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tion than his father ever intended. Withovt remembering the political truth, that a weak state which courts the alliance of a powerful neighbour, always becomes a vassal while endeavouring to become an ally, he has attempted to exchange the connexions of Denmark and Russia, for new ones with Prussia ; and forgotten the obligations of the Cabinet of Copenhagen to the Cabinet of St. Petersburgh, and the interested policy of the House of Brandenburgh. That, on the contrary, Russia has always been a generous ally of Denmark, the flourishing state of the Danish dominions, since the beginning of the last century, evinces. Its distance and geographical position prevent all encroachments from being feared or attempted, while at the same time it affords protection equally against the rivalry of Sweden and the ambition of Prussia. The Prince Royal of Denmark is patriotic as well as enlightened, and would rule with more true policy and lustre, were he to follow seldomer the advice of his counsellors, and ostener the dictates of his own mind. Count de Schimmelman, Count de Reventlow, and Count Bernstorf, are all good and moral characters, but I fear that their united capacity taken together will not fill up the vacancy left in the Danish Cabinet by the death of its late prime minister. I have been personally acquainted with them all three, but I draw my conclusions from the acts of their administration, not from my own knowledge. Had the late Count Bernstorf held the ministerial helm in 1803, a paragraph in the Moniteur would never have disbanded a Danish army in Holstein; nor would, in 1805, intriguers have been endured, who preached neutrality, after witnessing repeated violations of the law of nations, not on the remote banks of the Rhine, but on the Danish frontiers, on the Danish territory, on the banks of the Elbe. It certainly was no compliment to his Danish Majesty, when our govenment sent Grouvelle as a representative to Copenhagen ; a man who owed his education and information to the Conde branch of the Bourbons, and who, asterwards, audaciously and sacrilegiously read the sentence of death on the chief of that family, on his good and legitimate King, Louis XVI. It can nei. ther be called dignity nor prudence in the Cabinet of Denmark, to suffer this regicide to serve as a point of rally to sedition and innovation; to be the official propagator of revolutionary doc
trines, and an official protector of all proselytes and sectaries of this anti-social faith. Before the revolution a secretary to the Prince of Conde, Grouvelle was trusted and rewarded by his Serene Highness, and in return betrayed his confidence; and repaid benefactions and generosity with calumny and persecution, when his patron was obliged to seek safety in emigration, against the assassins of successful rebellion. When the national seals were put on the estates of the Prince, he appropriated to himself, not only the whole of his Highness's library, but a part of his plate. Even the wardrobe and the cellar, were laid under contributions by this . domestic marauder. - With natural genius, and acquired experience, Grouvelle . unites impudence and immorality; and those on whom he fixes for his prey, are, therefore, easily duped, and irremediably undone. He has furnished disciples to all factions, and to all sects;-assassins to the revolutionary tribunals, as well as victims for the revolutionary guillotine ; sans-culottes to Robespierre, Septembrizers to Marat, refublicans to the Directory ; spies to Taileyrand ; and slaves to Buonaparte, who, in 1800, nominated him a tribune, but in 1804, disgraced him, because he wished that the Duke d'Enghien had rather been secretly poisoned in Baden, than publicly condemned, and privately executed in France. Our present minister at the Court of Copenhagen, Daguesseau, has no virtues to boast of; but also, no crimes to blush for.
'With inferior capacity, he is only considered by Talleyrand, as
an inferior intriguer, employed in a country ruled by an inferior policy, neither feared nor esteemed by our government. His secretary, Desaugiers the elder, is our real and confidential firebrand in the north, commissioned to keep burning those materials of combustion, which Grouvelle and others of our incendiaries have lighted and illuminated in Holstein, Denmark, Sweden and Norway.
LETTER LX. Paris, Softember, 1805. MY LORD, THE insatiable avarice of all the members of the Buonaparte family, has already and frequently been mentioned ; some of our fishilosophers, however, pretend, that ambition and vanity
exclude from the mind of Napoleone Buonaparte, the passion of covetousness; that he pillages only to get money to pay his mili
tary plunderers, and loards treasures only to purchase slaves, .
or to recompense the associates and instruments of his authority. Whether their assertions be just or not, I will not take upon myself to decide ; but, to judge from the Imperial and Royal palaces, from the great augmentation of the Imperial and Royal domains; from the immense and valuable quantity of diamonds, jewels, pictures, statues, libraries, museums, &c. disinterestedness and self-denial, are certainly not among Napoleone's virtueS. In France, he not only disposes of all the former palaces and extensive demesnes of our King, but has greatly increased them, by national property and by lands and estates bought by the Imperial treasury, or confiscated by Imperial decrees. In Italy, he has, by an official act, declared to be the property of his crown, First, the Royal palace at Milan, and a Royal villa, which he now calls villa Buonaparte ; Second, the palace of Monza and its dependencies ; Third, the palace of Mantua, the palace of Thé, and the ci-devant ducal palace of Modena; Fourth, a palace situated in the vicinity of Brescia, and another palace in the vicinity of Bologna ; Fifth ; the ci-devant ducal palaces of Parma and Placenza ; Sixth, the beautiful forest of Tesin. Ten millions were, besides, ordered to be drawn out of the Royal treasury at Milan, to purchase lands for the formation of a park, pleasure grounds, &c. To these are added, all the Royal palaces and domains of the former Kings of Sardinia, of the Dukes of Brabant, of the Counts of Flanders, of the German Electors, Princes, Dukes, Counts, Barons, &c. who, before the last war, were sovereigns on the right bank of the Rhine. I have seen a list, according to which,
the number of palaces and chateaux appertaining to Napoleone, as Emperor and King, are stated to be seventy-nine; so that he may change his habitation six times in the month, without occupying during the same year the same palace, and nevertheless always sleesh at home. In this number are not included the firivate chateaux and estates of the Empress, or those of the Princes and Princesses 13uonaparte. Madame Napoleone has purchased, since her husband’s consulate, in her own name, or in the name of her children, nine estates with their chateaux, four national forests, and six hotels at Paris. Joseph Buonaparte possesses four estates and chateaux in France, three hotels at Paris and at Brussels, three chateaux and estates in Italy, and one hotel at Milan, and another at Turin. Lucien Buonaparte has now remaining only one hotel at Paris, another at Rome, and a third at Chamberry. He has one estate in Burgundy, two in Languedoc, and one in the vicinity of this capital. At Bologna, Ferrara, Florence, and Rome, he has his own hotels, and in the Papal States, he has obtained, in exchange for property in France, three chateaux with their dependencies. Louis Buonaparte has three hotels at Paris, one at Cologne, one at Strasburgh, and one at Lyons. He has two estates in Flanders, three in Burgundy, one in Franche Comte, and another in Alsace. He has also a chateau four leagues from this city. At Genoa he has a beautiful hotel, and upon the Genoese territory, a large estate. He has bought three plantations at Martinico, and two at Guadaloupe. To Jerome Buonaparte has hitherto been presented only an estate in Brabant, and a hotel in this capital. Some of the former domains of the house of Orange, in the Batavian Republic, have been purchased by the agents of our government, and are said to be intended for him. But, while Napoleone Buonaparte has thus heaped wealth on his wife and brothers, his mother and sisters have not been neglected or left unprovided for. Madame Buonaparte, his mother, has one hotel at Paris, one at Turin, one at Milan, and one at Rome. Her estates in France are four, and in Italy two.— Madame Bachiocchi, Princess of Piombino and Lucca, possesses
two hotels in this capital, and one palace at Piombino, and ano
ther at Lucca. Of her estates in France, she has only retained two, but she has three in the Kingdom of Italy, and four in her husband’s and her own dominions. The Princess Santa Cruce possesses one hotel at Rome, and four chateaux in the papal territory. At Milan, she has, as well as at Turin and at Paris, hotels given her by her Imperial brother, together with two estates in France, one in Piedmont, and two in Lombardy. The Princess Murat is mistress of two hotels here, one at Brussels, One at Tours, and one at Bourdeaux, together with three estates on this, and five on the other side of the Alps. The Princess Borghese has purchased three plantations at Guadaloupe, and two at Martinico, with a part of the treasures left her by her first husband, Le Clerc. With her present husband, she received two palaces at Rome, and three estates on the Roman territory ; and her Imperial brother has presented her with one hotel at Paris, one at Cologne, one at Turin, and one at Genoa, together with three estates in France, and five in Italy. For his mother, and for each of his sisters, Napoleone has also purchased estates, or lands to form estates, in their native Island of Corsica.
The other near or distant relatives of the Emperor and King, have also experienced his bounty. Cardinal Fesch has his hotels at Paris, Milan, Lyons, Turin and Rome; with estates both in France and Italy, Seventeen, either first, second, or third cousins, by his father’s or mother’s side, have all obtained estates, either in the French empire, or in the kingdom of Italy, as well as all brothers, sisters, or cousins of his own wife, and the wives of his brothers, or of the husbands of his sisters. Their exact number cañnot be well known, but a gentleman who has long been collecting materials for some future history of the house of Buonaparte, and of the French empire, has already shown me sixtysix names of individuals of that description, and of both sexes, who, all, thanks to the Imperial liberality, have suddenly and unexpectedly, become people of property.
When you consider that all these immense riches have been seized and distributed within the short period of five years, it is not hazardous to say, that in the annals of Europe, another such revolution in property, as well as in power, is not to be found— The wealth of the families of all other sovereigns, taken together, does not amount to half the value of what the Buonapartes have acquired and possess.