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sheim : haughty and indecent conduct of Buonaparte to the Elector at Mentz : secret treaty signed there : the vanity and affected consequence of Edelsheim played on and exposed by Talleyrand ; his fondness for orders of knighthood: fawns on Buonaparte, to obtain admission into the Legion of Honour.

LETTER XIX. The journey of the Pope to France unfavourable to the cause of religion : the restoration of Christianity the most popular act of Buona. parte's government : the opinion of the people respecting the act of inauguration by the Pope : their faith in his infallibility shaken : . manners and character of the Pope : promises made to him by Buonaparte not performed : refuses to admit. De Lalande to see him : 1)é Lalande's atheism : enmity between him and Talleyrand. The Pope's aversion to Fouche : Fouche's impious conduct at Lyons.

LETTER XX. Buonaparte's mother the favourite of the Pope : family parties invited to meet him : ceremony observed on such occasions : superstition of Madame Lætitia Buonaparte : her fondness for relics : buys the shoulder-bone of St. John the Baptist : robbed of her relics : Fouche. applied to ; who discovers pieces of them all in the possession of a favourite servant : the rest found on Madame Genlis, who had bought them of a priest : the priest arrested: claims the protection of Madame Lætitia: threatened with the rack, and confesses his imposture. LETTER XXI. Decrease in the population of Paris not to be lamented: the crimes, committed there not suffered to be published: the system of espionage : immense number of spies; how paid : Buonaparte’s private spies under the direction of Duroc; dispute between Fouche and Talleyrand: Ducroux employed as a spy by Buonaparte and Fouche on each other : his blunder and execution. LETTER XXII. The Pope’s manner of passing his time at Paris : great stress laid on. his performing the ceremony of inauguration, and sacrifices intended to have been made, had he refused: all promises to him disregarded: his blind partiality for Buonaparte: Caprara dissuades Buonaparte. from being crowned by the pope as King of Italy. LETTER XXIII. King and Queen of Naples : their firm and dignified conduct: Chevalier Acton : his birth : political character: enemy of the French Revolution : , neutrality of Naples violated: the removal of Acton insisted on by the French government: Marquis de Gallo : his public employments: a favourite with Buonaparte : suspected of being tainted with modern philosophy: the Neapolitan revolution in 1799, favoured by the Nobles: character of the Marquis de Gallo. LETTER XXIV. Buonaparte and all his family married by the Pope : his courtiers and grand functionaries by the Cardinals: their regular attendance at mass and vespers : trick of Salmatoris to expose their hypocrisy ; is punished: Fouche's visit to the Imperial chapel : his discovery there : the indifference of the common people to religious worship ; the mi.

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iitary compelled to atttend mass : singular occurrence in conseguence, and injustice of Buonaparte.


Seizure of Sir George Rumbold : intended to have been tortured and

put to death : why not : Rheinhard officially disavows the outrage :
is disgraced in consequence . his political life and character: Bour-
rienne : his employment under Buonaparte : his dispute with him and
imprisonment: released and pensioned : his extortions and stock-
jobbing : his character. -

Joseph Buonaparte's retired mode of life at Paris : his hospitality at p p y

Morfontaine; amusements there, and freedom allowed to the guests .. Montaigne, a young poet, a visitor there : his drunkenness : writes a poem against it: Madame Joseph’s gallantries : duel between her gallants : Eugenius de Beauharnois forbidden the house of Joseph: Madame Miot detected by her husband in an intrigue with Captain d’Horteuil : the gallant beats Miot, who begs pardon : Miot’s infamous life and character.


Conduct of the King of Spain : his weak character: the present the

age of upstarts: the Prince of Peace : his former occupation : his want of talents : cause of his advancement : his intrigue with the Queen, and favour with the King : weakness and ignorance of his administration: disgrace, and misfortunes produced by it : Gravina his character and ambition : his military exploits : intrigue with an opera girl : his marriage-mania involves him in a disagreeable scrape. - LETTER XXVIII.

Vicious morals, gross manners, and open corruption of the Court of St.

Cloud : anecdotes : Merlin of Douai : his public employments: infamous character, and great wealth.


Immense number of Buonaparte's household troops: regularly paid, and

strictly disciplined : their privileges, &c. : Military reviews : their use : less frequent since Buonaparte’s coronation ; number of military posted in and near Paris : Army of Invalids : their prejudices : how employed: mode of enforcing payment of taxes at Paris : houses of the invalids : their reading-rooms, libraries, &c. : their

licentiousness and crimes : screened from punishment by the orders,

of Buonaparte : Rabais, a horse grenadier: his amours and debaucheries : accused before Thuriot, and acquitted : his intrigue with

Madame Thuriot : discovered by her jealousy : Thuriot applies in

vain for redress: Rabais's intrigue with Madame Bachiocchi : de

nounced by Thuriot: arrest and punishment of Rabais : curious ef.

fects discovered in his trunk : Thuriot's rage and violence in conse

quence : his employment and crimes. LETTER XXX.

The writer visits Lucien Buonaparte at his country seat : Lucien’s va

luable collection of pictures : his hospitality and engaging manners contrasted with those of Napoleone and Joseph : his liberality : anecdotes : his republicanism : his vices compared with those of Napoleone : his immense wealth, how acquired : instance of his generosity and perversity.

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LETTER XXXI. Reasons for not incorporating the Batavian republic with the French empire : partition treaty of Holland offered by France to Prussia : why declined: Buonaparte displeased with the Batavian government : violates its neutrality: remonstrance of Count Markoil, how answered by Buonaparte : his determination to change the form of government in Holland : difficulty of finding fit magistrates : Holland not lately productive of great men : Admiral de Winter : his character: political connections and employments : Generals Daendels and Dumonceau : their lives and characters. - LETTER XXXII. Buonaparte advises Prussia of his intention to change the form of government in Holland: chief magistrates thought of : young Prince of Orange : Elector of Bavaria : Buonaparte's increasing displeasure with the Batavian directory : intended to make his brother Stadthol: der. Schimmelpenninck: his education : want of talents : political connections and opinions: his embassy to France : bribes Talleyrand to procure him the appointment of Grand Pensionary: his character : Madame Schimmelpenninck : her talents and amiable manmers : Schimmelpenninck’s female friends of the Palais Royal. LETTER XXXIII. Buonaparte's cool reception at Milan ascribed by him to the intrigues of England and Russia: measures of security adopted : frequency of conspiracies in France since the revolution: Buonaparte's reasons for concealing them : plot of Charlotte Encore : attempts to stab Buonaparte : prevented by Duroc: expires on the rack, refusing to name her accomplices : their plan and names how discovered. LETTER XXXIV. All women forbidden to approach Buonaparte without permission : a female servant of Cardinal Fesch, whom Buonaparte had seduced, attempts to poison him : discovered and poisons herself: plot to assassinate him at Milau : his agitation on the discovery : speech of one of the conspirators, who stabs himself: the others torn to pieces on the rack : proceedings in consequence of this conspiracy. Buonaparte an object of ridicule in Italy league of generals against him : its object: the generals disgraced. - LETTER XXXV. Vanity and Caprice of Buonaparte : his rage, on the Emperor of Germany's refusing to become a member of the Legion of Honour : his threat, and violent conduct to the Austrian ambassador : determines to incorporate the Ligurian republic with France : Salicetti, the French minister at Genoa : his birth : employments: a terrorist : recommends Buonaparte to Barras: displeases him by his familiarity : Lucien Buonaparte intended to have been made Sovereign of the Ligurian republic : why not : the change of government how effected : the Doge and Ligurian Deputation do homage to Buonaparte as sovereign at Milan : their grief and indignation : The PATRIoT 1c Rob BERs : stop Salicetti, and seize his papers : PATRI

o TIc Avex GERs.

Exchange of orders of knighthood between Buonaparte and sovereign princes : foreign ambassadors invited to his coronation at Milan :


Madame de C

some decline to attend ; expenses of the journey to Milan, and coronation: General Jourdan: his marriage, and military appointments : eause of his enmity to Pichegru : his military and political exploits : his quarrel with Massena : his character.

LETTER xxxvii. Conservative Senate, its heterogeneous composition : character of its

members : Senatorial Commission of Personal Liberty : its members: Lenoir Laroche, Boissy d’Anglas, Sers : their lives and characters : Senatorial Commission of the Liberty of the Press : Garat and Roederer its principal members : pedantry and inhumanity of Garat : an enemy to the liberty of the press : Roederer unprincipled and profligate : rejected by all factions : employed first by Buonaparte : his incest: his wealth, libertinism, and foppery.


Turkish empire preserved by the mutual jealousies of Austria, France, and Russia : its weakness and anarchy : political intrigues at Constantinople: the neutrality of the Porte more useful than its alliance: intrigue of the Brissot faction in 1792, to engage it in a war with. Austria counteracted by count de Choiseul Gouffier, then French. ambassador there : De Semonville sent on an embassy thither, in 1793, with rich presents : made prisoner by the Austrians : the Sultan declares war against France : peace concluded : Sebastiani’s mission to Egypt and Syria : General Brune appointed ambassador to the Porte : his character : his vices: political intrigues and military employments.


Brune's numerous suite : of what composed : real object of his mission avowed by Talleyrand : Markoff remonstrates: Count Italinski : his character: warns the Divan against Brune : libelled by him in the Moniteur : Brune’s reception at Constantinople : his chagrin: demands his recall, upon the Porte's refusal to acknowledge Buonaparte as emperor: Joubert, a bearer of a letter from Buonaparte to the Grand Signior : his education and employments: young men educated at the expense of the French government in foreign countries : for what purpose: Joubert’s interview with the Sultan : how obtained : its result: his second message, and failure : French emissaries in Austria, Hungary, and Servia : French Officers in the service of Czerni George and Paswan Oglou : Brune quits Constantinople : appointed to the command of the army of observation opposite the English coast : his instructions : his wealth, ostentation, and vanity. LETTER XL.

n: her fashionable parties : her marriage with count de C n disputed : character of count de C–n : his physiognomical pursuits : trick played on him : purchases Madame de C n from a Circassian merchant, and sends her to be educated in France : his death.: Madame de C —n’s numerous suitors and gallants : her pretended brother : her own story : birth and splendid christening of the son of count de P t: Villetard : his crimes and violence: his sacrilege and infamous conduct at Loretto: treachery and hypocrisy : Cardinal de Bellois ; his birth : governed by his grand vicars : Treilhard steals Madame de C n’s gold plates: his political life : Madame Francois de Nantes : her theft, gambling, and prostitution.

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Ill temper of Buonaparte on his return from Milan: from what arisinghis violence and insolence to the Prussian and Saxon ambassadors restoration of ancient etiquette a desirable point to insist on from Buonaparte : his conduct to the army of England : Captain Fournois stabs himself on being struck by him : his proceedings in consequence : discipline and spirit of the French troops : instance of heroism in a private soldier: General Savary : his character, birth, and employments.


The Bank of France ordered by Buonaparte to furnish him with a million and a half sterling at two hours notice : alarm of the public : run upon the bank : notes paid in copper coin : the people grow clamorous : many arrested, and transported to Cayenne : total stagnation of trade : some Jews offer to purchase the notes at discount : are transported : arrangement for resuming payment : amount of notes in circulation at the time of stopping, and of specie in the bank : shock given to its credit : attempted to be supported by, tyranny : suspicion and severity of the police anecdotes.

LETTER XLIII. Rapacity and extortions of French officers in Hanover : bribe Madame Buonaparte for their appointment : General Mortier : his birth : military appointments : mean addresses to Buonaparte : his marriage : his lady’s gallantries : splendid christening of his child : his wealth and character : a great favourite with Buonaparte : Bernadotte : his birth, political intrigues, military exploits and violence : sent ambassador to Vienna : his insolent conduct there : bribed by Buonaparte, on his assurning the Imperial dignity: his barbarities and merciless extortions : his character.

* LETTER XLIV. Men of letters patronised by Buonaparte : some obscure writers in England and Ireland pensioned by him : siterary mission to England intended : Buonaparte's liberal rewards to his panegyrists : examples: great number of works dedicated to him : more by Germans and Italians than by the French : Spanicetti and Ritterstein, genealogists of Buonaparte, magnificently rewarded by him : vast number of pictures, statues and busts representing his person and exploits. Schumaker, a German artist, executes a model of a tomb for Buonaparte : how remunerated.

LETTER XLV. Misery and poverty of the French people; wretchedness of the ci-devant nobles, and returned emigrants : their employments : anecdotes : great number of suicides. LETTER XLVI. Eifferent opinions respecting Buonaparte’s private character : apparent attachment to his wife : his proposed divorce from her, and marriage with a Russian Princess : his intrigue with Mademoiselle George : her insolent conduct : Chaptal: his former occupation: political intrigues and employments: his wealth and character.

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