefore that angle, added which in the prefent cale would be rF, and to or subtracted from the sun's longitude, ac CH will be the tangent of half she spot's cording as the spot is to the east or west of ncarest distance, and CG the tang. of hali CP, will give the true longitude of the spot, its farthest diftance from the south pole. as viewed from the sun's cepter. But here, Theresore hali its leatt distance in degrees, initead of taking the sun's longitude, as seen subtracted from half its greatest, gives cho from the carth, you are to take the point op inclination of the ecliptic to the lun's equator polite thereto, because for determining the' and half its greatest, added to half its leat, spot's place, you must suppose yourself in the gives the distance of the 1pot from the pole of center of the fun. For instance; if the sun its revolution. Thus in the present cale I was in the beginning of Aries, then that found C=T ang. 364. and CG lang. 431. point of the sun's disk, which to us appears Therefore the wclination is 72. and the dilin the center, if vicwed from the sun,

tance of the spot 80°. from the pole of its would be in the beginning of Libra; and so revolution. All this follows from the nature for the rest.

of the ftereographick projection, and upon After this manner he may determine the suppofition that the spot is tised to the sun's longitude of a spot at the several times of surface. For the fun revolving about its axis, obfervation ; from which places, so determin- the spot will describe a circle parallel to the ed, the inclination of the sun's equator to sun's equator, as I may call is, and all cirthe ecliptic, as also the point of its intersec- cles on the sphere are projected into circles tion there with, may be found. In order to likewise rpon the plane of the Stereographic this, three observations of the same spot are proje&tion; therefore the place of the spor, ft:fcient, if they are made with sufficient when laid down in this projection, will be irr exactness, and at pretty good intervals from the circuinference of a circle, whose center each other, the fariher the better. (Ceteris may be determined froin three gireó po nts, paribus.)

and not leis, which is the reafow why I reLet us then nw supole, that the long, quire three places of the fame fpot to be ob tude and latitude of the fame spot, as viewed ferved. From the nature likewile of the ftefrom the sun's center, is given in three dif- reographic projection, the center of all the ferent situations (for an example I will tup- letter circles are in the same line of measures, pore any thing) the longitudes, for instance, as it is by some called, with the center of the at the three times to be

grcat circle, to which upon the globe they

are parallel; so that by determining the lou10 13

girude circle of one, whether a greater or The latitudes S. 164 59 61S. 4 10' letter circle, you determine the longitude of Then upon a pasteboard, or the like, I draw a all; and coalcquently the center of the cir. circle as big as I please (as, fig. 9, 1921). cle representing the sun's cquator, which inrepresenting the ecliptic, upon the plane of this case is the pole of the spot's revolution. which I would now project the fplerc 11e The longitude of the pole of the spot's rereographically; fuppofing the eye in the volution, and its diftance from the pole of the norih pole of the cel.pric. Then C, the center ccliptic, being thus determined, you may thru of the circle 4627, will rerefent the proceed to determine the time of the lun's, Touth pole thereof; and Arai lines drawn from revolution about its axis. In order to which, C will reprefent circles of Jatitude, and the you must calculate the angle at the pole of circles or latitude will be allo reprefented by the fpor’s revolution, between the firti avd lait circles parallel to the primitive circle. Then observation, which may be done ihus; tuprore. from the nature of the projection the distance C(fig. 10.) the pride of the ecliptic, and Ethe of the circles of latitude from the pole C pole of the fout's motion, CE the circle of lonmult be set off by taking the tangenis of half gitude pasting through them,i=10 the comthe distance of those circles froin the fouih pliinent or the fpot's latitude at the obfervarole. In order therefore io let down the

COD=730.45', and C1 = to the ditance of places of the fpot on the projection for the the 10t from the futih poke of its equatos firit obfervation, I take the arch rasc4.10°. Sc, and the ange ICE to the litirrence and draw the line Ca, reprefenting the longi- between the longitude of the foot in anc init tude of the spot in the first oblervation, and observacion, and the longitude of the pole from the certer C towards a 1 fet off Cicqual E= 45°; then Chileng coalidered as a to the ting one of half the fpot's distance spherical triangle, it will be as the bine ut from C, the fouth pole of the ecliptie; IE to the fine of Ci, lo is the fac or ICE TO that is, equal to the tangent of 36o. 52 1. the line of ilac angie CE. Luthe fume m3n

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talibus annos,

sier you may find the angle CE3 in the last. almost every verse of every psalm.] And having thus go the angle 1 E3, say, as P. 40. Buchanan." Ad Mariam illufiriffimam that angle in degrees is to 360, or the whole

Scctorum Reginam. circumference, to is the time berween the Nympba, Caledoniæ quæ nunc feliciter ord first and third observations to the whole time Mija per innumeros fceptra fueris avos: of its revolution. JAMIS BRADLEY, In this first couplet, as to the language, nunc is

introduced perfectly for thic fake of the metre, MR. URBAN,

fueris is certainly of the present tense, and OUR correspondent Antiquarius, in nunc can never be admitted bát when it re

the Nov. Mag. has, by his query con. fers to oliin, or some such word in a former cerning Edgar Etheling, fet me on my hob- place." by-horte.-- That poor, injured, but gallant [I am afraid the 'remarker here hazards prince, was always my favourite, and my fio- his own judgment, for nunc is often used gers fe demangeni (as our neighbours strongly with an clegant redundance, and needs no express themfelves) to rescue his story from reference to olim, unless he means hy implithe hands of the Norman historians, and to cation, which is here very strong: Quce nunc pretent him to the publick in his real charac. tueris sceptra milla per innimeres, &c.

And as fer. Nor a heart-less, penfioned, senfeless for the present tense, Nunc ego et ilinin icecool, but an unfortunate hero, endowed with leftam esse et me miferum fentio, faith Terevce. spirit enough to attack, and bravery enough Nunc cernimus, Cicero. Besides, rue has to win ten kingdoms, but wanting Keadine's often the lente of Nunc demum, as the Lexienough to keep one. In thort, he was an ex con obferves, and this is the very sense of it aet counterpart to his friend and fellow in

here. Nunc fcio quid fit amor. Virg.] arms, Robert Duke of Normandy, brother Ibid. “ Quæ forrem anlevenis merilis, vir. to William Rutus. But to the question.

The Saxon Chronicle brings the life of Sexum animis, morum nobilitate cenus. Edgar down to the year 1106, in which he “ These two lines could not be found fault is recorded to have been taken prisoner by with, were it not that the Pentameter verle Henry Beauclerc, when fighting on the fide is too gross a plagiarism, even for a school of Duke Robert at the battle of Tenchebray. boy, it is almott entirely Ovid's

W.of Malmtbury, Edgar's contemporary, Exfuperas morum nobilitate genus. writes of him as of one alive (though much

Trist. iv, J. oppressed by age) in the year 1120.

(A school-boy might not be allowed it, but Nothing, I believe, is said farther as to cvery fine writer affects it, and the death of Edgar Ætheling, Englanu's pleated with such plagiarism, wherever the Darling

words of the ancients are used, as here, in P. S. As to Fairies--the old and scarce a finer manner.] Romance of Huon of Bourdeaux, translated Ibid. “ A.cipe (fed facilis) cultu donala into English, is founded entirely on the Fairy

Latino Syitem, and Obcron is celebrated as the

Carmina, fatidici nobile regis opus. Fairy King.

Z. P. “ The sense and verlification of these two

lines are not to be objected to; but as for the Mr. Say's Remarks on Auditor BENSON

language, nobile is a mere expletive. A noble

work oj a king is in the burlesque style." concluded, from p. 571.

[But the burlesque is yours. The noblest P. 28. ver. 20. Buchanan. * Per tacitas work of the greatest king,' or, 'the novieft Ipargis maéiurna filencia terras.". This verse work of him who was both a kirg and a proibould never be separated from its mate, phet,' is a beautiful aggravatios of the ente. Taciri nodiurni filentia ponii."

A person who can make toch oeciions as Nor from its cqual in Johnson, Pfalm these discovers how little tuile he has for tine

writing.) taciturna fientia tandem

P. 41.Iila quidem, Cirrbå procul e: Pro Ramie

meilile lympio, nor from Virgil's,

Pene sub Ar700 fulre nata p:li: - fucila për amica hlentin lune.]

“ The language and vistication of this "Ter wat in the "rld can be so pretty as couplet are both rot fire, but the 1.4", I

"Ilva quiet liience of the filent tea, am afrail, will no: bear esalning tion: The unless it is,

poet is addresting a look of 16; in a full', The righulv filence of the filert carth !" he thinks therr Lut viestittenerii, width: [Dr Virgiis, from whom Buchanan plain y realou he gives tor it :5. t'as they werende tout it,

in a countrysidriroci iarnassiereislite The friendly filence of the Glent moon? undir the North Fud. Heers in Souve I mean it the worris fili and silen: mult needs forgot that rois vi vive inimigo ishich is?0be both translated alike. But such exreia nels que en try haridyerinidae..ins fons are used to fix the idea and detaiat a tra r o arcodons. Sicli iisin must pads upon the imagination, which is the true ye

at least ior 2 seat bloaden." of synonymous expremons, as we inay lee in [Sore Lut an hyper-tuitic, who fai corn

we are

to find faults, would have eyes to discover chanan's, as also for the artful varying of this little, though real, impropriety in lines the Cæfire." otherwise so extremely beautiful. Yer in [Thus it is this good gentleman fuffers his fact they are a secret compliment to a coun eyes to judge for his ears. Who else would try to remote from Parnaffus, that could judge the sounds in this verse equal to those produce such a maco erd such a queen, from in Buchanan's !) whose guurilis, i... froin whose proierion Cui collata poteft elingius Swada videri, and influence, he might hope for that success

I mo levis. Cypris fusca, Minerva rudis: in his poetical compositions which PERHAPS « This couplet again is without fault of any they could not expect from his own.] kind: neither is any part of it borroved from « Non tamen aufus eram malè na!um exponere Ovid." fatum,

(School-boys write thus, he would have Ne mibi difpliceant quæ placuere tibi. said, had Buchanan been guilty of all this [More Il rongly expressed for

pedantry.] Ne mibi videantur difplicere.

* Cui dimus bred Here again, as to the language and versi Qui pralt, et 12 fication, there is no objection to be made : Non efa t: Pb7! /

dino, but as to the reít, there is something in them Una lce vincus 113: nu to me unintelligible. I understand by the Arcise Pa'ni soymak. ques bominos first verse hic tay's he did not dare to destroy Sacia Trias, cujus fejlis . dr. his ill-io'n off pring; but what to make of Accipe qurd naprum eft, Clarik tureia cohortis, the Pericamerer line, I own myself igno Cur veiligules fun! Helico is aze. rant."

Tu pondus lucemque dabis, vilam 2 16 ne [Thus, as Doileau observes, by a paltry Qur: levis et iquallens manx plura fuit. ridhiubostranacion M, Perrault burlesqued “I am apt to think no ep'gran ever conthe fine passages of the ancients.]'

cluded more happily than this: nere is no “ Nam quod ninie donin: {re are nequibant, forfron, no perchance, &c. [but a Mufe, on Dibchen 229 forfitan illa 110.

the contrary, certainly lig bi and squallid, and " How ihle iwo lines, which begin with which therefore, without such a patroness, num, are connected to the fornier, I cannot would undoubtedly have perished. Thus ealy tell, because (as I laid just now) I do not it is, I mean, to make cruel and ill-natored ko w what they mean: neither can I appre- remarks. However, the word squailns thould herd clearly in what lense genio is to be taken never have been introduced in luch a picture, in this couples. 4! I am certain of is, that For foul descriptions are offensive ftill, gjita", which is brought in here perfectly Either for being like or being ill, or the sake of the verse, destroys the fenfe, as Roscommon has observed.] be it what it will; for to tell his patronets, P. 44. “I shall now present the reader in the conclusion of the epigram, that his with the elegy which Johnston has prefixed work may perian: be forne how or other the to his Plalms. better for fier protection, is a banter indiead

Ad Litorem. of a a compliment.”

Forts quod bic liupeas ( quid enim manifefta (Can the poet help this? But it seems

megemus) &c. there is something you do certainly appre « The observations I shall make on this herd, that when Hneas might have attured elegy arc, &c. his inuch.rutering companions that they (To which I might have added another, 1hould one day remember with pleature their that it begins with a Forle, a Forfitan, as past dangers, he ought not to have intro- beautiful in Johnston as it is absurd in Bue duced lo certain a truth with the modeity chanan. For it is used upon an occahon and gravé ot a forfitan:

where there could be no pofiilility of any olin 13-12-20he javalit. perhaps. The cate was manifest, See above,

Forte quod bic flupeus, quid enim manifefta ncP. 42. “We come now to Julintion, ! Mariam Erskinan ruwerujimam Comi This S. S. mentions, not to condemn the ar1:17. M.; jeilas.

thor, but to admoni:h the critic: he would Vs.pha qizi qur 5:a caris, et Régicas orsa, only observe, nor trat by way of ceclure, Luce ruo pit's truumi u011i ate nirs.

that, excepting the 1:4, al the Hexancier " The lente arial language and versification lines in this ciety are divided in the same of this couples are, in crely respect, peitiet: maner.] as to the language, there is no 1410 inas P. 48. “ This performance may be cone nunc ulls; allmott tal.c pait uiar wice ceived as a tine conceal d hatire. The pere ofine not blei vestiticacon on the rail lines Top in wlio fovice chun 20 and I are enit is lire!,!.'j tri ontginnitt,2t":2," gase, was butli aling and a poet: Bucha

Belediye raid, ipoutter, and had van has arcted him up in all the pomp and Buchanan Wilier " us, dilimse.. plendor of a moured, I cloath him as a Citm.el, "lo iv . 13 youpil, atid numinis 10 roet,

--10G do akishira voli, Iwweh"] “ and for that redan iurpau's Bu (Rather as a prophci, as the example of

El jah

EU!, &c.

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