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stantly supported in the nurse's arm, the parts in which those conditions are observable are not yet formed, or not completed; while those parts which are essential to the security of the life of the individual are as in as perfect a state as at the age of manhood. In other words, the bodies and processes of the several vertebræ on which the strength and flexibility of the spine depend, are in early infancy still in a soft or cartilaginous state; while the annular portions which constitute the spinal canal are completely ossified, sa as to give as great a degree of security to the spinal marrow as at the age of manhood.

“ The value then of Paley's argument is important, both as tending to counteract the influence of those who would inculcate atheistical opinions, and in assisting those whose reasoning powers may be insufficient to detect the fallacies by which such opinions are supported; or whose information may be too limited to enable them fairly to appreciate either the real character or the true bearings of the facts on which such opinions are grounded.". P. 12.

The remarks upon the brain, a part of the animal structure which is treated with more attention now than it ever was before, are not only interesting at the present moment, but highly important and curious in themselves.

“ It is of importance to observe, with reference to those phy: siologists who maintain, that the material condition of the brain is necessary to or actually confers the power of thinking, that the evidence of the exertion of that power is as strong, nay even stronger, in some animals that have no brain, as in those whose brains are developed in a very high degree; I had almost said, as strong as in ourselves : and, if we look to the habits of many of the insect tribe, (the bee may be taken as instar omnium,) I should probably be justified in the assertion." P. 42.

“On the supposition that the brain is the organ of the intellectual powers, physiologists have been led to compare the proportions of the whole and of various parts of this organ in man and brutes. It has been supposed by some, that the intellectual faculties may be in proportion to the absolute size of the brain ; such an opinion being grounded on the fact that the human brain is larger than that of the horse or ox. But, on the other hand, the brain of the whale and of the elephant is larger than that of man ; though the intelligence even of the elephant bears no proportion to that of the human mind. Again, the brain of the monkey and of the dog is smaller than that of the ox or the ass; yet the former come much nearer to man with respect to their intellectual faculties. Neither do the dispositions or qualities of animals appear to be connected with the absolute size or their brain; for animals most different and even opposite in disposition may be ranged in the same class in respect to the size of their brain. For instance, the tiger and the deer; and, among birds, the hawk and the pigeon.

It would appear at first sight, that the comparison of the size of

the brain with the size of the body would give a more uniform result. Thus, a crocodile 12 feet in length, a serpent 18 feet in length, and a turtle that weighs from 300 to 500lbs. have each of them scarcely a sufficient quantity of substance in their brain to weigh one drachm; and the slight degree of intellectual power manifested by these animals corresponds with these proportions. But it will presently be shewn, that the proportional size of the brain is not a more certain criterion than the absolute size.

Cuvier considers the brain in the human subject as equalling from about i' to 3's of the bulk of the whole body. Dr. Gali, thinks it equal from 0 to zo of the bulk of the whole body. If we take the mean of those numbers, it will be about o.

It is unnecessary to point out the value of these observations. They are worthy of the Chair from which they were delivered ; and cannot fail to promote the good intentions of their author.

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NOTICE. TO CORRESPONDENT. Our attention has been directed to a letter addressed to Lord Kenyon in answer to our review of Bishop Chase's ' Appeal. We regret that the writer has put himself into such a' furious passion. As soon as he recovers' his temper we shall be ready to consider what he has to say. As long as he prefers railing to reason, he may rail on.

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