« AnteriorContinuar »
As the Editors of the Cambridge Edition of Virgil,
He has, he tells us, made many and considerable
He has endeavoured also to correct the pointings,
Terence; and has done it, he assures us, in Thou-
ledge. A Nominative Case should never be dis-
In his Notes, he likewise tells us, he has corrected
He has indeed entered into an Explanation of many Words and Things which he did not at first intend; as considering this Edition is designed for the Use of Youth as well as Persons of some Learning. He has written his Notes in English; becaule, when we endeavour to explain to young Minds what needs an Explanation, we cannot be too clear : And, as he has given a more correct Edition of this great Poet than we have heretofore had, he hopes he has adapted it to the Service of those who are learned, as well as of those who are inclined to be fo.
I will, for the embellishing of this Article, add to the foregoing Account of Mr. Cooke's Edition of Virgil, the Memoirs which he has compiled of that illustrious Poet, as also the fabulous Accounts which he has collected concerning him.
The Life of this incomparable Person has been attempted by very many; but none, our Author says, have delivered his History in a Manner deferving the Attention or Applause of the Learned, excepting Father de la Rue and Mr. Bayle: Even that by our great Dryden is such a Mixture, as discovers the Talents of a fine Writer tainted with extraordinary Weakness and Credulity. Mr. Cooke follows Father de la Rue's Method in what he has here represented, so far as consists with the Brevity he proposes, not omitting any thing requisite towards giving a compleat Account of his illustrious Subječt. The Year of ROME * 684, of VIRGIL I.
* 684 Years after the Foundation of Rome, 69 Years before the Birth of Christ.
+ 1, after the Name of a Consul, fignifies the first Time of his being Coniul; 2, the second, &c.
Publius Virgilius Maro was born at Andes, near Mantwa, on the 15th of OEtober: The Name of his Father was Maro, the Name of his Mother Maia. Servius tells us, that his Father was a Citizen of Mantua ; Probus says he was a Husbandman;
Donatus, or he that assumes the Name of Deratus, affirms, that he was a hired Servant ; and fome say he was a Porter: From all which Relations the only Inference to be made is, that our Poet was born of mean Parents.
The Year of Rome 691, of VIRGIL 8.
Octavius, afterwards called Augustus, was born in this Year; which is mentioned, that the Reader may know the Age of Augustus Cæfar, who was afterwards so great a Patron to our Poet,
The Year of Rome 696, of VIRCIL 13.
Virgil was educated at Cremona, where he prose. cated his Studies feven Years ;. which, according to Scaliger on Eufebius, were from the eleventh Year of his Age to the sixteenth. He studied the Greek Language, Physick, and Mathematicks: He likewise studied Philosophy under Tyro the Epicurean. While a Boy he writ his Ciris, his Ætna, his Culex or Gnat, and several other small Pieces: But the Culex now extant, is too mean to be admitted as Pirgols, and is of a later Date.
The Year of ROME 699, of VIRGIL 16.
The Year of Rome 713, of VIRGIL 30.
In this Year a Division of Lands was made ; and Virgil's Patrimony at Andes was given to Arius, who fought against Brutus and Cassius. By a strong Recommendation to Oétavius Cæsar, Virgil recovered his Lands. He was at this Time in the Friendship of Pollio, Gallus, and Varus ; to the last of which he inscribed his sixth Eclogue on the Epicurean Doctrines : He continued his Intimacy with Varus from the Time of their being FellowStudents together under Tyro the Epicurean: But through which of these great Men, perhaps by the Intercession of more than one, he recovered his Land, is not certain. On this Occasion he is said to have writ his first Eclogue. A Story is told of his going to demand his Land of Arius the Centurion, who was then in. Poffeffion of it; and that Arius noc only refused him Admittance, but used him so roughly, that he was forced to swim cross the River Mincius to save his Life : But he afterwards gained a quiet Poffefsion of his Eftate.
The Eclogue, which is placed the ninth in the Order as they stand, is said to be the second which he writ; and we are told it was occasioned by the Treatment he mer with from Arius,