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Formerly it was the custom in the cautious intrepedity. This is the Highlands of Scotland to fortify the more to be regretted, as a former narhills and eminences with works that row escape might have taught him were in those early times almost im. circumspection. It is thus related : pregnable: the inhabitants were then “ On the 28th of July (1775) in the fierce and barbarous ; engaged in con morning, they came in fight of two tinval wars, and inspired with animo islands; the low island the Indians fities that were only to be extinguished called Taffua, and the peeked island by death. The country appeared bar they called Eka-u-u. At fix the launch ren and defolate, the habitations were , was sent for water--the Indians came in glens, in the hollows of rocks, or about her in swarms-one seized a carinclosed in those fortified places, from touch-box full of ammunition, others whence they issued and fell upon their seized the officer's fowling. piece, and enemies by surprize, or challenged others seized the cooper's bucket with their competitors to single combat. his adze, and instantly made off.
In New Zealand, on the opposite side The boat's crew fired at them- they of the globe, the fame appearance of dropt the bucket, but kept the adze, the country indicates the fame disposi the fowling-piece, and the cartouchtion of the inhabitants. The hills, box. As the likeliest means to oblige the rocks, and eminences abound with them to reftore their plunder, the Caphippah's or strong forts, one of which tain caused a large failing canoe to I have copied to strengthen what I have be seized, to which they made great here advanced; the houses are but few; opposition; but, on the approach of a and cultivation, especially on the west party of which the commander himself ern part of the ifland, scarce pra&tised : was the leader, the savages all but one the people are rude, daring, savage, man jumped over board ; but it was hoftile, and blood-thirlty, even to the not till the vessel was hawled upon devouring of their enemies, or those the beach that he could be prevailed whom they can overcome : They were upon to quit his property; and when found faithless, treacherous, and in he did, he made towards the Captain, corrigible. “ As it grew dark,” says armed with a defperate weapon, which the writer of Cooke's first voyage,
he brandished with one hand over his (“ though civilities had passed in the head, and with the other denounced day) they sung their war-long ; two or defiance. It was in vain that ligns three muskets were shot amongst them were made to stop his approach ; the and they dispersed, threatening to come Captain was obliged to fire in his own in the morning with a greater force.
defence his death would otherwise In this there was some
have been inevitable." generosity; but they forfeited all cre. From this fortunate escape, it would dit when in the night they came le
have been happy, if the Captain had cretly, hoping to find the people asleep; forborue to expote bimtelf to the like bur, disappointed, they stole away. danger. In other idlands in the South seas,
Defcription of the plate. where the lands appeared cultivateli, The fortification here represented the plantations abounding, the boules is raised on a high cliff wholly inacfrequent, and the communications free, ceffible from the water, which sur. our navigators found the inhabitants rounds it on three fides; and to the civilized, friendly, open, courteous, Hand it is fortified by a ditch and a and hospitable. If these indications bank raised on the inside. There hac bad struck the late Captain Cook in been a row of pickets both on the top the light here rapresented, it is fro
of the bank and along the trench of bable he might have rejoiced the na the ditch on the ouitide; those on the tion by his return in safety. The outfide had been driven down into the ifland 0, wye-he, where he was unfor ground, inclined towards the ditch, tunately as assinated, presented the un. and projecting over it; but of these the promising appearances before noticed ; thickelt polts only remained, the marks the inhabitants had raised ftone-walls of fire affording evident traces that it upon the heights for their defence; had been affaulted by an enemy. The they came armed; rushed on resolute; editor remarks, that such is the situaand were not to be diverted from their tion and natural strength of this fort, purpose by the dangers with which that it might easily, if occasion rethey were threatened. Hence it hap.. quired, he rendered impregnable to the pened that this much-to-be-lamented whole country. --See Hawkelworth's movimitor hrcame a facrifice to hin
The following account of the mailacre calm told the Colonel that he was of the English garrison of Fort Hen come in person to demand possellion ry, in 1757, exhibits at once a of the fort, as it belonged to the King Atriking initance of the ferocity of his matter. The Colonel replied, that the Indian savages when employed
he knew not how that could be, nor in the service of civilized nations,
İhould he surrender it up while it was and of the perfidy of the French. in bis power to defend it. The French
[Extradied from Carver's Travels } General rejoined, at the same time deGEnera! Webb, who cominanded the livering the packet into ihe Colonel's
Englih army in North America, hands : “ By this authority, laid he, having intelligence that the French do I make the requifition." The brave troops under Monsieur Montcalm were Governor had no fuoner read the conmaking lone movemenis towarus Fort tents, and was convinced that such William Henry, he detached a corps were the orders of the Coinmaader in of about 15oo men, conhiting of Eng. Chief, than he hung down his heid in lifh and Provincials, to ftrengthen the Glence, and reluctantly entered into a garrison. In this party the writer negociation. went as a volunteer among the latitr. In consideration of the gallant de
The apprehensions of ihe Englian fence the garrilun had made, they General were not without foundation ;
to be permitted to march out for the day after the arrival of the re
with all the honours of war ; to be inforcement they (aw Lake George,
allowed covered waggons to transport (formerly Lake Sacrament,) to which their baggage to fort Edward, and it lies contiguous, coverei wich an a guard to protect them froin the fury immense number of boats; and in a of the luviges. few hours they found their lines attack The morning after the capirulition ed by the French General, who had was signed, as ioon as day bioke, the juft landed 11,000 regulars and Cana. whole garrison, now conbilling of about dians, and 2000 Indians. Colonel 2000 men, besidus women and chile Monro, a brave officer, comanded dren, were drawn up within the lines, in the fort, and had no more than and on the point of marching off, 23co men with him, the provincial when great numbers of the Indians gadetachment included.
thered about them, and began to plunWish there he made a gallant de der. fence, and probably would have been The troops were at first in hopes able at latt to preferve the fort, had that this was their only view, and lifhe been properly supported, and per
fered shem to proceed without oppomitted to continue his efforts. On frion. Indeed it was not in their every summons to surrender fent by power to make any, had they been so the French General, who ottured him inclined; for, though they were permost honourable terms, his and ver re injited to carry off their arms, yet they peatedly was, that he yer found him were not allowed a fingle round of felf in a condition to iepel the mort ainmurcion, vigorous attacks his besageie were In thele hopes however they were able to make; and, if he thought his dit ppointed; for presently some of the present force inlufficieni, he could lavages begin to attack the fick and joon bc fupplied with a greater from wounded, when such as were not able the adjacent army:
to crawi into the ranks, notwithBut the Colonel having acquainted ftanding they endeavoured to avert the Gen. Webb with his tirution, and fury of their enemies by their fuicks desired some fresh troops, the General or groans, were foon dispatched. dispatched a mílenger to him with a Here the froeps were fully in expecletier, wherein he informed him that ta ion the disturbances would liave it was not in his power to ailiit him, en led, and the little army began to and therefore gave him orders to fur move; but in a short time they faw tender up the fort on the best terms he the front division driven back, and could procure. This packet fell inlo discovered that they were encircled by the hands of the French General, wlio the savages. immediately sert a flag of druce, Je. They expected every moment that faring a conterence with the Governor. the guard, which the French by the
They accordingly set, attended on articles of capitulation had agreed to ly by a small guard, in the center be allow them, would have arrived and tween the lines; when Monfieur Mont. put an end to their apprehensions; but
GENT. MAG. February, 1780.
none appeared. The Indians now be them ; for the writer adds that he could gan to Itrip every one, without excep plainly perceive the French officers tion, of their arins and cloaths; and
walking about at a distance difthose who made the least resistance courling together with apparent unconfelt the weight of their tomahawks.
The writer happened to be in the For the honour of human nature I rear division, but it was not long be would hope, fays he, that this flagrant fore he thared the fate of his compa breach of every facred law proceeded nions : three or four of the savages rather from the favage disposition of Jaid hold of him, and whilst some held the Indians, (which he acknowledges their weapons over his head, the others is sometimes almost impossible to confoon ditrobed him of his coat, waist trol, and which might now unex• coat, hat, and buckles, not omitting pectedly have arrived to a pitch not to take from him what money he had easily to be restrained,) than to any prein his pockets. As this was transacted meditated design in the French Comclose by the paslige that led from the mander An unprejudiced observer lines on to the plain near which a would however be apt to conclude, that French centinel was posted, he ran to a body of 10,000 christian troops him and claimed his protection ; but must have had it in their power to the Frenchman only called him an Eng prevent the massacre from becoming lith dog, and thrust him with violence to general. But, whatever was the back into the inidst of the Indians. caule from which it arose, the conse
He now endeavoured to join a body quences of it were dreadful, and not of the garrison that were crowded to to be paralleled in modern history. gether at some distance; but innume As the circle in which the writer rable were the strokes that were made stood inclosed was by this time much at him with different weapons as he thinned, and death seemed to be appassed along. Luckily, however, the proaching with hafty Arides, it was lavages were so close together, that proposed by some of the most resolute they could not strike to hurt him with to make one vigorous effort and enout endangering each other; notwith deavour to make their way through ftanding which one of them found the savages; the only probable method means to make a thrust at him with a
of preserving the lives of those who Spear which grazed his side, and from now remained. This, however despeanother he received a wound with the
jate, was resolved on, and about 20 fame kind of weapon in his ancle. At fprung at once into the midst of them. length he gained the spot where his li a moment they were all separated ; countrymen itool, and forced himself and what was the fate of the writer's into the midit of them; but before he companions he could not learn till fonde got thus far out of the hands of the months after, when he was informed Indians, the collar and risbands of
that only fix or seven of them effected his thirt were all that remaired of it, their design. Intent only on his own and his flesh was scratched and torn in bazardous situation, he endeavoured to many places with their savage claws.
make his way through his lavage eneBy this time the war hoop was mies in the best manner possible; and given, and the Indians began to mur. I have often, says he, been astonished der those that were nearelt to them fince, when I have recollected with without distinction. It is not in the what composure I took, as I did, eyepower of words to give any tolerable ry necessary itep for my prefervation, idea of the horrid scene that now en Somc I overturned, being at that time sued. Men, women, and children, young and athletic; and others I passed were dispatched in the most wanton by, dexteroully avoiding their weaand cruel manner, and immediately pons, till at last two very stout chiefs scalped. Many of these savages drank of the most favage tribe, as I could the bloud of their victims as it flowed diftinguish by their dress, whose warm from their fatal wounds.
strength I could not refift, laid hold We now perceived, says the writer, of me by each arm, and began to force tho' too late to avail us, that we were me through the crowd. to expect no relief from the French ; I now, continued he, resigned myand that, contrary to the agreement self to my fate, not doubting but they they had so lately signed to allow us a intended to dispatch me, and to satiate futhicient force to protect us from their vengeance with my blood, as I thele barbunities, they tacitly permitted found they were hurrying towards a