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It were preposterous to judge of a country, thus situated, by any supposed analogy to the other members of the Union. The only sure mode of providing for its welfare is to reject, at once, all ten, tative and u priori legislation to assume nothing to believe nothing-but lo auspicate every measure by full and impartial scrutiny.
“I rejoice therefore, when I hear of new boards and committees for the examination of Irish affairs. Amidst the distractions of war, there was no time for such things ; but now, a wise and benevolent Government cannot employ more profitably the good leisure it possesses. A thorough knowledge of the country being once obtained, the acts of our local administration will settle down into that continuative good order, which is, perhaps, the most precious among the blessings of England. Our people will have their hereditary rights, our ministers their hereditary policy; and every new measure will be a liberal analogy from the past, and a safe precedent for the future. Thus, while governors change, the course of government will remain unaltered; and the system once established, will secure to us those advantages, of which we now have an omen, and å foretaste, in the public virtues of Your Excellency.
“ There is no fear of inquiry, my Lord, on the part of the Clergy. They have never, it is true, condescended to recrimination. From the first aggression of the Irish Commons to the present day, they have never given excitement or direction to popular clamor, and have been sparing even of measures of defence. Their adversaries, unacquainted with moderation in themselves, and unprepared for it in others, have wondered at, and sometimes misrepresented, their forbearnce ; yet, still they have forborne. But they are ready-they are desirous--to meet investigation. Confident as they are, of the justice of their causé, they are no less assured that a British senate is above the reach of sinister influences ; and they appeal cheerfully to that high tribunal, which can hear all parties, and decide without fearing any. Should they be proved usurpers or extortioners, they will submit without a murmur to the just severity of their judges : but if it shall appear that they have been suffering wrong for a century, they ask no redress for past grievances, they seek only to be protected for the future." "Case of the Church of Ireland, p. 1,
Dr. Doyle's Argument against Tithes, is proved just as applicable, or strictly speaking, much more applicable to the
rents of absentee proprietors; and the great Duke lately mentioned, together with Lords Lansdown, Darnley, &c. would do well to attend to Declan's timely warning.
" But hąd it been the pleasure of J. K.L. or the policy of his party, to make a grievance of the absentees, what a plausible theme he might have had for his eloquence. His reasonings against the Church-when he dues reason-in almost every line
suggest the absentees; to such an extent, indeed, is this the case, that they miglit seem to have taken their present direction from some typographical mistake. The following passage is, perhaps, the best in his argument I have made no change in it, except by the substitution of the words landlord' and absentee', for the words“ pastor,' and Protestant Clergy.' • It is in vain to tell us, my Lord, that they are our Landlords, such assertions may dupe the Englishı; and a pamphlet which speaks of the intercourse between the landlord and his people may appear plausible to those who are unacquainted with the state of Ireland. It may also attain the object for which it has been said or written ; but we know there is no such intercourse existing. The laws which suppose it—the laws which designate and contemplate the absentees as the landlords of the Irish people, are all, my Lord, founded in fiction, and such laws can never tend to the public good. No; laws to be just and equitable, must be founded on the immutable relations of things, or on those niatters, whether causes or effects, which really exist. To seek to create relations by enacting laws, is to oppose the course of nature. To found laws on relations which do not exist, is the very extreme of error in legislation, and such laws, though written on parchment, can never have a moral existence." Case of the Church of Ireland, p. 12.
The assistance of which government stands in need; and the quarter whence they may expect to receive it, is very fully considered.
• I look upon Ireland, my Lord, as a new country; as one in which, now for the first time, a Government is about to be formed upon permanent principles. In the science of Government, as in that of nature, such principles can be founded only on inductive knowledge; and, in both cases alike, the inductive process contains in it a process of exclusion. As experience advances, hypothesis after hypothesis is gradually thrown out, until at length there remains but one for the basis of a system. Now I consider the history of Ireland to be useful, chiefly as a record of those exclusions ; the memory of the past presents nothing to be imitated, and every thing has been excluded but the Church. Before the Union, the great object of England was to retain this island: henceforward the object will be, to make the retention of it a blessing to both. Ireland is no longer a colony: it never was, and it never can be a State. It is legally a member of the great British family; but it is not so, morally. To educate our people up to the capacity of en. joying, and contributing to, the happiness of this union, will now be the aim of a wise and benevolent Government. What class of persons
is the Executive to have recourse to, as the means of effect. ing a change so desirable?”. Case of the Church of Ireland, p. 26.
Were the system, thus ably sketched, followed up by all parties, the " Memoirs of Captain Rock” would never reach a second volume. We have only to regret, that the writer of such advice should think it expedient to conceal bis name. -He ought to be generally known, that he may be generally esteemed and praised.
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