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tiality of the Queen was, the greater the attachment of the King
displayed itself; audit has ever since been an emulation between
the royal couple, who should the most forget and vilify birth and
supremacy, by associating this man not only in the courtly plea-
sures, but in the functions of sovereignty. Had he been gifted
with a sound understanding, or possessed any share of delicacy,
generosity, or discretion, he would, while he profited by their
imprudent condescension, have prevented them from exposing
their weaknesses and frailties to a discussion and ridicule among
courtiers, and from becoming objects of humiliation and scandal
among the people. He would have warned them of the danger,
which at all times attends the publicity of the foibles and vices of
Princes, but particularly in the present times of trouble and in-
novations. He would have told them : Make me great and
wealthy, but not at the expense of your own grandeur, or of the
loyalty of your people. Do not treat a humble subject as an
equal; nor suffer your Majesties, whom Providence destined to
govern a high spirited nation, to be openly ruled by one born to
obey. I am too dutiful not to lay aside my private vanity, when
the happiness of my King, and the tranquility of my fellow-sub-
jects are at stake. I am already too high. In descending a lit-
tle, I shall not only rise in the eyes of my contemporaries, but
in the opinion of posterity. Every step I am advancing under-
mines your throne. In retreating a little, if I do not strengthen,
I can never injure it. But I beg your pardon for this digression,
and for putting the language of dignified reason into the mouth
of a man as corrupt as he is imbecile.
Do not suppose because the Prince of Peace is no friend of my
nation, that I am his enemy. No had he shown himself a true
patriot, a friend of his own country, and of his too liberal Prince,
or even of monarchy in general, or of any body else but himself,
although I might have disapproved of his policy, if he has any, I
would never have lashed the individual for the acts of the minis-
ter. But you must have observed with me, that never, before his
administration, was the cabinet of Madrid worse conducted at
home, or more despised abroad; the Spanish monarch more
humbled, or Spanish subjects more wretched; the Spanish power
more dishonoured, or the Spanish resources worse employed.
Never before the treaty with France of 1796, concluded by this

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wiseacre (which made him a Prince of Peace, and our government the sovereign of Spain) was the Spanish monarchy reduced to sueh a lamentable dilemma, as to be forced into an expensive war without a cause, and into a disgraceful peace, not only unprofitable, but absolutely disadvantageous. Never before were its

treasures distributed among its oppressors, to support their tyran

ny, nor its military and naval forces employed to fight the battles of rebellion. The loyal subjects of Spain have only one hope left. The delicate state of his present Majesty's health does not promise a much longer continuance of his reign ; and the Prince of Asturia is too well informed, to endure the guidance of the most ignorant minister that ever was admitted into the cabinet and confidence of a sovereign. It is more than probable, that under a new reign the misfortunes of the Prince of Peace will inspire as much compassion, as his rapid advancement has excited astonishment and indignation. A cabinet thus badly directed, cannot be expected to have representatives abroad, either of abilities or patriotism. The Admiral and General, Gravina, who but lately left this capital, as an ambassador from the Court of Spain, to assume the command of a Spanish fleet, is more valiant than wise, and more an enemy of your country than a friend of his own. He is a profound admirer of Buonaparte's virtues and successes; and was, during his residence, one of the most ostentatiously awkward courtiers of Napoleone the First. It is said, that he has the modesty and loyalty to wish to become a Spanish Buonaparte; and that he promises to restore, by his genius and exploits, the lost lustre of the Spanish monarchy. When this was reported to Talleyrand, he smiled with contempt; but when it was told to Buonaparte, he stamped with rage at the impudence of the Spaniard, in daring to associate his name of acquired and established greatness, with his own impertinent schemes of absurdities and impossibilities. In the summer of 1793, Gravina commanded a division of the Spanish fleet in the Mediterranean, of which Admiral Langara was the commander-in-chief. At the capitulation of Toulon, after the combined English and Spanish forces had taken possession of it, when Rear-Admiral Goodall was declared governor,

Gravina was made the commandant of the troops. At the head


of these, he often sought bravely in different sorties, and on the
first of October was wounded at the recapture of Fort Pharon.
He complains still of having suffered insults or neglects from
the English; and even of having been exposed unnecessarily to
the fire and sword of the enemy, merely because he was a ha-
triot, as well as an envied or suspected ally. His inveteracy
against your country takes its date, no doubt, from the siege of
Toulon, or perhaps from its evacuation.
When in May, 1794, our troops were advancing towards Co-
lioures, he was sent with a squadron to bring it succours; but he
arrived too late, and could not save that important place. He
was not more successful at the beginning of the campaign of
1795, at Rosa, where he had only time to carry away the artille.
ry, before the enemy entered. In August that year, during the
absence of Admiral Massaredo, he assumed, ad interim, the com-
mand of the Spanish fleet in the Mediterranean, but in the De-
cember following he was disgraced, arrested, and shut up as a
state prisoner.
During the embassy of Lucien Buonaparte to the Court of
Madrid, in the autumn of 1800, Gravina was, by his influence,
restored to favour, and, after the death of the late Spanish am-
bassador to the Cabinet of St. Cloud, Chevalier d'Azzara, by the
special desire of Napoleone, was nominated both his successor,
and a representative of the King of Etruria. Among the mem-
bers of our diplomatic corps, he was considered somewhat of a
Spanish gasconader and a bully. He more frequently boasted
of his wounds and battles, than of his negotiations or confer-
ences, though he pretended, indeed, to shine as much in the ca-
binet as in the field.
In his suite were two Spanish women, one about forty, and
the other about twenty years of age ; nobody knew what to make
of them, as they were neither treated as wives, mistresses, nor
servants, and they avowed themselves to be no relations. After

a residence here of some weeks, he was, by sufferior orders, way

laid one night at the opera, by a young and a beautiful dancing girl, of the name of Barrois, who engaged him to take her into

- keeping. He hesitated, indeed, for some time; at last, however,

love got the better of his scruples, and he furnished for her an elegant apartment on the new Boulevard. On the day he car

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*ied her there, he was accompanied by the chaplain of the Spanish Legation; and told her that, previous to any further intimacy, she must be married to him, as his religious principles did not permit him to cohabit with a woman, who was not his wife; at the same time he laid before her an agreement to sign, by which she bound herself never to claim him as a husband before her turn, that is to say, until sixteen other women, to whom he had been previously married, were dead. She made no opposition either to the marriage, or to the conditions annexed to it. This girl had a sweetheart of the name of Valere, an actor at one of the little theatres on the Boulevards, to whom she conmunicated her adventure: he advised her to be scrupulous in her turn, and to ask a copy of the agreement. After some difficulty, this was obtained. In it no mention was made of her maintenance, nor in what manner her children were to be regarded, should she have any : Valere had, therefore, another agreemeist drawn up, in which all these points were arranged according to his own interested views. Gravina refused to subscribe to what he plainly perceived were only extortions; and the girl, in her turn not only declined any farther connexion with him, but threatened to publish the act of polygamy. Before they had done discussing this subject, the door was suddenly opened, and the two Spanish ladies presented themselves. After severely upbraiding Gravina, who was struck mute by surprise, they announced to the girl, that whatever promise or contract of marriage she had obtained from him was of no value, as before they came with him to France, he had bound himself, before a public notary at Madrid, not to form any new connexions, nor to marry any other woman without their written consent. One of these ladies declared that she had been married to Gravina twenty-two years, and was his oldest wife but one ; the other said that she had been married to him six years. They insisted upon his following them, which he did, after putting a purse of gold into Barrois’ hand. When Valere heard from his mistress this occurrence, he advised her to make the most money she could of the Spaniard’s curious scrufiles. A letter therefore was written to him, demanding one hundred thousand livres, 4000l. as the price of secrecy, and withholding the particulars of this business from the

knowledge of the tribunals and the police; an answer was required within twenty-four hours. The same night Gravina of fered one thousand Louis, which were accepted, and the papers returned; but the next day Valere went to his hotel, rue de Provence, where he presented himself as the brother of Barrois. He stated that he still possessed authenticated copies of the papers returned, and that he must have either the full sum first asked by his sister, or an annuity of twelve thousand livres settled upon her. Instead of an answer, Gravina ordered him to be turned out of the house. An attorney then waited on his Excellency, on the part of the brother and the sister, and repeated their threats and their demands, adding, that he would write a memorial both to the Emperor of the French, and to the King of Spain, were justice refused to his principals any longer. Gravina was well aware, that this affair, though more laughable than criminal, would hurt both his character and credit, if it were known in France; he therefore consented to pay seventysix thousand livres more, upon a formal renunciation by the party of all future claims. Not having money sufficient by him, he went to borrow it from a banker, whose clerk was one of Talleyrand's secret agents. Our minister, therefore, ordered every step of Gravina to be watched; but he soon discovered, that instead of wanting this money for a political intrigue, it was necessary to extricate him out of an amorous scrape. Hearing, however, in what a scandalous manner the ambassador had been duped and imposed upon, he reported it to Buonaparte, who gave Fouche orders to have both Valere, Barrois, and the attorney immediately transported to Cayenne, and to restore Gravina his money. The former part of this order, the minister of the police executed so much the more willingly, as it was according to his plan that Barrois had pitched upon Gravina for a lover. She had been intended by him for a spy on his Excellency; but had deceived him by her reports; a crime, for which transportation was an usual punishment. Notwithstanding the care of our government to conceal and bury this affair in oblivion, it furnished matter both for conversation in our fashionable circles, and subjects for our caricaturists. But these artists were soon seized by the police, who found it more easy to chastise genius than to silence tongues. The de

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